Archive for the ‘Public Health’ Category
One of the core competencies of disaster medicine is knowing how to “identify authoritative sources for information in a disaster or public health emergency.” Librarians and information professionals with this competency can support their communities with high-quality information throughout the disaster cycle of mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery. The National Library of Medicine has developed a series of courses with an emphasis on disaster health information. The courses are currently being updated and formatted for self-paced study online. Two courses listed below are now available. The courses meet the requirements for the Medical Library Association Disaster Information Specialization, as well as core competencies for public health professionals and others through the Public Health Foundation’s learning management system, TRAIN. By the end of the year, there will be four more courses: US Response to Disasters and Public Health Emergencies; Information Roles in Disaster Management; A Seat at the Table: Working with Local Responders; and Health and Disasters: Understanding the International Context.
Disaster Health Information Sources: The Basics
This class provides a comprehensive overview of the essential resources needed to provide health-related information services for supporting disaster mitigation, planning, response, and recovery. This self-paced course introduces key sources from the National Library of Medicine, federal and nonfederal agencies, and international organizations. Tools for locating, organizing and disseminating disaster health information are covered.
CBRNE (Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear and Explosive): Health Information Resources
This class provides an overview of the concepts of CBRNE, including a review of National Library of Medicine resources and tools that provide health-related information to support planning, response, and recovery from the effects of these potential hazards.
The new Director of the National Library of Medicine, Patricia Flatley Brennan, RN, PhD, puts a strong focus on precision medicine in the vision she describes for NLM: “I believe the National Library of Medicine has an important role to play in the Precision Medicine Initiative…and I believe that role’s going to be showing up in a number of the existing services already seen in the Library…” The National Institutes of Health defines precision medicine as “an emerging approach for disease treatment and prevention that takes into account individual variability in genes, environment, and lifestyle for each person.” To learn more about precision medicine and how NIH is already playing an important role in the Precision Medicine Initiative, visit the following NLM resources:
In response to recent severe flooding events in Louisiana, NLM’s Disaster Information Management Research Center has updated the Floods Information Resource Guide. In addition to updating content, the webpage’s code has been added to the Health and Human Services Content Syndication Storefront. Setting up an account is easy! Now anyone can embed the content of the Floods Information Resource Guide on their own web site. When the Guide is updated, syndicated pages will be automatically updated as well.
The National Library of Medicine (NLM) Environmental Health Information Partnership (EnHIP) is a collaboration between NLM and Historically Black Colleges and Universities, a Predominately Black Institution, Hispanic-Serving Institutions, Tribal Colleges and Universities, and an Alaska Native-Serving Institution. A list of EnHIP Member Schools is available, as well as the March 2016 EnHIP Meeting Proceedings. The mission of the EnHIP is to enhance the capacity of minority serving academic institutions to reduce health disparities through the access, use and delivery of environmental health information on their campuses and in their communities. Two member schools are based in the Pacific Southwest Region; Charles Drew University of Medicine and Science in Los Angeles, and Diné College, with various locations in Arizona and New Mexico.
EnHIP began as a pilot project in 1991 as the Toxicology Information Outreach Project (TIOP). During the late 1980s and early 1990s, there were a number of published articles and books that highlighted the adverse effects of environmental hazards on minority and socioeconomically deprived communities. There was a clear need for toxicology and environmental health information to be more readily accessible to health professionals serving these communities. Recognizing this need, NLM launched TIOP to strengthen the capacity of Historically Black Colleges and Universities to train medical and other health professionals in the use of toxicology, environmental, occupational, and hazardous waste information resources. The value and success of the project later led to the longest-standing outreach program of NLM. The name was changed to the Environmental Health Information Outreach Program (EnHIOP) as more schools were added to the program in order to reflect more diversity in the participating institutions. In 2008, the name changed to Environmental Health Information Partnership (EnHIP) to reflect a true partnership with NLM.
The following National Library of Medicine (NLM) TOXNET databases now provide a link to an NLM PubMed search for the past five years of publications:
The PubMed (mobile version) results will appear in a new tab.
The project NLM 4 Caregivers is designed to increase awareness of NLM resources among family caregivers who actively seek health information online using social media tools such as Facebook, Twitter, blogs, and listservs, for discussing and exploring health issues. NLM 4 Caregivers discusses a wide variety of resources for searching and managing medications, such as PillBox and DailyMed, tools for locating clinical trials (ClinicalTrials.gov), and tools for accessing both consumer health information (MedlinePlus) and the latest biomedical research (PubMed).
NLM 4 Caregivers shares health resources relevant to caregivers through many mediums, such as:
August is National Breastfeeding Month, and both healthcare professionals and expectant/new mothers can use resources from the National Library of Medicine (NLM) to locate reliable health information about breastfeeding. NLM resources related to lactation and breastfeeding include:
- LactMed – The LactMed® database contains information on drugs and other chemicals to which breastfeeding mothers may be exposed. It includes information on the levels of such substances in breast milk and infant blood, and the possible adverse effects in the nursing infant.
- Breastfeeding vs. Formula Feeding – Through the Medical Encyclopedia on MedlinePlus, learn about the benefits of breastfeeding for both infant and mother’s health, how to prepare for breastfeeding, how breastfeeding works, health and safety issues that may be experienced during breastfeeding, and how to bottle feed a baby. An article is also available on overcoming breastfeeding problems.
- Breastfeeding on MedlinePlus – Find a summary about breastfeeding, along with a variety of useful links to research and resources related to breastfeeding. Health information on breastfeeding is available in 15 languages on MedlinePlus.
Locate additional multilingual resources related to women’s health and pregnancy through HealthReach. HealthReach offers easy access to quality health information to individuals for whom English is not the primary language. It is also an important resource for health professionals as well as public health administrators.
NLM’s TOXMAP beta now includes a Native Lands map layer that shows geographic areas of certain native populations, including American Indian Reservations and Off-Reservation Trust Lands, Alaska Native Village Statistical Areas, and Hawaiian Home Lands, as defined by the US Census. This layer can be toggled on and off via the Map Contents side panel (refer to the TOXMAP and Native American Populations page). Many of these areas can be zoomed to via the “Zoom To” Location window located on the toolbar. In addition, a set of new classroom exercises has been developed by Thomas R. Mueller, Ph.D., GISP Professor at the California University of Pennsylvania and his graduate students. The exercises are available on the TOXMAP teachers’ page.
The Summer 2016 issue of NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine features topics including the Zika virus, alcohol-medicines interactions, oral health and aging, colorectal cancer, precision medicine, age-related macular degeneration, and endometriosis. The cover features Padma Lakshmi, author, actress, model, and Emmy-nominated host and executive producer of the hit TV show Top Chef, who endured a 23-year struggle to find relief from endometriosis. The condition occurs when tissue that normally lines the inside a woman’s uterus grows outside the uterus, and can cause pain, infertility, and very heavy periods. Padma recently revealed to NIH MedlinePlus magazine how the experience shaped her advocacy efforts for those with the condition.
The issue also features an article about the Zika virus. Discovered in the Zika Forest of Uganda in 1947, the mosquito-borne virus has very recently become a public health concern in the United States, Latin America and the Caribbean. NIH MedlinePlus magazine spoke about Zika with Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, director of the NIH National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID). Dr. Fauci answers questions regarding the risks to the American public and pregnant women and current efforts in developing a vaccine.
NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine is the free, trusted consumer guide to the vast array of authoritative online health and medical information in MedlinePlus. Published four times a year, the magazine showcases the National Institutes of Health’s (NIH) latest medical research and healthcare information. NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine is freely available as a print subscription, e-mail alerts, and online.
The Sewell Travel Award for Public Health (STAPH) Committee is currently accepting applications for the Sewell Stipend to attend the American Public Health Association 2016 Annual Meeting & Exposition, which will be held in Denver, CO, from October 29 to November 2. Applications are due by Sunday, July 17. The conference theme is Creating the Healthiest Nation: Ensuring the Right to Health. Consider applying for a stipend if you are in a position in which you have public health-related responsibilities. The committee expects to make at least nine awards, including a minimum of seven non-local awards and two local (Denver area) awards. Librarians new to public health are especially welcome to apply. Membership in the Medical Library Association is not required of applicants.
There is an extensive LibGuide designed to answer just about every question about the awards, and it also has the application form. For additional information, contact Helena VonVille, Chair, STAPH Committee, Library Director, University of Texas School of Public Health Library, Houston, TX.