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Archive for the ‘Public Health’ Category

Have You Gotten Your Flu Shot Yet?

Tuesday, January 3rd, 2017

“Photo” by frolicsomepl is licensed under CC0.

Needle

It’s not too late! While fall and 2016 have ended, winter has just begun, as of Dec. 21. There’s still nearly three months of cold weather ahead, which we generally associate with flu season.

The flu can be a serious threat to any person and persons who contract the virus can be hospitalized—nearly 970,000 Americans had to be in 2014. The flu shot seriously reduces this risk. Keep in mind that more than 40 million are affected by flu-related illnesses each year.

Getting the flu shot is especially important to seniors, young children, women who are planning to get pregnant and women who have been pregnant and those with chronic diseases. Because these people have weakened immune systems, the flu can become much more serious for these individuals.

The flu shot may not prevent you from getting the flu, but it will reduce the severity and duration of symptoms and help protect you from future viruses.

This year’s flu shot protects against certain strains of influenza A and influenza B viruses.

To read more about getting the flu vaccine, please visit healthfinder.gov.

To read more general information about the flu vaccine, please visit the CDC’s website.

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Combatting Zika in Texas

Thursday, December 22nd, 2016

“Photo” by SilasCamargo is licensed under CC0.

Hospital Bed

Texas recently saw its first case of locally transmitted Zika, meaning it was spread through infected mosquitos. Texas was generally always considered a location to watch for the spread of locally transmitted Zika because in the past, the state has seen mosquitos carrying dengue fever and chikungunya virus.

The Texas Department of State Health Services first started recommended testing for Zika in the Rio Grande Valley back in October, and the area saw its first local case at the end of November. Since this first confirmation, the state has seen several more locally transmitted cases in Cameron County—currently state and local health departments are investigating five cases.

Texas DSHS recommends that pregnant women who have traveled to Brownsville, the town which has seen the Zika cases, since Oct. 29 be tested for Zika. Those pregnant women who visit Brownsville on a regular basis should be tested for Zika in both their first and second trimesters.

To read more about Zika in Texas, please visit the Texas DSHS’ press page.

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21st Century Cures Act

Wednesday, December 21st, 2016

“Stethoscope” by
Rohvannyn is licensed under CC0.

Stethoscope

On December 13, 2016, President Obama signed into law the 21st Century Cures Act. This bill passed both the US Senate and House with overwhelming bipartisan support.

This law will provide $4.8 billion in funding for the NIH to fund research projects dealing with transforming cancer treatments, brain disorders, and precision medicine. Additionally, there are provisions that should help increase access to mental health care in a variety of ways.

The law also funds $1 billion for state grants to help the growing problem of opioid addiction. However, this law doesn’t just affect funding. It has provisions that create a new U.S. Research Policy Board that will hopefully help ease the regulatory burden of academic research, ease medical device regulation, and create faster paths to drug approval. In a law that spans almost 1,000 pages, it will be several years, possibly decades, before all the effects can be seen.

For more information, please see 21st Century Cures Act — A View from the NIH in The New England Journal of Medicine.

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–Written by Bethany Livingston, Research Administrator, NN/LM SCR

 

 

 

 

 

New Mexico Sees Two More Cases of Hantavirus

Thursday, December 15th, 2016

“Photo” by My Name is licensed under CC0.

Mouse

New Mexico’s McKinley County recently announced it has confirmed two more cases of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. They are the seventh and eight cases of hantavirus confirmed in New Mexico this year. The 59-year-old man and 29-year-old woman diagnosed have been hospitalized.

Hantavirus is a disease carried by rodents and can be transmitted to humans through saliva, urine or droppings. People will often inhale the virus when cleaning up rodent droppings and nesting materials. In New Mexico, the primary culprit of hantavirus is the deer mouse, which carries the Sin Nombe virus, the hantavirus strain found in New Mexico.

Symptoms of hantavirus include fever, severe muscle aches and fatigue. Several days after contracting the virus, symptoms will also include headaches, dizziness, chills, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and stomach pain.

To prevent contracting the virus, keep mice and rats out of your home. Deer mice in particular can get through a hole that is the size of a dime, so check to make sure your home is secure. If you notice mouse or rat droppings, clean them up properly—don’t just sweep them up and risk inhaling them. Please visit the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s “Facts About Hantavirus” for specific instructions regarding this.

While it is possible for people with hantavirus to recover, four of the previous six people who contracted hantavirus this year in New Mexico died—it is a serious disease.

For more information about hantavirus in New Mexico, please visit the New Mexico Department of Health.

For more general information regarding hantavirus, please visit the CDC’s website.

 

 

Read Books to Live Longer

Wednesday, December 14th, 2016

“hurry up, we’re dreaming!” by
Dennis’ Photography is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0.
No changes were made to this work.

Girl Reading in Snow

Looking for a healthy pastime to get through the winter months? Why not try… curling up with a good book!

A recent study published in the September issue of the journal of Social Science and Medicine found a correlation between book reading and longevity. The research team behind the study, based at the Yale University School of Public Health, looked at the reading habits of a group of 3,635 adults over the age of 50 and tracked their survival rate over a 12 year period.

The team observed a 20% reduction in mortality for those who read books compared to those who didn’t, as well as an advantage for reading books of any level over other types of reading material such as newspapers and magazines. The authors suggest that reading just 30 minutes per day, or about a chapter a day, can have a positive impact on your lifespan regardless of your gender, health, education or economic status.

As to why reading helps extend readers’ lives, the study points to two cognitive processes involved in reading books. The first is cognitive engagement as the reader makes connections within the book and to the outside world and formulates questions about the content. Books also promote empathy, social perception, and emotional intelligence. Both of these processes can lead to better health behaviors and reduced stress.

For more information, see the study abstract available from ScienceDirect.

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Written by Sarah Miles, Health Professions Coordinator, NN/LM SCR

Texas Medicaid Cuts Hurts Rural Kids With Disabilities

Thursday, December 1st, 2016

Photo by Gabby Orcutt is licensed under CC0.

Child Playing in Field

More than a year ago, Texas lawmakers ordered the state to cut the amount of money for therapists who work with children with disabilities. After the Texas Supreme Court declined to hear a lawsuit against the cuts, they are finally taking effect.

The cuts are significant—taking away $350 million in Medicaid reimbursement—and they impact some of the most vulnerable. These Texas children often are born premature, or with down syndrome, or with some other genetic disorder that delays them developmentally. And even as these providers lost money, they still served the children. Now many of these providers are closing their doors.

A story on NPR shares some of the real stories of kids in Texas who have disabilities, how the service providers have helped them, and what will happen if they don’t have access to services.

To read the NPR article and learn more about the Texas Medicaid cuts, please visit “Cuts in Texas Medicaid Hit Rural Kids With Disabilities Especially Hard.”

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Surgeon General Releases Landmark Report Regarding Addiction in America

Tuesday, November 29th, 2016

“Photo” by WebreFabrik is licensed under CC0.

Alcohol Bottles

In a landmark report, the United States Surgeon General issued a report on alcohol, drugs and health. The report comes at a time when many organizations are calling for action in the U.S.’s opioid epidemic.

“With this report, I’m calling our country to action around one of the most underrecognized and underaddressed public health issues of our time,” said Surgeon General Vivek Murphy, MD, told Medscape reporters in a conference call.

The report, more than 400 pages long, shares key findings broken into five categories:

·       The Neurobiology of Substance Use, Misuse and Addiction
·       Prevention Programs and Policies
·       Early Intervention, Treatment, and Management of Substance Use Disorders
·       Recovery: The Many Paths to Wellness
·       Health Care Systems and Substance Use Disorders

Some of these key findings are that addiction is a chronic brain disease that has potential for recurrence and recovery, communities and populations have different risk levels for addiction, and laws targeting the alcohol-impaired have significantly decreased alcohol-related traffic deaths.

For more information, see Facing Addiction in America: The Surgeon General’s Report on Alcohol, Drugs, and Health..

To read the report’s key findings, please visit the Surgeon General’s website.

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Study Suggests Women Who Have Kids Later Are More Likely to Live Longer

Tuesday, November 22nd, 2016

“Photo” by William Stitt is licensed under CC0.

Pregnant Woman

According to an article on MedlinePlus, a study, which is the first of its kind, suggests women who have children at 25 and older are more likely to live to the age of 90. The research also found that these women were more likely to be married, have college degrees and have a higher income.

Postdoctoral fellow at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, and study author Aladdin Shadyab said he’s not sure what the link between delaying childbirth and a women’s longevity is.

One idea is that women who wait are more likely to be of a higher socio-economic class, which research has consistently suggested increases a person’s longevity.

Research published from 2015 found that women who gave birth to their last child after age 33 were twice as likely to live to 95 than those women who gave birth to their last child at age 29.

The researchers looked at data from a nationwide study in 1993 that tracked 20,000 women to come to their findings. Of them, 54 percent of them lived to 90 years old.

To read more about the study, please visit “Do Women Who Have Kids Later Live Longer?

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Three New Mexico Counties See Shigellosis

Thursday, November 17th, 2016

“Photo” by geralt is licensed under CC0.

Bacteria

The New Mexico Department of Health just reported Tuesday that counties Lea, Chaves, and Eddy have all seen an outbreak of bacterial disease shigellosis.

Shigellosis is a diarrheal disease that causes about 500,000 cases of diarrhea annually. Other symptoms include fever, nausea, vomiting, cramps and toxemia. Oftentimes, diarrhea will contain blood or mucus.

Since May of this year, NMDOH has seen 140 confirmed and probable cases of shigellosis, often among school-aged children, but officials believe the disease may be affecting a wider community.

Shigellosis is extremely contagious and infected persons can have bacteria in their stool for up to a month after the diarrhea has subsided. It can be spread by people not washing their hands well after using the bathroom, caretakers changing an infant’s diaper and not taking care to wash their hands properly, swallowing recreational water (for example from a pool) that has been contaminated, or exposure to feces through sexual contact.

NMDOH is urging anyone who is experiencing symptoms of shigellosis to get tested.

For more information about the shigellosis outbreak in New Mexico, please visit the New Mexico Department of Health’s website.

For more general information about shigellosis, please visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s website.

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Louisiana Sees More Cases of West Nile Virus

Thursday, November 3rd, 2016

“Photo” by FotoshopTofs
is licensed under CC0.

Mosquito

The Louisiana Department of Health reported this week that it has seen 36 cases of West Nile virus in Louisiana so far in 2016. Six more cases were reported within the last two weeks.

Of those diagnosed with West Nile virus, 15 were asymptomatic or fever cases, a mild illness. Twenty-one were neuroinvasive, a very severe case which can lead to brain damage and even death.

Like Zika virus, West Nile virus is a mosquito-transmitted disease. Many people (70 – 80 percent according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) who contract the disease do not experience any symptoms. However, symptoms do include, fever, headache, body aches, joint aches, vomiting, diarrhea, rash, neck stiffness, tremors, seizure, paralysis, disorientation and coma.

Currently there is no vaccine or specific treatment for West Nile virus. The CDC recommends over-the-counter painkillers or hospitalization if symptoms are severe.

The primary way to prevent West Nile virus is to protect yourself from mosquitos. This can be done by using insect repellent and wearing long sleeves and pants.

For more information regarding West Nile virus in Louisiana, please visit the Louisiana Department of Health’s website.

For more general information regarding West Nile virus, please visit the CDC’s website.

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