National Network of Libraries of Medicine
English Arabic Chinese (Simplified) French Hindi Japanese Korean Persian Portuguese Russian Spanish
PACIFIC NORTHWEST REGION

PNR Region

small map of state of Idaho showing location of Boise, superimposed with text "click to view a detailed county map. Source: Perry Castaneda Map Collection"

State Government
  • Idaho.gov is Idaho's official state government website.
  • Official State Travel Planner, from Idaho's Department of Commerce, includes cities, events, maps, news, travel, tourism and weather.
  • Idaho Quick Facts, from the U.S. Census Bureau, provides current state population, business and geographical facts.

Additional Resources

General Information

Situated between Washington and Montana, and touching borders with Oregon, Nevada, Utah, and Wyoming to the south, Idaho is the 14th largest state in the US with 83,500 square miles. 63% of the state is public land managed by the federal government, and the Frank Church River of No Return Wilderness is the largest wilderness in the contiguous US. The state contains 44 counties, and 19.4% of the population resides in "frontier" counties. The largest county is Idaho County with 8,500 square miles, and the most populous is Ada County, containing the capital and largest city of Boise, with 383,000 residents.

Idaho has a population of 1.6 million according to the 2015 U.S. Bureau of the Census Population Estimates Program. Idaho's population is 82.5% white, 12.2% Hispanic, 1.7% American Indian and Alaska Native, with 2.3% reporting more than one ethnicity. The total American Indian and Alaska Native population is 21,441 based on the 2010 US Census results. Idaho tribal organizations include Coeur d'AleneConfederated Salish and KootenaiNez PerceNorthwestern Band of the Shoshone Nation, and the Shoshone-Bannock.


State Health and Statistics


Resources about Special Populations

This section includes groups of individuals who share common characteristics that are distinctive from the general population. These characteristics may include racial and/or ethnic background, socioeconomic status, geographic location, and age. The characteristics of special populations are important to be aware of as they can affect the population's health status.

  • EthnoMed, from the University of Washington Health Sciences Library and Harborview Medical Center, contains medical and cultural information for health care providers and related professions regarding different immigrant and refugee populations in the Pacific Northwest region.
  • Frontier Education Center, from the National Center for Frontier Communities, defines characteristics of frontier counties and contains maps, reports on special health needs of frontier populations, and policy issues.
  • Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Health (LGBT), from the CDC, contains resources about LGBT health concerns, health issues, and national LGBT resources.
  • Institute of Rural Health advocates for rural health issues and improving the health of rural Idahoans through communication, education, and establishing appropriate and equitable health care resources and services.
  • Indian Health Service - Portland Area Office is the federal health program for American Indians and Alaska Natives residing in Washington, Oregon, and Idaho.
  • Northwest Portland Area Indian Health Board, a tribal organization, represents the health care interests of 43 federally recognized tribes in Washington, Oregon, and Idaho.
  • HealthReach is a database of quality multilingual public health resources for those providing care to resettled refugees and asylees.
  • Rural Health Information Hub, from the US Department of Health and Human Services Rural Assistance Center, is a web portal of Idaho rural health contacts, organizations, tools, maps, news and events.

Resources for Libraries and Information Professionals