Archive for the ‘Network Member Spotlight’ Category
Tuesday, December 11th, 2012
By Steve Beleu, Director, U.S. Government Information Division, Oklahoma Department of Libraries
The immense growth in our nation of enhanced natural gas and oil recovery via the process popularly known as “fracking,” and more precisely known as “Hydraulic Fracturing,” has created an economic boom. “Shale oil” and “shale gas” is trapped within shale formations; injecting combinations of water, sand, and chemicals at high pressure causes the shale to crack which then releases the gas or oil. But mismanaged fracking can also release hazardous chemicals into drinking water and air, and also cause small earthquakes. Here are some links to information about fracking in general and its potential adverse health effects.
Basic information about hydraulic fracturing for natural gas and oil.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Website updated on May 9, 2012.
Basic information about shale gas. It includes a chart that shows the current and projected future growth of shale gas production from about 2005 through 2040. EIA estimates that there will be a 44% increase in fracking.
Source: U.S. Energy Information Agency. Website updated on December 5, 2012.
Map of “Lower 48” State Shale “plays” (a “play” is the name for a formation that contains trapped natural gas).
Source: U.S. Energy Information Agency. May 9, 2011.
Report about fracking and the risks to public health of fracking. Recommended for its technical explanations of fracking. September 5, 2012.
Source: U.S. General Accountability Office.
Report about the regulations of federal government and six states about the potentially hazardous effects of fracking.
Source: U.S. General Accountability Office. September 5, 2012.
Congressional report from the U.S. House of Representatives about the chemicals in fracking and their potential adverse health effects.
Source: U.S. House Committee on Energy and Commerce. April 2011.
Charts and graphs about fracking.
Source: U.S. Energy Information Agency. June 27, 2012.
The EPA project to study the effects on fracking on drinking water; widely reported by national and state media. Their report is due to Congress in 2014, but this is a website about it. Website updated on December 7, 2012/
EPA’s web page about the basics of fracking. Website updated on October 2, 2012
Selected free, full-text articles about fracking from the National Institute of Health’s PubMed Central (PMC) database. Using the search term “hydraulic fracturing” currently retrieves 89 articles; these are three of them. Basic web address of PubMed Central: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/
—“Methane Contamination of Drinking Water Accompanying Gas-Well Drilling and Hydraulic Fracturing”. Published in May 2011.
—“The Future of Fracking: New Rules Target Air Emissions for Cleaner Natural Gas Production”. Published in July 2012.
—“Blind Rush? Shale Gas Boom Proceeds Amid Human Health Questions”. Published in August 2011.
Monday, October 31st, 2011
Share Your Story: LSU Shreveport Health Sciences Library
What’s the value of the LSU Health Shreveport (LSUHS) Health Sciences Library? It’s priceless! Our librarians always find new ways to serve the institution and the community. Through a NNLM funded award, our librarians designed a program to educate children about the importance of a healthy lifestyle, reaching about 1,500 children so far. The program consisted of:
- A website with health information, games, and activities for children selected by LSUHS librarians.
- Story hours at local libraries and an area science museum that have so far focused on nutrition, exercise, germ prevention, heart health, and sun safety. Librarians select and read the stories, and develop companion activities and support materials.
- Regular promotional displays (“Wellness Wednesday”) at local libraries to raise awareness about healthelinks.org and other sources of reliable online consumer health information.
The Clinical Medical Librarian (CML) at LSUHS rounds with Internal Medicine in the hospital five days a week. Every day, the CML:
- Reviews cases in the electronic medical record system for unusual microbiology, pathology, or radiology reports in an attempt to preempt faculty and resident information needs;
- Provides literature for use at the point of care and provides literature reviews for follow-up questions;
- Finds consumer health information for patients.
Her work at LSUHS was the topic of the study “The Effect of a Clinical Medical Librarian on Internal Medicine Care at LSUHSC-S.” The study tracked her efforts from June 2008 to November 2009, when her team saw 2200 patients, and she answered 334 questions, 58 of which directly changed the physician’s care of a patient (unpublished data), on 258 unique patients.
Whether it is treatment changing information provided by the CML or teaching children about healthy food and exercise, the LSUHS librarians provide a variety of valuable services to the institution and community.
Submitted by John Cyrus
Sunday, October 30th, 2011
Share Your Story: UNTHSC Library
Public libraries are struggling, not just financially but also to maintain relevancy in the digital age. With that in mind, the University of North Texas Health Science Center (UNTHSC) Gibson D. Lewis Health Science Library Deputy Director Lisa M. Smith began collaborating with the North Texas Regional Library Partners in 2010.
The goal: Deliver in-person classes on online health literacy to patrpons and librarians within our 24-county NN/LM SCR outreach region. The classes would not only help public libraries in rural and urban areas offer programming to their patrons but they would also offer staff training on how to resond to queries involving health. The classes also would help market public libraries as digital hubs that the public can turn to when looking for reliable health information. North Texas Regional Library Partners and library staff members, and 31 members of the general public at 18 public libraries spread over nine North Texas counties in March contacted the libraries and set up the class dates and times. Lisa Smith and Outreach Librarian Jessie Milligan taught 81 public librarians in April, 2011.
Classes for patrons showed them how to evaluate websites as well as how to find reliable health information online through NLM/NIH websites. The separate classes for librarians served as guides on why to turn to NLM/NIH websites when answering reference questions about health.
Submitted by Jessie Milligan
Wednesday, September 14th, 2011
The Rudolph Matas Library of the Health Sciences at Tulane University was fortunate to have the opportunity to digitize the historic Charity Hospital Reports under a Historical Preservation and Digitization award from the National Library of Medicine South Central Region (NN/LM SCR) for a project entitled Early Medical Journalism of Louisiana, A pilot project for the preservation and sharing of Nine-tenth Century Medical Publications of Louisiana.
The Reports from the New Orleans Charity Hospital were produced regularly for the state government of Louisiana from 1842-1974 and include a wealth of material on hospital administration and disease epidemics as well as vital statistics and public health information. The Charity Hospital Reports collection consists of 114 PDF items, each with searchable text and accessibility features. The Charity Hospital Reports were added to The Internet Archive and are available via the Rudolph Matas website: http://matas.tulane.edu/collections/charityreports.
The reports are also included in to the LOUISiana Digital Library Collection of Collections (LCOC). These items are of use not only to researchers in the fields of medicine and health, but also those researching the history and cultural impact of medical care in the New Orleans area.
Please help us learn more by completing this survey: https://www.surveymonkey.com/s/charityhospitalreports.
Special thanks to guest author Mary Holt, MLS. Coordinator, Information Services, Rudolph Matas Library of the Health Sciences.
Friday, August 26th, 2011
The most recent digitization project undertaken at the LSU Health Sciences Center Medical Library was funded through a Technology Award from the National Network of Libraries of Medicine, South Central Region. This digital initiative focused on the founding, development and progress of the LSU School of Medicine in Shreveport.
The idea of a medical school located in north Louisiana was first discussed at a Shreveport Medical Society meeting on April 4, 1950, but politics, funding, and other obstacles delayed the establishment of this facility until June 7, 1965. The first class of 32 medical students began their studies in September 1969 in temporary classrooms at the Veterans Administration Hospital. This first class graduated in May 1973, two years before the medical school building was completed, bringing the 25-year struggle to a successful conclusion. Medical School alumni now number 3,300.
The primary source materials that formed the nucleus of this project were drawn from the holdings of the Medical Library Archives and include correspondence, photographs, slides, newspaper articles, institutional publications, audio and videotapes, as well as three dimensional artifacts. Specific resources include the Gordon W. Maxcy Photograph Collection, several thousand newspaper clippings dating from the early 1960s, taped oral history interviews with Medical School founders and pioneers, and videotapes of memorable events including Dr. Edgar Hull’s last Faculty Council Meeting as Dean and the School of Medicine groundbreaking. More than 100 cubic feet of archival resources were searched to provide a fascinating glimpse into our past.
The NN/LM SCR Technology Award provided funding for equipment and services, including the digitization of the paper documents and the transfer of the audiovisual materials from analog to digital format. Technical and descriptive metadata was created for these digital surrogates, supplying much needed bibliographic control and subject access. These digital images provided unlimited possibilities as vehicles for education and publicity. Two of the more important applications were the Louisiana Digital Library www.louisianadigitallibrary.org and the Library’s history website, LSU Health Sciences Center –Shreveport: A Chronological History www.lsuhscshistory.org.
Our digital images can be accessed in three format-based collections in the Louisiana Digital Library: the LSU Health Sciences Center Shreveport Audiovisual Collection, the LSU Health Sciences Center Shreveport Photograph Collection, and the LSU Health Sciences Center Shreveport Newspaper Clippings. Researchers will find extensive information and images that highlight the people, places and events that document the history of the LSU School of Medicine in Shreveport.
The LSU Health Sciences Center –Shreveport: A Chronological History website provides another graphically rich source of information about the medical school’s history. Newspaper clippings reveal the unflagging loyalty of the local Shreveport physicians who fought long and hard to establish a medical school. Photographs document the groundbreaking, construction and dedication of the Medical School building. Audio and video clips bring life to important events in the medical school’s history.
While digitization efforts over the past five years have transformed a small portion of our growing archive, future digital initiatives will be necessary to reveal the numerous treasures still hidden in boxes and filing cabinet drawers. These newly digitized resources will be used to enhance and expand the historical website and allow us to share more of our collections through the Louisiana Digital Library.
For additional information, please contact Dee Jones at firstname.lastname@example.org or 318-675-5458.
Special thanks to guest author Dee Jones, Head of Cataloging, LSU HSC Shreveport Medical Library.
Wednesday, August 10th, 2011
Last year the Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center Library – New Orleans received one of three Historical Preservation and Digitization Awards from the National Network of Libraries of Medicine, South Central Region. Their project was entitled: The Digitization of the Aristides Agramonte Collection on Yellow Fever.
The story of the Aristides Agramonte yellow fever collection at LSU Health Sciences Center – New Orleans is a sad one. Dr. Aristides Agramonte was a member of the US Army Yellow Fever expedition to Cuba, which gave the final proofs of the relation of the mosquito to the transmission of yellow fever. He had just accepted a professorship at the fledgling LSU School of Medicine when he died suddenly of a ‘heart affectation’ in August of 1931. His extensive personal library of books and journal articles, many devoted to the study of yellow fever, became the first materials acquired for LSU medical school library. In fact, the original name of the LSU Health Sciences Center Library was the Aristides Agramonte Memorial Medical Library.
Dr. Agramonte’s personal library of yellow fever materials is now available as a searchable collection through the Louisiana Digital Library: http://www.louisianadigitallibrary.org/cdm4/browse.php?CISOROOT=/LSUBK01
Over 130 books and journal articles dating back to the 1790s discuss the epidemiology and pathology of yellow fever. Books are included from authors such as Benjamin Rush, Carlos Finlay, the New Orleans Board of Health, and Aristides Agramonte.
Researchers interested in the history of medicine, yellow fever epidemics, tropical medicine and the development of the first scientific theory used to trace and find a cure for a communicable disease will find a special interest in this collection. The collection is full text searchable and includes items in English, Spanish, French and German.
Upon Dr. Agramonte’s death, the American Public Health Association noted that “in the death of Dr. Agramonte science has lost a devoted servant. His knowledge of tropical diseases and his great experience in the practical handling of them made him peculiarly fitted for the professorship he had just accepted.” Through this collection, we hope to share some of his knowledge. LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans is proud to offer this collection as a free resource.
Additional news about this project can be found in the recent LOUIS: The Louisiana Library Network newsletter: http://appl003.lsu.edu/ocsweb/louishome.nsf/$Content/Homepage+News+&+Announcements/$File/Newsletter%202011%20VOL20ISSUE1.pdf
Special Thanks to guest author Maureen Molly Knapp, Digital Projects Manager LSUHSC Library New Orleans http://www.lsuhsc.edu/no/library/.
Figure 1: Color slides from Recherches sur la cause et la prophylaxie de la fievre jaune. (1903) http://www.louisianadigitallibrary.org/u?/LSUBK01,6326
Figure 2: Color illustrations of yellow fever symptoms. From Yellow fever and malarial diseases embracing a history of the epidemics of yellow fever in Texas. (1876) http://www.louisianadigitallibrary.org/u?/LSUBK01,10484
Tuesday, August 2nd, 2011
On March 30th, 2011 The Library of the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX debuted an online collection of more than 500 historic photos documenting the development of medical care and medical education in Dallas. This online repository, titled Dallas Medical History, 1890-1975: A Digital Collection, is viewable on the web at http://www.utsouthwestern.edu/dallasmedicalhistory.
This project, made possible through a Historic Preservation and Digitization Award from the NN/LM SCR, consists of two complementary parts:
Dallas Medical Images, 1890-1975 http://utswlibrary.contentdm.oclc.org/: A repository of more than 500 images from the Library’s collection which portray institutions, people, and events that have played a role in Dallas medicine. Each photo is dated and accompanied by searchable descriptive information. About 200 of the images portray the history of UT Southwestern’s predecessor institutions including Southwestern Medical College. Another 200 illustrate the history of St. Paul Hospital (now part of UT Southwestern) from 1896-1975–including many fascinating photos of the St. Paul interior and exterior around 1905–and the St. Paul School of Nursing from 1900-1971. The remaining 100 or so images document other institutions, people and events in Dallas medicine, including about forty images of Parkland Memorial Hospital and the Parkland Hospital School of Nursing, which operated from 1914 to 1955.
Medical Care Milestones in Dallas, 1890-1975 http://utswlibrary.omeka.net/: An exhibit of sixty high-interest images, arranged in chronological order, showing highlights in the development of medical care in Dallas. Expanded descriptions explain the significance and context of the subject matter. Most of these images are also in the repository, but—to enrich the exhibit—thirteen have been added from the Dallas Public Library Texas/Dallas History and Archives collection and from other sources.
For further information, contact Bill Maina, Archivist and History of Medicine Librarian, at the Library, UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, via email at email@example.com or by phone at 214.648.2629.
Special thanks to guest writer Matthew Zimmerman, Manager, Digital Services & Technology Planning, UT Southwestern Medical Center Library.
Thursday, July 21st, 2011
The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center (OUHSC) Bird Library, Oklahoma City, OK has digitized some of its collections through funds from a Library Technology Award from the National Network of Libraries of Medicine South Central Region (NN/LM SCR).
These include items from the University’s College of Nursing, one of its earliest Deans (Dr. Long) from the College of Medicine, and several medical instrument collections. Working with these materials certainly provided a new perspective and value to being a medical librarian!
With this award we were able to train staff, experiment with new scanning methods such as stereoscopic and rotational views, and provide publicity to highlight our collections in unique ways.
The experience of starting a digitization project from the ground up was challenging and rewarding.
Through collaboration with the Louisiana State University Health Science Center – Shreveport (LSUHSC-Shreveport) Medical Library, we are working to put together a digitization kit that will share some of the methods and lessons learned to help other libraries begin their digitization projects.
Visit the University of Oklahoma Health Science Center Bird Library History of Medicine collection online at: http://birdlibrary.contentdm.oclc.org/. You can browse the collections and take a virtual tour of the History of Medicine Room.
Special thanks to guest author Mark Hopkins, Library Technology Manager, Robert M. Bird Library.
Wednesday, July 13th, 2011
Library Technology Award Spotlight: Mario E. Ramirez, M.D. Library, Bringing a South Texas Story from Paper to Pixel: Digital Documentation of the Hurricane Beulah Crisis in the Rio Grande Valley. This project highlights the effect of hurricane Beulah on healthcare in South Texas. This project was funded in year four of the previous contract.
Hurricane Beulah is still recognized as one of the most significant storms to make landfall in Texas. On September 21, 1967 the storm moved into the mouth of the Rio Grande, and inundated South Texas with heavy rainfall. The memories of the hurricane and its aftermath were still fresh in the minds of many who attended the May 6th opening of a photography exhibit which chronicles the response of health professionals and local volunteers to refugees displaced by flooding in Starr County.
Hurricane Beulah caused extensive flooding on both sides of the U.S.-Mexico border. To escape the rising floodwaters, over 14,000 refugees from Camargo, Tamaulipas crossed the border into the small town of Roma, Texas. The refugees were in desperate need of food, shelter, and medical care. It was in Roma that Dr. Mario E. Ramirez, the only physician in town and Starr County’s Public Health Service Director, rose to action in the face of a crisis. For several weeks, Dr. Ramirez along with volunteers from the local community, UT Medical Branch in Galveston, Santa Rosa Hospital in San Antonio as well as the U.S. Army worked to help the hurricane victims.
In 2007 the Library at the UT Health Science Center Regional Academic Health Center in Harlingen was named for Dr. Mario E. Ramirez. The Ramirez Library subsequently received materials from his personal archive and library. These are a rich collection of photographs, letters, and documents. Many of the materials donated by Dr. Ramirez are related to Hurricane Beulah, including 139 photographs and 185 pages of letters, newspaper clippings, and personal journal entries. The photographs were taken by George Tuley, a Rio Grande City teacher, who would later go on to a 39-year career as a photojournalist at the Corpus Christi Caller-Times.
The photographs portray the use of makeshift medical equipment in the absence of IV poles, incubators, and oxygen tents. The photographs also document the transformation of a high school into a packaged disaster hospital where blackboards were used to record patient information including diagnoses and treatments.
In 2009 the Ramirez Library received a Library Technology Award from the National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) to support the digitization, cataloging, and uploading of the Hurricane Beulah photographs to the UT Health Science Center Libraries Digital Archive as well as the creation of a traveling exhibit. The full collection of Hurricane Beulah photographs from the Ramirez Collection can be viewed online at http://bit.ly/beulahphotos. The photography exhibit will remain on display at the Ramirez Library, and a traveling version of the exhibit will be made available to local schools, libraries and museums. For more information, please contact Graciela Reyna, Assistant Director, Mario E. Ramirez, M.D. Library at (956) 365-8850 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
In the photo above Dr. Mario E. Ramirez examines a replica of a makeshift incubator that is depicted in one of the photographs included in the Hurricane Beulah exhibit. Dr. Ramirez attended the opening reception for the exhibit at the Regional Academic Health Center in Harlingen on May 6.
Special thanks to guest author Kathy Carter, MLIS Medical Librarian, Mario E. Ramirez, M.D. Library.