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Selected Zika Virus Health Information Resources Compiled by NLM

For decades, the mosquito-transmitted Zika virus was mainly seen in equatorial regions of Africa and Asia, where it caused a mild, flu-like illness and rash in some people. About ten years ago, Zika outbreaks spread to the Pacific islands. Then, last spring, Zika appeared in South America, where it has so far infected more than 1 million Brazilians. A recent study published in The Lancet suggests that Zika virus could eventually reach regions of the United States in which 60% of the population resides. Humid, subtropical parts of the country might support the spread of Zika virus all year round, including southern Texas and Florida. With no vaccine or treatment currently available to prevent or treat Zika infection, the best way for individuals, and pregnant women in particular, to protect themselves is to avoid traveling to places where Zika is known to be present. If an individual has to live or work in such a region, the CDC recommends strict precautions to avoid mosquito bites, including wearing protective clothing, using insect repellants, and sleeping in rooms with window screens or air conditioning.

Following are selections from a list of resources gathered by the National Library of Medicine to assist public health departments, health care providers, librarians, and others seeking authoritative information on the virus and disease. In addition, Zika Virus and Zika Virus Infection are new terms included in NLM’s Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) vocabulary.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

World Health Organization (WHO)

Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), World Health Organization

Founding Director Appointment: UNLV Health Sciences Library

Joanne Muellenbach

The University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) University Libraries has announced the appointment of Joanne Muellenbach as Founding Director of the Health Sciences Library. The new Health Sciences Library will be part of UNLV School of Medicine’s first academic building, and designed to support the School of Medicine and all other health sciences faculty, staff and students located on the evolving health sciences campus. Reporting to the Dean of UNLV University Libraries, the Founding Director will be a key member of the leadership team of both the UNLV University Libraries as well as the UNLV School of Medicine. Ms. Muellenbach will begin her new role on April 1.

Ms. Muellenbach received her graduate degree in library science from the University of Wisconsin, and she has worked in hospital, academic health sciences and medical school libraries in the United States and Canada for more than 20 years. She was also the Founding Library Director for The Commonwealth Medical College, in Scranton, PA, and has served as a consultant for several other start-up medical libraries. Ms. Muellenbach is currently Director of Library and Learning Resources at California Health Sciences University (CHSU) in Clovis, CA, where she also serves as course director for Evidence-Based Medicine.

New Outcome Measurement Resource for Public Libraries

Recently the Public Library Association (PLA) initiated a service called Project Outcome. An article entitled “Project Outcome – Looking Back, Looking Forward” by Carolyn Anthony, director of the Skokie Public Library, IL, was recently published in Public Libraries Online that describes the successes of libraries using this service over the past six months.

Project Outcome is an online resource that provides evaluation tools that are designed to measure the impact of library programs and services, such as summer reading programs or career development programming. It also provides ready-made reports and data dashboards that can be used to give libraries and stakeholders immediate data on their programs’ outcomes.  And Project Outcome provides support and peer sharing opportunities to address common challenges and increase capacity for outcomes evaluation.

Following are some highlights about this service:

  1. Project Outcome has managed to create a structured approach for program outcome evaluation that can be used online by public libraries of all shapes and sizes, by people who have not done outcome evaluation before. Along with tools for collecting data, the resource has tutorials and support for libraries doing outcomes evaluation for the first time.
  2. Continued support and peer sharing as an integral part of the service means that PLA is building a community of librarians who use outcome evaluation.
  3. The stories that are shared by the peers as described in the article will increase the understanding that evaluation isn’t something forced on you from outside, but can be something that helps you to create a better library and enhance the meaning of your library’s programs.
  4. This process teaches librarians to start with the evaluation question (“decide what you want to learn about outcomes in your community”) and a plan for what to do with the findings. And the process ends with successfully communicating your findings to stakeholders and implementing next steps.
  5. Lastly, Project Outcome and the PLA Performance Measurement Task Force are planning the next iteration of their project that will measure whether program participants followed through with their intended outcomes.

Michael E. DeBakey Library Services Outreach Award Nominations Due May 1!

The Friends of the National Library of Medicine seek your nominations for this year’s Michael E. DeBakey Library Services Outreach Award.

  • Nominees must be currently employed as a health sciences librarian and have worked in such a position for at least five years immediately preceding the award.
  • Nominations may be made for contributions by the librarian as demonstrated by excellence and achievement in leadership, publications, teaching, research, special projects or any combination of these.
  • Nominations must be in writing and contain at least the following elements:
    1. Official nomination form
    2. Five page description of the nominee’s achievements
    3. Current resume or curriculum vitae
    4. Any additional information (no more than 10 pages) that would assist the jury in the evaluation of the nomination and selection of the recipient.
  • Self-nominations are accepted and encouraged.
  • Nominations must be received by May 1, 2016, and can be submitted via mail, email or fax.

NLM Announces Pill Image Recognition Challenge

The National Library of Medicine (NLM) announced its Pill Image Recognition Challenge January 19, 2016 in the Federal Register. The Pill Image Recognition Challenge will also be posted on Challenge.gov. The submission period for the Challenge is April 4, 2016 to May 31, 2016, with winners announced August 1, 2016.

The Pill Image Recognition Challenge is a National Institutes of Health (NIH) Challenge under the America COMPETES (Creating Opportunities to Meaningfully Promote Excellence in Technology, Education, and Science) Reauthorization Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-358). Through this Challenge the National Library of Medicine (NLM) seeks algorithms and software to match images of prescription oral solid-dose pharmaceutical medications (pills, including capsules and tablets). The objective of the Challenge is the development and discovery of high-quality algorithms and software that rank how well consumer images of prescription pills match reference images of pills in the authoritative NLM RxIMAGE database. NLM will use the Challenge entries (i.e., algorithm and software) to create a future API (Application Programming Interface) and a future software system for pill image recognition; the API will be freely accessible and the system will be freely usable.

For further details, visit the NLM News & Events page.

DOCLINE Annual and Quarterly Statistical Reports Now Available!

NLM has released the following DOCLINE quarterly statistical reports for October-December 2015:

  • Summary DOCLINE Borrower Statistics (Reports 1-1A, 1-11A, 1-1AT)
  • Summary DOCLINE Lender Statistics (Report 1-1B)
  • Detailed DOCLINE Borrower Statistics (Reports 1-2A, 1-22A)
  • Detailed DOCLINE Lender Statistics (Report 1-2B)
  • Resource Library Quarterly Report – Fill Rate (Report 2-14)
  • Loansome Doc Detailed Lender Statistics (Report 5-1A)
  • Loansome Doc Summary Statistics (Report 5-1B)

NLM has also released the following DOCLINE yearly statistical reports for January-December 2015:

  • Ranked List of Serial Titles – Borrower (Report 1-8B)
  • Ranked List of Serial Titles – Lender (Report 1-8D)
  • Summary DOCLINE Borrower Statistics (Report 1-1AY)
  • Summary DOCLINE Lender Statistics (Report 1-1BY)
  • Detailed DOCLINE Borrower Statistics (Report 1-2AY)
  • Detailed DOCLINE Lender Statistics (Report 1-2BY)

Please note: Reports 1-11A, 1-1AT and 1-22A are only distributed to libraries that have entered requests in DOCLINE for other libraries. Report 2-14 is only distributed to resource libraries.

DOCLINE statistical reports are available by going to Requests, then Reports in the DOCLINE menu. Instructions for downloading and printing reports may be found in the “Request Reports” section of the online manual (click the Help link at the top of the DOCLINE screen) or in the Reports section of DOCLINE’s FAQ page.

New AIDSinfo HIV/AIDS Treatment Guidelines App Released!

The National Library of Medicine (NLM) has announced the release of a new AIDSinfo Treatment Guidelines app for both iOS and Android devices. The AIDSinfo Treatment Guidelines app provides mobile access to the HIV/AIDS medical practice guidelines developed by working groups of the NIH Office of AIDS Research Advisory Council. The guidelines include recommendations by expert panels on the treatment of HIV infection and related opportunistic infections in adults, adolescents, and children and on the management of perinatal HIV infection.

Health care providers surveyed on the AIDSinfo website expect mobile access to up-to-date HIV information at the point of care even when an Internet connection is unavailable. Designed to meet that expectation, the app automatically refreshes guidelines content when the user is connected to a wireless or cellular data network. When wireless Internet access is not available, app users can view and search the guidelines offline, and the app will check for and download any updates when the user is back online and connected again.

Available for both iOS and Android devices, the free AIDSinfo Guidelines app includes several features to personalize the app to meet individual needs. Using these features, app users can:

  • View only guideline recommendations or tables
  • Receive alert notifications when a new guideline is released or guideline content is updated
  • Bookmark sections of a guideline
  • Add notes to sections of a guideline
  • Share guidelines and notes via social media, email, or text
  • Search for information within guidelines
  • Use the guideline spell suggest feature for searching when connected to wireless or using cellular data

The free Guidelines app may also be downloaded from the AIDSinfo website. NLM encourages feedback on this app and other features of AIDSinfo. Please email your comments and suggestions to ContactUs@aidsinfo.nih.gov.

Resources for Aliso Canyon Natural Gas (Methane) Leak

Several local and state California agencies, as well as federal agencies, are responding to the natural gas leak at the Southern California Gas Company Aliso Canyon Facility that is affecting the Porter Ranch neighborhood in Los Angeles. The National Library of Medicine Disaster Information Management Research Center (NLM Disaster Health) provides information on public health aspects of chemical incidents for the benefit of health professionals and volunteers who may be responding to an incident and for people living in or concerned about an affected region. The primary releases from the well are natural gas (methane) and odorants (tertiary butyl mercaptan and tetrahydrothiophene). The area is also being affected by “oily mist” containing assorted chemicals: benzene, toluene, ethylene, xylene, and other organics consistent with oil residues from the former oil drilling facility site. Air sampling has also noted radon and hydrogen sulfide.

A resource guide with a compilation of links on the gas leak and specific chemicals detected was prepared by NLM staff members Cindy Love, Siobhan Champ-Blackwell, and Stacey Arnesen. Contributions from NN/LM PSR staff were made by Kelli Ham, Lori Tagawa, and Alan Carr. A PDF version of the guide is also available.

MedlinePlus Launches Facebook Pages!

Looking for the latest information on diseases, condition, and wellness issues? MedlinePlus and MedlinePlus en español have joined Facebook! Feel free to “Like” these new pages!

MedlinePlus is the National Institutes of Health’s Web site for patients and their families and friends. Produced by the National Library of Medicine, the world’s largest medical library, it brings you information about diseases, conditions, and wellness issues in language you can understand. MedlinePlus offers reliable, up-to-date health information, anytime, anywhere, for free. For any questions about MedlinePlus, including its social media accounts, please use the Contact Us link that appears at the top of every MedlinePlus page to send the MedlinePlus team a message.

NIH Author Manuscripts Available for Text Mining

NIH-supported scientists have made over 300,000 author manuscripts available in PMC. Now NIH is making these papers accessible to the public in a format that will allow robust text analyses.

You can download the PMC collection of NIH-supported author manuscripts as a package in either XML or plain-text format. The collection encompasses all NIH manuscripts posted to PMC that were published in July 2008 or later. While the public can access the manuscripts’ full text and accompanying figures, tables, and multimedia via the PMC website, the newly available XML and plain-text files include full text only. In addition to text mining, the files may be used consistent with the principles of fair use under copyright law. Please note that these author manuscript files are not part of the PMC Open Access Subset.

The NIH Office of Extramural Research developed this resource to increase the impact of NIH funding. Through this collection, scientists will be able to analyze these manuscripts, further apply NIH research findings, and generate new discoveries. For more information, please visit the PMC author manuscript collection webpage.