Network of the National Library of Medicine
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"Nanotechnology: The development and use of techniques to study physical phenomena and construct structures in the nanoscale size range or smaller." -- Definition from the NCBI MeSH Database.

"Nanotechnology is the understanding and control of matter at dimensions between approximately 1 and 100 nanometers, where unique phenomena enable novel applications. Encompassing nanoscale science, engineering, and technology, nanotechnology involves imaging, measuring, modeling, and manipulating matter at this length scale." – National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI)

Nanotechnology is the umbrella term for science, engineering, and technology at the nanoscale used to understand and control materials properties. It is inherently interdisciplinary, drawing researchers from disciplines such as materials science, chemistry, biology, physics, engineering, medicine, and computer science. As a field it relies heavily on experimentation, computation, simulation, and networked communication. Definition adapted from the Nanoinformatics 2020 Roadmap (March 2011)


Nanotechnology Organizations

American National Standards Institute Nanotechnology Panel (ANSI-NSP) coordinates the development of voluntary standards in nanotechnology.
Materials Research Society (MRS)
Nanotechnology Council of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE)
Nano Science and Technology Institute (NSTI- provides a listing of institutions and organizations in nanoscience and technology.


Nanotechnology Glossary: National Cancer Institute (link is external) – Nanotechnology terms used in the nanomedicine and cancer research fields.

Online Resources

National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) – The NNI is the home for U.S. federal organization for nanotechnology research and development. The NNI hosts many workshops and publishes many reports on all aspects of nanotechnology.
NIST Nanotechnology – Nanoscale measurement science covering a full range of topics from nanobiotechnology through nanoplasmonics. Includes news, publications, software and tools.
Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies – The Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars hosts a number of inventories for public awareness, including consumer products, nano metro map, EHS research, nano silver, and nanomedicine.
Making Stuff Smaller (NOVA video) – Fascinating 53 minute video from NOVA on future tiny technologies such as silicon chips and micro-robots that can probe the human body.
InterNano – InterNano resources include expert reviews of nanomanufacturing developments, a directory of organizations and individuals, a library of nanomanufacturing research, reports, and presentations, and taxonomy of terms. – The nanoHUB is a rich, web-based resource for research, education and collaboration in nanotechnology.

Environmental Health and Safety

GoodNanoGuide – A globally accessible, Internet-based central repository for good practices for the safe handling of nanomaterials in the occupational setting.  
NIOSH – NIOSH list of guides and resources for workplace safety when handling nanomaterials and devices. Resources include their 2009 report on what is currently known about nanoparticle toxicity, process emissions and exposure assessment, engineering controls, and personal protective equipment.
Approaches to Safe Nanotechnology
SafeNano – International resource for nanotechnology hazard and risk, based in the United Kingdom.


Michigan State University Libraries
University of California San Diego Library

Nanotechnology and Data


Metadata for Nanotechnology: Interoperability Aspects
Bunakov V, Matthews B.
In Research Conference on Metadata and Semantics Research. 2017 Nov;247-252. Springer, Cham.

A universal metadata system for the characterization of nanomaterials
Erkimbaev AO, Zitserman VY, Kobzev GA, Trakhtengerts MS.
Scientific and technical information processing. 2015;42(4):211-222.

Nanocuration workflows: Establishing best ractices for identifying, inputting, and sharing data to inform decisions on nanomaterials
Powers CM, Karmann AM, Morris SA, Klaessig F, Gaheen S, Lewinski N, Hendren CO. 
Beilstein J Nantechnol. 2015;6:1860-1871. Published online 2015 Sep 4. doi: 10.3762/bjnano.6.189

Construction of a web-based nanomaterial database by big data curation and modeling friendly nanostructure annotations
Yan X, Sedykh A, Wang W, Yan B, Zhu H. 
Nat Commun. 2020;11:2519. Published online 2020 May 20. doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-16413-3

How should the completeness and quality of curated nanomaterial data be evaluated?
Robinson RLM, Lynch I, Peijnenburg W, Rumble J, Klaessig F, Marquardt C, Karcher S.
Nanoscale. 2016;8(19): 9919-9943.

Nanoparticle Databases

eNanoMapper – database of nanomaterial safety information
Nanoparticle Information Library – provides links to nanoparticle databases and resources
Worldwide Nanoparticle Database - Nanowerk “The Nanowerk Nanoparticles Database is a unique nanotechnology inventory with worldwide suppliers of nanoparticles.”

Nanotechnology Metadata

Metadata schemas vary by repository; refer to an individual repository for the metadata schema used. For some background information on nanomaterials metadata standards, see the above cited publications by Bunakov and Matthews, and Erkimbaev et al.

Nanotechnology Data Repositories provides a listing of nanotechnology repositories.

edited 9/22/2020