Regional Information for the U.S. Territories in the Pacific
The U.S. Territories in the Pacific include U.S. flag territories of American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and Guam. There is a military presence in the region as well, known collectively as the U.S. Pacific Command and sometimes referred to as Armed Forces Pacific. The RFK Library at the University of Guam serves as the area's Resource Library. The U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) has administrative responsibility for coordinating federal policy in these territories; the DOI's Office of Insular Affairs is a good source of information.
- Armed Forces Pacific includes the Army, Navy, Air Force and Marines for the Asia-Pacific area. The Asia-Pacific area extends from the west coast of the United States mainland to the western border of India and from the Antarctic to the North Pole. More background information.
- American Samoa is part of Polynesia, and is located about 2,200 miles southwest of the Hawaiian Islands. It consists of six islands, with a total land area of 77 square miles. The capital is Pago Pago, on Tutuila. Many Samoans have migrated to the US; there are now more American Samoans living off-island than on-island. More background information.
- Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) is made up of 22 islands, 5 of which are occupied. It has a total land mass of 184 square miles. The capital of Chalan Kanoa is located on Saipan. The majority of the population is Chamorro, although there are also significant groups of Filipinos and Carolinians. Chamorro is also the principal language, although English is the official language and Japanese is also common. More background information.
- Guam is a single island located about 5,800 miles east of San Francisco. It is physically part of the Mariana Islands, and has a land area of 209 square miles. The native people of Guam are the Chamorro, and the Chamorro language and English are the two official languages. In addition there are significant populations of Chinese, Japanese and Koreans, as well as many other Pacific islanders. Guam is also the home of Andersen Air Force Base, Guam Naval Station, and University of Guam. More background information.
- Pacific Partnerships for Health was produced by the Institute of Medicine at the request of the US Department of Health and Human Services to examine the issue of health in the Pacific Basin area. It provides background on the area, an overview of health in the area, and a strategic plan for the 21st century.
- A Report on the State of the Islands 1999 was prepared by the Department of the Interior and provides detailed information on each of the areas.
- DefenseLINK News: Pacific Lifeline: Tripler Medics Treat Island Ills is an article that provides a brief overview of the past and present of healthcare in the Pacific Basin.
- Insular Area Leader's Health Summit Report - contains transcripts from the 2008 Office of Insular Affairs summit which focused on improving health care services within the Pacific Basin and the resulting actions taken by the US Departments.
- American Samoa Territorial Emergency Management Coordination (TEMCO)
- Office of Civil Defense (Government of Guam)
- Guam Homeland Security/Office of Civil Defense
- Emergency Preparedness and Response
- NN/LM Emergency Preparedness & Response Toolkit
- HRSA Telehealth is a division of US Department of Health and Human Services. This site provides information on telehealth in general, including sources of grants.
- Hawai'i-Pacific Chapter of the Medical Library Association
- Innovations in Networking to Provide Electronic Delivery of Documents to Health Professionals in the Western Pacific is an article on innovative information services to healthcare professionals in the Pacific Basin area, written by Arlene Cohen, Claire Hamasu and Irene M. Lovas.
- Libraries of Asia Pacific Directory (LAP) - Directory of Libraries and Archives in the Pacific Islands
- The NN/LM Membership Directory includes Network members in the Pacific Basin. Search by city, county, state, zip code or area code. You can also search by institution, library, or staff member's name, or limit by type of library or other features. Make sure your browser cookies are turned on.
- Census 2000 Results for the Island Areas are now available, provided by the US Department of Commerce. As of May 2002, the Demographic Profile was available, and further information was scheduled for release in 2002 and 2003.
- Secretariat of the Pacific Community provides a wealth of information on land, marine, health, and socio-economic resources on the Pacific Islands, which includes Melanesia (West), Polynesia (Southeast) and Micronesia (North).
- Statehealthfacts.org, is a project of the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation and is designed to provide free, up-to-date, and easy-to-use health data on all 50 states, Guam, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands.
- Statistics Site from the US Department of the Interior Office of Insular Affairs provides information on each of the areas. Click on the area's flag for specific information.
- World Health Organization - Western Pacific Region -- Look for the links to specific countries for a summary of country situation and trends, health status, national health priorities, health resources, socioeconomic and health indicators, etc.
Carolinians, who migrated from the central Caroline Islands in the 19th century, make up about 12% of the population of CNMI, in addition to being the primary population group in FSM and Palau.
The Chamorro are the native people of Guam, who have a language that is distinct from the other Micronesian dialects of the area. The language has been significantly impacted by Spanish and Filipino-Tagalog, and is spoken widely throughout the Marianas.
- Guam History, People and Culture provides both historical and current information on the Chamorro culture.
- Hafa Adai Todos! is maintained by a group of Chamorros in the San Francisco area and provides cultural information, including language lessons and recipes.
About 14% of the population of CNMI and 25% of the population of Guam is Filipino. The majority of Filipinos in the area are from the Tagalog group.
- National Commission for Culture and the Arts: Ethnolinguistic Groups has cultural information related to the Philippine Islands and Filipinos.
Micronesian is actually a broad designation that encompasses high-island and low-island groups. The high-island group incorporates the Chamorros, Palauans, Yapese, Trukese, Pohnpeians, Kosraeans, and some of the inhabitants of Nauru. The low-island group consists of the population of the numerous atolls in the area. Although low-island populations are sometimes related to the nearest high island, they are generally quite distinct. The area is incredibly diverse, containing 15 separate, mutually unintelligible languages.
- Micronesian Seminar - is a non-profit organization with an extensive online catalog of articles, books, photographs, and videos on Micronesian society. Topics include alcohol and drug use, economics, education, health, history, social problems, and suicide in Micronesia.
- Resources on the Marshall Islands--Culture provides links to information on Marshallese culture and history.
- Needs Assessment for Micronesian Health Care in Hawai'i reports the major health issues within the Micronesian community in Hawaii and recommendations for improving health care.
The majority of people in American Samoa are Samoan, but there are significant numbers in other local areas as well. The Samoan people are Polynesian. Most speak English in addition to Samoan.
- Fa'a Samoa describes the Samoan Way, as well as providing links to related sites.
- Voices of the Samoan Community provides information on characteristics of off-island Samoan communities, particularly the one in the Seattle area.
MUA/Ps are areas or populations designated by the Shortage Designation Branch, part of the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) as not having sufficient access to medical care. If an area is designated MUA, then the entire population is covered, if the designation is MUP, only a specific population is. Occasionally, regions receive a designation of GOV, which means that the state governor requested that the area be included due to local barriers and/or health conditions. The MUA/P designation is often important when obtaining grants or other funding.
The most accurate and up-to-date source of this information is the HRSA database. To find out if a particular area is designated, first look up the county. Each service area is given a descriptive name, and comprises either the whole county (WH), a partial county (PC), a multi-county area (MC), or a multi-state (MS) area. It may be necessary to look up specific areas by census tract. These numbers can be identified by entering a street address into American FactFinder. Tip: print out the Data Dictionary for MUA/P List prior to looking up information.
- Charting the Pacific is a site that provides cultural and historic information on the Pacific region.
- Guampedia - the Guam online encyclopedia is an ongoing project designed to provide accessible, accurate information about the rich heritage of Guam, its natural environment, history, religion, politics and many other topics.
- Pacific Health Dialog - a medical journal devoted to community health and clinical medicine in the Pacific Islands
- Pacific Islands Report provides news for the entire Pacific region.
- Pacific Resources for Education and Learning (PREL) provides information on a variety of children and education related issues in the Pacific Basin area, including children's health and health education.
- Press Releases from the US Department of the Interior Office of Insular Affairs provide background on the area in general.
- Worldwide Governments on the WWW provides links to a broad variety information on American Samoa (under Samoa, American), Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia (under Micronesia), Guam, the Republic of Palau (under Palau), and the Republic of the Marshall Islands (under Marshall Islands).
- FedStats provides access to statistics prepared by over 100 federal agencies. Statistics are available on a state and community level.
- FirstGov provides a search engine and topical indexes for US state and federal information. To search for information on a particular state, use the form in the upper left corner. The site also supports searching for information on American Samoa, Guam, the Mariana Islands, the Marshall Islands and Micronesia.
- State and Local Government on the Net provides links to government information on a state and local level for the fifty states, as well as selected US-associated areas such as Guam.