Archive for 2012
The National Library of Medicine has released two new resources for the study of mental health history: the papers of Louis Sokoloff (b. 1921), a noted neurochemical researcher at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), and an updated online Guide to Mental Health Motion Pictures. From 1957 until his retirement more than 40 years later, Dr. Sokoloff served as Chief of Cerebral Metabolism at the NIMH. In 1981 he won the Albert Lasker Award for Clinical Research for developing methods of measuring metabolic activity that led to development of positron-emission tomography for the brain. The Sokoloff collection comprises materials from 1953 to 2004. In addition to laboratory notebooks and drafts of articles, the collection is particularly noteworthy for the radiographs that Dr. Sokoloff used as part of the development of his imaging techniques. A finding aid to the Sokoloff collection is available.
NLM’s updated, online Guide to Mental Health Motion Pictures provides information covering over 200 films and video recordings produced from the 1930s through 1970, including links from each title to NLM’s catalog record. The films show the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders as defined at the time they were made. The productions range from ideological, documentary, educational, and training films to military-produced titles explaining the psychological impact of war. The therapies shown range widely, from insulin-shock and electroconvulsive therapies and surgical approaches such as lobotomy, to the mid-twentieth-century revolution in pharmaceutical intervention. The films also document the therapeutic shift towards community-based mental health. The Guide joins previous NLM subject guides to films, notably the Guide to Tropical Disease Motion Pictures and Audiovisuals (2009), and the National Library of Medicine’s Motion Pictures and Videocassettes about the Public Health Service and Its Agencies (1998). NLM’s audiovisual collection includes over 30,000 titles and is the foremost medical film archive in the world.
NIH’s public access policy ensures that the results of NIH-funded research are accessible to everyone, for the benefit of advancing science and improving human health. On a typical weekday, over 700,000 users retrieve more than 1.5 million papers on PubMed Central (PMC), the host archive for the public access policy. Since the policy was implemented in 2008, much attention has focused on outreach to the grantee community. This strategy, along with the research community’s shared commitment to making public the results of NIH-supported research, has resulted in a high level of compliance. However, public access is a statutory requirement, and improved compliance is still needed.
New guidelines (NOT-OD-12-160) have been issued, announcing that in spring 2013, at the earliest, NIH will delay processing of non-competing continuation grant awards, if publications arising from that award are not in compliance with the NIH public access policy. Once publications are in compliance, awards will go forward. This change will take effect in tandem with NIH requiring the use of the Research Performance Progress Report (RPPRs) for all Streamlined Non-competing Award Process (SNAP) and Fellowship awards, also in the spring of 2013.
These changes are being announced several months in advance of implementation, to give awardees as much time as possible to comply with the policy. Awardees should be strongly encouraged to comply with the public access policy. Recent enhancements to My NCBI allow awardees to associate papers with their awards, and track public access compliance. Additional helpful resources, including frequently asked questions about the public access policy, are available on the web site.
The Fall 2012 issue of NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine is available online. NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine is the free, trusted consumer guide to the vast array of authoritative online health and medical information at MedlinePlus. Published four times a year, the magazine showcases the National Institutes of Health’s (NIH) latest medical research and healthcare information. In this issue:
- NIH Research: Dr. Anthony Fauci—Turning the Tide Against AIDS
- Steady Advances in Cystic Fibrosis Research
- Steady Advances Against Cystic Fibrosis
- Cystic Fibrosis: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment
- Living with CF
- Cystic Fibrosis Research
- Diabetes Complications
- Learning A Healthier Way to Live
- Preventing and Managing Diabetes Complications
- Personal Stories
- Tailoring Diabetes Treatment to the Patient
- Time to Get Your Annual Flu Shot
- Electronic Health Records: Permanent, Private and Informative
- Back to School, the Healthy Way
- Check-Ups and Immunizations
- Exercise and Sleep
- 10 Healthy Breakfast and Lunch Tips
- Finding Answers In A Beauty Shop
NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine is freely available both online and in print.
The National Library of Medicine (NLM) is pleased to announce the release of a new educational resource, an afterschool science club curriculum for middle school students, entitled Discovering the Connection: Your Environment, Your Health. Lessons and activities of the curriculum combine research on the Tox Town website with hands-on experiments and communication and social action activities. The objective is to introduce middle school students to environmental health issues in their everyday life, emphasizing the relevance of science to informed citizenship.
The curriculum was developed as collaboration between NLM, University of Maryland College of Education, and an inter-disciplinary group of middle school teachers. It is based on National Science Education Standards and is grounded in problem-based learning approach that promotes in-depth understanding and critical thinking.
The curriculum sequence contains six units that each introduce one environmental health topic and include three to four 50-60 minute lessons. The units are: 1) Water Quality, 2) Air Quality, 3) Chemicals in Your Home, 4) Food Safety, 5) Runoff, Impervious Surfaces, and Smart Development, and 6) The Great Debate: Bottled Water vs. Tap Water in Our School. While the curriculum is for an afterschool club, its lessons can also be used to support the existing middle school science curriculum, as well as to reinforce the science/society connection in the social science or language arts classroom.
To stay up to date with all NLM’s K-12 resources subscribe to the K12NLMRESOURCES listserv.
The National Library of Medicine (NLM) has launched a Web content collecting initiative. The Library is selecting Web content as part of its mission to collect, preserve, and make accessible the scholarly biomedical literature, as well as resources that illustrate a diversity of philosophical and cultural perspectives not found in the technical literature. New forms of publication on the Web, such as blogs authored by doctors and patients, illuminate health care thought and practice in the 21st century. In launching this initiative, the Library is capturing and providing a unique resource for future scholarship.
The Library’s inaugural collection of Web content is “Health and Medicine Blogs,” presenting the perspectives of physicians, nurses, hospital administrators and other individuals in health care fields. The collection also includes patients chronicling their experiences with conditions such as cancer, diabetes and arthritis. The site currently contains 12 blogs, including KevinMD.com, “social media’s leading physician voice;” Not Running a Hospital, a blog by a former CEO of a large Boston hospital; e-patient Dave, a cancer survivor and leader in the participatory medicine movement; and Wheelchair Kamikaze, who writes about his personal experience living with multiple sclerosis (MS).
Guided by the NLM Collection Development Manual and other strategic collecting efforts, NLM will continue to expand its capacity to collect Web content. With this initiative NLM has taken a major new step in its mission to collect pertinent health care information of today for the benefit of research in the future. Increasingly, that information is found on the Web, which is a rapidly changing environment, where valuable and interesting materials can surface and then quickly disappear. The Library is working to ensure it can effectively collect new material in a Web environment, and guarantee the material’s permanence and availability to current and future patrons.
In launching this initiative, NLM joins many other national, state and public libraries and archives that have acknowledged the importance of preserving Web content for future generations. In addition to the Internet Archive, which has been broadly archiving the Web since 1996, dozens of libraries and cultural heritage institutions have been engaged in thematic or event-based collecting. This community has contributed to the development and use of common tools, techniques, and standards that enable the creation of Web archives. NLM has benefitted from this work and from local partners such as the Library of Congress, which is actively engaged in collecting and preserving Web content. The NLM has already been archiving portions of its own Web domain considered to be of enduring value. With this new effort, the Library is now collecting Web content that others have created.
Check out the November issue of NIH News in Health, the monthly newsletter bringing you practical health news and tips based on the latest NIH research. In this edition:
Your Microbes and You: The Good, Bad and Ugly
Trillions of microscopic creatures—like bacteria, fungi and viruses—are living in and on your body right now. We tend to focus on destroying bad microbes. But taking care of good ones may be even more important.
Gut Feelings About Gastritis: When Your Stomach’s Sick
Your stomach lining has an important job. It makes acid and proteins that help break down the foods you eat. But when the lining gets inflamed—a condition called gastritis—it can cause long-term problems.
NIH News in Health is available online in HTML and PDF formats, and print subscriptions are available free of charge.
The National Library of Medicine (NLM) is accepting applications for its 2013-14 Associate Fellowship program, a one-year training program designed for recent MLS graduates and early-career librarians. All U.S. and Canadian citizens who will have earned a MLS or equivalent degree in library/information science from an ALA-accredited school by August 2013 are eligible to apply. Priority is given to U.S. citizens. Applications and additional information are available on the NLM web site. The application deadline is February 1, 2013. Between 4 and 7 fellows will be selected for the program.
In the first half of the fellowship year, a formal curriculum offers exposure to library operations, research and development, intramural and extramural research, development and lifecycle of NLM’s web-based products and services, and the extensive outreach and education program reaching consumers, special populations, health professionals and librarians. In the second half of the year, Associate Fellows have the opportunity to choose projects based on real-world problems proposed by library divisions, and work with librarians and library staff over a 6-7 month period. Successful projects have led to peer-reviewed publications, and to services that have become a regular part of library operations.
The September through August program also offers professional development and an introduction to the wider world of health sciences librarianship that may include:
- Supported attendance at national professional conferences, often including the Medical Library Association’s annual meeting, the American Medical Informatics Association annual meeting and others
- Additional brown bags, seminars, field trips and learning opportunities available on the National Institutes of Health campus
- Opportunities to meet and interact with senior management at the National Library of Medicine
- Experienced preceptors from National Library of Medicine staff
- Potential to compete for a second-year fellowship at a health sciences library in the United States
The Fellowship offers:
- A stipend equivalent to a U.S. Civil Service salary at the GS-9 level ($51,630 in 2012)
- Additional financial support for the purchase of health insurance
- Some relocation funding
The usage of “digital volunteers” during disasters is growing in popularity, allowing volunteers with computer and information skills to participate from outside the affected region in supporting disaster response and recovery. One example of this effort is CrisisCamps, which bring together volunteers in information management, and web design and coding, to work on projects identified by federal and state agencies in response to specific events. In the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy, there are CrisisCamps occurring in various locations, including San Francisco. Find out if your area is hosting a CrisisCamp and how to volunteer! Virtual Operations Support Groups, also known as Virtual Operations Support Teams (VOST), are groups that make use of technology and social media tools to provide support to those at the scene of a disaster. VOSTs are activated to perform specific functions in support of affected organizations and jurisdictions. The web site includes a list of active teams in the US. The Standby Task Force is an international digital volunteer platform that uses an open source model for digital volunteering, with a specific focus on crisis mapping. The Red Cross Disaster Digital Volunteer training program includes the use of Radian6 Engagement Console software, and other necessary online platforms to monitor social media and news sources, in order to assist the Red Cross in its response efforts.
Stuart Nelson, M.D., has retired as Head of NLM’s MeSH Section in Library Operations. Dr. John Kilbourne is now the acting head of the MeSH Section. Dr. Kilbourne received his M.D. degree from the University of Illinois College of Medicine and practiced Family Medicine near Chicago. He worked as a clinical editor and implementation trainer for the SNOMED CT clinical vocabulary before joining the NLM in 2005 to work on RxNorm.
The National Library of Medicine will soon seek applicants for the Head of the MeSH Section. The head of MeSH is responsible for the content of Medical Subject Headings (MeSH), RxNorm, and the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) Metathesaurus; managing DailyMed, and overseeing a full-time staff of 10. The job will be posted soon on the NLM Jobs Opportunities web page. All qualified applicants are strongly encouraged to apply. As a medical officer position at the GS15, the position requires a Doctor of Medicine or Doctor of Osteopathy, has a salary range of $123,758-$155,500, and may be eligible for a Physician’s Compensation Allowance.
Public Comment Open through November 6, 2012.
Participate in the Healthy People 2020 process! The public comment period is now open. Comments will be accepted through 5:00 PM EST on November 6, 2012.
You will be able to:
- Comment on proposed new objectives to be added to the Educational and Community-Based Programs and Social Determinants of Health Topic Areas; and
- Propose new objectives to be included in 1 of the 42 existing Healthy People 2020 Topic Areas, including Healthcare-Associated Infections.
To participate, visit the online public comment database.