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Physical Sciences

Geosciences (Earth Sciences)

"Geosciences: Fields of science encompassing studies and research from the disciplines of Physics; Chemistry; Biological Sciences; and Mathematics; that are related to the planet Earth. Subfields include atmospheric chemistry; Climatology; Environmental Sciences; Geography; Geology; geophysics; Meteorology; Oceanography; Paleontology; mineralogy; and seismology." --  Definition from the NCBI MeSH Database.


Overview

Occupational Outlook Handbook

Atmospheric Scientists, Including Meteorologists
Environmental Scientists and Specialists
Environmental Engineers
Geoscientists
Hydrologists

Geoscience Organizations

American Geoscience Institute
American Meteorological Society
Geological Society of America
International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS)
U.S. National Committee for Geological Sciences

Resources

NASA Global Climate Change
Environmental Science in the 21st Century – An Online Textbook - An open-source textbook developed by the Department of Geosciences, Texas A&M University. Although this online textbook focuses on environmental geosciences, it is still useful in order to gain broad knowledge about key geosciences issues and concepts.
Geology.com – Current information and educational resources about geology and related disciplines
Geology Online: 105 Sites That Rock - Informal blogs and peer reviewed journals are both represented here to provide the full range of information and speculation on geology, hydrology, and volcanology
MIT OpenCourseware: Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences - See especially Introduction to Geology, Environmental Earth Science
National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) - Provides geophysical data for earth sciences.
Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science
Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection Cartographic Reference Resources
The Sophia Open Content Initiative: Physical Geography - An open-source content provider/creator licensed by the Creative Commons. This online course/text provides general information about physical geography/geosciences. Very easy to understand and use.
U.S. Geological Survey – Maps, Imagery and Publications
USGS and Science Education - Scientific information to help educate the public about natural resources, natural hazards, geospatial data, and issues that affect our quality of life.

Glossaries/Dictionaries

Environmental Science Glossary
Geology and Earth Science Terms and Definitions from Geology.com
GIS Dictionary by ESRI
Perry-Casteñeda Library Map Collection Glossary of Cartographic Terms


Earth and Environmental Sciences and Data

Data Management Information from the Integrated Earth Data Applications site (2014) - Guide to data discovery tools, data management tools, best practices, and publishing data.

Publications

Nongeospatial Metadata for the Ecological Sciences
Michener WK, Brunt JW, Helly JJ, Kirchner TB, and Stafford SG.
Ecological Applications. 1997 Feb;7(1):330-342. doi: 10.2307/2269427.
Presents benefits and costs for developing and implementing generic metadata descriptors for nongeospatial ecological data; strategies for metadata implementation that meet organizational or investigator-specific objectives and recommendations for future development and implementation of ecological metadata.

The Fractured Lab Notebook: undergraduates and ecological data management training in the United States
Strasser CA and Hampton SE.
Ecosphere. 2012 Dec;3(12):116. doi.10.1890/ES12-00139.1.
Discusses results of survey sent to 48 major educational institutions about coverage of data management topics in undergraduate ecology courses.

Data Stewardship in the Earth Sciences
Downs RR, Duerr R, Hills DJ, and Ramapriyan HK.
D-Lib Magazine. 2015 July-Aug;21(7/8). doi: 10.1045/july2015-downs.
Activities of the Earth Science Information Partners (ESIP) Data Stewardship Committee describing their work in recommendations, best practices, and guidelines for data stewardship in the Earth Sciences.

Earth and Environmental Sciences Metadata

Digital Curation Center (DCC) Earth Science Metadata Standards
ISO 19115 Geographic Metadata Information
NASA EarthData Metadata Schemas

Geosciences Repositories

Registry of Research Data Repositories (re3data.org) - Geosciences Subject Filter