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Cyberinfrastructure (or CI) describes research environments that support advanced data acquisition, data storage, data management, data integration, data mining, data visualization and other computing and information processing services distributed over the Internet beyond the scope of a single institution. In scientific usage, cyberinfrastructure is a technological strategy for efficiently connecting laboratories, data, computers, and people with the goal of enabling novel scientific theories and knowledge. The term “cyberinfrastructure” was coined in the U.S. and other countries may have different terms for this type of technological infrastructure. Cyberinfrastructure now often includes systems for managing, archiving and preserving data, in addition to data processing, and so can include digital libraries and archives and the software and hardware to support them. For example, an institutional repository could be considered a “piece” of cyberinfrastructure in that it can support the storage, management, and processing of research data.