As part of the federal Precision Medicine Initiative, the NIH is leading the effort to build a national, large-scale research enterprise with one million or more volunteers to extend precision medicine to all diseases. The All of Us Research Program, formerly known as the PMI Cohort Program, will be a participant-engaged, data-driven enterprise supporting research at the intersection of lifestyle, environment, and genetics to produce new knowledge with the goal of developing more effective ways to prolong health and treat disease. Read more about the program: https://nnlm.gov/bhic/y8fn
Archive for the ‘Articles’ Category
According to the latest CDC Update, flu is expected to continue for several more weeks. Influenza activity in the United States began to increase in mid-December, remained elevated through February 4, 2017, and is expected to continue. To date, influenza A (H3N2) viruses have predominated overall, but influenza A (H1N1)pdm09 and influenza B viruses have also been identified.
CDC collects, compiles, and analyzes data on influenza activity year round in the United States. Timing of influenza activity and predominant circulating influenza viruses vary by season. For more details, see the article itself.
Blanton L, Mustaquim D, Alabi N, et al. Update: Influenza Activity — United States, October 2, 2016–February 4, 2017. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2017;66:159–166.
Among adults with health care expenses in 2014, those treated for multiple chronic conditions had average out-of-pocket expenses that were more than three times as high as expenses for adults with one or no chronic condition ($13,031 versus $3,579). This is according to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistical Brief #498: Out-of-Pocket Expenditures for Adults with Health Care Expenses for Multiple Chronic Conditions, U.S. Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population, 2014.)
- Among those using medical care, mean per person out-of-pocket expenditures for the U.S. civilian adult population who had multiple chronic conditions were more than double for those adults who had no or one chronic condition.
- White, non-Hispanic adults with multiple chronic conditions had the highest per person out-of-pocket expenditures in comparison to black non-Hispanic, Hispanic, Asian non-Hispanic, and other non-Hispanic adults with two or more chronic conditions.
- High income adults with multiple chronic conditions had higher out-of-pocket expenditures than those who had lower family income.
- Among non-elderly adults who received medical care in 2014, those with multiple chronic conditions who were uninsured had higher mean out-of-pocket expenditures per person than those who had only public insurance.
Entire report is linked here: https://nnlm.gov/bhic/ilim
How can you know for sure what the U.S. Food and Drug Administration regulates? FDA is responsible for protecting the public health by regulating human drugs and biologics, animal drugs, medical devices, tobacco products, food and animal feed, cosmetics, and products that emit radiation. The guide provides information on how the FDA regulates products and what the agency does and does not approve. To access more information, please see: https://nnlm.gov/bhic/gn76
Earlier this month the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) announced two new models from the CMS Innovation Center. The Beneficiary Engagement and Incentives (BEI) Models — the Shared Decision Making Model and the Direct Decision Support Model — which will test different approaches to shared decision making, acknowledging that beneficiaries make decisions regarding treatment options in a variety of ways. One of the agency’s goals to help transform our health care system into one that delivers better care, smarter spending, healthier people, and puts individuals at the center. Read more about it here: https://nnlm.gov/bhic/srbv
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has some tips for making your holiday season as healthy as possible. Brighten the holidays by making your health and safety a priority. Take steps to keep you and your loved ones safe and healthy—and ready to enjoy the holidays. Read more here: https://nnlm.gov/bhic/4jir
A recent article in the CDC’s Preventing Chronic Disease highlights that by 2020, cancer will be the leading cause of death instead of heart disease. Since the 1960s the overall number of heart disease deaths declined and cancer deaths increased.
Weir HK, Anderson RN, Coleman King SM, Soman A, Thompson TD, Hong Y, et al. Heart Disease and Cancer Deaths — Trends and Projections in the United State969–2020. Prev Chronic Dis 2016;13:160211. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5888/pcd13.160211.
For more details, see https://nnlm.gov/bhic/jndv
The number of people living with high blood pressure, or hypertension, worldwide has grown from 594 million in 1975 to over 1.1 billion in 2015 – mainly because of population growth and aging – says the study, published in The Lancet. However, while average blood pressure is high and rising in less affluent countries, especially in south Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, it has dropped to an all-time low in high-income nations like Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The authors say the reason for this contrast is not clear, but they suggest a major factor could be that people in wealthier nations enjoy better health overall and eat more fruits and vegetables. Read more here: https://nnlm.gov/bhic/n3cg
Andria Caruthers posted “Mapping the Opioid Epidemic in the US” on CommunityCommons.org. She reviewed geographic trends of the opioid epidemic and included Community Commons maps that link to their interactive versions. To read the full article, visit https://nnlm.gov/bhic/fvqp.
Don’t know about Community Commons? According to its About page, “Community Commons is a place where data, tools, and stories come together to inspire change and improve communities. We provide public access to thousands of meaningful data layers that allow mapping and reporting capabilities so you can thoroughly explore community health.”
The CDC has a new Supplement in the journal Pediatrics that highlights research in cancer prevention from birth to early childhood. In addition to the open access supplement, there is also a video and tips for healthcare providers, policy makers and caregivers.
Cancer Prevention During Early Life (Centers for Disease Control): https://nnlm.gov/bhic/9jqt