Archive for the ‘Public Health’ Category
Tuesday, August 5th, 2014
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Ebola hemorrhagic fever or Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a severe and often deadly virus found in humans and primates such as chimpanzees and gorillas. It is still unknown how the virus first appears in humans at the start of an outbreak, although scientists believe an individual is infected through contact with an infected animal.
In humans, the virus can be passed from person to person in a number of ways including direct contact with the blood or other bodily fluids of an infected individual and exposure to objects (such as needles) that have been in contact with infected secretions
Because of the nature of transmission, Ebola can spread quickly within health care settings without adequate sterilization procedures and those working with infected individuals are at a higher risk of contracting the disease, as are friends and family. Symptoms of Ebola typically include fever, headache, joint and muscle aches, weakness, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain and lack of appetite. These symptoms can occur anywhere from 2-21 days after exposure to the virus, however most begin around days 8-10. Some infected individuals may recover, while many do not (Ebola outbreaks have a fatality rate of up to 90%). There is currently no cure for Ebola, therefore treatment is limited to balancing the patient’s fluids, maintaining oxygen status, and treating complicating infections. Isolation precautions and proper sterilization are the primary methods of prevention.
As of August 1, 2014, “the World Health Organization, in partnership with the Ministries of Health in Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Nigeria announced a cumulative total of 1603 suspect and confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) and 887 deaths”. This is the largest Ebola outbreak in history and the first of its kind in West Africa. Because of this, the CDC has issues a number of level 3 travel notices and has set up a screening process for those traveling to and from Africa.
Currently, no individuals have contracted Ebola in the United States, however two American healthcare professionals working in Liberia have contracted the virus and been transported for treatment to Emory University Hospital in Atlanta. In light of this, a number of precautions have been put into place and the CDC has determined that the spread of Ebola poses no significant risk in the United States.
For the most recent updates on the Ebola outbreak in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone, visit the CDC’s West Africa Outbreak page. Information for the public, travelers, and healthcare workers is also available from the CDC.
Tuesday, July 8th, 2014
The July issue of NIH News in Health,
the monthly newsletter bringing practical health news and tips based on the latest NIH research is now available:
Sun and Skin: The Dark Side of Sun Exposure
Sunlight is essential to many living things, but it also has a dangerous side. The good news is you can take simple steps to protect your skin from sun damage.
Read more about sun and skin.
Fight Off Food Poisoning: Food Safety for Warmer Weather
It can be hard to keep foods safe to eat during warmer weather. Learn how to handle food properly to avoid the misery of food poisoning.
Read more about food poisoning.
• Physical Activity Helps Seniors Stay Mobile
• Kidney Failure and Its Treatment
• Featured Website: Bionic Man
Click here to download a PDF version for printing.
Visit our Facebook page to suggest topics you’d like us to cover, or let us know what you find helpful about the newsletter. We’d like to hear from you!
Please pass the word on to your colleagues about NIH News in Health. We are happy to send a limited number of print copies free of charge for display in offices, libraries or clinics. Just email us or call 301-402-7337 for more information.
Tuesday, June 24th, 2014
Librarians with an interest in public health, make this the year you attend the American Public Health Association Annual Meeting. Stipends funded by The Grace and Harold Sewell Memorial Fund for this purpose will be awarded to at least 10 librarians in 2014. This year’s APHA meeting will take place in New Orleans, LA from November 15-19, 2014. Its theme is Healthography: How Where You Live Affects Your Health and Well-Being. For more information on the meeting see APHA’s website.
Applications are now being accepted. The deadline for application is July 24, 2014, 5pm EST. For the complete Call for Applicants, application forms, and FAQs, go to the Public Health/Health Administration section of the MLA website.
For more information on the 2014 APHA meeting see annual meeting information page.
For more information on the Sewell Fund, see the Sewell Fund website
What is the Value of Attending APHA as a Sewell Stipend recipient?
The mission of the Fund is to increase librarians’ identification with medical and health care professionals. Stipends have been awarded annually since 2001. Past participants testify to the value of attending APHA:
“Connecting with my fellow library and information professionals and public health colleagues was energizing…The spirit of true collaboration shone through the programs.” (Feili Tu)
“Many of the things I learned were not specific, as in tangible facts, more of an understanding of what Public Health is. I learned it covers just about everything…for Public Health you need to be knowledgeable about the issues, the potential impact of legislation, and knowledgeable about the ‘agendas’ of the interested parties…” (Kristin Kroger)
“Overall the conference really helped me to better understand the scope of public health as well as the latest development in the areas of public health that I am most likely to have to deal with as a librarian….It was an incredible learning experience.” (Manju Tanwar)
“The fact that I’m working on a Masters in Public Health was very interesting to her (public health colleague) because she didn’t realize that some librarians also have another graduate degree. I think this helped solidify the idea that librarians could be peers to teaching faculty.” (Amber Burtis)
“As a result of the meeting I gained a deeper understanding of my patrons’ needs” (Peggy Gross)
“I feel like I now have a cohort of people to whom to turn when I have questions about what I am doing as I move into supporting my institution’s public health program.” (Laure Zeigen)
The committee is looking forward to reading your applications!
Barbara Folb, Chair, Client Relations Committee
Helena VonVille, Chair-elect, Client Relations Committee
Public Health/ Health Administration Section
Medical Library Association
Tuesday, June 24th, 2014
In celebration of LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bixesual, and Transgender) Pride Month, we have put together a list of LGBT health information resources. Often an underserved population, people who identify as LGBT have health needs that are widely varied. The compiled list, although far from comprehensive, covers resources for LGBT individuals from youth to older adult. If you are unfamiliar with LGBT health resources or just want a refresher, start here.
The first of these resources is from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (or SAMHSA). SAMHSA’s LGBT health page includes a wealth of information, including links to resources like “A Practitioner’s Resource Guide: Helping Families to Support Their LGBT Children”, “Top Health Issues for LGBT Populations Information & Resource Kit” as well as links to federal initiatives and resources.
The second of these resources is from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). ACOG has two particularly useful resources for LGBT health; one is a committee opinion piece from the Committee on Health Care for Underserved Women on Health Care for Lesbians and Bisexual Women , and the other is a Transgender Resource Guide from the same committee. Although these pages are not to be “construed as dictating an exclusive course of treatment or procedure”, they offer quality information concerning barriers to health care, routine health visits, as well as mental health considerations and more.
The third resource is the LGBT Community Field Guide from the Joint Commission. The purpose of the LGBT Community Field guide is to advance and improve effective communication, cultural competence, and patient- and family-centered care. This field guide includes sections on how to use the guide, an explanation of terminology, as well as chapters on provision of care and patient/family engagement. Also included are checklists, designed to help practitioners stay in line with Joint Commission standards and mission.
The final resource is the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Health page from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The introduction to the page states “The perspectives and needs of LGBT people should be routinely considered in public health efforts to improve the overall health of every person and eliminate health disparities.” This resource features specific health topic pages for gay and bisexual men, youth, lesbians and bisexual women, and transgender persons. In addition to these health topic pages, the CDC also offers information on health services as well as data and statistics.
For additional links to LGBT health resources, visit the MedlinePlus Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender health topic page.
Monday, June 9th, 2014
The NN/LM SCR is pleased to announce a new class:
“From Problem to Prevention: Evidence-Based Public Health”
Curious about evidence-based public health (EBPH) but not sure where to start? This class will explain the basics of evidence-based public health (EBPH) and highlight essentials of the EBPH process such as identifying the problem, forming a question, searching the literature, and evaluating the intervention. The purpose of this class is to provide an introduction to the world of evidence based public health and to give those already familiar with EBPH useful information that can be applied in their practices.
Participants will be able to:
- Define and describe evidence-based public health
- Identify a public health need and formulate an answerable question
- Locate and search applicable literature and resources (such as PubMed, PubMed Health, The Community Toolbox, and others)
- Understand the importance of evaluation and locate helpful resources
This class is face-to-face.
This class will be available for 3 and 4 hours of continuing education credit awarded by the Medical Library Association.
Interested in having this free class taught at your library? Email us: http://nnlm.gov/scr/training/trainreq.html
Wednesday, June 4th, 2014
More than $300 Million has been made available to help the nation’s community health centers expand service hours, hire more medical providers, and add oral health, behavioral health, pharmacy, and vision services.
Nearly 1,300 health centers operate more than 9,000 service delivery sites that provide care to over 21 million patients in every state, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Pacific Basin. The health center program is administered by HHS’ Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA). These funds will allow health centers to expand services to better serve newly insured patients.
Health center grantees requesting expanded services funds must demonstrate how these funds will be used to expand primary care medical capacity and services to underserved populations in their communities.
For more information on this funding opportunity announcement, please visit
To learn more about the Affordable Care Act and Community Health Centers, visit http://bphc.hrsa.gov/about/healthcenterfactsheet.pdf.
To learn more about HRSA’s Community Health Center Program, visit http://bphc.hrsa.gov/about/index.html.
To find a health center in your area, visit http://findahealthcenter.hrsa.gov.
Monday, June 2nd, 2014
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the first five months of 2014 (January 1 – May 23) saw 288 cases of measles in 18 states and a total of 15 outbreaks — the highest number of cases in twenty years. Because the majority of these cases have been “associated with international travel by unvaccinated people”, the CDC’s concern is that those persons intending to travel internationally be sure that their vaccinations are up to date.
Measles is a highly contagious respiratory disease caused by a virus and spread through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes. With the rise in cases, it is more important than ever to be familiar with the signs and symptoms. Often, it begins with a fever and soon a cough, runny nose, and red eyes develop. A rash of tiny red spots breaks out beginning at the head and soon spreads to the rest of the body. This disease is incredibly serious for children as it can often lead to a number of other complications, such as pneumonia or encephalitis and in some cases, even death.
Until recently, cases of measles in the United States have not been very common due to vaccination. However, measles is still common in many other countries so it is important to make sure that everyone in your family is vaccinated before travel. In particular, the CDC has issued a travel notice about measles in Philippines.
For more information about measles, vaccinations, and travel visit these pages from the CDC:
Measles in the Philippines – Travel Notice
CDC Features – Measles Immunization
Friday, May 30th, 2014
Funding Oppportunity Title: Ethnic Community Self Help Program
Funding Opportunity Number: HHS-2014-ACF-ORR-RE-0816
Program Office: Office of Refugee Resettlement
Funding Type: Discretionary
Funding Instrument Type: Cooperative Agreement
Announcement Type: Initial
Post Date: 04/28/2014
Application Due Date: 06/27/2014
The Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR) within the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) invites eligible entities to submit competitive grant applications for funding of the Ethnic Community Self-Help Program to provide services to newly arriving refugees. The objectives of this program are to strengthen organized ethnic communities comprised and representative of refugee populations, and to ensure ongoing support and culturally appropriate services to refugees within five years of their initial resettlement.
The populations targeted for services and benefits in the application must represent refugee groups who have arrived in the U.S. within the last five years.
ORR places a strong emphasis on projects with a two-fold aim: 1) strengthening of the applicant’s organizational capacity 2) provision of SMART services (Specific Measurable, Appropriate, Realistic, and Time-Bound) to refugees. Such services may include both direct and referral services.
For complete posting and link to apply, visit the HHS website.
Thursday, May 29th, 2014
The National Library of Medicine (NLM) is pleased to announce the solicitation of quotations from organizations and libraries to design and conduct projects that will improve access to HIV/AIDS related health information for patients, the affected community, and their caregivers.
Projects must involve one or more of the following information access categories:
- Information retrieval;
- Skills development;
- Resource development; and/or
- Equipment Acquisition
Emphasis is placed upon the following types of organizations or arrangements for developing these programs:
- Community-based organizations (CBOs) or patient advocacy groups currently providing HIV/AIDS related serves to the affected community;
- Public libraries serving communities in the provision of HIV/AIDS-related information and resources;
- Health departments or other local, municipal, or state agencies working to improve public health;
- Faith-based organizations currently providing HIV/AIDS-related services; and/or
- Multi-type consortia of the above-listed organizations that may be in existence or formed specifically for this project.
Awards are offered for up to $40,000.
Quotations are due to NLM on Friday, July 11, 2014.
The solicitation for the 2014 HIV/AIDS Community Information Outreach Projects is posted on the Federal Business Opportunities Web site.
Full and Open:
Small Businesses can apply to a specific set-aside:
Primary Point of Contact:
Secondary Point of Contact :
Branch Chief, Contracting Officer
Please Note: Refer to the Federal Business Opportunities Web site for notices, updates, and modifications to the HIV/AIDS Community Information Outreach Project 2014 RFQ.
Monday, May 12th, 2014
On May 2, 2014 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) confirmed the first case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (or MERS) in the United States. The virus was found in a man who had traveled from Saudi Arabia to Indiana at the end of April.
MERS-CoV is a viral respiratory illness that first begin infecting humans in Saudi Arabia in 2012. All reported cases since have been linked to 7 different countries, and all have originated within the Arabian Peninsula. The symptoms are similar to that of the flu: fever, coughing, and shortness of breath. MERS is unusually deadly, however; around 30% of the people infected have died. Despite the name, MERS is not the same coronavirus that caused Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in 2003.
The CDC has not yet advised any travel changes and recommends the following to those traveling to the Arabian Peninsula:
- Wash your hands often with soap and water for 20 seconds, and help young children do the same. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
- Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze then throw the tissue in the trash.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
- Avoid close contact, such as kissing, sharing cups, or sharing eating utensils, with sick people.
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces, such as toys and doorknobs.
If you develop symptoms of respiratory illness within 14 days of travel, the CDC recommends visiting your healthcare provider. For more information regarding MERS-CoV, coronaviruses, and the recent case in the United States, visit the links under Resources.
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus / Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
MERS CoV First US Case Announced / Press Release / Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Frequently Asked Questions about MERS CoV / Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
About Coronaviruses / Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
A second case of MERS-CoV was confirmed on May 12, 2014 in Orlando, Florida. As with the previous case, the patient was a healthcare worker who had recently traveled to Saudi Arabia. In a press conference, CDC Director Dr. Tom Friedan and Dr. Anne Schuchat, Director of CDC’s National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, iterated that so far MERS is not considered easily transmissible. The two US cases have occurred in health workers that were in close contact with those already infected with MERS.
For the complete press conference transcript, visit the CDC’s Media page.