Resources for E-Licenses:  Negotiations, Purchasing Arrangements and Preservation

  1. General licensing information:
    1. The LibLicense Project – A work initiated by Ann Okerson in 1997. Today, the project maintains updated licensing material, especially with links to many library, NGO, and vendor resources. At the same time, Liblicense-l, the project’s discussion forum promotes ongoing discussion of licensing and related issues as well as an extensive message archive.

    2. Guide to the JISC Model License Agreement – A UK based collection of licenses specially drafted to include all of the terms and conditions that an educational institution and its users need in order to make sure that they can get the most out of the online resources they subscribe to.

    3. Licensing Models - This suite of model licenses was originally designed with electronic journals in mind and resulted from a project sponsored by major subscription agents.

  2. Copyright and libraries
  3. Electronic Journal Preservation Services
    1. LOCKSS (Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe)– An open source set of digital preservation tools from Stanford University that preserves digital content in a library-to-library network. Publishers provide the content and allow LOCKSS servers to store and share content with authorized subscribers (as determined by individual license agreements).

    2. Portico – This service operates on a community model, through which both publishers and libraries help defray the ongoing costs of operating the archive, including the IT infrastructure and the content committed to the archive.

  4. Group Purchasing Arrangements
    1. Below are group purchasing arrangements (consortia, alliances, networks, etc.) available to eligible network members.  These arrangements are advantageous because they lower, per unit, e-licensing costs for groups of library members purchasing electronic resources.  Importantly, there are eligibility requirements for membership.  For example, a few are strictly for academic health sciences libraries, some are for the larger academic community, others have multi-type libraries as members and some arrangements do not cross state lines.

      1. HSLANJ-GLI (Health Sciences Library Association of New Jersey – Group Licensing Initiative) has a tradition in providing group licensing of electronic resources for hospital libraries mostly in the mid-Atlantic area; with SE/A support HSLANJ fills an important niche for hospital libraries throughout our region. For over 13 years, it has been providing access to high quality, knowledge–based resources, saving hospital libraries between 10% and 90% compared to the cost of licensing the same resources on their own.AHEC Digital Library(link is external)

      2. AHEC Digital Library - North Carolina
        The AHEC Digital Library serves North Carolina healthcare professionals by providing access to current medical literature and other quality health information resources via electronic full-text formats

      3. CONBLS - Consortium of Southern Biomedical Libraries  - CONBLS is a consortium of biomedical libraries serving Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Puerto Rico, South Carolina and Tennessee. CONBLS stated purpose “to exchange information and share existing resources to mutual advantage, to participate in cooperative programs, to strengthen existing resources and library services through joint application for private and government funds.”

      4. NAAL - Network Of Alabama Academic Libraries
        NAAL’s resource sharing projects include the purchase of electronic resources and the use of information technologies in order to effectively support academic research in Alabama.

      5. Tenn-Share
        Tenn-Share provides leadership and support in all areas of resource sharing (including the purchase of electronic resources) among libraries and information agencies of all types and sizes in Tennessee

      6. Lyrasis - Consortia licensing
        The collaborative approach – working together for better pricing and terms for its member community

      7. The Carolina Consortium
        Academic libraries in North Carolina and South Carolina can use their bulk purchasing power to obtain favorable pricing on a variety of electronic resources that are of interest to the scholarly community.

      8. VIVA - Virtual Library of Virginia
        VIVA is a consortium of nonprofit academic libraries within Virginia and its business model eliminates duplication, leverages resources, and drives hard bargains to get the very best value for the Commonwealth's investment.

      9. WRLC - Washington Research Library Consortium(link is external)
        The WRLC was established in the Washington D.C. area to share library collections and information technology. One goal is to increase the scope and accessibility of information resources available to WRLC students and faculty by maintaining a cooperative process for selecting and funding shared purchases of online resources to realize cost savings.

      10. NERL - NorthEast Research Libraries consortium
        The NorthEast Research Libraries consortium (NERL) interstate membership comprises 28 academic research libraries with common objectives of access and cost containment, joint licensing, and possible joint deployment of electronic resources.

      11. USMAI - University System of Maryland and Affiliated Institutions
        USMAI shares resources through the centralized implementation of library software and cooperates with members for consortial purchasing of databases and e-journals.

      12. Triangle Research Libraries Network- is a collaborative organization whose purpose is to marshal resources through cooperative efforts in order to create a rich and unparalleled knowledge environment that furthers the universities' teaching, research, and service missions.

      13. CIRLA - The Chesapeake Information and Research Library Alliance
        CIRLA is an organization of research libraries in Delaware, Maryland and the District of Columbia devoted to the sharing of information and research resources in support of faculty and students. To that end, members will provide reciprocal borrowing privileges to the duly registered graduate students, current faculty, researchers and fellows of the other institutions comprising CIRLA.