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NN/LM SCR Introduces Our Social Media Assistant: Sara Goodwin

Sara Goodwin, Social Media AssistantThe NN/LM SCR would like to introduce our newest addition to the RML Team. Sara Goodwin, BA, will serve as the Social Media Assistant for the South Central Region of the National Network of Libraries of Medicine.

Sara recently graduated from the University of Maryland with a degree in journalism and is the first NN/LM SCR employee to work remotely. She resides in Phoenix, Arizona, and has a passion for social media tactics and digital trends.

In this role, Sara will create daily content for the NN/LM SCR’s Facebook and Twitter channels, as well as posts for the institutes’s blog.

Contact Sara at sara.goodwin@unthsc.edu.

 
 
 
 
 

Brain Responds Differently to Food Cues in Severely Obese Women

Photo by Henrique Félix licensed under CC0.

Woman Eating SoupA recent study by the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center has shown that severely obese women who have just eaten will continue to respond to food cues even though they are no longer hungry. On the contrary, leaner women who have just eaten will not receive these cues from their brain.

The study compared 15 severely obese women to 15 lean women. Researchers took MRI images of the participants’ brains before and after eating. When any person is hungry, their brain will react in a certain way when shown images of food. The study found that once full, the lean woman’s brain no longer reacted to those images—the MRI scans showed the appeal of the food images dropped 15 percent. Obese women’s brains, however, were still excited when viewing those images—the appeal dropped only 4 percent.

“These findings may explain why some people with severe obesity report an underlying drive to eat continually despite not feeling hungry,” said Dr. Puzziferri, who specializes in bariatric and weight loss surgery, in a news release. “In contrast, lean women when full will either stop eating or just sample a food they crave. It’s just not a level playing field – it’s harder for some people to maintain a healthy weight than others.”

To learn more about the study, please visit “Brain activity and response to food cues differ in severely obese women.”

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ALS Ice Bucket Challenge Funds Study Linking Gene to the Disease

“AFGE President J. David Cox Sr. Takes ALS Ice Bucket Challenge” by AFGE
is licensed under CC BY 2.0

ALS Ice Bucket ChallengeDo you remember seeing videos of people dumping a bucket of water on their head last year or the year before? Chances are if you were on Facebook, you saw at least one. For those who don’t remember or were unaware, those videos were a part of the ALS Ice Bucket Challenge, which went viral on social media. Users tagged each other to take the challenge within 24 hours or donate to the ALS Association.

The challenge raised awareness and money for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, ALS (also commonly known as Lou Gehrig’s Disease). But why dump a bucket of ice water on yourself? One of the common symptoms of ALS is muscle weakness, which can also lead to a feeling of numbness in a patient’s limbs. By pouring a bucket of ice water over yourself, you are meant to be simulating the numbness that many ALS patients feel.

During the challenge’s popularity peak, it was often criticized that while it raised awareness for the disease, it was unclear if the challenge was doing much good raising money: “The challenge even seems to be suggesting that being cold, wet, and uncomfortable is preferable to fighting ALS,” wrote Time Magazine news editor Jacob Davidson.

While the amount of donations might have been unclear at the time, the ALS Association announced last week that money raised during the challenge funded the study that found the NEK1 gene is linked to the deadly disease. The study looked at the histories of more than 1,000 families and involved more than 80 researchers in 11 countries, ultimately determining a connection between the gene and the disease.

For more information about ALS, the Ice Bucket Challenge or the new discovery, please visit the ALS Association or “’Ice Bucket Challenge’ Funds a Boon to ALS Research.”

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August is Child Eye Health & Safety Month

“students-in-class-with-teacher-reading” by Ilmicrofono Oggiono
is licensed under CC BY 2.0
Students in Class with Teacher

Did you know August is Child Eye Health & Safety Month? Coming just in time for back-to-school season, this is the perfect time to schedule an appointment to ensure your child’s vision is in excellent shape. 

Annual vision checks are especially important for children because if vision problems are caught early, there is a much higher chance that the problem can be corrected. The eye is just like any other body part; a child learns how to see, just like a child learns how to walk or talk. If a vision problem goes undiagnosed, then the brain learns to accommodate the problem and eventually there might not be any way to correct it; instead, doctors may only be able treat the problem with glasses or contact lenses.

While eye health is important, don’t forget about eye safety. Friends for Sight estimates that out of the thousands of children who sustain eye injuries every year, 90% of them are preventable. Children and parents just need to be aware of and use protective eyewear when it is necessary.

To learn more, please visit the American Optometric Association or “Child Eye Health and Safety Month – August.”

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Lifestyle Choices and Gender May Affect a Person’s Resilience to Alzheimer’s Genes

“Alzheimers” by Michael Havens is licensed under CC BY 2.0

Alzheimer'sWe all know we should take care of our bodies. Health professionals tell us to eat healthy and to exercise in order to maintain our physical health; and we know we should challenge our minds to maintain our mental health. Leading a healthy life can lower your risk for many illnesses and diseases including heart disease, diabetes, and some cancers. And now, a new study suggests that even if you carry Alzheimer’s genes, if you lead a healthy lifestyle you might be less likely to feel the effects of the disease.

Findings indicate that if you’re a woman you might also have a stronger resilience to the disease even if the genes are present in your DNA. The study found that only 32 percent of women showed signs of memory decline while 47 percent of men did. Research suggested that women can further help maintain their memory by having an active social life, healthy lungs, and moderate exercise.

It’s important to also note that even if you carry Alzheimer’s genes, that is not a guarantee that you will get the disease.

To learn more, please visit “Women May Be More Resilient to Effects of Alzheimer’s Genes,” or alz.org.

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Health Officials Investigating Possible First Local Zika Transmissions

“Stripe on stripe” by coniferconifer is licensed under CC BY 2.0

MosquitoZika Virus has been on the minds of health officials for months, but until recently the main concern to average citizens regarding the virus was simply protecting themselves from transmission while traveling to infected countries, which include much of Central and South America, and many Caribbean islands. Florida health officials are now investigating two cases of Zika in Miami-Dade County and Broward County, which they believe may have been acquired locally, although they have not ruled out sexual transmission. If confirmed, this would be the first case of Zika transmitted by mosquito within the U.S.

In January, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention predicted small local outbreaks may occur, specifically in the south of Florida and Texas because mosquitoes in those areas have also carried dengue and chikungunya in the past.

So far, more than 1,400 people have tested positive for Zika in the U.S., with all cases having been related to travel to an infected area.

To read more about local Zika transmissions, please see “Florida Investigating 2 Possible Local Zika Virus Infections.”

To learn more about how to protect yourself from Zika, please visit cdc.gov.

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June 21st – SCR CONNECTions: Regional Medical Library Educational Webinar

Join us at the NN/LM SCR’s monthly webinar, SCR CONNECTions.

Next Webinar: The Greater Midwest Region (GMR) and South Central Region (SCR) of the National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) present the first jointly sponsored webinar in the monthly Lake Effects and SCR CONNECTions series.

Title: “Data Research Services: University of Michigan Experience”

Date: Thursday, July 21st, 2016

Time: 2:00pm – 3:00pm CDT

Description: This webinar session is focused on interviewing Jake Carlson and Marisa Conte regarding their involvement in research data services at the University of Michigan. Join us to learn how data services support interactions between scientists and librarians, and how these interactions create new opportunities for health sciences libraries. Topics covered in this webinar include: needs assessments to inform a research data service, the importance of teaching data literacy, data management requirements from funding agencies, and the value of health sciences libraries as partners in data management.

For full bios of Jake Carlson and Marisa Conte, see their profiles online:

This webinar will be available for 1 hour of Medical Library Association (MLA) Continuing Education credit and will be archived for future viewing.

To Join the Meeting

  1. Go to: https://webmeeting.nih.gov/jointwebinar/
  2. At the log in screen, choose “Enter as a Guest” and type in your name.
  3. Once the room is open, the system will provide you with a participant code and a phone number to dial-in to connect to the audio.
  4. Please use *6 to mute or unmute your phone.

Problems? Call us at 817-735-2223.

Test Your Connection

Run the Acrobat Connect Connection Test to ensure your configuration is compatible with the web meeting system. If you have problems completing the test or installing required software, please visit the Adobe Support website or call Adobe Connect Technical Support at 800-945-9120.

Shari Clifton Receives the Michael E. DeBakey Library Services Outreach Award

Shari Clifton

Shari Clifton, Outreach Librarian at the Robert M. Bird Health Sciences Library of the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center has been awarded the 2016 Michael E. DeBakey Library Services Outreach Award.

Shari has extensive experience providing outreach programming throughout Oklahoma and was instrumental in developing an outreach program that has helped public libraries increase their ability to locate and search for authoritative health information. In partnership with other OUHSC librarians, Shari developed the Health Information Specialists Program. This program provided training to Metropolitan Library System (MLS) staff which allowed participants to obtain extensive training in consumer health resources and ultimately obtain a Level I Consumer Health Information Specialization through the Medical Library Association.

This prestigious award was established in the early 1990s in honor of Dr. DeBakey, to recognize outstanding service and contributions to rural and underserved communities by a practicing health sciences librarian. The award is presented annually by the Friends of the National Library of Medicine.

Congratulations to Shari for providing exceptional health information programming!

 

Single IRB Policy to Streamline Reviews of Multi-Site Research

Accelerating clinical research studies benefits researchers, research participants, and all who stand to gain from research results. Today, the time it takes to go from a sound research idea to the launch of a new, multi-site clinical research study is too long. A major contributor to the delay is that too many institutional review boards (IRBs) are reviewing the protocol and consent documents for the same study, often with no added benefit in terms of the protections for research participants. To address this bottleneck, NIH has issued a new policy to streamline the review process for NIH-funded, multi-site clinical research studies in the United States. The NIH Policy on the Use of a Single Institutional Review Board (IRB) for Multi-Site Research (pdf) sets the expectation that multi-site studies conducting the same protocol use a single IRB to carry out the ethical review of the proposed research.

Francis S. Collins, M.D., Ph.D.
Director, National Institutes of Health

This information was originally posted on the NIH website: https://www.nih.gov/about-nih/who-we-are/nih-director/statements/single-irb-policy-streamline-reviews-multi-site-research

Science Education Resources from the NIH

The 27 Institutes and Centers of the NIH fund the development of extensive science education materials for use in K-12 classrooms. Teacher and student manuals are available for many of the resources.

Examples of resources that may be integrated into the curriculum include:

The Brain: Our Sense of Self

 

The Brain: Our Sense of Self
(Grades 7-8)

A Curriculum Supplement from the National Institute
of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.

This resource describes the brain functions, regional differences,
impact of spinal damage, and how the nervous system processes
information.

Activities:
1. A Difference of Mind
2. Regional Differences
3. Inside Information
4. Outside Influence
5. Our Sense of Self

 

 

Open Wide and Trek Inside!

 

Open Wide and Trek Inside!
(Grades 1-2)

A Curriculum Supplement from the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research.

This resource goes beyond the traditional “brushing and flossing” curriculum and
focuses on the science of the oral environment,
and major scientific concepts relating to oral health.

Activities:
1. What Do Mouths Do?
2. Open Wide! What’s Inside?
3. Let’s Investigate Tooth Decay
4. What Lives Inside Your Mouth?
5. What Keeps Your Mouth Healthy?
6. What Have You Learned About the Mouth?

 

View more resources on the NIH website at https://www.nih.gov/research-training/science-education, or visit each NIH Institute or Center’s website at https://www.nih.gov/institutes-nih/list-nih-institutes-centers-offices.