Skip all navigation and go to page content

SEA Currents

Newsletter of the NN/LM Southeastern/Atlantic Region

Archive for the ‘For The Region’ Category

Finding an Evidence-Based Medicine Study in PubMed

Thursday, July 31st, 2014

Written by Tony Nguyen, Outreach/Communications Coordinator, National Network of Southeastern/Atlantic Region

Contact Tony at: tnguyen@hshsl.umaryland.edu

If you’re familiar with Evidence-Based Medicine, you are aware of the acronym PICO. For those unfamiliar with the term, it is a convenient way to organize a well-built and answerable clinical question. This is important for medical and health professionals in formulating a search strategy prior to investigating the vast amount of available medical and scientific literature. PICO is broken down as follows:

          P Patient, Population, or Problem
          I Intervention, Prognostic Factor, or Exposure
         C Comparison, Control, Context, or Intervention (if appropriate)
         O Outcome you would like to measure or achieve
        (T) Time, Therapy, or Type of Article (This could be optional)

As you become more familiar with PICO, note the different types of studies available within medical literature: Therapy, Diagnosis, Prognosis, Etiology, Prevention, and Quality Improvement. Once the study type is determined, choose the best study design or methodology to address a clinical question.

     Type of Question      Best Type of Study/Methodology
     Therapy
  • Systematic Review
  • Meta-Analysis
  • Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial
     Diagnosis
  • Controlled Trial
     Prognosis
  • Cohort Studies
  • Case Control Studies
  • Case Series
     Etiology
  • Cohort Studies
  • Case Control Studies
  • Case Series
     Prevention
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Cohort Studies
     Quality Improvement
  • Randomized Controlled Trials

After using PICO to determine an answerable clinical question and the potentially highest level of study to look for, the next step is to search PubMed for the various studies. How do you locate each of the different studies?

A simple search in PubMed allows access a side bar of options to target specific article types.

1

Scrolling through these options, you’ll locate Case Reports, Comparative Studies, Guidelines, Meta-Analyses, Randomized Controlled Trials, and Systematic Reviews. Selecting these study types prior to executing a search string may cause confusion when they disappear in PubMed results. It simply means that your search string located Randomized Controlled Trials but no Systematic Reviews, for example.

Publication Type [PT] is another option in locating both study characteristics and publication types. A full list of Publication Characteristics (Publication Types) can be found here: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/pubtypes2006.html.

Examples of Study Characteristics within Publication Type [PT]
  • Case Reports
  • In Vitro
  • Clinical Conference
  • Meta-Analysis
  • Clinical Trial +
  • Multicenter Study
  • Comparative Study
  • Scientific Integrity Review
  • Census Development Conference
  •  Twin Study
  • Evaluation Studies
  •  Validation Studies

Utilizing MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) is another way to locate studies not retrieved when searching for a Publication Type or Study Characteristic. These items are not listed within the filters or the [PT] field. In MeSH, you’ll be able to locate:

  • Crossover Studies
  • Cohort Studies
  • Random Allocation
  • Placebos
  • Treatment Outcome

Knowing that “Cohort Studies” is a MeSH term will give you the chance of locating the potential Prognosis, Etiology, and Prevention studies not found in the Article Type or [PT] section. Try searching with MeSH if you’re having a difficulty locating an article type or characteristic.

Finally, one last option would be to add a keyword within the search string and look at the “Search Details” section to see how PubMed interpreted the keyword entry.

2

3

Locating a particular study or study type characteristic can be tricky in PubMed. However, we’re happy to provide tips and suggestions to help you navigate PubMed and other NLM resources. If your organization is interested utilizing PubMed to locate evidence-based medicine resources, NN/LM SE/A is pleased to offer PubMed and the Evidence-Based Universe. This course is available as a 2 hour and 4 hour course. To schedule this course, please contact Tony Nguyen at tnguyen@hshsl.umaryland.edu.

 

 

 

Free Online Class Announcement: Public Health Information on the Web

Wednesday, July 30th, 2014

online-4-use-this

Class:  Public Health Information on the Web

Where: Free, Online via Moodle. Moodle does not require a software download.

Presenter: Sheila Snow-Croft, MLIS, MA, Public Health Coordinator. National Network of Libraries of Medicine, Southeastern Atlantic Region (NN/LM SE/A)

Contact Sheila at: ssnowcro@hshsl.umaryland.edu

Register: http://nnlm.gov/sea/training/register.html

Date/Time: August 5-26, 2014

Three webinars will be broadcast during this class:

  • Thursday, 8/07/14: 11am – 12pm  ET
  • Thursday, 8/14/14: 11am – 12pm  ET
  • Thursday, 8/21/14: 11am – 12pm  ET

Summary:  The field of public health encompasses a wide array of disciplines including health education, epidemiology, and nursing. Digital literacy and the effective utilization of online information are among the core public health informatics competencies of the 21st century. This course will highlight web resources tailored to the public health workforce and public health information specialists.

The course uses Moodle, a free online course management system that does not require a software download. There will be three 1 hour Adobe Connect webinars along with discussions and assignments. If attending the live webinars is not possible, recordings will be available for viewing afterwards.

Participants who complete all requirements will be eligible for 4 Medical Library Association Contact Hours.

Call for Participation: New SE/A Tech PAC Webinars

Wednesday, July 30th, 2014

Written by Kimberley R. Barker, MLIS, Technology Program Advisory Committee Chair, National Network of Libraries of Medicine, Southeastern/Atlantic Region

Contact Kimberley at: Grumpy_Cat@virginia.edu

On behalf of the Southeastern/Atlantic (SE/A) Technology Program Advisory Committee (PAC), happy summer! We hope that you had some time for fun and relaxation and are beginning to look forward to autumn and whatever professional challenges await you and your institution.

We’ve been outlining our goals for the coming year and deciding how best to meet your needs. One of the Tech PAC’s multi-year goals (based on the results of the survey given in 2012), is to address head-on the technology issues that some of you face in your daily professional lives. To that end, in 2013, the Tech PAC offered the popular webinar “Managing Technology Barriers in the Health Sciences Library,” which featured a discussion with panelists (librarians like you!) who overcame significant technology barriers in their workplaces in order to provide a service to their patrons. As it was well-attended and the feedback positive, the Tech PAC thought to host a series of webinars along those lines, but we need your help.

We’d like for the first webinar to address relationship-building between libraries and the technology departments which support them. To that end, we’d like to feature the partnership of one or more librarians and the tech people with whom they’ve built a relationship. Have you always been buddies? Great! There was a rocky start to your professional relationship, and you reached out to each other? Even better! We’re looking for real-life examples that could serve as models for others in the medical librarian community, so don’t be shy!

The second webinar in the series is tentatively titled, “How to speak IT,” and will focus on defining and contextualizing basic IT terms. Just as it never hurts to speak even a few phrases of the language of the country in which you’re travelling so, too, is it helpful to not be completely lost when your IT person is trying to explain something. Do you know a good “explainer”? Are you one yourself? Would you or they be willing to participate as a speaker? Get in touch!

Finally, we’d love to hear your ideas for webinars or other programs based on your technology needs. We’re here to help you and facilitate your access to/ understanding of technology, so please: make us feel useful and tell us how we can help. Contact me via Twitter (@KR_Barker) or email (Grumpy_Cat@virginia.edu). Thanks so much!

Kimberley R. Barker, MLIS

Chair, Tech PAC

Register for the PubMed® for Trainers Class – It’s free!

Tuesday, July 29th, 2014

Offered by the

National Library of Medicine Training Center (NTC)

and the National Library of Medicine (NLM)

I would highly recommend this course to anyone who teaches PubMed.”

“You all did an amazing job of (1) modeling instructional design by providing a very well-designed course; and, (2) demonstrating how online instructional environments can still provide engaging learning experiences.”

“I really learned a lot of new information about how to search PubMed and good ideas for how to best teach that to my students.

–Comments from recent “PubMed for Trainers” participants

 

Would you like to gain new skills, brush up on existing PubMed skills and collaborate with colleagues to help create effective training strategies? The NTC is offering PubMed® for Trainers (PMT) in two locations of interest to our region: at the University Of Tennessee Health Science Center in Memphis, TN (in November 2014) and at the National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD (in October 2014).

PMT is held in 4 sessions; 3 online and 1 in person session (attendance in all is expected). The last of the four sessions is an in-person class.

This hands-on course consists of 9 presentations created by the National Library of Medicine, live demonstrations, hands-on exercises, group work and discussions, and networking opportunities over the course of four sessions. You can expect an additional 2-3 hours of independent homework. Upon completion of the class, participants receive 15 hours of MLA CE credit.

By the end of the course, you should:

  • Have a functional knowledge of the MEDLINE® database
  • Understand behind the scenes details of how PubMed translates your search
  • Know how to use Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)
  • Increase your knowledge of how to more effectively search for drugs, diseases, and patient centered research.

The dates and times for the four class sessions for the Bethesda location are:

  1. Tuesday, October 21, 2014, 11 am – 1 pm ET (online via Adobe Connect)
  2. Thursday, October 23, 2014, 11 am – 1 pm ET (online via Adobe Connect)
  3. Tuesday, October 28, 2014, 11 am – 1 pm ET (online via Adobe Connect)
  4. Thursday, October 30, 9 am -4:30 pm ET (in-person in Bethesda, MD)

The dates and times for the four class sessions for the Memphis location are:

  1. Monday, October 20, 2014, 10 am – 12 noon CT (online via Adobe Connect)
  2. Monday, November 3, 2014, 10 am – 12 noon CT (online via Adobe Connect)
  3. Monday, November 10, 2014, 10 am – 12 noon CT (online via Adobe Connect)
  4. Thursday, November 13, 9 am -4:30 pm CT (in-person in Memphis, TN)

For more information and to register, visit http://nnlm.gov/ntcc/classes/class_details.html?class_id=359.

Upcoming Online Classes Available for Registration

Wednesday, July 23rd, 2014

online-4-use-this

The National Network of Libraries of Medicine, Southeastern/Atlantic Region would like to announce registration for a number of upcoming online classes starting in August and September.

Consumer Health

Promoting Health Literacy through Easy-to-Read Materials

From Snake Oil to Penicillin: Evaluating Consumer Health Information on the Internet

  • Instructor: Terri Ottosen
  • September 8 – September 29
  • 3 MLA CE

These consumer health classes qualify for Consumer Health Information Specialization through the Medical Library Association.

Health Information Professionals

ClinicalTrials.gov: Results Reporting, Unique Evidence, and the Role of Medical Librarians

Chemicals, Drugs, and Genetics Oh My! Searching PubMed and Beyond

  • Instructor: Tony Nguyen
  • August 18 – September 12
  • 6 MLA CE

Public Health and Public Health Information Professionals

NEW – Public Health Information on the Web

Technology

Geeks Bearing Gifts: Unwrapping New Technology Trends – 2014 edition

These online classes will be offered for free via Moodle. Moodle does not require a software download.

To register for any of these classes, please visit: http://nnlm.gov/sea/training/register.html.

 

Last updated on Friday, 22 November, 2013

Funded by the National Library of Medicine under contract HHS-N-276-2011-00004-C with the Health Sciences and Human Services Library of the University of Maryland