Archive for the ‘Public Health’ Category
National Drug and Alcohol Fact Week, a public education project from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), aims to shatter myths that teens may believe about drugs and alcohol. The National Library of Medicine provides outreach materials that can be used to teach teens and the general public from many different special populations about the health risks associated with drugs and alcohol, including:
- General Public: Use MedlinePlus to provide summaries and links about drug and alcohol abuse in consumer-friendly language for the general public, including multilingual information.
- Native Americans: The American Indian Health portal provides links for Native American communities, researchers, and the general public on alcohol abuse and substance abuse.
- Non-English Speakers: The HealthReach website can be used to locate patient handouts, audio, and video in multiple languages, related to drugs and alcohol.
NLM’s AIDSource now offers PrEP Navigation Resources and HIV Navigation Resources. These resources, selected by subject matter experts, are designed to assist frontline “navigators” who work with affected populations. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a once daily pill that helps protect against HIV. Resources include basic information about PrEP and navigator training tools. The HIV navigation resources cover retention in HIV care and tools for patient navigators. Both sets of navigation resources link to content for Spanish speakers.
NLM has announced that the Health Services Research Projects in Progress (HSRProj) database is available for download. HSRProj is produced by the National Information Center on Health Services Research and Health Care Technology (NICHSR) and provides access to data for research into health services research investments. Established in the 1990s, HSRProj contains searchable structured descriptions of more than 16,000 current or recently completed health services research projects from more than 350 funders, both international and domestic. While access to the entire dataset of more 30,000 records has always been available on a partial or ad hoc basis, this new XML file download is expected to greatly broaden the accessibility of the information for those interested in health services research trends by topic, funder, or researcher/research organization.
Documentation for researchers seeking to manipulate and download the full file from the FTP site is available, including a complete list of all the elements and their attributes and a sample record using the NLM DTD, as well as a description of each field and its attributes. The XML data can be used with the XML converter of your choice. An updated file will be created and posted to the FTP site on a quarterly basis in conjunction with the regular quarterly update of the HSRProj record set. The current file is October 2016. NLM anticipates retaining older files on the FTP site for at least one year, but would welcome community input on this question. File names will include the month and date of release. No license is required to obtain or use the data. Per the Terms and Conditions, the National Library of Medicine should be identified as the creator, maintainer and provider of the data, for any use that is not personal; other conditions also apply.
Tox Town has upped its game in 2017 with an updated and easier to navigate homepage and a new color scheme. Engaging photo-realistic neighborhoods are now programmed with HTML 5 so you can easily view the site on your computer and hand held devices. Explore the imaginary neighborhoods (city, farm, port, town, US Southwest) where you will find the same trusted information you have come to expect from Tox Town!
In December 2016, the National Information Center on Health Services Research and Health Care Technology (NICHSR) released NICHSR ONESearch. This consolidated search site allows researchers to search two unique databases and two specialized web portals with one simple search:
NICHSR ONESearch will return the same results as a similar search within each of the individual resources. Please note that only HSRProj utilizes MeSH indexing within its records. The ONLY way to search HSRProj using MeSH is to go directly to HSRProj. The unified resource is intended to complement HSR and public health literature in PubMed and the journals in the NLM Catalog by providing access to curated grey literature. Additional details and illustrations are available in the NLM Technical Bulletin.
In 2013, 8% of patients in California with MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) acquired the infection during a hospital stay. MRSA is a bacterium that is resistant to many of the most commonly prescribed beta-lactam antibiotics, including penicillin, amoxycillin, oxacillin, and methicillin. Severe cases of MRSA may result in endocarditis, osteomyelitis, septicemia, or even death. Each year MRSA accounts for approximately 11,000 deaths in the United States. Costs associated with a MRSA infection are high, with an average hospital length of stay of 10 days and average hospital costs of $14,000.
Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Statistical Brief #212, Hospital-, Health Care-, and Community-Acquired MRSA: Estimates From California Hospitals, 2013
Check out the January issue of NIH News in Health, the monthly newsletter bringing you practical health news and tips based on the latest NIH research. In this issue:
- Palliative Care Improves Quality of Life
Palliative care is a special type of medical care. It’s designed to ease the discomfort and stress of living with a serious or life-threatening illness, such as cancer or a heart condition. Two new NIH-funded studies add to growing evidence that palliative care can improve quality of life.
- Scleroderma Affects Skin and More
Scleroderma is a group of diseases that affect the body’s connective tissue, which supports the skin and internal organs. NIH recently updated its “Handout on Health” about scleroderma, so you can learn more about this unusual disorder.
- Featured Website: Types of Cancer
There are more than 100 types of cancer. Most are named for the organs or tissues where the cancers occur. Some describe the type of cell that formed the tumor. This site lists dozens of cancer types, along with links to more detailed information.
NIH News in Health is available online in both HTML and PDF formats. Additionally, you can get trusted, up-to-date health information from NIH News in Health added directly to your site via NIH content syndication. Print copies are available free of charge for offices, clinics, community centers, and libraries within the U.S. Visit the NIH News in Health Facebook page to suggest topics you’d like to see covered, or share what you find helpful about the newsletter!
The archived recording of the November 30 session for the NN/LM collaborative webinar series, NN/LM Resource Picks, is available. The topic was AIDSource and AIDSInfo with Andrew Plumer, from the National Library of Medicine’s Specialized Information Services Division, Jean-Paul Rock, AIDSInfo Translation & Outreach Manager, and Alison McDougal, PMP, AIDSinfo Project Manager. View the webinar by clicking on the YouTube video player below.
Note: To switch to full screen, click on the full screen icon in the bottom corner of the video player. To exit the full screen, press Esc on your keyboard or click on the Full screen icon again. If you have problems viewing full screen videos, make sure you have the most up-to-date version of Adobe Flash Player.
Influenza (flu) is a potentially serious respiratory infection caused by a number of viruses, and getting the flu vaccination every year is the best way to lower your chance of getting the flu and spreading it to others. National Influenza Vaccination Week 2016 is December 4-10, and the National Library of Medicine offers helpful information and reliable links about the flu shot for many different populations:
- The General Public: Find a short summary of how the flu shot works, who should get the flu shot, and the latest news and resources about the shot on MedlinePlus.
- Multilingual Resources: Find information on influenza and the flu vaccination in a dozen or more languages on HealthReach. Information about the flu shot is also available in over 20 languages on MedlinePlus.
- Native American Communities: The American Indian Health portal offers links to statistics, information for researchers/health professionals/educators, and general information on the flu, targeted towards Native American communities.
- Older Adults: On NIH Senior Health, older adults can learn about recommended immunizations for anyone older than 50, including the influenza vaccination.
- Individuals with HIV/AIDS: Access links about recommended vaccinations for individuals living with HIV/AIDS on AIDSource, including information about the flu shot.
The NLM Basic Level Courses for the Medical Library Association Disaster Information Specialization have all been updated to a new online web-based tutorial format. The courses are self-paced, interactive, and offered at no cost. Anyone completing all 15 hours of the courses is eligible to earn a Basic Level certificate in Disaster Information Specialization from MLA. The Basic Level courses include three from NLM Disaster Health:
- Disaster Health Information Sources: The Basics
This course provides a comprehensive overview of the essential resources needed to provide health-related information services for supporting disaster mitigation, planning, response, and recovery.
- U.S. Response to Disasters and Public Health Emergencies
This course provides an introduction to disaster/emergency planning and response as conducted in the United States, with an emphasis on medical response.
- Information Roles in Disaster Management
This course presents current research findings on librarians’ roles supporting the disaster workforce. Additionally, the information needs of first responders, emergency managers, and other professionals working in the areas of disaster planning, response, and recovery are discussed.
Two additional courses are available online, at no cost, from the FEMA Emergency Management Institute:
- IS-700.A National Incident Management System (NIMS) An Introduction
This course introduces and provides an overview of the National Incident Management System (NIMS). NIMS provides a consistent nationwide template to enable all government, private-sector, and nongovernmental organizations to work together during domestic incidents.
- IS-100.B Introduction to Incident Command System, ICS-100
This course describes the history, features and principles, and organizational structure of the Incident Command System (ICS). ICS is a standardized approach to incident management that enables a coordinated response among various jurisdictions and agencies; establishes common processes for planning and managing resources; and allows for the integration of facilities, equipment, personnel, procedures, and communications operating within a common organizational structure.