Archive for the ‘Emergency Preparedness’ Category
Wednesday, November 12th, 2014
The National Library of Medicine (NLM) has released a new version of Chemical Hazards Emergency Medical Management (CHEMM). http://chemm.nlm.nih.gov/
New or updated content in CHEMM includes:
1) updated and enhanced content on Decontamination Procedures, Discovering the Event, and Training and Education
2) an NIH CounterACT program funded database with information on twenty-two medical countermeasures (including efficacy, relevant publications, research in progress, FDA and other global regulatory status information)
3) content for how emergency responders can recognize and handle events dealing with toxic gases generated by the combinations of consumer products or common household chemicals
4) a workshop report describing toxic chemical syndromes, or toxidromes, that lays the foundation for a consistent lexicon for use in CHEMM and for other uses that, if adopted widely, will improve response to chemical mass exposure incidents
5) a toxidromes outreach plan whose goal is to raise widespread awareness and encourage use of the toxidromes throughout the stakeholder community, and
6) an evaluation and validation plan for CHEMM’s Intelligent Syndromes Tool (CHEMM-IST) that, once completed, will move CHEMM-IST from its current state as a prototype to a product ready for use in an operational response environment.
CHEMM is a Web-based resource that can be downloaded in advance to Windows and Mac computers to ensure availability during an event if the Internet is not accessible.
CHEMM’s content is also integrated into the NLM Wireless Information System for Emergency Responders (WISER), which is Web-based and downloadable to Windows computers. CHEMM’s content is also available in WISER’s iOS and Android apps. The new CHEMM content will be incorporated into the next release of WISER. http://wiser.nlm.nih.gov/index.html
For more information see the “What’s New on CHEMM?” section of CHEMM.
Thursday, September 11th, 2014
Guest Author: David Duggar, MLIS, Reference Librarian, LSU Health Shreveport, Health Sciences Library
In May 2013, LSU Health Sciences Library in Shreveport received the Disaster Preparedness Award to provide information about disaster preparedness to the communities living in Caddo and Bossier Parish of northwest Louisiana. Librarians at the LSU Health Shreveport and NSU college of Nursing and Allied Health libraries partnered with the Shreve Memorial Library System and the Bossier Parish Public Library System to present quarterly programs on fires, floods, pets, and tornadoes. Local organizations which participated through speakers included the Shreveport and Bossier Fire Departments, Caddo-Bossier Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Preparedness (CBOHSEP), Local Emergency Planning Committee, Region 7 of Hospital Preparedness, and the Pet Education Project (PEP!).
Information was also disseminated at several local festivals and parades held in downtown Shreveport and during special activity days held by the Bossier Parish Public Library System. At least fourteen programs were planned and held over twenty days during the May 2013 – April 2014 funding cycle. At least five others were planned during the three months following the funding cycle. The population covered in the programs was predominately children ranging from preK – Grade 3, teens, parents, families, and adults.
Both public library systems had an unexpected result. The speaker from CBOHSEP did a site evaluation at each of the Bossier Parish Public Libraries for the safest locations for staff and patrons to go to in the event of a disaster. He also gave a presentation to all of the library managers of Bossier Parish as a special ‘in-service’ day arranged by the Library Director. Every branch of the Shreve Memorial Library System was furnished with an itemized emergency disaster kit in a large plastic tote placed in the bathroom of the staff’s workroom. These were purchased by the library system at the request of the Library Director.
The results of the first half of the “Are Your Prepared” project was presented at the South Central Chapter of the Medical Library Association’s Meeting in October 2013 and a full overview of the project was presented at the Louisiana Library Association’s Conference in March 2014.
Photo credit: David Duggar
Tuesday, September 2nd, 2014
Each September the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) partners with other government organizations (such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) in an effort to encourage communities and individuals to be prepared for the worst in emergency situations. This endeavor has come to be known as National Preparedness Month.
The theme for 2014 is “Be Disaster Aware, Take Action to Prepare” and, in addition, each week focuses on different emergency preparation topics:
Week 1 – How to Reconnect with Family After Disaster
Week 2 – Know How to Plan for Specific Needs Before a Disaster
Week 3 – How to Build an Emergency Kit
Weeks 4 & 5 – How to Practice for an Emergency
As one part of FEMA’s NPM initiative, the National Preparedness Community website offers a multitude of resources for users and community members. Included on the website is a tool-kit with marketing information and a comprehensive list of NPM videos, PDFs, and webpages. In addition, users can use the National Preparedness Community website to find NPM events happening in their area or register for free with the community and access additional resources, such as discussion forums and region-specific activity. Use of the hashtag #NatlPrep is encouraged.
In addition to the National Preparedness Community website, the American Public Health Association (APHA) will be celebrating Get Ready Day on September 16th as part of NPM. The Get Ready website contains many fun and education resources for a variety of users and communities. These resources include factsheets, videos, podcasts, and other disaster preparedness-themed media for marketing use.
Friday, June 6th, 2014
Every year at the MLA Annual Meeting, the National Library of Medicine holds a variety of presentations in their exhibit booth to bring users up-to-date on NLM databases and services. The recordings of the 13 presentations are now available from the NLM Technical Bulletin. Learn about:
- The ACA, Hospital Community Benefit and Needs Assessment: NLM Resources
- Beau-TOX: TOXNET Gets a Facelift
- MedlinePlus: Usability, Mobile & Responsive Design
- Modernizing History: The New (and much improved) IndexCat Interface
- My NCBI Update: SciENcv & NIH Public Access
- NLM Resources & Electronic Health Records: MedlinePlusConnect, RxNorm & UMLS
- NLM Resources Used in Disasters
- PubMed Commons
- PubMed Health
- PubMed Update
- RDA One Year Later
- Still Scanning After All These Years: New Digital Projects from HMD
- Using the ClinicalTrials.gov Results Database
Wednesday, June 4th, 2014
The 2014 Atlantic Hurricane Season has arrived and forecasters from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) predict a near or below normal season. Predictions include anywhere from eight to thirteen tropical storms, three to six hurricanes, and one to two major hurricanes. The driving force behind this year’s anticipated slow season is the development of El Niño this summer. El Niño “causes stsronger wind shear, which reduces the number and intensity of tropical storms and hurricanes”.
Despite these predictions, it is still always important to be prepared in the event of a hurricane or hurricane-related disaster. Hurricanes often cause other types of emergency situations, including storm surge and inland flooding.
To help you plan and be ready in case of a hurricane or hurricane related disaster, here are some useful resources:
Also, be sure to visit previous Blogadillo posts from the NN/LM SCR for additional resources!
Friday, May 2nd, 2014
The NN/LM SCR is pleased to announce the recipient of the 2014-2015 Disaster Preparedness Award:
Institution: Texas Area Health Education Center East – Greater Houston Region
Project Title: Hurricane Education through Library Preparedness (HELP)
Project Director: Alexander Reyna
The project will train public library staff to respond effectively in the event of a natural disaster and also provide disaster preparedness toolkits for dissemination at the library branch. The library will be promoted as an emergency resource center and a community preparedness event will be held in addition to ongoing information sessions during hurricane season.
Congratulations to Alex and the Greater Houston Region AHEC!
More information on all NN/LM SCR Funded Projects are available at our Previously Funded Projects website.
Monday, April 28th, 2014
The National Library of Medicine (NLM) announces a funding opportunity for small projects to improve access to disaster medicine and public health information for health care professionals, first responders and others that play a role in health-related disaster preparedness, response and recovery.
NLM is soliciting proposals from partnerships in the U.S. that include at least one library and at least one organization that has disaster-related responsibilities, such as health departments, public safety departments, emergency management departments, pre-hospital and emergency medical services, fire/rescue, or other local, regional, or state agencies with disaster health responsibilities; hospitals; faith-based and voluntary organizations active in disaster; and others.
NLM encourages submission of innovative proposals that enhance mutually beneficial collaboration among libraries and disaster-related agencies. For example, projects may increase awareness of health information resources, demonstrate how libraries and librarians can assist planners and responders with disaster-related information needs, show ways in which disaster workers can educate librarians about disaster management, and/or include collaboration among partners in developing information resources that support planning and response to public health emergencies.
Contract awards will be offered for a minimum of $15,000 to a maximum of $30,000 each for a one-year project.
The deadline for proposals is Thursday, June 19, 2014 at 5 pm ET.
For more information and instructions about the “Disaster Health Information Outreach and Collaboration Project 2014” and summaries of the previous years’ funded projects, visit the NLM Disaster Information Management Resource Center website.
Wednesday, November 20th, 2013
Last week HowTo.gov hosted a free webinar devoted to social media communication use in crisis situations. Social Media for Crisis Communication; The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly presenter Nicole Stillwell from the United States Department of State provided ten best practices for using social media during a crisis. In this presentation Stillwell presented a crisis as not only a natural disaster or unexpected event but also a public relations crisis.
An overview of the 10 best practices for the use of social media include:
- Cease Normal Operations – Halt any scheduled posts that were to be sent out once a crisis has been identified. Sending scheduled messages can make your organization appear uncaring of unaware of a crisis event.
- Acknowledge the situation immediately – Being a leader in the face of a crisis is important to earning and keeping your organization’s credibility. Acknowledging a situation as soon as it happens, even if it is a public relations related crisis, is best.
- Get your message to as many platforms as possible – Consider the use of new Twitter alerts to help send your messages out to the widest possible audience. Post messages about the event through all social media channels your organization uses.
- Be prepared to address vulnerabilities – Crises can bring increased attention to social media accounts. Be prepared to address or report hacking, bugs, or glitches.
- Find the right balance – Don’t change the content of a message, only edit so that is appropriate for social media or link to full or detailed information if necessary. Ensure that staff can continue operational tasks while balancing with social media content delivery.
- Don’t participate in a conversation when your brand doesn’t belong – Trying to insert your organization’s name into a conversation using hashtags to capitalize on publicity is not appropriate.
- Don’t feed the trolls – Social media accounts are seen by the public as the official voice of the organization. Engaging in debates with or getting defensive about comments to your social media accounts can be viewed negatively. Stay professional.
- Correct; don’t delete – If something has gone wrong on any of the social media accounts you manage don’t delete the posts or accounts. Deleting information or an account is viewed as suspect behavior and may harm your organization’s credibility.
- Listen to your audience – Social media outlets may provide your organization with unfiltered information from witness. Be sure to listen but also verify information through community managers.
- If you have to disengage; say so – If you are unable to updated a social media account for your organization as the result of a crisis, perhaps staff are needed elsewhere or our organization must close, provide a public statement on social media outlets with information about what is going on and when you expect to begin updating the account again.
Social media is an empowering tools that connects organizations and the public, often times to vital information. Proper use of social media in a crisis can ensure that your organization remains a credible source for information.
HowTo.gov provides free webinars and recordings on a variety of technology topics. Visit the DigitalGov University Course Catalog for a full list of topics.
Monday, September 9th, 2013
At the beginning of hurricane season, we mentioned some resources to help prepare for the worst but in the event of a natural disaster or other emergency situation, it’s also important to have an emergency plan in place for pets!
The American Red Cross recommends taking the following steps to ensure pet safety during a disaster:
Keep your pet’s essential supplies in sturdy containers that can be easily accessed and carried (a duffle bag or covered trash containers, for example). Your pet emergency preparedness kit should include:
• Medications and medical records (stored in a waterproof container) and a First Aid kit.
• Sturdy leashes, harnesses, and/or carriers to transport pets safely and ensure that your animals can’t escape.
• Current photos of your pets in case they get lost.
• Food, drinkable water, bowls, cat litter/pan, and manual can opener.
• Information on feeding schedules, medical conditions, behavior problems, and the name and number of your veterinarian in case you have to foster or board your pets.
• Pet bed or toys if easily transportable.
It’s also important to remember that should the need to evacuate arise, plan to take your pet with you or board them somewhere safe. Be sure to become familiar with nearby evacuation shelters that allow you to bring animals and be aware of the health risks involved when sheltering somewhere that allows a large number of animals and people in one location (See link to CDC’s Animals in Public Evacuation Centers).
For more information and resources:
American Red Cross – Plan and Prepare – Pets: http://www.redcross.org/prepare/location/home-family/pets
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – Emergency Preparedness and Response – Animals in Public Evacuation Centers: http://emergency.cdc.gov/disasters/animalspubevac.asp
Ready.gov – Make a Plan – Caring for Animals: http://www.ready.gov/caring-animals
Disaster Information Management Resource Center – Disasters – Animals in Disasters: http://disaster.nlm.nih.gov/enviro/animals.html
Wednesday, September 4th, 2013
As part of National Preparedness Month, the Red Cross has created a great video with tips on what to include in a disaster supplies kit (along with good examples of what should be left out!): The Kit You Don’t Want to Have: National Preparedness Month.
Even though the video takes a humorous approach to educating the public, it also does a good job of highlighting the importance of being prepared. Although the contents of a disaster supplies kit may vary, depending on the type of disaster common to your geographical area, there are some basic supplies every kit should include:
- Water— a good, general rule of thumb is one gallon per person, per day (3-day supply for evacuation, 2-week supply for home)
- Food— the best foods to add to your kit are non-perishable, easy-to-prepare items (3-day supply for evacuation, 2-week supply for home)
- Flashlight with fresh batteries
- Battery-powered or hand-crank radio (NOAA Weather Radio, if possible)
- Extra batteries—these should be of various sizes, depending on the items for which you need them
- First aid kit – items in a first aid kid can vary; for a good break down of what you should include, see the Red Cross’ Anatomy of a First Aid Kit
- Medications (7-day supply) and any accompanying medical items
- Multi-purpose tool
- Sanitation and personal hygiene items
- Copies of personal documents (medication list and pertinent medical information, proof of address, deed/lease to home, passports, birth certificates, insurance policies)
- Cell phone with chargers (including car chargers, if you have them)
- Family and emergency contact information
- Extra cash
- Emergency blanket
- Map(s) of the area—don’t rely on your cell phone or GPS device for this! During a disaster or emergency situation, internet access and connectivity is limited and may not be available to you.
When putting together your disaster supplies kit, be sure that you put into consideration the needs of every family member–including babies and pets! If you know that you might be hosting friends and family during a disaster, keep that in mind as well when purchasing/storing water and food. For more ideas and resources on putting together a disaster kit, see the list below.
American Red Cross – Plan and Prepare – Get a Survival Kit : http://www.redcross.org/prepare/location/home-family/get-kit
Ready.gov (Federal Emergency Management Agency) – Build a Kit: http://www.ready.gov/build-a-kit
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – Emergency Preparedness and Response – Gather Emergency Supplies: http://www.bt.cdc.gov/preparedness/kit/disasters/index.asp
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – Emergency Preparedness and Response – Information for Pregnant Women: http://emergency.cdc.gov/disasters/pregnantfactsheet.asp
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – Disaster Preparedness for your Pet: http://www.cdc.gov/features/Petsanddisasters/ as well as a checklist of items for a kit (cat and dog): http://www.cdc.gov/healthypets/resources/pet-preparedness.pdf