Reflecting the National Library of Medicine’s ongoing commitment to public access support at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and beyond, a new NIHMS system will be released in early 2020. This new system aims to streamline the submission process, ensure the continued quality of manuscripts made publicly accessible, and give authors and investigators more transparent options for avoiding processing delays. Anyone familiar with the current NIHMS system will find the basic steps of submitting, reviewing, and approving manuscripts for inclusion in PMC unchanged in the new system. There will be an updated user interface that simplifies the login process for returning users; provides contextual help throughout; and offers user-friendly options for importing article metadata, requesting corrections, and taking over the Reviewer role for stalled submissions. A video with details of these updates and more is available.
By investing in NIHMS, the goal is to continue to ensure the public has access to publicly and privately funded research results. Please contact the NIHMS help desk if you have any questions. Further updates will be provided as an official release date becomes available. The NIH developed the NIHMS system to facilitate the submission of peer-reviewed manuscripts for inclusion in PubMed Central (PMC) in support of the NIH Public Access Policy. NIHMS has been operated by the NLM since its inception in 2005 and has processed over 725,000 submissions in that time. In the ensuing years, it has expanded to support the public access policies of numerous other funding organizations and government agencies.
This article summarizes notable data changes made to MEDLINE during the National Library of Medicine’s annual Year-End Processing (YEP) maintenance for 2020:
- MeSH Vocabulary Updated for 2020
- Updated MeSH in MEDLINE Citations
- Changes to MeSH Headings
- New MeSH Headings and Concepts
- MeSH Publication Types
- MeSH Tree Changes
- Special MeSH Projects
- Two MeSH Concepts Merged into One
- Do Not Confuse
- Entry Combination Revisions
- Data Distribution Notes
- New Databank Sources
The MeSH Browser currently points to the 2020 MeSH vocabulary with a link to the 2019 MeSH vocabulary. Searchers should consult the Browser to find MeSH headings of interest and their relationships to other headings. The Browser contains MeSH heading records that may include Scope Notes, Annotations, Entry Terms, History Notes, Allowable Qualifiers (Subheadings), Previous Indexing, and other information. It also includes Subheading records and Supplementary Concept Records (SCRs) for substances, diseases, and organisms that are not MeSH headings. You can download 2020 MeSH from links on the NLM Data Distribution page for MeSH Data. The PubMed MeSH database and translation tables will be updated to reflect 2020 MeSH by the middle of December when YEP activities are complete and the newly maintained MEDLINE data are available in PubMed.
For 2020, 97 MeSH headings were either changed or deleted and replaced with more up-to-date terminology. During YEP, NLM updates these MeSH headings on MEDLINE citations. 293 new MeSH headings, plus two new Publication Types, are added to MeSH in 2020. A complete list of the new 2020 MeSH headings is available in PDF format, visit New Headings with Scope Notes, Annotations and Tree Locations.
Typically, NLM does not retrospectively re-index MEDLINE citations with new MeSH heading concepts. Therefore, searching PubMed for a new MeSH term tagged with [mh] or [majr] effectively limits retrieval to citations indexed after the term was introduced. PubMed Automatic Term Mapping (ATM) expands an untagged subject search to include both MeSH Terms and All Fields index terms and may retrieve relevant citations indexed before the introduction of a new MeSH term. Searchers may consult the MeSH Browser or the MeSH database to see the previous indexing terms most likely used for a particular concept before the new MeSH Heading was introduced.
One new publication type is available for MEDLINE indexing in 2020:
- Randomized Controlled Trial, Veterinary
Indexing policy: Use for the original report of the conduct or results of a specific randomized veterinary clinical trial in which animal participants are randomly assigned to receive one or more interventions. Use the MeSH headings Clinical Trials, Veterinary as Topic and Randomization for the general design, methodology, economics, etc.of randomized veterinary clinical trials.
For a complete list of updates, visit the NLM Technical Bulletin.
Selected from more than 1,900 nominations submitted by library users across the county, MaryAnne Hansen, Research Services Librarian,
Montana State University Renne Library, Bozeman, Montana, is 1 of 10 librarians selected as an American Library Association’s “I Love My Librarian” winner. MaryAnne was nominated by her colleagues for her passion and dedication to making a difference and transforming the lives of others through libraries. Along with the other awardees, MaryAnne will be honored at the American Library Association’s Midwinter Meeting in Philadelphia on January 25 at 3 p.m. ET. The award ceremony will be live-streamed on Facebook, so everyone can join the celebration and hear each winner’s inspiring story. Congratulations on this well-deserved honor, MaryAnne!
Graphic Medicine is comic books and graphic novels that cover topics of health and wellness. The visual format makes the information easier to understand and digest. By reading a personal, non-fiction story, we can learn about issues we may not have experienced ourselves. These stories can also help us feel less alone in our own lives.
People who aren’t familiar with graphic medicine often assume that it’s mainly a tool for health communication with kids and teens. When mainstream audiences think about comics and graphic novels, they picture the comics they read as kids (superheroes, romance, teen drama), and may not be aware of the large variety of fiction and non-fiction works written for adults. In fact, a lot of graphic medicine works are primarily focused on communicating with adults with language and illustrations not designed for young audiences. This isn’t as simple as “adult content”, but also references that may go over younger readers heads or don’t resonate with them.
Here are a few examples of graphic medicine works that were written specifically with kids and young adults in mind.
- Many of the books by Raina Telgemeier have health and wellness themes including Smile, Sisters, and Guts, autobiographical works dealing with dental issues, sibling rivalry, and “tummy troubles” caused by anxiety. Ghosts and The Truth About Stacey, fiction by Telgemeier, deal with cystic fibrosis, sibling relationships and diabetes.
- El Deafo by Cece Bell uses animal characters to illustrate the author’s childhood experiences being deaf and having to use the Phonic Ear (a bulky hearing aid).
- Sunny Side Up by Jennifer Holm and its sequels follow Sunny as she deals with changing family relationships, sibling substance use and growing up.
- Hey, Kiddo by Jarrett J. Krosoczka tells the autobiographical story of Krosoczka’s experience being raised by his grandparents and his mother’s substance use.
- Hyperbole and a Half by Allie Brosh started as a webcomic and blog where Brosh talked about everything from funny childhood stories to illustrating and explaining how her depression manifests in her life and how she deals with it. Although not written with teens in mind, several of Brosh’s works have become internet memes and may be recognizable to a teen audience.
- What Does Consent Really Mean? and coming in September, 2020, a companion book for parents, teachers and others on talking to young people about consent and other related topics, Conversations about Consent: A Resource Book for Professionals and Parents.
These are just a few examples of graphic novels with health themes written for young people, but many graphic novels for kids and young adults deal with growing up, interpersonal relationships and other mental and physical health issues. Your local library probably has titles already in their children and teen collection that they may not have thought of as graphic medicine or for communicate health issues with kids.
Learn more about Graphic Medicine, including lesson plans for grades 7-10, by visiting the NLM’s website for the traveling exhibit Graphic Medicine: Ill-Conceived, Well-Drawn. Or request a Graphic Medicine Book Club Kit for your library, school or community group to try.
The National Network of Libraries of Medicine, Middle Atlantic Region (NNLM MAR) staff are always working on something new! Whether we’re developing and teaching classes, exhibiting or presenting at conferences, visiting our Members and Partners, or spending time in the office, our work focuses on advancing the progress of medicine and improving public health through access to health information. Read about some of our more recent activities, highlighted below, to learn what your Regional Medical Library is doing to support health outreach and programming in New York, New Jersey, Delaware and Pennsylvania.
Kate Flewelling, MidYear Review: Although the calendar says we are at the end of 2019, NNLM MAR is in the middle of Year 4 of our 5-year Cooperative Agreement with the National Library of Medicine. On December 9, NNLM MAR had our midyear review with NLM to update them on our progress towards yearly goals. It’s also a great time to brag about all the great work happening in our region by staff and our members. One of the goals we are trying to reach by April 30, 2020 is 60% “active” membership. We are almost there – 57% as of this writing, but we can use your help. Look for your organization’s record in the membership directory – is everything up to date? Are the listed contacts current? Shoot us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org to let us know if everything is current, or to update us on any needed changes. Thank you for your help in accurately reporting NNLM MAR membership!
Erin Seger, Offering Rural Health Resources: On December 6, I spoke at the Adirondack Rural Health Network quarterly meeting about the programs and funding offered by the National Network of Libraries of Medicine, Middle Atlantic Region. AHRN, a program of the Adirondack Rural Health Institute, is a coalition focused on assessment, education and training that furthers the New York State Department of Health Prevention Agenda. The organizations involved all do great work to improve the health of their communities. In my opinion, this work can be even more challenging in a the rural settings that make up the Adirondack area. Did you know that NNLM has a class about rural health resources? Check out the NNLM course Catalog listing for From the Mountains to the Sea: Rural Health Issues and Resources. You can watch the recording of this class that took place just a few weeks ago. If you want to attend the next live session, watch our training calendar for it to be scheduled, or sign up for Weekly Postings, where you’ll get e-mail updates about upcoming online classes.
Tess Wilson, LIS Outreach: Michael and I exhibited at the New York Library Association Conference from November 13-15 in Saratoga Springs, NY. While exhibiting, we made connections with LIS programs in our region and talked to several public libraries about funding. We continued to receive very positive feedback about the NNLM Reading Clubs! On Saturday, we participated in a speed-dating session during which we provided NNLM information relevant to teen health issues. On December 3rd, I was a guest lecturer for a Public Libraries course at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where I discussed issues of advocacy in the public library and NNLM funding opportunities that could support this work.
Michelle Burda, Connecting with MedLibs: On December 5th, I participated in the monthly chat for solo librarians who work in medical or health sciences libraries. Many solos librarians are not MLA members and cannot participate in MLA’s Solo Librarians Caucus. These chats are led by Louise McLaughlin, M.S.L.S., M.P.S., Information Specialist, Woman’s Health Sciences Library, Baton Rouge, LA. For the November-December chat I was asked to highlight resources that are available on the NNLM MAR website, programs, services, and classes that we offer. I also included information about the new PubMed, NNLM delivery, our coordinators’ involvement in the All of Us Research Program, and introduced our new staff members. For those who are MLA members and are interested in the MLA Solo Librarians Caucus, they provide solo librarians serving health care professionals with a forum that offers an opportunity for support, help, and professional development. The caucus’s primary goal is to give a voice to solo librarians, who continuously strive to strengthen their positions within MLA and their individual institutions. A secondary goal is to serve as an outreach and recruitment tool for librarians seeking an organizational home.
Kelsey Cowles, Wrapping Up the Fall #CiteNLM Campaign: The Fall 2019 #CiteNLM Wikipedia editing campaign (October 1 – November 30) was capped off by an all-day virtual edit-a-thon on November 20. This fall’s campaign was highly successful, with over 100 editors participating. These editors were able to edit 99 articles on mental health topics, adding almost 50,000 words and around 550 new references to trusted sources of medical information! This was the first #CiteNLM campaign offering organizations the opportunity to host affiliated in-person edit-a-thons. Several libraries across the country, including the University of Pennsylvania, joined our campaign in this way – thank you! If you weren’t able to participate this time around, please visit nnlm.gov/wiki to learn more, and keep an eye out for news about the Spring 2020 campaign.