Skip all navigation and go to page content
NN/LM Home About SCR | Contact SCR | Feedback | Help | Bookmark and Share

New Blood Test Could Spot Autism in Children

Untitled by Mi PHAM  is licensed under CC0.

little girl

Researchers have been working on an experimental blood test that could point out autism in children. So far, the test is 98 percent accurate in children ages 3 to 10 in diagnosing if they have autism.

“The test was able to predict autism, regardless of where on the spectrum an individual was,” according to study co-author Juergen Hahn in the MedlinePlus article. The test was also able to indicate the severity of the autism-related condition with good accuracy.

This new test is a stark contrast to the current approach of diagnosing autism, which entails a consensus from a group of medical professionals. The blood test, on the other hand, looks for key metabolism markers in the child.

The study was small, with less than 200 participants, so more research is planned to follow-up on the claims.

To read more about the study, please visit “Could a Blood Test Spot Autism in Childhood?”

Like NNLM SCR on Facebook and like us on Twitter.

Why is handwashing so important?

“clean hands” by Arlington County is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0.

washing hands

According to MedlinePlus, you should wash your hands for at least 20 seconds. You may be more familiar with that rule of thumb to sing the “Happy Birthday” song at least two times through before turning off that faucet.

But while we’re admonished to do so, it’s difficult to say what’s actually put into practice even while we know it helps stop the spread of germs. In fact, it can even help stop the spread of superbugs!

How else is it important? The Center for Disease Control has put together some fast facts (and citations) on the importance of handwashing:

  • It is estimated that washing hands with soap and water could reduce diarrheal disease-associated deaths by up to 50%.
  • Researchers in London estimate that if everyone routinely washed their hands, a million deaths a year could be prevented.
  • A large percentage of foodborne disease outbreaks are spread by contaminated hands. Appropriate hand washing practices can reduce the risk of foodborne illness and other infections.
  • Handwashing can reduce the risk of respiratory infections by 16%.
  • The use of an alcohol gel hand sanitizer in the classroom provided an overall reduction in absenteeism due to infection by 19.8% among 16 elementary schools and 6,000 students.

Read more and find additional resources on the Germs and Hygiene MedlinePlus topic page.

Like NNLM SCR on Facebook and like us on Twitter.

SCR Regional Highlight: Two Louisiana Cities Rank Top Five for HIV Diagnoses

Views of the I-10 Mississippi River Bridge by Billy Metcalf Photography is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0.

patient

According to the 2016 America’s Health Rankings report conducted by the United Health Foundation, Louisiana is the second most unhealthy state in the nation, just behind Mississippi. The report uses a number of factors to create these rankings, but it has become increasingly clear over the years that the state’s high diagnoses of new HIV cases is one factor.

According to the most recent Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report leading up to World AIDS Day in 2016, Baton Rouge ranks number one for newly diagnosed HIV cases; New Orleans ranks number three. In Baton Rouge, 44.7 out of every 100,000 people is diagnosed with HIV; in New Orleans, it’s 36.9.

HIV is a virus that weakens a person’s immune system by destroying the cells that fight infection and disease. There is no cure for it. AIDS is a condition that is considered the final stage of HIV. It is most commonly transmitted sexually or through sharing syringes, but can also be spread from mother to child through pregnancy as well as several other less common ways.

To combat the HIV/AIDS epidemic prevalent in the state, the Louisiana Department of Health launched the STD/HIV Program, designed to prevent transmission, ensure the availability of medical services and track the impact.

Unfortunately one of the biggest barriers health officials face is the stigma around the disease and an unwillingness to seek out treatment and report it. Timothy Young, head of the HIV/AIDS Alliance in the Baton Rouge area told The Advocate in a 2015 articlefear of being associated with HIV is so pronounced that more than 25 percent of those who are newly diagnosed with the disease in Louisiana have already progressed to AIDS.”

It’s important for these people to know that HIV/AIDS treatment has only continued to get better and it’s no longer the death sentence it used to be, if you get tested.

To read more about the SHP program, please visit the Louisiana Department of Health’s website.

To read more general information about HIV/AIDS, please visit the CDC’s website.

Like NNLM SCR on Facebook and like us on Twitter.

 

Funding Databases

When considering applying for a funding opportunity it is often helpful to know what types of projects that have been funded in the past. Every RML in the NNLM includes listings of the Past Funded Projects on their website for this reason. But did you know that you can also find this information for NIH, HHS, and all of the US government? These databases can be particularly helpful for postdoctoral students, junior faculty, and anyone who is beginning to search for external funding.

The NIH RePORTER database allows the user to search for funded grants throughout all of NIH. One interesting feature is the Matchmaker function. In this function, you can actually enter an abstract and the database will return a list of similar projects.

However it is not uncommon for health researchers to need to be aware of what other federal agencies outside of NIH are funding. To search funding throughout all of HHS you can search the TAGGS database. To expand even more you can search the Federal RePORTER or USA Spending.

These resources can not only help a potential applicant determine if a particular funding opportunity is a good fit for a project, but it can also help applicants know which agencies to watch for future funding. Federal health related funding can come from some unexpected sources and it is helpful to know which agencies are funding the types of projects that you want to do.

Like NNLM SCR on Facebook and like us on Twitter.

Poor Diets Linked to 400,000 U.S. Deaths

“Healthy breakfast with eggs while camping” by Jakub Kapusnak is licensed under CC0.

patient

March is National Nutrition Month, so it comes at the perfect time that the results from a study are released explaining that a poor diet was a contributor to 400,000 U.S. premature deaths in 2015.

The study suggested that poor diets are caused not only by not avoiding certain things–like trans fat and salt–but also not incorporating other foods, like vegetables, nuts and seeds. Cardiovascular disease is the number one leading cause of death in the U.S., and a poor diet is the top risk factor, according to Dr. Ashkan Afshin, lead researcher from the University of Washington.

“The study results suggest that nearly half of heart disease and stroke (cardiovascular disease) deaths in the United States might be prevented with improved diets,” according to Afshin in the MedlinePlus article.

The study results stress that a healthy diet is not only avoiding certain foods–you have to take care that you are making sure to eat others. The study was even able to estimate what percent of the deaths were from too much or too little of certain foods, like 12 percent of the deaths probably could have been avoided had the people eaten more vegetables.

The good news is it’s never too late to change your diet.

To read more about the study, please visit “Bad Diets Tied to 400,000 U.S. Deaths in 2015.”

Like NNLM SCR on Facebook and like us on Twitter.

Patient Safety Awareness Week 2017

“A closeup…” by Penn State is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0.

patient

This week is Patient Safety Awareness Week hosted by the National Patient Safety Foundation! And while this week awareness is particularly high, the National Patient Safety Foundation encourages all healthcare professionals to treat every day like Patient Safety Day.

Patient safety is a public health issue according to the National Patient Safety Foundation’s United for Patient Safety campaign–1 in 10 patients will develop a health care acquired condition during hospitalization, and 44,000 to 98,000 patients per year will die due to a medical error.

National Patient Safety Week is the start of a yearlong effort highlighting important patient safety issues through information dissemination, discussions and events. One initiative during this week is for healthcare professionals to wear a patient gown in order to step into the role of a patient. You can also tune in tomorrow at 2 p.m. PST for a complimentary webcast of “The Voice of the Patient and the Public.”

SCR’s Brian Leaf wrote a post on the importance of patient safety and questions to ask a doctor; read it here.

To find out more about Patient Safety Awareness Week, please visit United for Patient Safety’s website.

Like NNLM SCR on Facebook and like us on Twitter.

Being a Part of Your Own Healthcare: Questions to Know

Oncology Doctor Consults with Patient by National Cancer Institute is licensed under CC0.

doctor with patient

Recently, I taught a class on how to help older adults find health information. One of the issues that came up during the class was patient safety, which has been a trending topic for us this past year.

Unlike the patient-doctor relationship of the past, patients today are encouraged to be active partners in the healthcare team in order to, in part, reduce the errors that occur in routine processes. According to Sir Liam Donaldson, named by the World Health Organization as the Envoy for Patient Safety, these errors occur in 10% of hospital admissions and sometimes lead to fatal outcomes.

The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, “develops the knowledge, tools, and data needed to improve the health care system and help Americans, health care professionals, and policymakers make informed health decisions” as stated on their profile.

One of these tools is a set of questions that patients can ask their doctors. They also have additional information on what one might ask pre- and post-appointment, along with a guide on building your own set of questions. The basic set includes:

  1. What is the test for?
  2. How many times have you done this procedure?
  3. When will I get the results?
  4. Why do I need this treatment?
  5. Are there any alternatives?
  6. What are the possible complications?
  7. Which hospital is best for my needs?
  8. How do you spell the name of that drug?
  9. Are there any side effects?
  10. Will this medicine interact with medicines that I’m already taking?

One of the participants in the course suggested an additional question to ask the doctor that resonated with the other professionals in the class:

“What happens if I do nothing?”

Asking the right questions is an important part of taking care of one’s health. Find more on AHRQ’s Questions to Ask Your Doctor.

Like NNLM SCR on Facebook and like us on Twitter.

Hearing Loss Predicted to Grow Tremendously by 2060 in U.S.

Untitled by Joel Mwakasege is licensed under CC0.

back of head

According to a recent study by Johns Hopkins Medicine, hearing loss among the U.S. population could jump from 44 million in 2020 to 73.5 million by 2060; the 2060 number would comprise 23 percent of the adult American population, compared to 15 percent in 2020. And in 2060, 55 percent of adults with hearing loss will be over 70.

This sort of growth for this health condition is unprecedented, according to Neil DiSarno, chief staff officer of audiology at American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.

The most common cause of hearing loss is exposure to loud noise. To prevent this, it is recommended that people should lower their earphone volume and to limit exposure to firearms, fireworks and loud noises you may hear at work.

And besides just not being able to hear as well, hearing loss has other effects on a person as well. Older adults who have hearing loss are more likely to suffer from depression and anxiety, and have a higher risk of falling. There also appears to be evidence between hearing loss and mental decline.

To read more about hearing loss increasing, please visit “Hearing Loss May Double in United States by 2060.”

Like NNLM SCR on Facebook and like us on Twitter.

March is National Nutrition Month

Untitled by Isidor Emanuel is licensed under CC0.

salad

Are you putting your best fork forward this month? The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics is encouraging you to! National Nutrition Month is a campaign hosted annually by the Academy focusing on the importance of informed food choices and healthy eating and physical activity habits to in turn help you lead a healthier lifestyle.

This year’s National Nutrition Month theme is “Put Your Best Fork Forward” reminding everyone that making just small changes in your diet habits can add up over time. Some easy recommendations from the Dietary Guidelines for Americans are eating:

  • Lots of fruits and vegetables, whole grains and low-fat or fat-free milk products
  • Lean meats, poultry and fish
  • Foods low or without saturated fats, trans fats and added sugar.

To begin partaking in a healthier diet, one of the most important things to do is ensure you understand nutrition labels; the Academy has written an article that explains just that as well as shares what daily value is considered low or high.

To get children interested in nutrition, check out these games from ADNA by visiting “National Nutrition Month Games.”

To read more about National Nutrition Month, please visit the Academy’s website.

Like NNLM SCR on Facebook and like us on Twitter.

Outreach Librarians receive training in connecting with the Aging Community

Executive Director Lisa Smith kicks off the 2017 Annual Outreach Librarian training session.

Lisa speaking at training

The NNLM SCR was excited to host its annual Outreach Librarian training session at the UNT Health Science Center campus in February. Outreach Librarians from the eighteen (18) Resource Libraries within the NNLM SCR participated in the two day training session. Practitioners in the field of Geriatrics and Community Outreach shared information with the group to increase librarian awareness of issues facing the elderly community. Educational sessions included practical tools and suggestions for providing programming to the Aging community. Dr. Jennifer Severance, Assistant Professor, Center for Geriatrics and Program Administrative Director for the Workforce Enhancements in Health Aging and Independent Living Program (WE HAIL) assembled the team of experts and coordinated the training program. An expert panel was also convened to describe services offered by several community based agencies and the United Way.

Insights shared by our presenters included an overview of trends in aging demographics. The increased number of the U.S. population that will be age 65 or older by 2050 (1 in 5 individuals) and the rapid increase in the growth of individuals that are 85 or older were highlighted as trends that will shape the face of healthcare in the coming years. Additionally, the role caregivers play to support their loved ones and the support that may be provided to this community were explored. An introduction to the Aging Network was provided to encourage partnerships between libraries and these agencies. National, State and local agencies were featured including the Area Agency on Aging, Sixty & Better, Alzheimer’s Association, and the North Central Texas Chapter and Meals on Wheels, Inc. of Tarrant County. Featured services and programs that were discussed included: benefits counseling, Medicare training, nutrition education, legal services, transportation, respite care and home meal delivery.

Presentations were provided by:

Dr. Janice Knebl, DO, MBA, the Director for the UNTHSC Center for Geriatrics, HRSA GWEP WE HAIL PI, provided training in trends and issues facing the aging patient and trends in the field of geriatrics.

Don Smith, Director, Tarrant County Area Agency on Aging, VP Community Development Health Initiatives United Way of Tarrant County

Christina Bartha, Director of Programs for Sixty and Better (formerly Senior Citizens Services, Inc.)

Susanna Luk-Jones, Director of Programs and Services, Alzheimer’s Association – North Central Texas Chapter

Sherry Simon, Vice President of Nutrition and Health Programs, Meals on Wheels of Tarrant County

The NNLM SCR Staff would like to extend a special thanks to the practitioners and agencies who shared their time and expertise with our Outreach team!

Like us on Facebook and follow us on Twitter.