Network of the National Library of Medicine
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Policies are one way funders, publishers and institutions are encouraging and requiring data sharing. Many agencies require research data produced as part of a funded project to be made publicly available, and many have instituted requirements for data sharing and formal data management plans,


Government strategies and policies for supporting data sharing and access. In order to promote open access to research data, many government funding agencies require research data produced as part of a funded project to be made publicly available. Many agencies have instituted requirements for data sharing and formal data management plans, including NSF, NIH, NEH.

Agency plans based on the OSTP memo (as of March 2, 2015)

Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality (AHRQ)
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Department of Defense (DOD)
Department of Energy (DOE) 
Data management plan requirements and guidance (Department of Energy Statements on Digital Data Management)
Plan to Increase Access to Results of FDA-Funded Scientific Research
Health and Human Services (HHS) Guiding Principles and Common Approach
HHS Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR)
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
US Department of Agriculture (USDA)
US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Manuscript Submission for VA Investigators


Journals’ policies for making data available to readers. Publishers may have specific requirements regarding the availability and retention of data that supports conclusions they publish.


Institutions are also implementing policies for research data management infrastructure across the entire research data lifecycle. Institutional policies and procedures might include guidelines, protocols and standards for good research data management. It is important to look into your organization’s policies around data. 


  • The Need for Research Data Inventories and the Vision for SHARE (2014) – Clifford Lynch writing in Information Standards Quarterly on the need for appropriate stewardship of data from research.
  • Starting the Conversation: University-wide Research Data Management Policy (2013) – OCLC report summarizing the benefits of systematic data management planning and identifying campus stakeholders and their concerns. This report is targeted for library directors and encourages them to proactively discuss data management and points to cover to get buy-in among campus stakeholders. The report also offers points that need to be addressed and a checklist of issues.
  • Implementing an Open Data Policy (2013) – A primer developed by SPARC for research funders. Addresses key issues that these organizations encounter when considering the adoption and implementation of an open data policy.
  • The Health Research Alliance (2013) – A group of critical, private research funders has moved quietly and steadily to make U.S. federal policies to ensure the results of scientific research are openly accessible online a reality. The Health Research Alliance, a group of 52 not-for-profit, nongovernmental funders of health research and training - including the American Cancer Society, Burroughs Wellcome Fund, and Autism Speaks - has made provisions to encourage its members to implement strong policies to make articles that report on the research that they fund openly accessible online to the public.


last edited 4/14/2020