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State Information for Montana

State of Montana

Situated along the Canadian border in western United States, Montana is the fourth largest state in the nation with 147,138 square miles. It is a rugged, rural state with a sparse population. The capital is Helena, located just east of the Rocky Mountains. Towards the east and south is Billings, Montana's largest city, with a population of 90,000 people. Montana is the home of Yellowstone National Park, the first and oldest national park in the world (established on March 1, 1872), and Glacier National Park. Montana is contains 56 counties, of which 45 qualify as "frontier" counties. The largest (area) county is Rosebud, with 5,140 square miles, located north and east of Billings. The most populated county, Yellowstone, includes the city of Billings.

Montana has a population of just over 967,000 residents according to the 2008 U.S. Bureau of the Census Population Estimates Program. Montana's population is 87.9% white, 6.4% American Indian/Alaska Native and 3.0% Hispanic with 1.7% reporting more than one ethnicity. The largest tribal organizations in Montana include the Blackfeet Nation, the Crow Tribe, and the Fort Peck Tribes (Sioux and Assiniboine).

Topics on this page:

Locate Montana NN/LM Members

The directory of Montana members of the National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) includes health libraries, public libraries, and community-based organizations in the state that provide quality health information.

Go Local Montana

Go Local Montana - Health Care Information for Big Sky Country.

Library and Information Professional Resources

State Health and Statistics Information

  • Eastern Montana Telemedicine Network is a consortium of not-for-profit medical and mental health facilities linking health care providers and their patients throughout Montana and Wyoming.
  • FastStats, from the Centers for Disease Prevention and Control (CDC), are a quick reference to state birth and death rates with links to additional report data.
  • Quick Health Data Online, from the Office on Women's Health, is a database of comprehensive health data for both women and men searchable by state and county.
  • State Health Facts Online, sponsored by the Kaiser Family Foundation, provides current state health data on topics such as demographics, insurance coverage and health status.
  • State and Local Health Data Sets, from Partners in Information Access for the Public Health Workforce (PHPartners), includes a comprehensive list of resources containing state-specific public health information.
  • Trust for America's Health, a non-profit and non-partisan disease prevention organization, provides state and national health indicators, federal funding levels, health disparities and statistics regarding cancer and birth defects tracking.

State General Information

Special Populations

This section includes groups of individuals who share common characteristics that are distinctive from the general population. These characteristics may include racial and/or ethnic background, socioeconomic status, geographic location, and age. The characteristics of special populations are important to be aware of as they can affect the population's health status.

Medically Underserved Areas/Populations (MUA/Ps)

MUA/Ps are areas or populations designated by the Shortage Designation Branch, part of the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) as not having sufficient access to medical care. If an area is designated MUA, then the entire population is covered, if the designation is MUP, only a specific population is. Occasionally, regions receive a designation of GOV, which means that the state governor requested that the area be included due to local barriers and/or health conditions. The MUA/P designation is often important when obtaining grants or other funding. The most accurate and up-to-date source of this information is the HRSA database.

Government Information Resources

  • State Snapshots, from the U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, provides health care quality information, including strengths, weaknesses, and opportunities for improvement. The goal is to help State officials and their public- and private-sector partners better understand health care quality and disparities in their State.
  • FedStats provides access to statistics prepared by over 100 federal agencies. Statistics are available on a state and community level.
  • Google Search <Uncle Sam> searches government information on all levels using the standard Google interface and algorithm.
  • State and Local Government on the Net provides links to government information on a state and local level for the fifty states, as well as selected US territories.
  • provides a search engine and subject indexes for US state and federal information.

Additional Resources

  • Montana 211 provides assistance with locating resources for Montana health & human service providers and a database searchable by county, ZIP code, types of service and related methods.
  • Disaster and Emergency Services, a division of Montana's Department of Military Affairs, contains resources regarding hazards, preparedness, disaster assistance, and grant funding for emergency planning.
  • KEMC 91.7 FM, Billings area public radio station, is part of Yellowstone Public Radio and has translators throughout Montana.
  • KUFM 89.1 FM, Missoula area public radio station, is part of Montana Public Radio and has translators throughout Montana.
  • Montana newspapers, from, contains a list of city and regional newspapers with website coverage by county.