On September 11 the National Library of Medicine Board of Regents (BOR) approved the NLM Collection and Preservation Policy. The 2019 policy provides the framework for NLM collection and preservation activities and acknowledges the changing landscape of scholarly communications and growth in electronic publishing. The policy aligns with the NLM Strategic Plan 2017-2027: A Platform for Biomedical Discovery and Data-Powered Health, recognizing the interconnected nature of the biomedical and scientific literature with data and other research objects in a digital landscape. Other considerations include funder policies for public access; the development of several heavily used NLM databases including PubMed; changes in the volume, formats and expectations of research outputs; and the overall increase in data and digital objects. The policy recognizes that the scope of the collection may change over time, and that NLM collecting efforts must be flexible to support a variety of NLM, National Institutes of Health, and other federal policies, initiatives, and programs.
The BOR adopted the Collection Development Policy of the NLM in 1976 and subsequently updated it in 1983 and 1992. The NLM Preservation Policy was adopted in 1986 to fulfill the mandate to maintain and preserve the biomedical literature. The new NLM Collection and Preservation Policy combines these two policies, as both collection and preservation of biomedical materials are integral to NLM’s mission.
On September 30, the National Library of Medicine re-launched Profiles in Science. The new platform, integrated with NLM Digital Collections, supports growing functionality for public access, engagement with, and sharing of these digital resources documenting the history of science, medicine, and public health in the 20th- and 21st-centuries. Profiles in Science is an online archive of more than 30,000 digitized items selected from the Archives and Modern Manuscripts collections of NLM’s History of Medicine Division and from the collections of collaborating institutions. The site features over 40 collections of digital content and continues to grow. Through primary source materials and accompanying biographical narrative texts researchers can explore stories of scientific discovery, achievements in clinical medicine, and advances in public health. Information about navigating the site is available on Profiles in Science collection homepages and on the About page.
Each name on the Profiles in Science home page links to a collection (or “Profile”) focused on an individual and selections from his or her personal papers. From the menu bar, “The Story” provides access to in-depth biographical narrative texts organized chronologically with an aim to share how the individual became interested in science, his or her career path, as well as challenges and obstacles faced along the way. The Michael E. DeBakey Profile, for example, tells the story of a legendary American surgeon, educator, and medical statesman whose work transformed cardiovascular surgery, raised medical education standards, and informed national health care policy. Readers learn about Debakey’s life growing up in Louisiana, his mentors, surgical colleagues, and the influence of his sisters Lois and Selma DeBakey. Alongside “The Story,” researchers can select “Collection Items” from the menu bar to browse the digitized collection items in list, gallery, or slideshow views. You can browse all items in a Profile, or sets of documents (texts), visuals, or moving images only. Within the DeBakey collection you can see a variety of document types, including photographic prints, correspondence, published and unpublished articles, oral histories, diaries, and much more. These items tell their own stories—of DeBakey’s early interests in and outside of science, collaborations across the country and around the world, and engagement with the general public on matters of public health and medicine.
Researchers can access, manipulate, and share Profiles content in new ways on the new site, including zooming in and out, rotating images, flipping through pages, searching the content of text, downloading, and accessing more information about the item (e.g. whether it is in the public domain). NLM is using the International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) to share items in NLM’s systems and beyond. Other institutions and researchers using the same image framework can add Profiles images and metadata to their own digital collections and compare and manipulate images held in different repositories. Profiles in Science is a work in progress. New content will continue to be added, as well as new ways to make collection materials available and accessible for researchers with a broad range of questions, using new tools and approaches to historical analysis. Explore the new site and learn more!
In recognition of National Lead Poisoning Prevention Week (October 20-26, 2019), the National Library of Medicine announces This Lead Is Killing Us: A History of Citizens Fighting Lead Poisoning in Their Communities, an online exhibition that opened October 15. This Lead Is Killing Us tells an important story of citizen action taken against an environmental danger. Lead exposure can cause neurological problems and sometimes even death; yet this metal has been pervasive in many aspects of American life for over a century. Historically, mining, battery manufacturing, smelting, and enameling industries included lead in their production processes, impacting factory workers and consumers. Manufacturers added lead to household paints and gasoline, endangering the health of families and polluting the air through exhaust fumes. To protect themselves against the dangers of lead poisoning, scientists, families, and individuals opposed industries, housing authorities, and elected officials.
The online exhibition includes an education component featuring a new K-12 lesson plan that challenges students to examine historical cases of lead poisoning through primary and secondary sources. A digital gallery features a curated selection of fully digitized items from NLM Digital Collections that showcase numerous historical scientific studies and reports about the dangers of lead. A companion traveling banner exhibition is coming soon. For more information, join the Making Exhibition Connections listserv, a place to learn, share, and find out what’s happening and what’s new with NLM Traveling Exhibitions.
Did you know that rural healthcare providers can 3D print tools and materials they otherwise might never have access to? Did you know virtual reality headsets can guide patients through their treatments step-by-step?
We had the immense pleasure of visiting Joanne Muellenbach and her wonderful interdisciplinary team of librarians, student affairs specialists, and information technologists at Touro University Nevada in Henderson, NV. Joanne’s outreach subaward project, Using Virtual Reality & 3D Technologies to Expand the Health Professions Pipeline in Southern Nevada, will harness emerging technologies to increase learning outcomes for health sciences students and draw in new, diverse students to the health sciences field. “We want to increase and expand the health professions pipeline,” Joanne says.
During our visit, the team showed us the range of resources they have developed as part of this project, including a research guide on virtual reality technologies and the health sciences; a presentation for staff and faculty to promote use of library resources in their classrooms; and a compilation of NLM resources that encourage students to consider careers in health sciences, such as MedlinePlus’ Health Occupations page.
We especially love that Joanne has brought together an interdisciplinary team to work on this project, and to conduct outreach that meets students where they are.
With NNLM PSR subaward funding, as Joanne says, “The library gets more notice, which is always a good thing.” Congratulations to the Touro team for a great start to this project, and thank you for hosting!
A.T. Still Memorial Library hosts NLM’s “Physician Assistants: Collaboration and Care” Traveling Exhibit!
by Adrienne Brodie, MLS
A. T. Still University Memorial Library
A.T. Still Memorial Library hosted the National Library of Medicine’s Traveling exhibit, Physician Assistants: Collaboration and Care. On display were six freestanding panels that explore the profession from its early beginnings to the present day; documenting its diversity, collaborative nature, and contributions to the field of medicine and patient care. The library displayed the exhibit from late August through the end of National Physician Assistant (PA) week in October.
To celebrate PA week and our PA students and faculty, the library hosted a joint lecture and open house with our PA program. Dr. Michelle DiBaise, DHSc, PA-C, DFAAPA Chair of Physician Assistant Studies presented on the journey of American Medicine and the forces that generated the PA profession, the growth of the PA profession since its inception, and where the profession may go in the future. An open house with light refreshments followed. Attendees were our PA students, PA faculty and staff, and additional A.T Still University faculty and staff.
This exhibition was produced by the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, in partnership with the Physician Assistant History Society.
by Liz Waltman; Outreach, Education, and Communications Coordinator, and
April Wright, All of Us Community Engagement Coordinator
NNLM Southeastern/Atlantic Region
Health Sciences and Human Services Library
University of Maryland, Baltimore
NNLM’s mission “to improve the public’s access to information to facilitate making informed decisions about their health” relies on building the skills of consumers and librarians in finding, reading, understanding, and using authoritative health information. Information literacy, and more precisely related to NNLM’s mission, health information literacy, is a practice. As with any skill, information literacy must be learned, practiced, refined, and used for school assignments, looking critically at the news, and evaluating websites. In this regard, Wikipedia edit-a-thons are excellent tools for teaching and learning information literacy skills since they require that participants assess existing information, decide where changes need to be made, and add citations to relevant and authoritative sources.
This fall, join NNLM in our ongoing #citeNLM campaign by hosting a Wikipedia edit-a-thon at your organization. By hosting an event you will be joining a network of librarians, health professionals, and students from around the country working to improve the quality of mental health articles on Wikipedia using trusted National Library of Medicine resources. To get you started, we have created a Guide for Organizers that will walk you through the steps of hosting your own edit-a-thon session. In this toolkit you will find an overview of the #citeNLM project, a comprehensive planning checklist, sample marketing materials, and a guide to share with your participants. We also invite you to attend a training session on October 17, where you will have the opportunity to ask questions, learn more information, and connect with the #citeNLM community.
No matter if you host your own event or join the virtual edit-a-thon on November 20, we look forward to working with you to improve mental health information on Wikipedia! Learn more about this project and follow along on Twitter with the hashtag #citeNLM to ask questions, post photos, and share your Wikipedia experience!
Several new features have been added to the new PubMed, including an updated homepage, an online user guide, the CSV file format, My NCBI Filters, My Bibliography and Collections, and search integration with the MeSH and NLM Catalog databases. The National Library of Medicine continues to develop features on the PubMed Labs platform, and this new version of PubMed will eventually replace the legacy PubMed. Visit An Updated PubMed Is on Its Way for more information.
- Homepage and User Guide: An updated homepage includes links to many popular sites including E-utilities, Advanced search, and the MeSH database. A link has also been added to the recently published FAQs and User Guide.
- CSV File Format: The save citation to file feature was updated to include a CSV format.
- My NCBI Features: My NCBI filters now display above the “Results by Year” timeline for signed in users that have activated filters. Collections and My Bibliography selections were added to the send to action menu. A “Create alert” link is also available after running a search to create My NCBI automatic email updates for saved searches.
- MeSH and NLM Catalog: Search integration has been added to the NLM Catalog for journal title abbreviations on the Abstract display format. Search integration has also been added to the MeSH database for MeSH terms, Publication Types, and other terms appearing on the Abstract display format.
When the new PubMed becomes the default site, searches built in the MeSH database will be routed to the new site. In the meantime, copy and paste your query from the MeSH database to try it in the new PubMed. For further details and illustrations, visit the NLM Technical Bulletin.
The new course In Case of Emergencies: Continuity of Operations (COOP) Planning defines and describes continuity of operations planning and why it is important for libraries to have a continuity plan in case of emergencies. This course also provides a one-page COOP plan template with instructions that librarians or information specialists can use to develop their own plan. This self-paced course fulfills one of the requirements of the Medical Library Association (MLA) Disaster Information Specialization, and provides four MLA continuing education (CE) credits.
This course was developed by Dan Wilson, Associate Director for Collections & Library Services / School of Nursing Librarian, Claude Moore Health Sciences Library, University of Virginia. Dan is the former coordinator for the National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NNLM) Emergency Preparedness Initiative. To see a complete list of free online courses and learn how to earn the MLA Disaster Information Specialist certificate, review the NLM Disaster Information Management Research Center (DIMRC) Training Course page.
The September 25 recording of the NNLM Resource Picks webinar, Finding Clinically-Relevant Genetic Information, is now available. Peter Cooper, NCBI staff scientist, provides an introduction to resources for finding clinically-relevant genetic information. The webinar also includes an overview and search demonstrations of three NCBI Clinical databases:
- Explain the validity of clinical variation information in the ClinVar database.
- Locate information about a genetic condition related to a specific list of symptoms using MedGen.
- Locate tests for a clinical feature, gene or disease using the Genetic Testing Registry.
View the webinar by clicking on the YouTube video player below or go to the NNLM Resource Picks YouTube page.
Check out the October issue of NIH News in Health, the monthly newsletter bringing you practical health news and tips based on the latest NIH research. In this issue:
- A Well-Aged Mind: Maintaining Your Cognitive Health
Your brain and body start slowing down as you age. But taking steps to maintain your cognitive health can help improve your overall well-being.
- Family Health Matters: How Twin Studies Can Help Everyone
Twins are a powerful tool for studying health and disease.
- Eye Safety Tips for Kids
It’s important for kids to learn how to take care of their eyes and know what to do if they’re injured, so they can act fast and get help.
- Millions Taking Aspirin Without Clear Benefit
Aspirin works by thinning the blood and preventing clots. But taking a daily aspirin can also increase the risk of bleeding.
- Volunteers Needed for Study of Flu Vaccine and Heart Disease
Researchers are studying whether a higher dose of the influenza vaccine can safely reduce heart- or lung-related problems compared with the standard dose. They’re looking to enroll 9,300 participants nationwide.
- Cancer Information Service
If you have cancer questions, NIH specialists can help. Get free information on clinical trials, finding treatment, the latest cancer research, and more.
NIH News in Health is available online in both HTML and PDF formats. Additionally, you can get trusted, up-to-date health information from NIH News in Health added directly to your site via NIH content syndication. Print copies are available free of charge for offices, clinics, community centers, and libraries within the U.S. Visit the NIH News in Health Facebook page to suggest topics you’d like to see covered, or share what you find helpful about the newsletter!
The National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NNLM) seeks new ideas to help improve access to health information and help inform the design of the NNLM request for applications for the 2021-2026 project period. The NNLM is managed by the National Library of Medicine. This Request for Information (RFI) offers health sciences and public libraries, health professionals, public health workers, community organizations, and the public the opportunity to provide information about how the NNLM can best provide U.S. health professionals with better access to biomedical information and improve the public’s access to trusted health information. A fact sheet summarizing the NNLM program is available. The submission deadline for submitting responses is December 2, 2019. Please limit comments to no more than three pages.
The NNLM comprises eight Regional Medical Libraries funded via five-year competitive cooperative agreements. The Regional Medical Libraries engage with 7,500+ members. Five national offices provide professional services to support the NNLM in achieving its national initiatives, as well as serve regional needs: the NNLM DOCLINE Coordination Office, the NNLM Web Services Office, the NNLM Training Office, the NNLM Evaluation Office, and the NNLM Public Health Coordination Office. The current structure has enabled the NNLM to launch several national initiatives, including a focus on data science and a series of new or enhanced partnerships with the NIH All of Us Research Program, the NLM HIV/AIDS Community Information Outreach Program (ACIOP), and public libraries and public library associations. From the first two partnerships, new NNLM centers have been created: the NNLM All of Us Community Engagement Network, the All of Us Training & Education Center, and the NNLM ACIOP Coordinating Center.
NLM seeks input from current and potential user communities to maximize the effectiveness and efficiency of the NNLM, particularly on the following topics.
Priorities, Strategies, Partnerships
- Priorities NNLM should address. Consider themes related to the NLM Strategic Plan 2017-2027.
- Strategies to reach new and existing audiences more effectively, especially minority and underserved populations.
- Effective ways to partner with libraries, health organizations, and community organizations to reach health professionals, researchers, and the public.
- The top three health information outreach priorities for your organization in the next five years.
- Important new partnership opportunities for the NNLM.
Outreach Programs, Engagement, and Training
- New outreach roles and outreach opportunities and barriers for the NNLM.
- NNLM programs, activities, or other components that are of less significance and/or might be considered for elimination.
- Strategies to support staff at NNLM member organizations in their knowledge and ability to support NLM products and services.
- Types of NNLM engagement activities to promote NLM’s wide array of offerings to all audiences.
- Contribution of resource sharing to the NNLM’s mission to promote access to biomedical and or health information.
Membership, NNNLM Structure, Service Coordination
- Responsibilities and benefits of NNLM membership.
- Types of organizations that could be potential members for the NNLM.
- Structure of the NNLM steering committee, which currently consists of leaders of the Regional Medical Libraries, national offices, NNLM centers, and NLM.
- The geographical configuration of the NNLM. A tool and map are available to help you develop and submit suggestions.
- Services of the NNLM that could be coordinated nationally. Services that are best coordinated at a local or regional level.
All responses to this RFI must be submitted to NLMEPLM@mail.nlm.nih.gov by December 2.
The National Library of Medicine is pleased to announce the release of DOCLINE version 6.2, with multiple-PMID requesting! As of October 1, the “Got PMID? Get Article!” input field, and the Place Request: PMID option in the Borrow menu now support input of multiple PMIDs. With this release, borrowers can retrieve up to five PubMed article citations, select all (or some) citations, add/modify request information (ex. Patron Name, Need by date, routing) as needed, and complete their requests.
The new request “Success!” system message for multiple-PMID requests includes both the PMID and citation of each request, as well as the lender. New information included in the “Success!” display includes: Borrowing Library name (to assist those responsible for multiple libraries), Patron Name (if input by borrower), date/time requests were placed, and submitting user.
DOCLINE 6.2 also adds:
- Updated Manual request receipts with second Author field (if input by borrower);
- Updated Journals Search to include user options when “No Journal Found;”
- Manual request form updated with user help;
- Borrow button labels updated for clarity;
- User Account application emails updated;
- Additional help on “Permission Denied” login error message (for trouble-shooting account issues);
- Additional search options on Administration Dashboard for customer support; and
- Updated NLM Customer Support links in website.
We would like to recognize the following network members by highlighting their accomplishments, promotions, awards, new positions, and departures. We welcome your submissions for possible future announcements!
Catherine Nary is the new Medical Director at David Grant USAF Medical Center Learning Resource Center in Solano, CA. She replaces Regina Rowell, who retired in 2018.
Katherine Staab is the new Manager of Library Services at both Kaiser Permanente Riverside Medical Center in Riverside, CA, and Kaiser Permanente Fontana Medical Center in Fontana, CA. She replaces Amy Li.
Robert Johnson is the new Health Sciences Librarian at Kaiser Permanente’s School of Medicine in Pasadena, CA, beginning July 29. He was formerly the Clinical and Research Librarian at the University of Southern California’s Norris Medical Library in Los Angeles.
Susan Atherton, Senior Regulatory Associate at Adventist Health Howard Memorial Library in Willit, CA, retired at the end of May, 2019. She is replaced by Erin Harmon.
Kathy Quinn, Library Director at the William C. Herrick Community Health Care Library in La Mesa, CA, will retire at the end of 2019, after 13 years of service.
Joanne Muellenbach has accepted the position of Library Director and Associate Professor for California Health Sciences University (CHSU), in Clovis, CA, effective September 30. She is resigning from her current position as Library Director and Associate Professor at Touro University Nevada in Henderson, on September 27.
Laura Brown, dedicated medical librarian for more than 35 years, passed away on Tuesday, August 27, from complications of multiple sclerosis. She most recently served as Clinical Librarian at City of Hope Medical Center, since 2011. Laura’s previous experience included working at Loma Linda University Medical Center from 1995 to 2010. She enjoyed Dodger baseball, musical theater, bridge, and progressive politics.
Annette Osenga, Director of Library Services at Life Chiropractic College West in Hayward, CA, retired in June 2019.
Joyce Backus, NLM Associate Director for Library Operations, has announced her retirement on February 29, 2020, after 36 years of service in various positions at NLM.
NNLM Delivery is now available! This free document delivery, storage and retrieval service is open to all NNLM Member institutions. It does not replace DOCLINE but can be used to facilitate sending interlibrary loan articles (via a link) if emailing an attachment is not feasible due to file size.
The service was formerly called MARDelivery and was only available in the Middle Atlantic Region (MAR). That service will be discontinued on November 1, 2019. MARDelivery users should begin using NNLM Delivery by October 7 to ensure continuity of access and service.
If you are new to NNLM Delivery, here are steps to get started:
- Visit delivery.nnlm.gov.
- Log in or create an NNLM Account.
- Check out the Terms of Service, FAQs, and User Guide.
You can also watch the August 28 recording of an information session provided by Michelle Burda and Hannah Sinemus from MAR.
If you have questions about Membership in the Pacific Southwest Region, please feel free to email us.
If you have technical questions or experience any issues in using NNLM Delivery, please contact the Middle Atlantic Region (MAR).
On December 16, 2019, the National Library of Medicine’s TOXNET (TOXicology Data NETwork) website will be retired. Most content will remain available through other NLM databases as well as from external websites. TOXNET has served as an integrated system of toxicology and environmental health information. The most frequently used databases are being incorporated into three NLM core resources: PubChem, an open chemistry database; PubMed, a resource for biomedical literature; and Bookshelf, a free online resource to access books and documents in life science and healthcare.
Several resources in TOXNET came from other organizations, such as the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and will continue to be available from those sources. Some databases will be retired. The TOXNET transition page provides a list of its databases and how to access their content. Please check that page and the NLM Technical Bulletin for updates.
The National Library of Medicine has announced the special exhibit display, World Health Organization: Picturing Health for All, opening October 1. It will remain open through April 17, 2020, in the History of Medicine Division Reading Room, on the first floor of the National Library of Medicine, Building 38, on the Bethesda, Maryland campus of the National Institutes of Health.
World Health Organization: Picturing Health for All features a selection of images drawn from the NLM Prints & Photographs collection, which highlights some of the World Health Organization (WHO)’s work in the 20th century. Since the 1950s, the WHO has commissioned accomplished photojournalists to capture the transformative impact health can have on communities worldwide. In recognition of this visual medium’s unique power to inform and inspire, the special display shows how these images can communicate with the public about initiatives and developments in health care. The photographs provide an intimate look at health issues around the globe.
This special display coincides with a distinctive history of medicine lecture by Theodore Brown, PhD, entitled The World Health Organization’s Alma-Ata Declaration of 1978: What Was It Then, Where Is It Now. This lecture is in honor and memory of Elizabeth Fee, PhD., former chief of NLM’s History of Medicine Division and scholar of the history of the WHO. Professor Brown’s lecture will take place on Thursday, October 17, a year to the day of Dr. Fee’s passing, beginning at 11:00am PDT. This lecture will be live-streamed globally, and archived, by NIH VideoCasting.
The NLM Classification, is updated two times a year. The 2019 winter version, published January 31, encompassed changes to the NLM Classification resulting from new and changed 2019 Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) terms as well as additional minor updates to the index and schedule. The 2019 summer version, published September 23, encompasses the systematic review of the QW (Microbiology. Immunology) and QX (Parasitology) schedules and other miscellaneous updates.
The recording of the NNLM Resource Picks webinar, Disaster Information Management Research Center (DIMRC): Disaster Health Literature, is now available. Recorded on July 31, 2019, the session provides an overview of the essential resources needed to provide health-related information services for supporting disaster preparedness, response, and recovery workforce. The webinar is presented by Siobhan Champ-Blackwell, Content Managing Editor of Disaster Lit: Database for Disaster Medicine and Public Health at the National Library of Medicine. View the webinar by clicking on the YouTube video player below.
The MeSH Browser always offers access to two years of MeSH vocabulary. Sometime in early December, the default year will change to 2020 MeSH and the alternate link to the 2019 MeSH. Details on updates and download information for 2020 MeSH are coming soon.
The National Library of Medicine is currently involved in MEDLINE year-end processing (YEP) activities. These include changing the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) main headings and subheadings as well as Supplementary Concept Records that standardize names and associated numbers for chemicals, protocols, diseases and organisms that are not main headings. The MeSH edits include maintaining existing MEDLINE citations to conform with the 2020 version of MeSH, and other global changes.
- December 4, 2019: NLM expects to temporarily suspend the addition of fully-indexed MEDLINE citations to PubMed. NLM will continue to add Publisher-supplied and in process citations.
- Mid-December 2019: PubMed MEDLINE citations, translation tables, and the MeSH database will have been updated to reflect 2020 MeSH.
For details about the impact on searching from December 4 to mid-December, visit: Annual MEDLINE/PubMed Year-End Processing (YEP): Impact on Searching During Fall 2019.
For background information on the general kinds of changes made annually, visit: Annual MEDLINE/PubMed Year-End Processing (YEP): Background Information.