Archive for the ‘General’ Category
The National Library of Medicine has launched an online adaptation of the traveling banner exhibition, A Voyage to Health, an exploration of how the revival of Native Hawaiian sea voyaging traditions helped heal the soul of the community. The launch of the web site celebrates the 19-year anniversary of the May 9, 1994 return of Kanaloa Kaho‘olawe island to the Hawaiian people by the United States Navy. This online project begins with the migration of voyagers from the South Pacific who settled on the Hawaiian island of Kanaloa Kaho‘olawe, and details the loss of sovereignty and suppression of culture Native Hawaiians experienced by the US annexation of Hawai‘i. It highlights the contemporary movement to reclaim and protect Kanaloa Kaho‘olawe, and the restoration of traditional sea voyaging, which have served as unexpected catalysts of a Native Hawaiian cultural renaissance; a reconnection to ancient sources of pride and wellness.
The web site is augmented by education resources that explore the exhibition content: two lesson plans for grades 4-8; a six-class higher education module developed by noted Native Hawaiian scholar Davianna Pōmaika‘i McGregor, PhD; two online activities; and a collection of other online resources. A Voyage to Health was curated by Davianna Pōmaika‘i McGregor, PhD (University of Hawai‘i), Hardy Spoehr (Papa Ola Lokahi), and Maile Taualii, PhD, MPH (Papa Ola Lokahi), in cooperation with NLM Exhibition Program curator Manon Parry, PhD. The traveling banner exhibition A Voyage to Health has traveled to 17 locations in the continental United States and nine locations around the world!
The NLM exhibit booth at the 2013 Annual Meeting of the Medical Library Association in Boston featured theater presentations to bring users up-to-date on several NLM products and services. The presentation recordings are captioned and accessible from the NLM Distance Education Program Resources page. The presentations include:
Note: To listen to the voice recordings and view the captions you may need the latest version of Flash® Player (download for free from the Adobe Web site). To zoom in to detailed screens, use the scroll button. For more information, go to the NLM Technical Bulletin page.
The federal government’s Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) has developed a free resource to help health care providers learn more about the evidence supporting eight quality improvement strategies. “Closing the Quality Gap: Revisiting the State of the Science” (CQG Series) is a new series of eight evidence reports that focus on various aspects of health care quality. This series not only expands the topic terrain beyond that covered in the initial 2004-2007 collection of reports, but also marshals the knowledge of eight Evidence-based Practice Centers (EPCs), with the goal of applying and advancing the state of the science for improving the health care system for the benefit of all patients. AHRQ’s evidence reports offer an unbiased analysis of available research on specific health care topics. The individual reports are:
- “Bundled Payment: Effects on Health Care Spending and Quality” 12-E007-1
- “The Patient-Centered Medical Home” 12-E008-1
- “Quality Improvement Interventions to Address Health Disparities” 12-E009-1
- “Medication Adherence Interventions: Comparative Effectiveness” 12-E010-1
- “Public Reporting as a Quality Improvement Strategy” 12-E011-1
- “Prevention of Healthcare–Associated Infections” 12(13)-E012-1
- “Quality Improvement Measurement of Outcomes for People With Disabilities” 12(13)-E013-1
- “Improving Health Care and Palliative Care for Advanced and Serious Illness” 12(13)-E014-1
To order the set, request publication OM 13-0014 from the AHRQ Publications Clearinghouse at 1-800-358-9295 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Effective March 31, 2013, the National Library of Medicine (NLM) began use of RDA: Resource Description and Access for all original cataloging of modern material, replacing the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, 2nd edition (AACR2). Bibliographic records distributed by NLM will continue to contain a mix of RDA and AACR2 records, since NLM will accept AACR2 copy without upgrading these records to RDA. Any new authority records created by NLM will follow RDA guidelines, regardless of the rules used to create the bibliographic data. For more information, visit the RDA section on the NLM Cataloging homepage.
The National Library of Medicine (NLM) has a deep interest in the publishing models used by scientific journals, from the viewpoints of practical and efficient use of titles that are indexed for MEDLINE, and the clear and accurate preservation of the scientific literature for use by future generations. NLM has been a partner in the development of a Recommended Practice that will provide guidance on the presentation and identification of electronic journals, an undertaking of the National Information Standards Organization (NISO). The recommendations will ensure long-term online accessibility to scholarly journals even after title and publisher changes.
On March 27, 2013, NISO announced the publication of a new Recommended Practice: PIE-J: Presentation & Identification of E-Journals (NISO RP-16-2013). This Recommended Practice was developed to provide guidance on the presentation of e-journals, particularly in the areas of title presentation, accurate use of ISSN, and citation practices, to publishers and platform providers, as well as to solve some long-standing concerns of serials, collections, and electronic resources librarians. In addition to the recommendations, the document includes extensive examples of good practices, using screenshots from various publishers’ online journals platforms; a discussion of helpful resources for obtaining title history and ISSN information; an overview of the International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) and key points for using it correctly; an explanation of the Digital Object Identifier (DOI®), the registration agency CrossRef, and tips on using DOIs for journal title management; and a review of related standards and recommended practices. The PIE-J Recommended Practice and a brochure summarizing the recommendations are available from the NISO PIE-J workroom Web site.
On February 23, 2013, the Board of Directors of the National Federation of Advanced Information Services (NFAIS) awarded the title of Honorary Fellow of the Federation to Sheldon Kotzin, the former Associate Director for Library Operations at the National Library of Medicine (NLM), who retired in June, 2012. This honor was conferred upon him at the recent 55th NFAIS Annual Conference in Philadelphia. NFAIS Honorary Fellows are individuals who have made outstanding contributions to the Federation, and who are currently not on the staff of a member organization. Honorary Fellows are given lifetime membership in NFAIS, and are entitled to the privileges accorded staff of member organizations.
Mr. Kotzin was very active in NFAIS on behalf of NLM. He served as the NLM Assembly representative (1989-2005), served on the NFAIS Board (1994-2002), and served as NFAIS treasurer (1996) and secretary (1998). He also participated in NFAIS committees and task forces, was a regular attendee of the NFAIS annual conference, and a strong supporter of the Federation. His contributions and activities benefited both NLM and NFAIS enormously!
Dr. C. Everett Koop died on February 25, 2013, peacefully at his home in Hanover, NH. He was 96. After a 35-year career as an internationally acclaimed pediatric surgeon, during the 1980s Dr. Koop turned a federal office with a minimal budget and staff, the office of the U.S. Surgeon General, into the most authoritative platform from which to educate the nation on matters of health promotion, disease prevention, and emerging health threats, including smoking, domestic violence, disability rights, and, most urgently, AIDS. Dr. Koop helped the nation face this most fearsome emerging infectious disease. On this and other issues he often surprised supporters and critics alike. “I had the privilege of working with Dr. Koop, and seeing firsthand his commitment to public health, when as Surgeon General he served on the National Library of Medicine Board of Regents,” said NLM Director Dr. Donald A.B. Lindberg. “It is especially fitting that his papers are part of the Library’s online collection, Profiles in Science, given that he was such a strong advocate of health information for the public and the use of the Internet for disseminating it.”
Through NLM’s Profiles in Science Web site, which is dedicated to the lives and works of 20th-century leaders in science, medicine, and public health, visitors may view a selection of the C. Everett Koop Papers, including correspondence, speeches, lecture notes, published articles and editorials, photographs, and audiovisual recordings, illustrating Dr. Koop’s tenure as U.S. Surgeon General, from 1981 to 1989. Visitors to the site can view, for example, a transcript of Dr. Koop’s press conference announcing the release of his seminal report on AIDS in October 1986, as well as photographs from his career as a pediatric surgeon. Profiles in Science also places Dr. Koop’s accomplishments as Surgeon General in the context of the medical advances, political debates, and cultural developments of the 1980s. As a special feature of this site, Dr. Koop provided introductions to many of his speeches in which he describes their context, setting, and impact. The Reports of the Surgeon General, including those authored by Dr. Koop, are also available online through NLM.
Individuals interested in conducting research in the C. Everett Koop Papers are invited to consult the finding aid to the collection and/or contact the National Library of Medicine. In addition, Francis S. Collins, M.D., Ph.D., Director, National Institutes of Health, has issued a statement on the passing of Dr. Koop.
Elizabeth Blackwell (1700-1758) was the daughter of a successful Scottish merchant and one of the first women to establish herself as a botanical illustrator. Now available from the National Library of Medicine is a “Turning the Pages” virtual version of Blackwell’s A Curious Herbal, a book published in London in parts between 1737 and 1739. Today, this book is widely recognized by scholars and the public alike for its colorful and detailed illustrations of hundreds of medicinal plants. Discover selections from A Curious Herbal online, via iPad App, and in kiosks onsite at the NLM.
Based on the NLM’s copy of A Curious Herbal, which is part of the Library’s large and important collection of rare herbals and other books on plants and natural history, this Turning the Pages project includes 38 curated images from the over 500 plates in the book. Readers will learn about Blackwell’s medicinal uses for plants, such as the white lily which she thought to be “good for all pains of the joints and contracted nerves,” and the grape vine which “strengthens the stomach, helps digestion, comforts ye bowels, and is a great preservative against the plague.”
Blackwell originally conceived of A Curious Herbal to describe and illustrate medicinal plants from the New World because her husband, Alexander, had been sent to debtors’ prison in London, and they had an urgent need to raise funds. Blackwell selected and studied plant specimens at the Chelsea Physick Garden and drew the plants, while her husband wrote much of the text using his medical training. Launched at the NLM in 2001, Turning the Pages is part of an ongoing collaboration between research engineers at the Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical Communications and curators and historians at the NLM’s History of Medicine Division, to help make the NLM’s rare and unique history of medicine collections widely available to the public.
In November, 2012, NIH announced upcoming changes to the public access policy reporting requirements, and funding delays for grant awards that are not in compliance with the policy. This week, NIH announced that the compliance measures outlined in the November guide notice will be implemented for all awards with anticipated start dates on or after July 1, 2013, as stated in NIH Guide Notice NOT-13-042. The public access compliance monitor is a web-based tool that allows administrators to monitor policy compliance across their particular institution. A three-minute YouTube video is available for a quick look at its features. More in-depth training is available from a recording of a public webinar, held in January, 2013, and designed for compliance officials at grantee institutions. Additionally, the NIH Office of Extramural Research (OER) presents conversations with NIH staff members, through its All About Grants podcast series. Check out the new episodes on public access, designed for researchers and compliance officials, featuring NIH staff involved in public access policy implementation.
The National Library of Medicine has released two new resources for the study of mental health history: the papers of Louis Sokoloff (b. 1921), a noted neurochemical researcher at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), and an updated online Guide to Mental Health Motion Pictures. From 1957 until his retirement more than 40 years later, Dr. Sokoloff served as Chief of Cerebral Metabolism at the NIMH. In 1981 he won the Albert Lasker Award for Clinical Research for developing methods of measuring metabolic activity that led to development of positron-emission tomography for the brain. The Sokoloff collection comprises materials from 1953 to 2004. In addition to laboratory notebooks and drafts of articles, the collection is particularly noteworthy for the radiographs that Dr. Sokoloff used as part of the development of his imaging techniques. A finding aid to the Sokoloff collection is available.
NLM’s updated, online Guide to Mental Health Motion Pictures provides information covering over 200 films and video recordings produced from the 1930s through 1970, including links from each title to NLM’s catalog record. The films show the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders as defined at the time they were made. The productions range from ideological, documentary, educational, and training films to military-produced titles explaining the psychological impact of war. The therapies shown range widely, from insulin-shock and electroconvulsive therapies and surgical approaches such as lobotomy, to the mid-twentieth-century revolution in pharmaceutical intervention. The films also document the therapeutic shift towards community-based mental health. The Guide joins previous NLM subject guides to films, notably the Guide to Tropical Disease Motion Pictures and Audiovisuals (2009), and the National Library of Medicine’s Motion Pictures and Videocassettes about the Public Health Service and Its Agencies (1998). NLM’s audiovisual collection includes over 30,000 titles and is the foremost medical film archive in the world.