Adapted from: Centers For Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Newsroom
More than a third of American adults are not getting enough sleep on a regular basis, according to a new study in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. This is the first study to document estimates of self-reported healthy sleep duration (7 or more hours per day) for all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine and the Sleep Research Society recommend that adults aged 18–60 years sleep at least 7 hours each night to promote optimal health and well-being. Sleeping less than seven hours per day is associated with an increased risk of developing chronic conditions such as obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, and frequent mental distress. “As a nation we are not getting enough sleep,” said Wayne Giles, M.D., director of CDC’s Division of Population Health. “Lifestyle changes such as going to bed at the same time each night; rising at the same time each morning; and turning off or removing televisions, computers, mobile devices from the bedroom, can help people get the healthy sleep they need.” Prevalence of healthy sleep duration varies by geography, race/ethnicity, employment, marital status CDC researchers reviewed data from the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), a state-based, random-digit–dialed telephone survey conducted collaboratively by state health departments and CDC.
Healthy sleep duration was lower among Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders (54 percent), non-Hispanic blacks (54 percent), multiracial non-Hispanics (54 percent) and American Indians/Alaska Natives (60 percent) compared with non-Hispanic whites (67 percent), Hispanics (66 percent), and Asians (63 percent).
The prevalence of healthy sleep duration varied among states and ranged from 56 percent in Hawaii to 72 percent in South Dakota.
A lower proportion of adults reported getting at least seven hours of sleep per day in states clustered in the southeastern region of the United States and the Appalachian Mountains. Previous studies have shown that these regions also have the highest prevalence of obesity and other chronic conditions.
People who reported they were unable to work or were unemployed had lower healthy sleep duration (51 percent and 60 percent, respectively) than did employed respondents (65 percent). The prevalence of healthy sleep duration was highest among people with a college degree or higher (72 percent).
The percentage reporting a healthy sleep duration was higher among people who were married (67 percent) compared with those who were never married (62 percent) or divorced, widowed, or separated (56 percent).
Healthy Sleep Tips:
Healthcare providers should routinely assess patients’ sleep patterns and discuss sleep-related problems such as snoring and excessive daytime sleepiness.
Healthcare providers should also educate patients about the importance of sleep to their health.
Individuals should make getting enough sleep a priority and practice good sleep habits.
Employers can consider adjusting work schedules to allow their workers time to get enough sleep.
Employers can also educate their shift workers about how to improve their sleep.
For more information on CDC’s Sleep and Sleep Disorders Program, please visitwww.cdc.gov/sleep.
By: Jovonni Spinner, M.P.H., C.H.E.S. Public Health Advisor in FDA’s Office of Minority Health
Every February, Black History Month is celebrated as a time to reflect, celebrate, and honor the contributions of African-Americans to our society. Achieving and maintaining good health is a long-standing issue for this group, many of whom may experience worse health outcomes in critical areas like heart disease and diabetes. By focusing on the positive and providing consumers with health education materials to support healthy behavior changes the Food and Drug Administration’s Office of Minority Health www.fda.gov/minorityhealth have made progress in eradicating the health equity gap, and the gap has narrowed over time, but there is still significant room for improvement. Here are few things that the Food and Drug Administration http://www.fda.gov/ (FDA) and the Office of Minority Health www.fda.gov/minorityhealth (OMH) have done over the past year to reduce health disparities. More than 29.2 million blacks/African-Americans are on social media — and we want to meet consumers where they are. FDA and OMH are using Facebook, Twitter, and other social media platforms and electronic communications (e.g. our newsletter and e-blasts) to educate African- Americans on issues such as heart disease, diabetes, and sickle cell disease among others, and also provide tangible solutions to help manage these chronic conditions. For example, to mark American Heart Month in February, we developed a social media toolkit to help our stakeholders engage with their members and partnered with the Association of Black Cardiologists to spearhead an http://www.abcardio.org/articles/lovemyheart.html #ILoveMyHeart social media campaign. The FDA and OMHhave cultivated relationships with a core set of partners to better understand their health needs, aligned our priorities to meet those needs, and worked together to leverage each other’s resources for the common good. By doing so, the FDA and OMH have increased the stakeholder’s capacity to communicate with the agency on regulatory issues. For example, multicultural stakeholders are now better able to make their voice heard in FDA-sponsored public meetings and on open dockets. In regards, to Minority Health Research FDA and OMH has worked with academia to fund African-American-based research projects (e.g. HIV/AIDs and triple negative breast cancer) and research fellows working on topics like genomics and digital communications. This allows us to increase the knowledge base on these issues and ensure a diverse workforce is in place to solve these complex health problems. FDA and OMH’s Minority Health education Resources , offer infographics and fact sheets, tailored to African Americans. The FDA website has valuable information on sickle cell disease and lupus, both of which affect African Americans more than any other racial/ethnic group. FDA and OMH are working to continue to work toward increasing clinical trial diversity, to ensure that medical products are safe and effective for everyone!
President Obama has said, “If you’re walking down the right path and you’re willing to keep walking, eventually you’ll make progress.” OMH will continue walking down the path to improving health equity and we want you to join us, because this work cannot be done alone.
In the November 2015 Issue of theJournal of Language and Social Psychology, Jeff Hancock and David Markowitz uncovered the process in which scientists falsify their data. In the article, “Linguistic Obfuscation in Fraudulent Science“, Hancock and Markowitz identified retracted papers from 1973 to 2013 and created an obfuscation index, which based on scale, examined the level of falsified data. This includes vague language, jargon, etc.
Markowitz states, “We believe the underlying idea behind obfuscation is to muddle the truth, Scientists faking data know that they are committing a misconduct and do not want to get caught. Therefore, one strategy to evade this may be to obscure parts of the paper. We suggest that language can be one of many variables to differentiate between fraudulent and genuine science.”
The researchers are hoping for a computerized system that would help identify a potentially fraudulent paper, depending on obfuscated language but this method is not proven due to false-positive ratio. They believe that more research is need for consideration at this time. For more information, please visit: Stanford News.
Posted in Research | Comments Off on Researchers Identify How Scientists Fabricate Their Data
PHPartners (Partners in Information Access for the Public Health Workforce) is a collaboration of U.S government agencies, public health organizations and health sciences libraries. The organization’s directive is to provide information and assistance to the Public Health workforce. The group’s mission is Helping the public health workforce find and use information effectively to improve and protect the public’s health. PHPartners goals are:
Organize and deliver public health resources so they are easier to find and use.
Identify and develop collaborative projects to meet the information needs of the public health workforce.
Increase the visibility of the partnership with libraries and the public health workforce.
Increase the information literacy of the public health workforce.
Strengthen the collaboration among the Partners.
The organization’s website is a portal to authoritative public health resources and tools. Sections include, Public Health Topic Pages, Main Topic Pages, Current Public Health News, Email signup for Public Health Topics of Interest and In the Spotlight section. There is also a search box function in which users can type what they are looking for. Furthermore, there are multiple tabs that assist in browsing the site. This includes Home, News, About Partners, Contact Us, Sitemap, FAQ and Suggest Link. Maintenance of the site is provided by the University of Massachusetts Medical School’s Lamar Soutter Library through the National Library of Medicine. Information on Copyright, Privacy, Accessibility, Freedom of Information Act and Viewers and Players is located at the bottom of each page.
PHPartners.org is a powerful resource for collaboration, funding, research and information regarding public health. For more information, please contact the site, NLM or your NN/LM SCR office for more information.
Partner members include:
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)
American Public Health Association (APHA)
Association of Schools and Programs of Public Health (ASPPH)
Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO)
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)
Medical Library Association (MLA)
National Agricultural Library (NAL)
National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO)
National Association of Local Boards of Health (NALBOH)
National Library of Medicine (NLM)
National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NNLM)
Public Health Foundation (PHF)
Society for Public Health Education (SOPHE)
Posted in Public Health, Research, Resources | Comments Off on PHPartners: A Collaboration of U.S. Agencies, Public Health Organizations and Health Sciences Libraries
The Medical Library Association (MLA) is now accepting applications for The Donald A. B. Lindberg Research Fellowship
<https://www.mlanet.org/awards/grants/lindberg.html>. The purpose of thisfellowship is to fund research aimed at expanding the research knowledgebase, linking the information services provided by librarians to improved health care and advances in biomedical research. The endowment will provide a grant of up to $10,000. It is awarded by MLA through a competitive grant process, to a qualified health sciences librarian, health professional, researcher, educator, or health administrator. More
information regarding MLA Research is available athttps://www.mlanet.org/research.