Archive for the ‘Public Health’ Category
Since the last REMM update in August, 2016, the following important US government document have been incorporated into the resource. Additional information is available by visiting What’s New on REMM?
An update to Mobile REMM is also coming soon!
NLM’s TOXMAP now includes 2015 Toxics Release Inventory data. This corresponds to the most recent TRI National Analysis published by the US EPA. TOXMAP maps the TRI chemicals reported to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), as required by the Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act (EPCRA). A complete list of TRI chemicals required to be reported to the EPA is available on the website.
Check out the February issue of NIH News in Health, the monthly newsletter bringing you practical health news and tips based on the latest NIH research. In this issue:
- 4 Steps to Manage Your Diabetes for Life
Diabetes can lead to heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, blindness, and other health problems if left untreated. That’s why it’s important to manage your diabetes ABCs: A1C (blood glucose), blood pressure, and cholesterol.
- Featured Website: Easy-to-Read Drug Facts
Get a wide range of helpful information about drug abuse, addiction, treatment, and prevention. Animated videos explain the basics of addiction and why drugs are so hard to quit.
NIH News in Health is available online in both HTML and PDF formats. Additionally, you can get trusted, up-to-date health information from NIH News in Health added directly to your site via NIH content syndication. Print copies are available free of charge for offices, clinics, community centers, and libraries within the U.S. Visit the NIH News in Health Facebook page to suggest topics you’d like to see covered, or share what you find helpful about the newsletter!
The National Institutes of Health has announced a new funding opportunity for organizations interested in helping engage volunteers in the All of Us Research Program, part of the Precision Medicine Initiative. This opportunity is open to national and regional organizations, as well as local community groups, and will support activities to promote enrollment and retention in the All of Us Research Program across diverse communities. All of Us is an ambitious effort to gather data over time from 1 million or more people living in the United States, with the ultimate goal of accelerating research and improving health. Unlike research studies that are focused on a specific disease or population, All of Us will serve as a national research resource to inform thousands of studies, covering a wide variety of health conditions. Researchers will use data from the program to learn more about how individual differences in lifestyle, environment and biological make-up can influence health and disease. By taking part, people will be able to learn more about their own health and contribute to an effort that will advance the health of generations to come. NIH plans to launch the program later this year.
Pending available funds, NIH is designating up to $5 million per year over the next three years to support these community-led outreach efforts, to complement the program’s existing research and engagement infrastructure. Eligible organizations include nonprofits, other community- and faith-based organizations, minority-serving institutions and local governments, among others. Applicants must submit their proposed strategy for helping educate community members or health care providers about All of Us, whether through special events, trainings, communication programs or other activities. Applicants must also include a funding proposal tied to specific outreach goals. In addition to conducting their engagement activities, awardees will provide input on program plans and share feedback about community needs. Applications are due on March 24, 2017, and NIH plans to issue awards in May 2017.
National Drug and Alcohol Fact Week, a public education project from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), aims to shatter myths that teens may believe about drugs and alcohol. The National Library of Medicine provides outreach materials that can be used to teach teens and the general public from many different special populations about the health risks associated with drugs and alcohol, including:
- General Public: Use MedlinePlus to provide summaries and links about drug and alcohol abuse in consumer-friendly language for the general public, including multilingual information.
- Native Americans: The American Indian Health portal provides links for Native American communities, researchers, and the general public on alcohol abuse and substance abuse.
- Non-English Speakers: The HealthReach website can be used to locate patient handouts, audio, and video in multiple languages, related to drugs and alcohol.
NLM’s AIDSource now offers PrEP Navigation Resources and HIV Navigation Resources. These resources, selected by subject matter experts, are designed to assist frontline “navigators” who work with affected populations. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a once daily pill that helps protect against HIV. Resources include basic information about PrEP and navigator training tools. The HIV navigation resources cover retention in HIV care and tools for patient navigators. Both sets of navigation resources link to content for Spanish speakers.
NLM has announced that the Health Services Research Projects in Progress (HSRProj) database is available for download. HSRProj is produced by the National Information Center on Health Services Research and Health Care Technology (NICHSR) and provides access to data for research into health services research investments. Established in the 1990s, HSRProj contains searchable structured descriptions of more than 16,000 current or recently completed health services research projects from more than 350 funders, both international and domestic. While access to the entire dataset of more 30,000 records has always been available on a partial or ad hoc basis, this new XML file download is expected to greatly broaden the accessibility of the information for those interested in health services research trends by topic, funder, or researcher/research organization.
Documentation for researchers seeking to manipulate and download the full file from the FTP site is available, including a complete list of all the elements and their attributes and a sample record using the NLM DTD, as well as a description of each field and its attributes. The XML data can be used with the XML converter of your choice. An updated file will be created and posted to the FTP site on a quarterly basis in conjunction with the regular quarterly update of the HSRProj record set. The current file is October 2016. NLM anticipates retaining older files on the FTP site for at least one year, but would welcome community input on this question. File names will include the month and date of release. No license is required to obtain or use the data. Per the Terms and Conditions, the National Library of Medicine should be identified as the creator, maintainer and provider of the data, for any use that is not personal; other conditions also apply.
Tox Town has upped its game in 2017 with an updated and easier to navigate homepage and a new color scheme. Engaging photo-realistic neighborhoods are now programmed with HTML 5 so you can easily view the site on your computer and hand held devices. Explore the imaginary neighborhoods (city, farm, port, town, US Southwest) where you will find the same trusted information you have come to expect from Tox Town!
In December 2016, the National Information Center on Health Services Research and Health Care Technology (NICHSR) released NICHSR ONESearch. This consolidated search site allows researchers to search two unique databases and two specialized web portals with one simple search:
NICHSR ONESearch will return the same results as a similar search within each of the individual resources. Please note that only HSRProj utilizes MeSH indexing within its records. The ONLY way to search HSRProj using MeSH is to go directly to HSRProj. The unified resource is intended to complement HSR and public health literature in PubMed and the journals in the NLM Catalog by providing access to curated grey literature. Additional details and illustrations are available in the NLM Technical Bulletin.
In 2013, 8% of patients in California with MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) acquired the infection during a hospital stay. MRSA is a bacterium that is resistant to many of the most commonly prescribed beta-lactam antibiotics, including penicillin, amoxycillin, oxacillin, and methicillin. Severe cases of MRSA may result in endocarditis, osteomyelitis, septicemia, or even death. Each year MRSA accounts for approximately 11,000 deaths in the United States. Costs associated with a MRSA infection are high, with an average hospital length of stay of 10 days and average hospital costs of $14,000.
Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Statistical Brief #212, Hospital-, Health Care-, and Community-Acquired MRSA: Estimates From California Hospitals, 2013