Network of the National Library of Medicine
English Arabic Chinese (Simplified) French Hindi Japanese Korean Persian Portuguese Russian Spanish

Data Access Act

The Data Access Act, also known as the Shelby Amendment, was attached as a rider to the Omnibus Appropriations Act of fiscal year 1999, P.L. 105-277. The amendment mandated the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) amend Circular A-110 to require federal agencies to ensure that “all data produced under a [federally funded] award will be made available to the public through the procedures established under the Freedom of Information Act [FOIA]” (Fischer, 2013). There were still protections in place for personal information, information that could cause a security risk, and information with commercial value. An information request could also be charged a user fee. This amendment established a trend in policy to make all data produced through publicly funded research openly available.