National Network of Libraries of Medicine
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Data Ownership

Data ownership is a complicated subject and, although researchers may think otherwise, researchers usually do not own the data that they create. Depending on where the researcher works, how they are funded, and where they publish, the data they produce could be owned by their institution, their funder, or the journal or repository where they publish the data or accompanying literature. In the eyes of the law, most research data is considered public domain because it is synonymous with fact and therefore non-copyrightable.