Archive for the ‘Health Literacy/Consumer Health’ Category
Thursday, October 13th, 2016
When: November 10, 2016 at Noon Pacific Time, 11:00 am Alaska Time, 1:00 pm Mountain Time
The NN/LM PNR is offering a new class this fall on the topic of developmental disabilities. For many families and individuals, learning about a child’s or family members’ diagnosis can be devastating and cause an array of emotional responses. It can be an unexpected event and for others it is something they have been anticipating. Information is important regarding the diagnosis whether it is about a particular condition, accessing services, or finding support. The National Library of Medicine, the National Institutes of Health, and other government entities offer an array of resources which may be of help. This class will introduce you to those resources as well as ideas of how to incorporate them into your library to inform and make accessible to your communities.
The class is approved for Medical Library Association credit (1 or 3 CE hours) as well as for the MLA Consumer Health Information Specialization (CHIS).
- To receive 1 MLA CE credit, attend the webinar on November 10
- To receive 3 MLA CE credits, complete the pre-class readings, attend the webinar, and complete the class exercises (you will be given until November 23 to turn in the completed exercises)
To register for the class please go to https://nnlm.gov/ntc/classes/class_details.html?class_id=1064 deadline is November 9th.
Wednesday, October 12th, 2016
When it comes to good health many of us tend to forget that good health includes good oral health. Oral health, or dental health, should not be viewed as a separate entity from general overall health as is so often done. Several studies have linked oral infections and inflammation to lung and heart diseases as well as diabetes. Periodontitis, a form of gum disease, has even been linked with premature births and low-birth-weight babies. Many medications such as anti-depressants, antihistamines, and painkillers can also affect oral health by limiting the amount of saliva which helps to protect teeth from certain bacteria that can lead to diseases. When visiting the dentist make sure to update them on what medications you are taking as well as any changes in your health.
While some of us have the privilege of accessing dental care and have it part of our health insurance coverage, many find what dental insurance they do have is limited in its coverage or it may not even be part of the insurance benefit offered by employers. The number of dental health facilities is no where near enough in many parts of the country but more so in rural areas. NPR recently broadcasted a story last month regarding this lack of dental services. One fact that was reported besides the lack of dental facilities was that many dentist do not accept Medicaid patients. According to the American Community Survey the poverty rate for those in rural areas is three percent higher than that of urban poverty. The 2011-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey also reports that adults ages 20-64 91% had dental caries and 27% had untreated tooth decay. The percentage of untreated tooth decay was much higher for Hispanics and African Americans. The health disparities for many under-served populations is alarming and more efforts need to be made to address this issue. (more…)
Saturday, September 24th, 2016
Ann Glusker, Reference Librarian at NN/LM PNR Network member institution Seattle Public Library, was interviewed by McGraw-Hill Education at the annual Medical Library Association Conference in Toronto, Ontario in May 2016. She talked about her experiences on the reference desk and the way that information is being delivered and consumed, and also how to make sure healthcare consumers are getting reliable information, stressing the importance of staff education as well: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=exGTAr_u8gU
Wednesday, September 14th, 2016
“Adventures in Precision Medicine: A Major Public Research Initiative and it Implications for Healthcare Consumers and Institutions” is the title of our next PNR Rendezvous webinar September 21. Malia Fullerton, Associate Professor of Bioethics and Humanities at the University of Washington School of Medicine and Adjunct Associate Professor in the UW Departments of Epidemiology and Genome Sciences, as well as an affiliate investigator with the Public Health Sciences division of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC). In early 2015 President Barack Obama announced an ambitious research initiative aimed at generating data needed to usher in a new era of medicine, one that will deliver “the right treatments, at the right time, every time to the right person.” This project, known now as the Precision Medicine Initiative or PMI, is recently underway and seeks to enroll 1 million or more patients from around the United States. What will healthcare consumers need to know before they decide to participate? And how will the national effort to study specimens, medical record data, and information collected by mobile health technologies from thousands of patients impact healthcare delivery?
Public librarians and those working in healthcare will find this an informative session as Precision Medicine becomes the primary delivery of healthcare. This impacts not just researchers and clinicians but the general public as healthcare consumers.
When: September 21, 1:00pm Pacific Time, Noon Alaska Time, 2:00pm Mountain Time (more…)
Saturday, September 3rd, 2016
Parents’ health literacy (the ability to obtain, process and understand the information needed to make appropriate decision about their health) can impact the health of their children. Research shows that low health literacy in parents is associated with a higher number of visits to the Emergency Department by their children. Roughly one in three parents of children coming to the Emergency Department are thought to have low health literacy. Conditions such as asthma, which may be better treated by home visits, can result instead to emergency visits without parents having the right treatment information.
In addition to educating patients and families about their health and equipping them with the information they need to make informed decisions, healthcare providers and all those in the healthcare system must be educated about the effects of health literacy and given the tools they need to improve parents’ health literacy. Follow up phone calls, visits, and education about symptoms can help reduce the non-urgent need of emergency care.
The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends pediatricians assess parents’ health literacy levels during well child visits in a new study: Parent Health Literacy, Depression, and Risk for Pediatric Injury, in the July 2016 issue of Pediatrics. It is estimated that 80 million adults in the U.S. have low health literacy, and it’s now being studied as a variable in children’s health as well.
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality’s Health Literacy Universal Precautions Toolkit for primary care providers offers ways to reduce the complexities of healthcare and increase patient understanding and enhance support for patients and families.
- Morrison, Andrea K. et al. “The Relationship Between Parent Health Literacy and Pediatric Emergency Department Utilization: A Systematic Review.” Academic pediatrics 13.5 (2013): 10.1016/j.acap.2013.03.001. PMC.
- Herman, A. et al. “Impact of a health literacy intervention on pediatric emergency department use.” Pediatric Emergency Care 25.7 (2009): doi: 10.1097/PEC.0b013e3181ab78c7.
- MedlinePlus: Health Literacy, Talking With Your Doctor, Hospitals as Health Educators.
Friday, September 2nd, 2016
Recovery Month, sponsored each September by the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), is recognized to increase the awareness and understanding of substance use disorders and also to celebrate those in recovery. SAMHSA’s website provides resources for treatment and recovery, personal stories, and a treatment locator. SAMHSA defines recovery — from mental health disorders and from substance use disorders — as “a process of change through which individuals improve their health and wellness, live a self-directed life, and strive to reach their full potential.” SAMHSA’s Ten Guiding Principles of Recovery are Hope, Person-driven, Many Pathways, Holistic approach, Peer Support, Relational and Social Supports, Culture based and influenced, Addressing Trauma, Strengths and Responsibilities, and Respect.
- See the Twitter presence of Recovery Month for announcements, to connect with others who are interested, and to attend chats. The Recovery Youtube channel features personal stories of recovery.
- The American Society of Addiction Medicine defines addiction as a chronic brain disease in which a person regularly participates in behavior, such as drug-taking or gambling, despite the negative consequences. Addictions changes how the brain works, and may keep getting worse without treatment. Patient and healthcare provider resources are offered on their website.
- Harm Reduction: The Drug Policy Alliance promotes the harm reduction approach as a public health philosophy and intervention which reduces arm associated with drug use. A basic tenet of harm reduction is that there has never been, and never will be, a drug-free society. Read more about harm reduction.
- Medication-Assisted Treatment: See SAMHSA’s webpage about Medication- Assisted Treatment, or MAT, for information including including opioid treatment programs and combining behavioral therapy and medications to treat substance use disorders.
- The National Library of Medicine’s MedlinePlus features patient and family information about Substance Use Disorders, Drugs and Young People, Prescription Drug Abuse, and more.