Archive for the ‘Public Health’ Category
A new internet locator link, CompTox, has been added to the National Library of Medicine’s ChemIDplus resource. The link connects ChemIDplus users to over 155,000 chemicals in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Chemical Safety for Sustainability CompTox. The interactive CompTox dashboard is part of a suite of databases and web applications developed by the EPA interactive Chemical Safety for Sustainability (iCSS) Research Program. These databases, dashboards, and apps support EPA’s computational toxicology research efforts to develop innovative methods to change how chemicals are currently evaluated for potential health risks. Information for over 720,000 chemicals is accessible in CompTox. Other locators recently added to ChemIDplus include DrugBank and European Medicines Agency (EMA).
ChemIDplus is a dictionary of over 400,000 chemicals (names, synonyms, and structures). ChemIDplus includes links to NLM and other databases and resources, including links to federal, state and international agencies. ChemIDplus Lite is designed for simple searching on name or registry. ChemIDplus Advanced helps users draw their own structures and perform similarity and substructure searches.
The tropical storm moving up the East coast, the recent severe flooding in Louisiana, and the near miss of two storms in Hawaii are reminders about the devastation and health consequences that wind and rain can bring to communities. To help you prepare and/or respond with authoritative health information resources, NLM’s Disaster Information Resource Management Center has updated its Hurricanes and Floods Information Guides. It’s also possible to embed the content from one or both of these pages on your own website by accessing the Health and Human Services (HHS) Content Syndication Storefront so that when any of the pages are updated, your pages will be automatically updated as well.
Coping with Disasters, Violence and Traumatic Events
The National Library of Medicine’s Household Products Database (HPD) provides access to manufacturer developed Safety Data Sheets (SDS; formerly called Material Safety Data Sheets, MSDS) which describe the chemical properties of each product, including physical data, health effects, first aid, reactivity, storage, handling, disposal, personal protection, and spill/leak procedures. As required by OSHA, information within each SDS is targeted to help those exposed to chemicals at work. Consumers may also find information that can help them safely use a product. To find an SDS for a specific household product, look for the link labeled “Complete MSDS for this product” above the “Health Effects” section of the brand page. To learn more, visit the HPD FAQ page.
The Outreach and Special Populations Branch of the National Library of Medicine provides a variety of brochures, fact sheets, and wallet cards related to consumer health, minority health, HIV/AIDS resources, and many other important health topics. Following are a few of the useful resources that can be downloaded as PDFs, printed, and shared with patrons, students, patients, and colleagues:
- Consumer Health Resources Wallet Card (PDF, 600 KB) – A list of online health resources from NLM that will be useful to the general public, on a foldable card that can be stored in any wallet or billfold.
- Resources for Public Health Professionals Fact Sheet (PDF, 250 KB, October 2015) – Brief descriptions and links to important NLM online resources, including emergency/incident planning and response resources and NLM mobile resources and applications.
- HIV/AIDS Information Resources Flyer (PDF, 860 KB, May 2015) and Wallet Card (PDF, 412 KB) – NLM resources that will be helpful in locating general information, treatment information, clinical trials, multilingual resources, and training resources related to HIV/AIDS.
Registration is available for the inaugural session of a new bi-monthly NN/LM collaborative webinar series, NN/LM Resource Picks, which will be held on September 28, 12:00-1:00 PM PDT. Every two months, NN/LM and/or NLM staff will highlight NLM resources. Coming up first is Don’t Wait, Communicate About Disaster Preparedness, hosted by the NN/LM Middle Atlantic Region.
One of the core competencies of disaster medicine is knowing how to “identify authoritative sources for information in a disaster or public health emergency.” Librarians and information professionals with this competency can support their communities with high-quality information throughout the disaster cycle of mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery. The National Library of Medicine has developed a series of courses with an emphasis on disaster health information. The courses are currently being updated and formatted for self-paced study online. Two courses listed below are now available. The courses meet the requirements for the Medical Library Association Disaster Information Specialization, as well as core competencies for public health professionals and others through the Public Health Foundation’s learning management system, TRAIN. By the end of the year, there will be four more courses: US Response to Disasters and Public Health Emergencies; Information Roles in Disaster Management; A Seat at the Table: Working with Local Responders; and Health and Disasters: Understanding the International Context.
Disaster Health Information Sources: The Basics
This class provides a comprehensive overview of the essential resources needed to provide health-related information services for supporting disaster mitigation, planning, response, and recovery. This self-paced course introduces key sources from the National Library of Medicine, federal and nonfederal agencies, and international organizations. Tools for locating, organizing and disseminating disaster health information are covered.
CBRNE (Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear and Explosive): Health Information Resources
This class provides an overview of the concepts of CBRNE, including a review of National Library of Medicine resources and tools that provide health-related information to support planning, response, and recovery from the effects of these potential hazards.
The new Director of the National Library of Medicine, Patricia Flatley Brennan, RN, PhD, puts a strong focus on precision medicine in the vision she describes for NLM: “I believe the National Library of Medicine has an important role to play in the Precision Medicine Initiative…and I believe that role’s going to be showing up in a number of the existing services already seen in the Library…” The National Institutes of Health defines precision medicine as “an emerging approach for disease treatment and prevention that takes into account individual variability in genes, environment, and lifestyle for each person.” To learn more about precision medicine and how NIH is already playing an important role in the Precision Medicine Initiative, visit the following NLM resources:
In response to recent severe flooding events in Louisiana, NLM’s Disaster Information Management Research Center has updated the Floods Information Resource Guide. In addition to updating content, the webpage’s code has been added to the Health and Human Services Content Syndication Storefront. Setting up an account is easy! Now anyone can embed the content of the Floods Information Resource Guide on their own web site. When the Guide is updated, syndicated pages will be automatically updated as well.
The National Library of Medicine (NLM) Environmental Health Information Partnership (EnHIP) is a collaboration between NLM and Historically Black Colleges and Universities, a Predominately Black Institution, Hispanic-Serving Institutions, Tribal Colleges and Universities, and an Alaska Native-Serving Institution. A list of EnHIP Member Schools is available, as well as the March 2016 EnHIP Meeting Proceedings. The mission of the EnHIP is to enhance the capacity of minority serving academic institutions to reduce health disparities through the access, use and delivery of environmental health information on their campuses and in their communities. Two member schools are based in the Pacific Southwest Region; Charles Drew University of Medicine and Science in Los Angeles, and Diné College, with various locations in Arizona and New Mexico.
EnHIP began as a pilot project in 1991 as the Toxicology Information Outreach Project (TIOP). During the late 1980s and early 1990s, there were a number of published articles and books that highlighted the adverse effects of environmental hazards on minority and socioeconomically deprived communities. There was a clear need for toxicology and environmental health information to be more readily accessible to health professionals serving these communities. Recognizing this need, NLM launched TIOP to strengthen the capacity of Historically Black Colleges and Universities to train medical and other health professionals in the use of toxicology, environmental, occupational, and hazardous waste information resources. The value and success of the project later led to the longest-standing outreach program of NLM. The name was changed to the Environmental Health Information Outreach Program (EnHIOP) as more schools were added to the program in order to reflect more diversity in the participating institutions. In 2008, the name changed to Environmental Health Information Partnership (EnHIP) to reflect a true partnership with NLM.
The following National Library of Medicine (NLM) TOXNET databases now provide a link to an NLM PubMed search for the past five years of publications:
The PubMed (mobile version) results will appear in a new tab.