Archive for 2014
The National Library of Medicine (NLM) is pleased to announce its participation in the second year of the National Digital Stewardship Residency (NDSR), a significant partnership of the Library of Congress (LC) and the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS), to build a dedicated community of stewards capable of managing, preserving and making accessible the nation’s digital assets. The NDSR enables recent Master’s program graduates in relevant fields to complete a paid 12-month residency at host institutions in the Washington DC area, where they work on significant digital stewardship projects. Similar NDSR programs are on-going in Boston and New York.
NLM’s NDSR project proposal, to select and preserve an NLM-produced software product, was chosen in a highly competitive process from about 15 other proposals. NLM will join the American Institute of Architects, the DC Public Library, the Government Publishing Office and the U.S. Senate, Historical Office as a host institution beginning in June, 2015. A detailed list of all five projects can be found at the NDSR website. This is the second year that NLM has been chosen as an NDSR host site, evidence of NLM’s commitment and support of digital stewardship.
NDSR is now accepting applications for qualified applicants for places in the five Washington DC host institutions. The residency application period is open from December 17 to January 30. The application instructions and list of requirements can be found on the NDSR website. Candidates may apply online for one of the five residencies.
Permanent links to National Library of Medicine (NLM) TOXNET records are now provided for the Hazardous Substances Data Bank (HSDB), TOXLINE, LactMed, Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology Database (DART), Toxics Release Inventory (TRI), Comparative Toxicogenomics Database (CTD), Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS), International Toxicity Estimates for Risk (ITER), Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System (CCRIS), and GENE-TOX.
To create a permanent link, click on the “Permalink” button found in the upper right of a TOXNET record. This provides a pop-up window with a URL to share or to save for retrieving the record at a later time.
In January, 2015, the NIH Manuscript Submission (NIHMS) system will be getting a new interface design, which will streamline the login and manuscript submission processes and provide relevant help information on each screen. The NIHMS sign-in routes will be available from the homepage, with options based on a funding agency or signing in through NCBI. The new homepage will also include a graphic overview of the NIHMS process, allowing you to hover over each step for more information or to click on “Learn More” to read the complete overview in the FAQ. Once you are signed in to NIHMS, you will be directed to your Manuscript List. From this page you can manage and track your existing submissions, submit a new manuscript, and search for a record. You can also click on any headings in the information box to expand a topic and read the help text. The initial deposit will still require you to enter a manuscript and journal title, deposit complete manuscript files, and specify funding information and the embargo.
Key updates will include:
- Assigning an NIHMSID to a record only after files have been uploaded, i.e., at the Check Files step;
- A streamlined deposit process with clearly defined and explained actions in each step;
- Requiring the Submitter to open the PDF Receipt to review the uploaded files and confirm that the submission is complete before advancing to the next step;
- Relevant help information on each page; and
- Requiring the Reviewer to add funding before approving the initial deposit.
As part of the omnibus budget measure signed by President Obama in December 2014, Congress changed the name of NCCAM to the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, or NCCIH. The change was made to more accurately reflect the Center’s research commitment to studying promising health approaches that are already in use by the American public. Since the Center’s inception, complementary approaches have grown in use to the point that Americans no longer consider them an alternative to medical care. The name change is in keeping with the Center’s existing Congressional mandate and is aligned with the strategic plan currently guiding the Center’s research priorities and public education activities. The mission of the organization will remain unchanged.
Large population-based surveys have found that the use of “alternative medicine,” unproven practices used in place of conventional medicine, is actually rare. By contrast, integrative health care, which can be defined as combining complementary approaches into conventional treatment plans, has grown within care settings across the nation, including hospitals, hospices, and military health facilities. The goal of an integrative approach is to enhance overall health, prevent disease, and to alleviate debilitating symptoms such as pain and stress and anxiety management that often affects patients coping with complex and chronic disease.
The Office of Alternative Medicine (OAM) was established in 1992 within the Office of the Director, NIH, to facilitate the study and evaluation of complementary and alternative medical practices and to disseminate the resulting information to the public. In 1998, NCCAM was established by Congress, elevating OAM to the status of an NIH center. In February 2011, NCCAM released Exploring the Science of Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Third Strategic Plan 2011–2015, which continues to guide NCCIH’s work.
As of December 15, PubMed/MEDLINE citations (including the backlog of citations indexed since November 19 with 2015 MeSH), the MeSH database, and the NLM Catalog were updated to reflect 2015 MeSH. The MeSH translation tables were also updated on December 15. Now that end-of-year activities are complete, MEDLINE/PubMed may be searched using 2015 MeSH vocabulary. Highlights of MEDLINE Data Changes for 2015 were previously published in the NN/LM PSR Latitudes blog. On December 16, NLM resumed daily MEDLINE updates to PubMed.
The National Library of Medicine plans to release DOCLINE 5.1 on the morning of Thursday, December 11, 2014. This latest version of DOCLINE will allow libraries to turn off checking LinkOut as the source for embargo periods during routing for all titles. The global on/off setting is only displayed for LinkOut participants. Additionally, a new summary count of holdings by format and by type of embargo (e.g., LinkOut, manual, none) will be added. Following is an overview of the upcoming features including links to screenshots:
- Membership: Added new feature to allow libraries to turn off checking LinkOut as source for embargo periods during routing for all titles. The global on/off setting is only displayed for LinkOut participants.
- Membership: Added new summary count of holdings by format and by type of embargo (e.g. LinkOut, manual, none).
- Online Help: Updated online help manual and FAQs for new or modified features.
For more information, visit the DOCLINE 5.1 Release Notes.
The National Library of Medicine (NLM) TOXMAP’s new Flash-based beta now includes 2013 coal emissions data published by the US EPA’s Clean Air Markets program. Data was obtained from the Air Markets Program Data (AMPD) tool, a publicly-available data system for searching and downloading data collected as part of EPA’s emissions trading programs. In 2013, about 2.1 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions were attributable to electricity generated from coal.
TOXMAP is a Geographic Information System (GIS) from the National Library of Medicine (NLM) that uses maps of the United States to help users visually explore data from the EPA’s Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) and Superfund Programs.
The National Library of Medicine (NLM) adopted the 2015 MeSH vocabulary for cataloging on November 24, 2014. Accordingly, MeSH subject headings in LocatorPlus were changed to reflect the 2015 MeSH vocabulary and appear in that form as of November 24. When year-end processing (YEP) activities are completed in mid-December, the NLM Catalog, MeSH database, and translation tables will be updated to reflect 2015 MeSH. Until then, there will be a hiatus in the addition of new and edited bibliographic records to the NLM Catalog. The Index to the NLM Classification will not reflect 2015 MeSH changes until Spring 2015. In general, the Cataloging Section implemented the vocabulary changes in NLM bibliographic records for books, serials, and other materials, as they were applied for citations in MEDLINE. Following are a few highlights:
Death vs. Mortality
New terms were created: Infant Death and Perinatal Death. These terms complement the existing MeSH terms Infant Mortality and Perinatal Mortality. Death terms are used for biological, physiological, or psychological concepts while mortality terms are used for statistical concepts. There is some overlap with the perinatal terms. Catalogers should follow the annotations carefully.
The new term Sociological Factors, formerly an entry term (ET) to the specialty term Sociology, now serves as an overall heading for specific sociological characteristics and phenomena. Other new “social” terms include Social Theory, Social Capital, Social Norms, and Social Skills.
Missions Terms and Religious Personnel
The 2014 MeSH Missions and Missionaries was deleted. For 2015 MeSH, the concept of missions was separated from the persons involved in missionary work. Two new terms were created: Religious Missions and Missionaries. The automated MeSH changes that took place November 22-23 replaced the term Missions and Missionaries with Religious Missions. Cataloging staff will conduct additional manual processing in December to add Missionaries to the set of records that also have PT Biography, Autobiography, or Personal Narratives. Note that the existing term Medical Missions, Official is still available. Religious Personnel was created as an overall term under which Clergy and the new terms Monks and Nuns are treed. Several entry terms were created for the existing term, Clergy: Chaplains, Clerics, Deacons, Imams, Ministers, Pastors, Priests, and Rabbis.
The new term Manufacturing Industry, formerly an entry term to Industry, now serves as an overall heading for specific manufacturing industries.
Publication Types (PTs) and Related Terms
No new Publication Types were created for 2015.
Rural and medically underserved areas often have challenges including both increased health disparities and population health issues combined with limited resources and healthcare providers to help meet these challenges. The use of appropriate program evaluation measures can help to assess what actually works for rural health settings since many evidence-based strategies are based on urban and non-rural populations.
The Rural Assistance Center has recently issued a freely available online guide, which is intended to help an organization:
- Identify the similarities and differences among rural health research, assessment, and evaluation
- Discuss common methods, such as surveys and focus groups
- Provide contacts within the field of rural health research
- Address the importance of community-based participatory research to rural communities
- Look at the community health needs assessment (CHNA) requirements for non-profit hospitals and public health
- Examine the importance of building the evidence-base so interventions conducted in rural areas have the maximum possible impact
NLM will be including the databank name for the Thai Clinical Trials Registry (TCTR) starting with citations to articles published in 2014. TCTR is a World Health Organization (WHO) primary clinical trial registry. The MEDLINE Databank Sources webpage has been updated to include this new listing.
Other clinical trial databank sources that appear in the Secondary Source ID [SI] element in the PubMed MEDLINE display include:
- ClinicalTrials.gov Database (NIH/NLM)
- Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry
- Chinese Clinical Trials Registry
- Clinical Research Information Service, Republic of Korea
- Clinical Trials Registry – India
- German Clinical Trials Register
- EU Clinical Trials Register
- Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials
- International Standard Randomized Controlled Trial Number (ISRCTN.org) Register
- Japan Primary Registries Network
- The Netherlands National Trial Register
- Pan African Clinical Trial Register
- Brazilian Clinical Trials Registry
- Cuban Public Registry of Clinical Trials
- Sri Lanka Clinical Trials Registry