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Archive for 2010

Measures, Goals, and Objectives for Health of Americans

Thursday, December 9th, 2010

A newly-released report on Americans’ health status shows that improvement in many areas is offset by continued decline in others.  According to 2010 America’s Heath Rankings (released yesterday), the nation’s overall health improved from 20.3 percent in 2009 to 21.3 percent in 2010. But reductions in smoking, preventable hospitalizations and infectious disease were offset by continued increases in obesity, children in poverty, lack of health insurance and high school dropout rates. America’s Health Rankings is an annual comprehensive assessment of the nation’s health on a state-by-state basis and is published jointly by United Health Foundation, APHA and Partnership for Prevention.

Looking forward to the next decade, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services last week unveiled Healthy People 2020, the nation’s new 10-year goals and objectives for health promotion and disease prevention. For 30 years, Healthy People has set targets for health outcomes and objectives for reaching those targets. Healthy People provides a framework for public health prevention priorities and actions.

SCR CONNECTions Web Conference: Comparative Effectiveness Research

Thursday, December 9th, 2010

Join us on Wednesday, December 15, 2010 from 10:30 am – 11:30 am (CT) for the NN/LM SCR’s monthly web conference, SCR CONNECTions.  This month’s webinar is entitled Comparative Effectiveness Research  and will be presented by Ione Austin from the National Information Center on Health Services Research (NICHSR) division of the National Library of Medicine.

The web conference will discuss ways of locating comparative effectiveness research using PubMed and other National Library of Medicine databases.  Comparative effectiveness research, also known as Patient-Centered Outcomes Research (PCOR), is the conduct and synthesis of systematic research comparing different interventions and strategies to prevent, diagnose, treat and monitor health conditions. The purpose of this research is to inform patients, providers, and decision-makers, responding to their expressed needs, about which interventions are most effective for which patients under specific circumstances.

All NN/LM SCR web conferences are conducted via the Adobe Connect web meeting system.  You do not need to install any software to join the conference.  Simply click on the URL: https://webmeeting.nih.gov/scr/, on the log in screen, choose “Enter as a Guest” and type in your name.  Once you enter the online meeting room, follow the instructions on the screen to have the system call you on your telephone.

The SCR CONNECTions web conference is free of charge and open to all.

We’re looking forward to “seeing you” next week.

New Preparedness Resource for Tribal Cultural Heritage

Wednesday, December 1st, 2010

Heritage Preservation has begun a new national initiative, Getting Ready in Indian Country: Emergency Preparedness and Response for Native American Cultural Resources. Developed with support from the National Park Service and the Office of Environmental Compliance of the Department of the Interior, Getting Ready in Indian Country is intended to advance emergency preparedness, stimulate discussion, and inspire new projects for the care and protection of tribal heritage.

Facing AIDS on World AIDS Day, December 1

Wednesday, December 1st, 2010

red ribbonToday, December 1st,  is World AIDS Day. This day provides an opportunity to reflect on the HIV epidemic in our country and around the world. In the U.S., an estimated 1.1 million Americans are living with HIV ─ and one out of five does not know it. Worldwide, there are an estimated 33 million individuals with HIV. AIDS.gov (http://aids.gov/) encourages everyone to take action in Facing AIDS for World AIDS Day by promoting information about HIV/AIDS, encouraging people to tell their personal stories, and promoting HIV testing.

Information on HIV/AIDS and World AIDS Day can be found at:

    * World AIDS Day, December 1 http://www.worldaidsday.org/
    * Facing AIDS http://www.aids.gov/facingaids/
    * National Minority AIDS Council http://www.nmac.org/
    * National Library of Medicine HIV/AIDS Information http://sis.nlm.nih.gov/hiv.html

Yahoo! Events also has a page devoted to World AIDS Day (http://events.yahoo.com/worldaidsday/2010/) with lots of information about HIV/AIDS, including a timeline of the history of HIV/AIDS in the world.

The Kaiser Family Foundation has a number of its key resources on the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the U.S. and globally. These can be found at: 

Healthy People 2020 Launch December 2, 2010

Wednesday, November 24th, 2010

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) invites everyone to be part of the launch of Healthy People 2020 on Thursday, 2 December 2010, 10AM – 12 PM, CT. If unable to attend in person, participation via Web streaming is available, but requires advance registration.

For more than 30 years, Healthy People has provided a public health road map and compass for the country. Join as the US Department of Health and Human Services unveils health promotion and disease prevention objectives for the next decade.

The event on December 2, 2010, will mark the beginning of Healthy People 2020 and the official release of the decade’s national health promotion and disease prevention objectives. The program will include remarks from the HHS Assistant Secretary for Health Dr. Howard K. Koh and members of the Secretary’s Advisory Committee on National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives for 2020. There will be an introduction and orientation to the Healthy People 2020 Web site and objectives, followed by a panel discussion about the uses of Healthy People 2020.

The launch will be held at the Jack Morton Auditorium of the George Washington University, 805 21st Street NW, Washington, DC 20052. You can ask live questions via Webcast and Twitter. To attend the launch or participate via Web streaming, register by visiting www.healthypeople.gov/2020_reg/register.aspx.

Follow Healthy People on Twitter at www.twitter.com/gohealthypeople.

NLM Emergency Access Initiative for Haiti Extended

Monday, November 22nd, 2010

National Library of Medicine’s (NLM) Emergency Access Initiative, http://eai.nlm.nih.gov, has been extended through December 18 for access to resources usually available only by subscription. Publishers are providing access only for those affected by the cholera outbreak in Haiti and for those providing assistance to the affected population.

Click on Online Databases for access to Cochrane, DynaMed, and UpToDate. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews has relevant materials under “cholera.” DynaMed has an entry for “Cholera” and UpToDate has a section titled “Overview of Vibrio cholerae infection.” Over 70 online textbooks and over 200 journals are also available.

NLM also has a topic page, “Health Resources for Haiti, Post-Earthquake,” http://disasterinfo.nlm.nih.gov/dimrc/haitiearthquake.html with information about cholera in the top section labeled “Earthquakes and Health.” Some resources are also in Spanish, French, or Haitian Creole.

MedlinePlus offers cholera information for the general public at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/cholera.html in English and http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/spanish/cholera.html in Spanish.

MeSH First Edition Available Online

Tuesday, November 16th, 2010

Medical Subject Heading coverFeeling nostalgic about MeSH (Medical Subject Headings)?

As part of the celebration of the 50th anniversary of MeSH, the National Library of Medicine’s History of Medicine Division has scanned the first edition and mounted it on the web: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/hmd/collections/digital/MeSH/mesh.html.

If you are particularly interested in the early history of MeSH, you may want to read the original volume’s Preface by Frank B. Rogers.

Print Versus Electronic: The Great Book Debate Continues

Friday, November 12th, 2010

Stack of books and a Kindle reader

This week many librarians and information professionals tuned in for the Medical Library Association’s educational webcast “The ABCs of e-Books: Strategies for the Medical Library“. The webcast featured good tips for dealing with the acquisition and cataloging of e-books. Additional emphasis was given to better promoting e-books in library collections. Cataloging and acquisition processes aside, what really makes e-books so different from print books, and which medium is better? This debate has continued for quite awhile with both sides producing intriguing arguments.

This year the online publication ReadWriteWeb.com posted 2 articles relating to the e-book versus print debate. The e-book post evaluated 5 advantages of e-books and the print book post explored 5 advantages of paper books. Advantages explored in the e-books post included built in options such as dictionaries which make reading for comprehension easier. Additional advantages of e-books included the ability to highlight information, take digital notes and more easily search for information. Advantages of print books related to tactile aspects such as the feel and packaging of the book. Also explored were the ability to share, keep or purchase a second hand book which is lacking in the digital domain.

Additional information about the real differences between e-books and print books are also available. Stephen Abram’s recent article “P-Books vs. E-Books: Death Match?“, available in the September issue of Information Outlook, provides further insights and explores more advantages of each book type. The article is available with a subscription to Information Outlook.

Statistics show that e-books sales continue to grow. Acknowledging the changing trends in digital publishing, the New York Times announced this week that it will begin ranking e-book best sellers in both fiction and nonfiction categories in the coming year. As e-books become more commonplace and the market continues to change, how will libraries adapt to and integrate e-books into their holdings? How will e-books change the text and medical book field? Staying informed and up to date on emerging trends is one of the best ways libraries can prepare for the transitions now on the horizon.

MedlinePlus Connect and Electronic Health Records

Tuesday, November 9th, 2010

Today the National Library of Medicine (NLM) announces MedlinePlus Connect (http://medlineplus.gov/connect), a free service that allows electronic health records (EHR) systems to link users to MedlinePlus (http://medlineplus.gov), an authoritative up-to-date health information resource for patients, families and health care providers. MedlinePlus provides information about conditions and disorders, medications, and health and wellness.

MedlinePlus Connect accepts requests for information on diagnoses (problem codes) and medications. NLM mapped MedlinePlus health topics to two standard diagnostic coding systems used in EHRs: ICD-9-CM and SNOMED CT CORE Problem List Subset.  When an EHR submits a request to MedlinePlus Connect, the service returns the closest matching health topic as a response.  MedlinePlus Connect also links EHR systems to drug information written especially for patients. For medication codes, MedlinePlus Connect accepts RXCUIs and NDCs. The API for using this service conforms to the HL7 Context-Aware Knowledge Retrieval (Infobutton) Knowledge Request URL-Based Implementation specification.

MedlinePlus responds to problem code requests in either English or Spanish. Currently, it supports requests for drug information in English only.  NLM is working on adding laboratory test responses to MedlinePlus Connect. We will also support an XML-based Web service at a future date.

You can find more background and technical information at http://medlineplus.gov/connect. If you are an EHR owner or developer interested in staying up-to-date on technical developments with MedlinePlus Connect, or talking to other organizations that are using it, join the free email list at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/connect/emaillist.html. To send questions or feedback, use the MedlinePlus Contact Us link at http://apps.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/contact/index.cfm.

EDUCAUSE Releases ECAR Study of Undergraduate Students and IT

Friday, November 5th, 2010

EDUCASE has released the annual ECAR Study of Undergraduate Students and Information Technology. In order to shed light on how information technology (IT) affects the college experience, EDUCAUSE has been tracking and reporting information through the ECAR report since 2004. This information can assist librarians and educators to better understand how today’s students use and interact with information technology. By better understanding the types of technology that today’s undergraduates rely upon, better foundations can be built for distributing information to library users.

The 2010 study is a longitudinal extension of the annual studies from 2004 through 2009. The data was collected from 36,950 freshmen and seniors at 100 four-year institutions and 27 two-year institutions.

The study provides insights regarding use of web technology and mobile technologies and the impact that technology has on both education and social behaviors. Knowing how today’s undergraduates are already interacting with information technology can help libraries prepare for the technology needs of these students as they get ready for graduate and medical school.