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State Information for Idaho

State of Idaho

Situated between Washington and Montana, and touching borders with Oregon, Nevada, Utah, and Wyoming to the south, Idaho is the 14th largest state in the US with 83,500 square miles. 63% of the state is public land managed by the federal government, and the Frank Church River of No Return Wilderness is the largest wilderness in the contiguous US. The state contains 44 counties, and 19.4% of the population resides in "frontier" counties. The largest county is Idaho County with 8,500 square miles, and the most populous is Ada County, containing the capital and largest city of Boise, with 383,000 residents.

Idaho has a population of 1.5 million according to the 2008 U.S. Bureau of the Census Population Estimates Program. Idaho's population is 85.1% white, 10.2% Hispanic, 1.5% American Indian and Alaska Native, with 1.7% reporting more than one ethnicity. The total American Indian and Alaska Native population is 16,656, ranking Idaho as 30th in the country. Idaho tribal organizations include Coeur d'Alene, Confederated Salish and Kootenai, Nez Perce, Northwest Band of Shoshone, and the Shoshone-Bannock.

Topics on this page:

Locate Idaho NN/LM Members

The directory of Idaho members of the National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) includes health libraries, public libraries, and community-based organizations in the state that provide quality health information.

Library and Information Professional Resources

State Health and Statistics Information

State General Information

  • is Idaho's official state government website.
  • Official State Travel Planner, from Idaho's Department of Commerce, includes cities, events, maps, news, travel, tourism and weather.
  • Idaho Quick Facts, from the U.S. Census Bureau, provides current state population, business and geographical facts.

Special Populations

This section includes groups of individuals who share common characteristics that are distinctive from the general population. These characteristics may include racial and/or ethnic background, socioeconomic status, geographic location, and age. The characteristics of special populations are important to be aware of as they can affect the population's health status.

  • EthnoMed, from the HSL and Harborview Medical Center, contains medical and cultural information for health care providers and related professions regarding different immigrant and refugee populations in the Pacific Northwest region.
  • Frontier Education Center, from the National Center for Frontier Communities, defines characteristics of frontier counties and contains maps, reports on special health needs of frontier populations, and policy issues.
  • Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Health (GLBT), from Public Health Seattle & King County, contains resources about GLBT health concerns, health issues, and local/national GLBT resources.
  • Institute of Rural Health advocates for rural health issues and improving the health of rural Idahoans through communication, education, and establishing appropriate and equitable health care resources and services.
  • Indian Health Service - Portland Area Office is the federal health program for American Indians and Alaska Natives residing in Washington, Oregon, and Idaho.
  • Northwest Portland Area Indian Health Board, a tribal organization, represents the health care interests of 43 federally recognized tribes in Washington, Oregon, and Idaho.
  • Refugee Health Information Network (RHIN) is a database of quality multilingual public health resources for those providing care to resettled refugees and asylees.
  • Rural health and human services, from the US Department of Health and Human Services Rural Assistance Center, is a web portal of Idaho rural health contacts, organizations, tools, maps, news and events.

Medically Underserved Areas/Populations (MUA/Ps)

MUA/Ps are areas or populations designated by the Shortage Designation Branch, part of the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) as not having sufficient access to medical care. If an area is designated MUA, then the entire population is covered, if the designation is MUP, only a specific population is. Occasionally, regions receive a designation of GOV, which means that the state governor requested that the area be included due to local barriers and/or health conditions. The MUA/P designation is often important when obtaining grants or other funding. The most accurate and up-to-date source of this information is the HRSA database.

Government Information Resources

  • State Snapshots, from the U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, provides health care quality information, including strengths, weaknesses, and opportunities for improvement. The goal is to help State officials and their public- and private-sector partners better understand health care quality and disparities in their State.
  • FedStats provides access to statistics prepared by over 100 federal agencies. Statistics are available on a state and community level.
  • Google Search <Uncle Sam> searches government information on all levels using the standard Google interface and algorithm.
  • State and Local Government on the Net provides links to government information on a state and local level for the fifty states, as well as selected US territories.
  • provides a search engine and subject indexes for US state and federal information.

Additional Resources