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Scholarly communications is an umbrella term that describes the process used by academics, scholars, and researchers to share, publish, and circulate research findings to the wider academic community and beyond. To list major issues that fall under this term: author's rights; economic models for scholarly publishing; open access content; institutional repositories; rights and access to federally funded research; as well as copyright and the preservation of intellectual rights.
Public AccessPublic access describes the policy of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to ensure public access to the published results of NIH-funded research. Greater accessibility of scientific and clinical journal articles was driven in part by a desire to see government-supported research made more easily and readily available to its funding source: American taxpayers.
Open AccessOpen access is a term used by different groups to describe journals or articles that are freely available online. The rights to download, copy, distribute, and use these freely available works vary from publication to publication.
Sources of Open Access ContentFrom the National Library of Medicine:
- PubMed: Identifying free full text and Limiting to free full text . Free full text is also a limit option in PubMed's Advanced Search option.
- PubMed Central
A digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature, with free access to full text articles.
- BioMed Central
Publisher of peer-reviewed, open access biomedical research
- Directory of Open Access Journals
List from Lund University, Sweden
- Education Resources Information Center (ERIC)
Includes health and health education resources
Full text limit available in Advanced Search
- Highwire Press
Free Online Full-text Journals
Free Access to Developing Economies
- Institutional Repositories
ROAR: Registry of Open Access Repositories
OpenDOAR: Directory of Open Access Repositories
- Medknow Publications
Open access, peer-reviewed, indexed, scholarly journals
- National Academies Press
Full text books in science, engineering, and health
- Public Library of Science
Non-profit organization of scientists and physicians
This page compiles resources and guides for improving the licensing of electronic resources. This page is intended to help librarians and information professionals improve their capacity for licensing resources and to help them better understand this challenging but important part of librarianship.
- Demystifying the Licensing of Electronic Resources: A Glossary of License Terms (ARL)
A very helpful reference for terms commonly found in licensing agreements.
An exhaustive resource for librarians, including model licenses, licensing vocabulary, licensing terms and descriptions, a bibliography, additional resources, and more. LIBLICENSE-L discussion list and instructions for joining are available as are the archives of the list.
- Licensing Electronic Resources: Strategic & Practical Considerations for Signing Electronic Information Delivery Agreements (ARL)
A very brief but thorough overview of the issues libraries should consider when licensing for electronic resources. The authors do a very good job of focusing on key elements—definition of “users”; the uses of information; consultation with institutional policy and legal counsel; and more.
- Negotiating Networked Information Contracts and Licenses: READI (Rights for Electronic Access to and Delivery of Information)
This 1994 guide from the Coalition for Networked Information (CNI) guides readers through the various elements and contractual language of licenses for networked information. Elements covered include copyright, liability, methods of use, use restrictions, etc.
- Principles for Licensing Electronic Resources (ARL)
A brief overview of licensing principles as authored by ARL, ALA, AALL, AAHSL, MLA and SLA.
- Shared E-Resource Understanding (SERU) (NISO)
Sponsored by the National Information Standards Organization (NISO), SERU is an attempt to establish a statement that describes common understandings around e-resource subscriptions, allowing libraries and publishers to forgo a license by referencing the common understandings. The benefits of SERU include easier transaction of electronic resource subscriptions, rapid acquisition and minimal delay for access, and time and cost savings for both libraries and publishers.
- Software and Database License Agreement Checklist (University of Texas)
Interactive checklist to help institutions assess the terms of their database and software licenses.
Copyright & copyResources from the Medical Library Association:
The Medical Library Association makes available information on copyright issues for medical librarians:
Resources from the U.S. Copyright Office:
The United States Copyright Office offers several publications for those interested in learning more about copyright.
Of particular interest to librarians:
Resources from the Copyright Clearance Center:
The Copyright Clearance Center’s pay-per-use permissions service provides instant authorization to use and share content from the world's leading titles in science, technology, medicine, humanities, news, business, finance, and more.
You may use this service to get permission to:
- Photocopy material from books, newspapers, journals and other publications for use in coursepacks and classroom handouts.
- Use and share information in library reserves, interlibrary loan and document delivery services.
- Post and share content electronically in e-reserves, course management systems, e-coursepacks and other e-learning environments.
- Distribute content via e-mail or post it to your intranet, Internet and extranet sites.
- Republish an article, book excerpt or other content in your own books, journals, newsletters and other materials.