Data Repository

Definition

A data repository can be defined as a place that holds data, makes data available to use, and organizes data in a logical manner. A data repository may also be defined as an appropriate, subject-specific location where researchers can submit their data. Data repositories may have specific requirements concerning subject or research domain; data re-use and access; file format and data structure; and the types of metadata that can be used. Librarians can assist researchers in finding a data repository by evaluating and recommending subject-specific repositories that would be best suited to hold or find and use biomedical research data. Many data repositories have restrictions on who can deposit data into them based on funding, academic qualification, and quality of data. There are, however, a number of data repositories that are classified as "open"; and as a result are essentially open to receiving data from anyone. Institutional repositories may accept data or an institution may have a separate data repository.

Further Resources

Akers KG, Green JA. (2014). Towards a Symbiotic Relationship Between Academic Libraries and Disciplinary Data Repositories: A Dryad and University of Michigan Case Study(link is external). International Journal of Digital Curation, 9(1). doi.org/10.2218/ijdc.v9i1.306

Assante M, Candela L, Castelli D, & Tani A. (2016). Are Scientific Data Repositories Coping with Research Data Publishing?(link is external) Data Science Journal, 15(6), 1–24. doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2016-006

Ball A, Ashley K, McCann P, Molloy L, & Van den Eynden V. (2014). Show Me The Data: The Pilot UK Research Data Registry(link is external). International Journal of Digital Curation, 9(1). doi.org/10.2218/ijdc.v9i1.307

Baratè A, Ludovico LA, & Haus G. (2015). Integration of Audio Resources into a Digital Library: The BEIC Case Study(link is external). International Journal of Digital Curation, 10(2). doi.org/10.2218/ijdc.v10i2.345

Callaghan, S., Tedds, J., Kunze, J., Khodiyar, V., Lawrence, R., Mayernik, M., … Whyte, A. (2014). Guidelines on Recommending Data Repositories as Partners in Publishing Research Data(link is external). International Journal of Digital Curation, 9(1). doi.org/10.2218/ijdc.v9i1.309

Callaghan S, Tedds J, Lawrence R, Murphy F, Roberts T, & Wilcox W. (2014). Cross-Linking Between Journal Publications and Data Repositories: A Selection of Examples(link is external). International Journal of Digital Curation, 9(1). doi.org/10.2218/ijdc.v9i1.310

Crosas M. (2011). The Dataverse Network®: An Open-Source Application for Sharing, Discovering and Preserving Data(link is external). D-Lib Magazine, 17(1/2).

Dearborn CC, Barto AJ, & Harmeyer NA (2014). The Purdue University Research Repository: HUBzero Customization for Dataset Publication and Digital Preservation(link is external). OCLC Systems & Services: International Digita Llibrary Perspectives, 30(1), 15–27.

Dehnhard I, Weichselgartner E, & Krampen G. (2013). Researcher’s Willingness to Submit Data for Data Sharing: A Case Study on a Data Archive for Psychology(link is external). Data Science Journal, 12(0), 172–180. doi.org/10.2481/dsj.12-037

Dillo I, De Leeuw L (2015). Ten Years Back, Five Years Forward: The Data Seal of Approval(link is external). International Journal of Digital Curation, 10(1). doi.org/10.2218/ijdc.v10i1.363

Doty J, Kowalski MT, & Nash BC. (2015). Making Student Research Data Discoverable: A Pilot Program Using Dataverse(link is external). Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication, 3(2), eP1234. doi.org/10.7710/2162-3309.1234

Friddell JE, LeDrew EF, & Vincent WF. (2014). The Polar Data Catalogue: Best Practices for Sharing and Archiving Canada’s Polar Data(link is external). Data Science Journal, 13(0), PDA1-PDA7. doi.org/10.2481/dsj.IFPDA-01

Gordon AS, Millman DS, Steiger L, Adolph KE, & Gilmore RO. (2015). Researcher-library collaborations: Data repositories as a service for researchers(link is external). Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication, 3(2), eP1238. doi.org/10.7710/2162-3309.1238

Gutman DA, Cobb J, Somanna D, Park Y, Wang F, Kurc T, … Kong J. (2013). Cancer Digital Slide Archive: an informatics resource to support integrated in silico analysis of TCGA pathology data(link is external). Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 20(6), 1091–1098. doi.org/10.1136/amiajnl-2012-001469

Hruby GW, McKiernan J, Bakken S, & Weng C. (2013). A centralized research data repository enhances retrospective outcomes research capacity: a case report(link is external). Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 20(3), 563–567. doi.org/10.1136/amiajnl-2012-001302
 
Lewis S, Beard L, McDerby M, Taylor R, Higgins T, & Knowles C. (2016). Developing a Data Vault(link is external). International Journal of Digital Curation, 11(1). doi.org/10.2218/ijdc.v11i1.406

Lynch C. (2014). The Need for Research Data Inventories and the Vision for SHARE(link is external). Information Standards Quarterly, 26(2), 29–31.

Markman C, Zavras C. (2014). BitTorrent and Libraries: Cooperative Data Publishing, Management and Discovery(link is external). D-Lib Magazine, 20(3/4). doi.org/10.1045/march2014-markman

Oliver SG, Lock A, Harris MA, Nurse P, & Wood V. (2016). Model organism databases: essential resources that need the support of both funders and users(link is external). BMC Biology, 14(1), 49. doi.org/10.1186/s12915-016-0276-z

Palumbo L, Jantz R, Lin Y-H, Morgan A, Wang M, White K, … Zhu Y. (2015). Preparing to Accept Research Data: Creating Guidelines for Librarians(link is external). Journal of eScience Librarianship, 4(2), e1080. doi.org/10.7191/jeslib.2015.1080

Plale B, McDonald RH, Chandrasekar K, Kouper I, Konkiel S, Hedstrom ML, … Kumar P. (2013). SEAD Virtual Archive: Building a Federation of Institutional Repositories for Long-Term Data Preservation in Sustainability Science(link is external). International Journal of Digital Curation, 8(2), 172–180. doi.org/10.2218/ijdc.v8i2.281

Schumann N, Mauer R. (2013). The GESIS Data Archive for the Social Sciences: A Widely Recognised Data Archive on its Way(link is external). International Journal of Digital Curation, 8(2), 215–222. doi.org/10.2218/ijdc.v8i2.285

Smith VS. (2009). Data publication: towards a database of everything(link is external). BMC Research Notes, 2:113.

Tarver H, Phillips M. (2013). Integrating Image-based Research Datasets into an Existing Digital Repository Infrastructure(link is external). Cataloging & Classification Quarterly, 51(1–3), 238–250. doi.org/10.1080/01639374.2012.732203

Tenopir C, Allard S, Douglass K, Aydinoglu AU, Wu L, Read E, et al. (2011). Data sharing by scientists: practices and perceptions(link is external). PloS one, 6(6):e21101. 

Vlaeminck S, Wagner GG. (2014). On the Role of Research Data Centres in the Management of Publication-Related Research Data(link is external). LIBER Quarterly, 23(4), 336–357. doi.org/10.18352/lq.9356

Walji MF, Kalenderian E, Stark PC, White JM, Kookal KK, Phan D, … Ramoni R. (2014). BigMouth: a multi-institutional dental data repository(link is external). Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 21(6), 1136–1140. doi.org/10.1136/amiajnl-2013-002230

Wiley C. (2015). An Analysis of Datasets within Illinois Digital Environment for Access to Learning and Scholarship (IDEALS), the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign Repository(link is external). Journal of eScience Librarianship, 4(2), e1081. doi.org/10.7191/jeslib.2015.1081

Witt M. (2009). Institutional repositories and research data curation in a distributed environment(link is external). Library Trends, 57(2):191–201.

Yakel E, Faniel I, Kriesberg A, & Yoon A. (2013). Trust in Digital Repositories(link is external). International Journal of Digital Curation, 8(1), 143–156. doi.org/10.2218/ijdc.v8i1.251

Yoon A. (2014). End Users’ Trust in Data Repositories: Definition and Influences on Trust Development(link is external). Archival Science, 14(1), 17–34. doi.org/10.1007/s10502-013-9207-8.

Zilinski L, Scherer D, Bullock D, Horton D, & Matthews C. (2014). Evolution of Data Creation, Management, Publication, and Curation in the Research Process(link is external). Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2414, 9–19. dx.doi.org/10.3141/2414-02.

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