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Archive for the ‘General (all entries)’ Category

FDA Collaborates With NLM and NIH to Increase Diversity in Clinical Trials

Wednesday, February 3rd, 2016

Adapted from: FDA blog, January 27, 2016

The importance of diversity in clinical trials cannot be underscored. Controlled clinical trials form the basis of evidence for evaluating whether a medical product is effective prior to the product being approved and marketed. One challenge for the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is ensuring that research participants are representative of the patients who will use the medical product. A variety of people should have the opportunity to participate in trials, be knowledgeable about upcoming trials, have access to new therapies and have the chance to contribute to the betterment of medical treatment for everyone. Historically, the elderly, women and racial/ethnic minorities have been underrepresented in trials. Literature has well-documented this under-representation in recent years, particularly for women in some cardiovascular trials and general inclusion of black/African-American and minority participants in clinical trials. In response to these concerns, Congress included FDASIA Section 907: Inclusion of Demographic Subgroups in Clinical Trials in the Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act (FDASIA) of 2012 , http://www.fda.gov/RegulatoryInformation/Legislation/SignificantAmendmentstotheFDCAct/FDASIA/ucm389100.htm giving FDA direction to evaluate this issue and take action. FDA has responded in multiple ways, including the creation of Drug Trials Snapshots more than a year ago that provides the public with a demographic profile of people participating in clinical trials for approved drugs. FDA notes that an evaluation of the Snapshots program shows that some groups, especially ethnic and racial groups, aren’t always well represented in clinical trials.

Increasing diversity in clinical trials is a priority for FDA. To that end, in 2016, the agency is planning a variety of activities and collaborations to push for greater inclusion, including more minority participation. For example:

  • FDA’s Office of Minority Health has developed a variety of tools to support clinical trial participation, including collaboration with the National Library of Medicine to help consumers and patients find clinical trials, educational materials on trials, as well as a multi-media campaign highlighting the importance of clinical trial participation. These materials are designed to urge those underrepresented in clinical trials to find out more information, and consider enrolling.
  • FDA’s Office of Women’s Health launched its Diverse Women in Clinical Trials initiative. Developed in collaboration with the National Institute of Health’s Office of Research on Women’s Health, this multipronged effort will raise awareness and share best practices about clinical research design, recruitment, and subpopulation analyses.
  • FDA’s biostatisticians, trial design experts, and quantitative scientists will continue to work with the research community to develop methods to refine our approach to the conduct and analysis of trials to provide the best estimates of treatment effects for diverse populations.
  • FDA will continue our commitment to include patient advocacy groups to engage patients in clinical trial design, feedback and evaluation from a patient’s perspective. By engaging patients early in the trial design process, feasibility and participation may be improved.
  • The FDA’s Office of External Affairs plans to publish a consumer update describing what it is like to participate in a clinical trial and encouraging the public to enroll in trials.
  • The FDA has declared 2016 the year of more diversity in clinical trials. For more information see: http://blogs.fda.gov/fdavoice/index.php/2016/01/

NIH News In Health February 2016

Monday, February 1st, 2016

Adapted from: NIH News in Health, February 2016 issue

Check out the February issue of NIH News in Health, the monthly newsletter bringing you practical health news and tips based on the latest NIH research. To search for more trusted health information from NIH, bookmark http://health.nih.gov.

 

Technologies Enhance Tumor Surgery Helping Surgeons Spot and Remove Cancer NIH-funded researchers are developing new technologies to help surgeons figure out exactly where cancerous tumors end and healthy tissue begins. Read more about technologies for cancer surgery.
 
Focusing on Fibromyalgia A Puzzling and Painful Condition Fibromyalgia is a long-term condition marked by pain and fatigue. It can be hard to diagnose, but treatment can help. Read more about fibromyalgia.

Health Capsules:

Infertility Treatments and Children’s Development

Help for Rare and Undiagnosed Conditions

Featured Website: NIH Office of Dietary Supplements 

Please NIH’s website http://www.nih.gov/ for current authoritative health information.

 

Dr. Darcy McMaughan of Texas A&M University To Develop Nursing Home Stewardship Guide

Wednesday, January 27th, 2016

Adapted from Association of Schools & Programs of Public Health:

The misuse of antibiotics can have harmful effects. Over time, bacteria can become resistant to antibiotic medication. This becomes worse when individuals live in close quarters. One primary example is nursing homes. Dr. Darcy McMaughan, assistant professor at the Texas A&M Health Science Center School of Public Health, is helping health professionals decide when and when not to prescribe antibiotics, in continuation of work begun by Regents Professors Dr. Charles D. Phillips, and Dr. Catherine Hawes. As part of a three-year, $211,368 contract with the American Institutes for Research through the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), McMaughan is developing a Nursing Home Antibiotic Stewardship Guide. For more information, please visit: http://www.aspph.org/texas-am-working-to-protect-a-precious-resource-antibiotics-in-nursing-homes/

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Reports High Sodium Intake is Still Problematic in the United States

Wednesday, January 27th, 2016

Adapted from CDC:

A report published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has announced that most Americans consume too much sodium for a healthy diet. In the report, more than 90 percent of children and 89 percent of adults aged 19 and older eat too much sodium. CDC researchers analyzed dietary data from the 2009-2012 National Health Nutrition and Examination Surveys (NHANES) to calculate how much sodium Americans are eating. Nearly 15,000 individuals were included in the study. For more information, please visit: http://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2016/p0106-sodium-intake.html

ASPPH Announces New Public Health Philanthropy Fellowship Program – Due March 3

Wednesday, January 27th, 2016

Adapted from The Association of Schools & Programs of Public Health Website News dated January 7, 2016

ASPPH is pleased to announce a new fellowship program available for recent graduates from ASPPH-member, Council on Education for Public Health (CEPH)-accredited Schools and Programs of Public Health – the ASPPH Public Health Philanthropy Fellowship Program.  This exciting opportunity is sponsored through a grant to ASPPH from the de Beaumont Foundation.  The deadline to apply is 11:59 PM, Thursday, March 3, 2016.

The de Beaumont Foundation (“the Foundation”), established by Pierre S. de Beaumont in 1998 as an independent, private foundation, believes that a strong public health system is essential. The Foundation works to transform the practice of public health through strategic and engaged grantmaking. Programs funded by the Foundation build the capacity and stature of the public health workforce, encourage collaboration between health departments, and improve communication with the public.  The fellowship will place one fellow within the Foundation for a period of one year, with a possible one-year extension.  During that time, the fellow will learn about the field of public health philanthropy through active participation and deep practical application in the areas that include, but are not limited to, program development, strategic planning, grants review and monitoring, and data analysis and scientific inquiry.  While the program will provide rigorous training for its participant, it is also designed with flexibility in order to meet the particular learning interests of the fellow.

To be eligible for this program, applicants must have received their Masters or Doctorate degree prior to the beginning of the fellowship (no later than June 2016) or within the last five years (no earlier than May 2011).  Graduate degrees must come from an ASPPH member graduate school or program of public health accredited by the Council on Education for Public Health (CEPH). (For a list of ASPPH members, seewww.ASPPH.org.)  All applicants must be U.S. citizens or hold a visa permitting permanent residence (“Green Card”) in the U.S. to be eligible for the fellowship program.

Preference will be given to candidates who are Certified in Public Health (CPH) and with a background in epidemiology and/or health policy.

The fellowship position is a full-time opportunity for duration of one year (July 2016 – July 2017, estimated).  The selected fellow will be based at the Foundation’s headquarters in Bethesda, MD.

Detailed program information and all application instructions can be accessed on theASPPH Website.

NIH Genome Sequencing Program targets the Genomic Bases of common, Rare disease

Wednesday, January 27th, 2016

The National Institutes of Health will fund a set of genome sequencing and analysis centers whose research will focus on understanding the genomic bases of common and rare human diseases. The National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), part of NIH, January 14, 2016 launched the Centers for Common Disease Genomics (CCDG), which will use genome sequencing to explore the genomic contributions to common diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, stroke and autism. NHGRI also announced the next phase of a complementary program, the Centers for Mendelian Genomics (CMG), which will continue investigating the genomic underpinnings of rare, typically inherited diseases, such as cystic fibrosis and muscular dystrophy. “Advances in DNA sequencing are creating tremendous new opportunities for exploring how the genome plays a role in human disease,” said NHGRI Director Eric Green, M.D., Ph.D. “Our continued focus on both rare and common diseases promises to reveal important aspects about the genomic architecture of a wide range of human disorders.”CCDG researchers plan to examine a select group of disorders in order to develop approaches for using genome sequencing to study common disease more broadly. By sequencing an expected 150,000 to 200,000 genomes of individuals with these diseases, the CCDG program aims to improve understanding of how genomic differences among people influence disease risk and to develop models for future studies of common disease.

NHGRI is one of the 27 institutes and centers at the National Institutes of Health. The NHGRI Extramural Research Program supports grants for research and training and career development at sites nationwide. Additional information about NHGRI can be found at www.genome.gov.

Call for Submissions: Late Breaking Lightning Talks at MLA 2016

Monday, January 25th, 2016

The 2016 MLA/CHLA/ABSC/ICLC Joint Planning Committee invites submissions for Late Breaking Lightning Talks that support the theme, “Mosaic: Be Part of the Big Picture.” Submit using MLA’s online abstract submission site starting on Monday February 15, 2016 and ending at 6:00 p.m., central time, on Monday February 29, 2016.

Keep in mind that Lightning Talks are brief, focus on one main point, and are verbally oriented.  They will be strictly limited to no more than 5 minutes of presentation time.  All Late Breaking Lightning Talks will be presented during the 9-10:25 am session on Wednesday, May 18, 2016.

Plan to submit your structured abstract for your research project or program description using the structured abstract guidelines.  When submitting structured abstracts, authors will decide whether their abstract is a research abstract or program description abstract:

  • Research abstracts report on designing, conducting, and analyzing a research project.
  • Program Description abstracts describe the creation and improvement of products, programs, technologies, administrative practices, or services conducted by librarians and information professionals.

Authors should select carefully, as different criteria are used to assess research and program description abstracts. All criteria for both kinds of abstracts are available in the Papers and Posters FAQ.

Late Breaking Lightning Talks acceptance or decline letters will be sent by Wednesday, March 30, 2016.

For more information, contact:  Carrie Iwema, AHIP  (iwema@pitt.edu).

Download the full Call for Submissions (includes both English and French).

The National Library of Medicine’s YouTube Channel

Monday, January 18th, 2016

Online video consumerism has been booming for awhile and the trend continues to grow. With more of us participating in online video environments–be it online learning or posting/watching videos on social media sites–it’s a good time to remember to add the National Library of Medicine’s excellent YouTube channel to your viewing mix!

national library of medicine youtube channelThe NLM YouTube channel was born five years ago this month in January 2011 with the following description: “Videos from the world’s largest medical library include the latest tips for harnessing NLM resources, gems from the history of medicine, glimpses of our vast and varied outreach programs and services, and recordings of exhibitions, lectures and special events.”

There are playlists such as History of Medicine, Training which includes tutorials on NLM’s numerous databases, Outreach and Services and much more!

Its diverse offering of videos is sure to cover topics of interest for health professionals, medical librarians, students and health consumers. So if you haven’t viewed the NLM YouTube channel in awhile, take some time today and see what they have to offer!

Free Online Training Opportunity: Teaching Topics

Tuesday, January 5th, 2016

Reposted from:  NNLMALL announcement dated January 5, 2015.

Join members of the National Library of Medicine Training Center (NTC) for a free, hour-long presentation that covers three teaching topics.

  1. Jessi Van Der Volgen will discuss tips and tools for creating video tutorials.
  2. Cheryl Rowan will talk about including audience culture and diversity in your training sessions.
  3. Rebecca Brown will demonstrate how to use Zaption in your online training to add interactivity to videos.

Where: Online

When: February 19, 2016 at 10:00 am PT, 11:00 am MT, noon CT, 1:00 pm ET

Registration: http://nnlm.gov/ntc/classes/register.html?schedule_id=3731

View other free training opportunities by the NTC and NN/LM at: http://nnlm.gov/training-schedule/all/NTC

MeSH Webinar: “2016 MeSH Highlights” on January 20, 2016

Tuesday, January 5th, 2016
Adapted from: NLM Technical Bulletin January 5, 2015  MeSH Webinar: “2016 MeSH Highlights” on January 20, 2016. 2016 Jan-Feb;(408):b1.
On January 20, 2016, join NLM staff for a highlights tour of the 2016 Medical Subject Headings (MeSH). A 30-minute presentation will feature a MeSH tree clean-up project; a new Clinical Study publication type; changes to the trees for diet, food and nutrition; restructuring in pharmacology and toxicology; and new terms in psychology and health care. Following the presentation, Indexing and MeSH experts will be available to answer your questions.

Date and time: Wednesday, January 20, 2016 at 10:00 a.m. MT; 11:00p.m. CST

To register: Go to https://nih.webex.com/nih/onstage/g.php?MTID=e3e7492af438d67d6137642d7bd2efbe9

A recording of the presentation will be posted following the event.

For more information about 2016 MeSH, see What’s New for 2016 MeSH and the Introduction to MeSH – 2016.