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Archive for September, 2016

Extra Fat in Different Areas of the Body Associated with Higher Risk of Heart Disease

Thursday, September 29th, 2016

“Photo” by PublicDomainPictures is licensed under CC0.

Woman Measuring WaistMost of us may have some “problem areas” on our bodies that we want to fix. But new research shows that carrying extra weight on certain parts of your body may be more dangerous to your health than others.

A recent study, published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, found that carrying extra belly fat, particularly in the gut area, often referred to as a “spare tire,” causes a person to have a higher risk of heart disease, especially when compared to the heart disease risk for a person’s fat elsewhere, like in the hips, often called “love handles.”

Reasons for this higher risk are not entirely known yet, but Dr. Greg Fonarow, cardiology professor at University of California, Los Angeles explained to MedlinePlus that belly fat is known to be associated with abnormalities like high triglyceride levels, low levels of HDL (good cholesterol), high blood pressure and risk of diabetes.

It’s important to stress, however, that there is no definitive proof that belly fat causes heart disease, only that there is a higher risk associated with it.

To read more about fat and heart disease, visit “‘Spare Tires’ May Be Tougher on Your Heart Than ‘Love Handles.’”

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September is National Yoga Month

Tuesday, September 27th, 2016

“Photo” by Aral Tasher is licensed under CC0.


September is National Yoga Month—have you ever tried out this form of exercise and meditation? While many people are skeptical of the benefits yoga actually provides, there is research behind this type of fitness that proves it is good for your health, so we wanted to share. All of this information, and more, can also be found on

What are the benefits of yoga?

  • It can lower your blood pressure.
  • It can aid digestion.
  • It can help you relax.
  • It can improve your coordination.
  • And it can even ease anxiety, back pain and depression.

There are several different types of yoga, so you may have heard of hot yoga (yoga taking place in a room heated to 95 to 100 degrees), ashtanga yoga (a more demanding yoga workout), viniyoga (a style of yoga that adapts to each person’s abilities and needs) or another type. Each type of yoga is different in how the poses and breathing exercises go, but the motivation is generally very similar: connect your body, breath and mind.

Read more about yoga, its benefits and more at “Yoga for health.”

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Want to be featured as part of our #MeetMeMonday series?

Monday, September 26th, 2016

Check out our #MeetMeMonday features!

Be featured as part of our #MeetMeMonday series and share information about your position, program, or organization and connect with other network members and potential program partners!

To be featured, please send the following information to with the subject line “Meet Me Monday”:

1) 2-3 sentences about your position, program, or organization
2) One fun fact (hobby, favorite travel destination, etc.)
3) A link to more information about your program or organization (optional)
4) Your photo (as an attachment, or include a link to a photo available online)

We will contact you shortly after receiving your email to let you know when you’ll be featured!



NN/LM SCR Introduces Our Director: Dan Burgard

Monday, September 26th, 2016

Daniel Burgard, DirectorThe NN/LM SCR would like to introduce Dan Burgard who serves as the Director for the South Central Region of the National Network of Libraries of Medicine.

Dan Burgard has worked in Lewis Library at the University of North Texas Health Science Center in Fort Worth since 2000 and has been Director since 2009. Before becoming Director, he served as an Instruction Librarian and Associate Director for Public Services. Prior to coming to Fort Worth, he was the Psychology Subject Specialist in the library at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and worked as both a Science and Social Science Librarian at Oklahoma State University in Stillwater. Dan received his library degree from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Dan will serve an invaluable role in providing administrator expertise for the South Central Region.

Contact Dan at or 817-735-2589.

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Requirements for Clinical Trials Reporting Set to Change in January

Thursday, September 22nd, 2016

“Photo” by DarkoStojanovic is licensed under CC0.


In 1996, a federal law was passed that required the registration of clinical trials that were investigating drugs or devices regulated by the Federal Drug Administration (FDA). As part of this legislation, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) were charged with developing a publicly searchable repository in an attempt to combat publication bias, attempts by pharmaceutical companies to hide negative results, and any adverse events. Out of this, the National Library of Medicine (NLM) developed However, a recent article has shown that even NIH researchers have not been compliant with the laws already in place.

On September 16th, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) released the Final Rule in regards to clinical trials results reporting. This new regulation applies to any clinical trial including those funded solely by private companies. Additionally, the Final Rule requires more detailed information be uploaded to within one year of the end of data collection.

Additionally, the NIH released a supplementary policy that expands the requirements for those trials funded by the NIH. This new policy makes changes to how grants can be submitted, what format they may be submitted in, required submission components, and reporting requirements in One of the biggest changes that the NIH Policy makes is expanding these requirements to all clinical trials no matter what stage of research or the presence of medical components. This means that many behavioral intervention trials will now be required to comply with the much higher rigor and oversight of a medical intervention.

These changes take effect January 18, 2017. It will be interesting to see if this can change the compliance issues that have plagued for years.

For more information see the full HHS rule, the NIH Commentary in JAMA, and the history of

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-Written by Bethany Livingston, Research Administrator, NN/LM SCR

Dental Care Limitation and Rural Health

Thursday, September 22nd, 2016

“Photo” by Yingpis Kalayom is licensed under CC0.


How do you go about finding a dentist? Ask friends and coworkers where they go? Look at online reviews on Google, Yelp and the like? For millions of Americans, it’s not that simple. The rural poor, many of whom rely on Medicaid, have slim dental options, if any.

A recent article by NPR tells the story of Wisconsinite Jessica Stefonik, who at 31 had all of her upper teeth pulled and was fitted for dentures. The article shines light on the sad facts about U.S. dental care, like a quarter of Americans went without dental care in 2014 because they couldn’t afford it. Or that four states don’t offer any dental insurance for Medicaid beneficiaries, and 15 states only offer dental insurance for emergency care.

In the SCR region, 50 to 70 percent share of need is met in Texas and Louisiana, while in New Mexico, Oklahoma and Arkansas, only 30 to 50 percent share of need is met.

But facilities like the Marshfield Clinic in Wisconsin are changing that by offering all dental services to those rural populations completely through Medicaid.

Read more about rural dental health at “A Good Dentist is Hard to Find in Rural America.”

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SCR Regional Highlight: Oklahoma Has Largest Earthquake on Record and New Fault Line is Discovered, All Within Two Weeks

Tuesday, September 20th, 2016

“Earthquake!” by
Richard Walker is licensed under CC BY-NC 2.0.


On Saturday, Sept. 3, Oklahoma experienced a 5.8 magnitude earthquake, its largest temblor on record. And since then Oklahoma has experienced more than 10 others. Since 2011, the number of earthquakes has increased by 5,000 percent.

Is this normal for Oklahoma? Well, it’s becoming so. In fact, Oklahoma is becoming as prone to earthquakes as California–in 2014, Oklahoma displaced California as second with most earthquakes in a year to Alaska.

But now the question is why? Why are parts of Oklahoma getting more earthquakes? Contrary to popular belief and rumors, it is not fracking. Not exactly, at least. It is wastewater disposal wells, wells that inject fluid deep underground in rock formations of sandstone or limestone.

So what is fracking and what is wastewater? Fracking (hydraulic fracturing) is a method of extracting natural gas, which can be manufactured into a fuel source, by pumping more than a million gallons of water, sand and chemicals underground at high pressure, cracking the rock layer and releasing the gas. Afterwards, all the water, sand and chemicals pumped underground have be to removed, creating wastewater, which is then injected back underground into a wastewater disposal well.

So why are wastewater disposal wells suspected of inducing earthquakes? Because wastewater is being pumped into untouched rock which creates a higher pressure underground, increasing the likelihood of induced earthquakes. As of 2015, there were nearly 3,200 active disposal wells in Oklahoma. Immediately following the Sept. 3 earthquake, officials took to shut down 67 of the wells in 1,100 square miles.

But the latest discovery? A new fault line, an area where there has been significant displacement of rock underground, and when energy is released, causes earthquakes. Upon discovery, officials ordered 32 more wells to be shut down, as they were deemed too close to the fault line.

To read more about Oklahoma and its earthquakes, please visit

To learn about health issues related to earthquakes, please visit the Disaster Information Management Research Center website.

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Written by Sara Goodwin, NN/LM SCR

NN/LM SCR Introduces Our Senior Administrative Coordinator: Carol Knisley

Monday, September 19th, 2016

Carol Knisley, Senior Administrative CoordinatorThe NN/LM SCR would like to introduce Carol Knisley who serves as the Senior Administrative Coordinator for the South Central Region of the National Network of Libraries of Medicine.

Carol is also the Senior Administrative Coordinator for Gibson D. Lewis Library and provides executive level administrative support to the Executive Director. Carol has an Accounting Specialist Certificate from the University of Texas at Arlington and has worked for over twenty-one years in a variety of administrative support positions at the University of North Texas Health Science Center.

Carol will serve an invaluable role in providing administrative expertise for the South Central Region.

Contact Carol at or 817-735-5132.

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American Heart Association Recommends Zero Tolerance Approach to Kids’ Secondhand Smoke Exposure

Thursday, September 15th, 2016

“Photo” by Andrew Pons
is licensed under CC0.

Cigarette Butt

For the most part, it is widely accepted to be true that smoking is unhealthy for you. There is research behind it that has shown it can cause at least 12 types of cancer and many other chronic diseases like stroke, pneumonia, periodontitis and more.

Even more recently, research has shown it’s not just smokers who are impacted by smoking, those who inhale secondhand smoke are just as at risk for negative consequences like middle ear disease and lower respiratory illness in children, and stroke and lung cancer in adults.

According to a graphic released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the five states in our region make up the medium to high percentage of smokers:

  • New Mexico: 17.5% – 21.3% population smokes
  • Texas: 13.6% – 17.4% population smokes
  • Oklahoma: 17.5% – 21.3% population smokes
  • Arkansas: 21.4% – 25.2% population smokes
  • Louisiana: 21.4% – 25.2% population smokes

Recently, the American Heart Association announced its recommendation for children to avoid any and all types of secondhand smoke. “Parents should consider making their children’s environment smoke-free because cigarette smoke exposure is harmful to children’s long-term heart health and may shorten life expectancy,” statement panel chair Dr. Geetha Raghuveer, a pediatric cardiologist, said in an AHA news release.

This is a first. While it seems obvious to limit exposure to secondhand smoke as much as possible, there has never been a zero tolerance approach to this sort of issue. The AHA’s recommendation even comes with recommendations for healthcare providers—alert doctors if a child lives in a home with smokers so they can receive appropriate counseling and prevent harm.

For more information on the AHA’s recommendation, please visit: “Heart Docs: Never Expose Kids to Cigarette Smoke.”

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Nurses’ Health Study Seeking Participants

Wednesday, September 14th, 2016

by WerbeFabrik is licensed under CC0.

Blood Pressure MonitorThe Nurses’ Health Study, a long-running study of health and wellness, is seeking participants for the third phase of its program (NHS3), the latest expansion since the study began in 1976. NHS3 will be completely web-based, and marks the first inclusion of male nurses in the study.

Conducted by researchers at Harvard School of Public Health and Brigham and Women’s Hospital, the Nurses’ Health Study utilizes brief, technical questionnaires and depends on the health expertise of nurses to gather accurate information about long-term risk factors for disease as well as diet and lifestyle factors. Some of their key research findings examine correlations between activities such as smoking, alcohol consumption, and physical activity to breast cancer, coronary heart disease (CHD), eye disease, and other conditions.

NHS3, launched in 2010 by Drs. Jorge Chavarro, Stacey Missmer, Janet Rich-Edwards, and Walter Willet, represents the third generation of the study, with the first two cohorts from 1976 and 1989 still going strong. Research on the new cohort aims to explore more diverse backgrounds and will consider health issues related to lifestyle, fertility/pregnancy, environment, and nursing occupational exposures.

To be eligible for the study, participants must be nurses or nursing students between the ages of 19 and 51. Both male and female participants will be accepted from the United States and Canada. The time commitment is minimal; enrollees will be asked to complete a 30-minute survey once every six months. Further eligibility requirements can be found on the NHS3 website. Those who are not eligible for the study are encouraged to share the information with others.

For more information about the Nurses’ Health Study and how to become a participant, visit or email

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Written by Sarah Miles, Health Professions Coordinator, NN/LM SCR