October 2016 marks the 45th anniversary of MEDLINE! The NLM Technical Bulletin has published an article with a timeline chart showing notable MEDLINE and current events occurring in 1971, 2006, and the present day. Also included is an infographic presentation of some of the information in the chart. Much has changed since 1971, when MEDLINE included 236 indexed journals and operated on an IBM 360/50 mainframe computer. Today it includes 5,618 indexed journals and PubMed runs on approximately 62 standard Linux servers! In 1971 The French Connection won the Best Picture Academy Award and Joy to the World by Three Dog Night was the #1 song according to Billboard Magazine. In 2016, the final videocassette recorder was manufactured by the Japanese company Funai and in January Adele’s Hello was the #1 song.
Archive for the ‘Events’ Category
Breast cancer impacts one in eight women sometime during their lives. During National Breast Cancer Awareness Month, check out the National Library of Medicine’s wide variety of reliable breast cancer information resources, ranging from genetic information to multilingual resources. The following list is a sampling of NLM resources that provide different kinds of information on breast cancer:
- Information for Older Adults: Learn about risk factors, tests/diagnosis, treatment, latest research, and more on breast cancer at NIH Senior Health.
- Consumer Health Information: MedlinePlus provides a summary on breast cancer for the general public, plus numerous links to reliable sites with research, health check tools, videos and tutorials, journal articles, and more.
- Multilingual Resources: Find information on breast cancer in over 15 languages on MedlinePlus, and check HealthReach for multilingual handouts, video, and audio.
- Clinical Trials: Search for open studies related to breast cancer at ClinicalTrials.gov.
- Genetic Information: Learn about genetic causes for breast cancer at Genetics Home Reference.
To improve security and privacy, and to comply with a Federal government mandate, NCBI is moving all of its Web sites and services, including Web APIs, to HTTPS only by September 30, 2016, which was subsequently extended to November 9. At that point, HTTP traffic for GET and HEAD requests will be redirected. All other requests will be rejected. This change will provide users with greatly increased privacy and security on the NCBI site. To prepare for this change, NCBI ran a series of tests, which are now completed.
August is Psoriasis Awareness Month. According to NLM’s MedlinePlus, psoriasis is a skin disease that causes itchy or sore patches of thick red skin with silvery scales. The condition may be hard to diagnose, since it has similar symptoms to other skin diseases. Following is a short list of resources related to psoriasis available from National Library of Medicine databases:
- Consumer Health Information on Psoriasis – MedlinePlus has a Health Topics page on psoriasis, which includes many helpful links to reliable organizations and online research about the condition. The page is also available in Spanish. In addition, a detailed encyclopedia entry on psoriasis is available, which lists causes, symptoms, tests, treatments, support groups, outlook, prevention, and when to contact a medical professional.
- Clinical Trials on Psoriasis – ClinicalTrials.gov includes a list of nearly 200 open clinical trials related to psoriasis.
- Full-Text Biomedical Research Articles on Psoriasis – A search on psoriasis in PubMed Central (PMC) provides access to nearly 28,000 full-text research articles.
The National Institute on Aging, part of the National Institutes of Health, has a variety of free materials to help seniors become and stay physically active, including sample exercises, an exercise guide book, easy-to-print tip sheets with information about the health benefits of physical activity, and even tools for setting goals and tracking progress. The information in these resources is based on research in people ages 50+. The NIH Go4Life exercise and physical activity campaign provides strategies to encourage seniors about ways to incorporate exercise into their daily lives. Seniors can also get activity ideas and sign up to receive free e-mail exercise tips and weekly motivation from Go4Life virtual coaches. Also, join the celebration of Go4Life Month during September. This year’s theme is #Fit4Function, focusing on the practical benefits of exercise and physical activity, like being able to drive, carry groceries into the house, do yardwork, and walk the dog; all of which are important activities to older adults!
Proceedings of the two-day Best Practices of Biomedical Research: Improving Reproducibility and Transparency of Preclinical Research conference, held June 9-10, 2016, are now available for viewing through the NIH VideoCasting site:
Reproducibility of biomedical research, which is the ability to conduct projects that lead to the same results multiple times, was the focus of this conference featuring the nation’s leading experts, sponsored by the National Library of Medicine, the Friends of the National Library of Medicine, and Research!America. Discussions included insights from Food and Drug Administration Commissioner Dr. Robert Califf, as well as presentations by John Ioannidis, MD, Professor of Medicine and Health Research and Policy, Stanford University; Christopher Austin, MD, Director, National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, NIH; and Jon R. Lorsch, PhD, Director, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH.
Topics covered in the conference include:
- The challenge of reproducibility
- Due diligence in acquiring science
- Ethics and institutional responsibility
- Open science and data sharing
- Scientific rigor and open science
- Best strategies for reproducible research
- Best practices of reproducible research
August is National Breastfeeding Month, and both healthcare professionals and expectant/new mothers can use resources from the National Library of Medicine (NLM) to locate reliable health information about breastfeeding. NLM resources related to lactation and breastfeeding include:
- LactMed – The LactMed® database contains information on drugs and other chemicals to which breastfeeding mothers may be exposed. It includes information on the levels of such substances in breast milk and infant blood, and the possible adverse effects in the nursing infant.
- Breastfeeding vs. Formula Feeding – Through the Medical Encyclopedia on MedlinePlus, learn about the benefits of breastfeeding for both infant and mother’s health, how to prepare for breastfeeding, how breastfeeding works, health and safety issues that may be experienced during breastfeeding, and how to bottle feed a baby. An article is also available on overcoming breastfeeding problems.
- Breastfeeding on MedlinePlus – Find a summary about breastfeeding, along with a variety of useful links to research and resources related to breastfeeding. Health information on breastfeeding is available in 15 languages on MedlinePlus.
Locate additional multilingual resources related to women’s health and pregnancy through HealthReach. HealthReach offers easy access to quality health information to individuals for whom English is not the primary language. It is also an important resource for health professionals as well as public health administrators.
The National Library of Medicine is hosting the fourth annual DailyMed/RxNorm Jamboree Workshop on Tuesday, September 27, 9:00 am to 5:00 pm EDT. Speakers from the Federal government, industry, pharmacy standards groups, and others will present. The emphasis is on practical and novel ways to use and understand free drug information, which is produced and consumed by a number of Federal agencies.
Five high school seniors from Biotechnology High School in Freehold, NJ, have won the 2016 National Library of Medicine History of Medicine Award for the production of the website, Henrietta Lacks: Ordinary Woman with Extraordinary Cells. Ms. Lack’s case of cervical cancer led to the discovery of the first immortal human cell line, HeLa cells. The award was announced on June 16 by National History Day (NHD) during its annual Kenneth E. Behring National History Day Contest in Washington, DC. NHD is a year-long history competition among students from around the United States and its territories. It began in October 2015 and culminated in a nationwide event on June 2016. With this award, NLM joined other federal partners such as the Library of Congress, the National Archives and Records Administration, the National Endowment for the Humanities, and the Department of Agriculture, in supporting middle and high school students’ competitive historical research. Specifically, NLM supported National History Day by providing guides and pointers to NLM resources to students in junior and senior high school.
The NHD is a non-profit organization headquartered in College Park, MD, and the national competition is held on the University of Maryland campus every summer. For the students, the experience is a full-year event that begins in the fall with county and regional contents. Winners at this initial level progress to their state’s history day competition held in the spring. State finalists are invited to College Park to compete in the national competition. Each year nearly 3,000 students, parents, and teachers gather for the week-long NHD event.
June is National Safety Month. Check out the following resources from the National Library of Medicine (NLM) for reliable heath and safety information. The Division of Specialized Information Services (SIS) at NLM provides access to disaster and chemical safety resources for all age groups and populations, and MedlinePlus provides overviews of basic first aid skills:
- Emergency and Disaster Preparedness for Special Populations – Access links to trustworthy disaster preparedness information for a wide range of populations, including different age groups, cultural and ethnic groups, and groups with specific health conditions.
- Disaster Lit – Search a curated collection of links to disaster medicine and public health documents.
- Haz-Map – Learn how to avoid workplace accidents by searching Haz-Map for diseases and other risks associated with specific jobs.
- Household Products Database – Protect yourself, children, and pets from dangerous health effects for a wide range of household products, such as personal care, pet care, and arts & crafts products.
- MedlinePlus – Read about First Aid resources, such as CPR, choking, drug abuse first aid, and creating a sling.