Archive for the ‘NLM Resources’ Category
On December 12, 2013, staff from the National Library of Medicine Training Center (NTC) and NLM will present NLM Express: A PubMed® Update for PSR Network members and others who register. Learn about recently added PubMed features and interface changes from the last six months, and bring your PubMed questions to this online webinar!
PubMed® for Trainers is coming to our region (San Francisco) in February, 2014. The hybrid sessions run from Thursday, February 6, 2014 – February 26, 2014. Three of the session are online, with the final one conducted in-person at the UCSF Library and Center for Knowledge Management. Class participants are eligible for 15 MLA CE credits. The class is an in-depth look at PubMed and a chance to share training ideas with your fellow participants! This hands-on course consists of lectures, individual exercises, group work, and discussions, with approximately 2-3 hours of independent work to be done outside of class time. All sessions must be attended to receive credit. The in-person Session Four is in San Francisco on February 26, 2014, 9 am – 4:30 pm PT. Registration is now available!
TOXNET® and Beyond is designed to convey the basics of searching the NLM’s TOXNET®, a Web-based system of databases in the areas of toxicology, environmental health, and related fields. TOXNET® is a free class, offering 6.0 MLA continuing education credits. This daylong in-person course will be held Thursday, February 27, 2014, beginning at 9:00 AM PT in San Francisco at UCSF. Registration is now available!
For questions about the Pacific Southwest Region training program, please contact Kay Deeney, Educational Services Coordinator.
F. W. “Wilf” Lancaster, professor emeritus at the University of Illinois Graduate School of Library and Information Science and former NLM employee, passed away on Sunday, August 25, 2013, in Urbana, IL. Wilf’s contributions to the NLM in the early days of automated information retrieval have had a lasting impact on our information systems and services. His work as a professor and mentor also benefited the Library, as he led many fine graduate students to pursue careers at the NLM. With his passing, NLM remembers a colleague and friend.
Wilf earned a reputation for greatness in the evaluation of information storage and retrieval systems, based in part on his early experience with a comprehensive evaluation of NLM’s MEDLARS (MEDical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System). The evaluation of the MEDLARS Demand Search Service in 1966 and 1967 was one of the earliest evaluations of a computer-based retrieval system and the first application of recall and precision measures in a large, operational database setting. The use of computers for bibliographic retrieval systems was in its infancy, and many of the extant systems were small or experimental. Planning for the evaluation began in December 1965, when Wilf joined the NLM staff as Information Systems Evaluator. Following completion of the MEDLARS evaluation, he developed NLM training programs in his roles as Deputy Chief of the Bibliographic Services Division and Special Assistant to the Associate Director for Library Operations.
In 1970-1971, Wilf conducted an evaluation of the MEDLARS AIM-TWX system, an innovative experimental service that was the precursor of MEDLINE/PubMed. This was an important study of early online systems and their direct use by end users. Written more than 40 years ago, his report reflects his signature forward-thinking attitude toward system design, as relevant today as then: “We should always look for ways of improving retrieval systems and making them more attractive to potential users. The philosophy that ‘the system is used, therefore it is good’ is a very shallow one. We must not assume that a system having appeal today will always retain this appeal….novelty wears off and system designers cannot afford to rest too long on their laurels. In the past, users have been required to adapt to the information system. In the future systems must be designed that adapt to the users.”
For further information on Wilf’s extraordinary accomplishments and influence, see the Festschrift published in his honor by Library Trends in 2008, “Essays Honoring the Legacy of F. W. Lancaster,” (Volume 56, Issue 4). One of the articles, entitled “Excellence in Evaluation: Early Landmarks at the National Library of Medicine,” focuses on his work at NLM and was used as the source for the above summary of contributions to NLM. His obituary is also available online.
Eight journalists represent this year’s class of AHCJ-National Library of Medicine fellows. The fellowship program was created to increase reporters’ access and understanding of the resources available at the National Library of Medicine (NLM) and the National Institutes of Health.
The journalists chosen to take part this year are:
- Betsy Agnvall, features editor, AARP Bulletin
- Kristine Crane, science & health writer, The Gainesville(FL) Sun
- Robert Fulton, independent journalist, Los Angeles
- Christine Gorman, senior editor, Scientific American
- Elizabeth Landau, writer/producer, CNN.com
- Valerie Lego, health reporter, WZZM-Grand Rapids, MI
- Robert Lott, editor of special content, Health Affairs
- Kerry Sheridan, health and science writer, Agence France-Presse
The fellows’ visit to the NIH campus in Bethesda, MD, September 15-19, includes hands-on workshops about how to use and get the most from government research databases, such as PubMed, MedlinePlus, ClinicalTrials.gov and ToxNet. Fellows also will meet with senior NLM and NIH researchers and officials for exclusive informational sessions. The fellows were selected from 42 qualified applicants. AHCJ is an independent, nonprofit organization dedicated to advancing public understanding of health care issues. With more than 1,400 members, its mission is to improve the quality, accuracy and visibility of health care reporting, writing and editing. The association and its Center for Excellence in Health Care Journalism are based at the Missouri School of Journalism.
NLM has funded and shaped biomedical informatics education and training for 35 years, including programs to reach physicians and other health care professionals, biomedical science faculty, librarians, and students. Over the next ten years a greatly expanded and more diverse workforce of health care professionals, informaticians, and librarians trained in informatics will be needed to develop and deploy systems to support basic, clinical, and translational research, to support telemedicine and electronic health records, and to support the use of literature and genomic databases.
NLM has issued a request for proposals to select a host institution for the NLM Biomedical Informatics Training Course. Please see the Request for Proposals for details; and share with any institution or organization you think might be interested. The application deadline is October 9, 2013. Selected institutions will be expected to host up to l0 semiannual one-week residential sessions over a period of 5 years (one per year, with an option to offer a second course each year) to train approximately 30 selected health professionals, scientists, and information professionals per class. One award is anticipated to be made on or about February 15, 2014.
An updated version of TOXNET (TOXicology Data NETwork) will be released in 2014. The new design will offer seamless navigation for non-professionals as well as professionals. The update will include a more current look and feel, improved interactive capabilities, and a better integrated “All Search Results” feature.
TOXNET is a group of databases covering toxicology, hazardous chemicals, environmental health, and related areas. The Web interface provides an easy way to search databases of varying formats and content. It can be used to locate toxicology data, literature references, and toxics release information on particular chemicals, as well as to identify chemicals that cause specific effects. TOXNET was originally designed and developed prior to the Internet, primarily for a professional audience. It has become increasingly important for its data to be accessible for a wide variety of users, many of whom are not professionals in the toxicological fields, and who are not familiar with the related vocabulary and acronyms.
As a means to reach out and engage with its user community, PubChem has launched a social media campaign. PubChem is a free chemical database and an open archive of the biological activities of millions of substances. PubChem is a part of the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), a division of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
PubChem now has accounts on Twitter, Facebook, and Google+ to post information about new PubChem features and data updates. Another highlight is the new PubChem Blog, which is intended to help you better understand PubChem, explore issues of scientific interest that drive the development of new features, and demonstrate how you can use PubChem resources to help enhance your research.
Major new versions of the REMM website and Mobile REMM apps have been released. Key changes include:
- New multimedia in the REMM Multimedia Library
- Incident timeline
- Recovery Phase Continuum Timeline
- Transportation incidents involving radioactive material (3 new US DOT videos), including decontamination techniques
- Shrinking fallout zones after an IND detonation Watch video
- Sheltering: Selecting a safe room after an IND detonation
- Lethality and radiation dose: LD 50/60
- Hospital Approach to patients Presenting after a Nuclear Detonation
- Link to all videos on REMM
- Graphic Showing Radiation Effect on Neutrophils
- Update to the Isotopes of Interest table
- Other Audiences section has 2 new groups: Public Health Emergency Researchers and Medical Examiners / Coroners
- New pages on REMM: Collection of data: prototypes of forms for radiation safety and medical data tracking, and Describing an Incident: Definition, Severity, Phases, Timeline
- Significant updates to key pages
- Nuclear Detonation: Weapons, INDs
- Transportation Incidents
- Triage Guidelines
- Nuclear Power Plant and Reactor Incidents: new page title and new content
- Burn Triage and Treatment: Thermal Injuries
- Strategic National Stockpile
- Planners: Preparedness and Response
- Public Information Officers
- Training and Education: Educational Competencies for Health Care Professionals
- Updated Prototype for Medical Orders
- Updated fever and neutropenia information
- REMM YouTube Channel updated
- Improved REMM bibliography
Coming soon in October 2013 are complete redesigns of the interactive tool Managing ARS and of Mobile REMM app for iPhone, Android, and Blackberry!
The National Library of Medicine (NLM) announced the digital release of The Reward of Courage, a 1921 silent film long believed to have been lost. Produced by the American Society for the Control of Cancer (the ASCC, later renamed the American Cancer Society), and funded by a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation, The Reward of Courage is a melodrama in the grand silent-era tradition. The film pits charlatans who promise cures through the use of quack salves and pastes against the forces of scientific medicine and the U.S. postal authorities, who crack down on such fraudulent and dangerous claims. This battle of good versus evil unfolds against a tender love story: the coming together of two young lovers is threatened by the mistaken belief that cancer is an inheritable disease and would afflict the offspring of their union. In fact, we now know that a predisposition to get certain forms of cancer can be inherited, but no reliable research on this had been done in the early twentieth century. The film calls for the establishment of clinics in industrial workplaces, to promote worker health and higher productivity, and provides what is likely the first representation in film of a breast examination for cancer.
Discovered in the film collections of the Library of Congress, The Reward of Courage was meticulously restored through cooperation between the NLM and the Library of Congress, transferred from its unstable nitrate base, and augmented with a musical soundtrack for the film, following the traditional silent-film practice of screening films with live musical accompaniment. The National Library of Medicine announced the digital release of both the original, silent version of The Reward of Courage and the newly-scored version, on the NLM’s Medical Movies on the Web, a curated portal featuring selected motion pictures from the NLM’s world-renowned collection of over 30,000 audiovisual titles. All of the motion pictures featured on Medical Movies on the Web, and others from the NLM’s audiovisual collection, are also available through the NLM’s YouTube site and through its Digital Collections.
Images from The Reward of Courage (1921): (left) Miss Keene, the nurse at Dr. Dale’s clinic, examines Anna Flint. This is probably the first cinematic representation of a breast examination for cancer; (middle) Hidden behind a curtain, Morris Maxwell overhears a conversation about Anna’s cancer diagnosis before offering Anna a painless ‘cure’ for the disease for $200.00, his Radiumized Paste; and (right) Part of the animated section of the film showing the spread of cancer and its consequences, highlighted by arrows. The line drawing of the human figure and dark blotches of the tumors also serve to counter the prospect of any paralyzing fear or disgust that might be evoked by a live action image of tumors.
Health science librarians are invited to participate in an online bioinformatics training course, Fundamentals of Bioinformatics and Searching, sponsored by the National Library of Medicine (NLM), the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), and the National Network of Libraries of Medicine, NLM Training Center (NTC). The course provides basic knowledge and skills for librarians interested in helping patrons use online molecular databases and tools from the NCBI. Attending this course will improve your ability to initiate or extend bioinformatics services at your institution. Prior knowledge of molecular biology and genetics is not required.
The major goal of this course is to provide an introduction to bioinformatics theory and practice in support of developing and implementing library-based bioinformatics products and services. This material is essential for decision-making and implementation of these programs, particularly instructional and reference services. The course encompasses visualizing bioinformatics end-user practice, places a strong emphasis on hands-on acquisition of NCBI search competencies, and a working molecular biology vocabulary, through self-paced hands-on exercises.
This course is offered online (asynchronous) from October 21 – December 2, 2013. The course format includes video lectures, readings, a molecular vocabulary exercise, an NCBI discovery exercise, and other hands-on exercises. The instructor is Diane Rein, Ph.D., MLS, Bioinformatics and Molecular Biology Liaison from the Health Science Library, University at Buffalo. Due to limited enrollment, interested participants are required to complete an application form. The deadline for completing the application is September 9, 2013; participants will be notified of acceptance on September 23, 2013.
The course is offered at no cost to participants. Participants who complete all assignments and the course evaluation by the due dates within the course will receive 15 hours of MLA CE credit. No partial CE credit is granted. This course is a prerequisite for the face-to-face workshop, Librarian’s Guide to NCBI. Participants who complete the required coursework and earn full continuing education credit will be eligible to apply to attend the five-day Librarian’s Guide that will be offered in April of 2014. Questions about the online course may be directed to the course organizers.
The National Library of Medicine’s (NLM) Medical Text Indexer is being used as one of the baselines for the international BioASQ challenge. The Medical Text Indexer (MTI), a system for producing indexing recommendations, assists in the indexing process at NLM. The BioASQ challenge is a series of challenges on biomedical semantic indexing and question answering, with the aim of advancing the state of the art accessibility for researchers and clinicians to biomedical text. The MTI indexing results are providing one of the baselines used in the “Large-scale online biomedical semantic indexing” part of the challenge, which is designed to parallel the human indexing currently being done at NLM. Alan R. Aronson, PhD, Principal Investigator for the MTI project, also will be delivering an invited talk on Indexing The Biomedical Literature In A Time Of Increased Demand And Limited Resources at the BioASQ Workshop in September. Dr. Aronson is a Principal Investigator at the Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical Communications, an Intramural Research Division of the National Library of Medicine.