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State Information for Oregon

State of Oregon

Located between Washington and California on the northwest coast of the contiguous United States, Oregon is the ninth largest state with 98,400 square miles. The eastern two thirds of the state is predominantly rural and most of the state's population resides along the narrow Interstate 5 corridor that extends from Portland southward through fertile valleys between the Coast and Cascade mountain ranges. Crater Lake, in Klamath County to the south, is the deepest lake in the United States at 1,958 feet. Hell's Canyon, in Wallowa County to the northeast, is the deepest gorge in North America at 7,900 feet.

The population of Oregon is 3,790,060, according to the 2006 U.S. Bureau of the Census Population Estimates Program. The capital is Salem and the largest city is Portland. Oregon has 36 counties; the largest is Harney, located in the southeastern region of the state with over 10,000 square miles. Multnomah County, near Portland, is the smallest county with just over 450 square miles but contains the largest population. Residents are predominantly white (80.0%), with a significant Hispanic/Latino population (11.0%). Asian (3.6%), African-American (2.0%) and American Indian/Alaska Native (1.4%) comprise the remaining population, with 2.5% reporting more than one ethnicity. Oregon ranks 16th in the United States in American Indian/Alaska Native population, two of the largest Oregon tribal organizations are the Klamath and the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla.

Topics on this page:

Locate Oregon NN/LM Members

The directory of Oregon members of the National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) includes health libraries, public libraries, and community-based organizations in the state that provide quality health information.

Library and Information Professional Resources

State Health and Statistics Information

State General Information

  • Oregon.gov is Oregon's official state government website.
  • Oregon Blue Book is the official state directory and fact book about all levels of government in Oregon.
  • Oregon Quick Facts, from the U.S. Census Bureau, provides current state population, business and geographical facts.

Special Populations

This section includes groups of individuals who share common characteristics that are distinctive from the general population. These characteristics may include racial and/or ethnic background, socioeconomic status, geographic location, and age. The characteristics of special populations are important to be aware of as they can affect the population's health status.

  • EthnoMed, from the HSL and Harborview Medical Center, contains medical and cultural information for health care providers and related professions regarding different immigrant and refugee populations in the Pacific Northwest region.
  • Frontier Education Center, from the National Center for Frontier Communities, defines characteristics of frontier counties and contains maps, reports on special health needs of frontier populations, and policy issues.
  • Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Health (GLBT), from Public Health Seattle & King County, contains resources about GLBT health concerns, health issues, and local/national GLBT resources.
  • Indian Health Service - Portland Area Office is the federal health program for American Indians and Alaska Natives residing in Washington, Oregon, and Idaho.
  • Northwest Portland Area Indian Health Board, a tribal organization, represents the health care interests of 43 federally recognized tribes in Washington, Oregon, and Idaho.
  • Oregon Rural Health Association advocates for rural health issues and improving the health of rural Oregonians through communication, education, and encouraging the development of appropriate health resources.
  • Outside In is a social service agency serving the needs of homeless youth, low income and marginalized adults through providing social, medical and mental health services.
  • Refugee Health Information Network (RHIN) is a database of quality multilingual public health resources for those providing care to resettled refugees and asylees.
  • Rural health and human services, from the US Department of Health and Human Services Rural Assistance Center, is a web portal of Oregon rural health contacts, organizations, tools, maps, news and events.

Medically Underserved Areas/Populations (MUA/Ps)

MUA/Ps are areas or populations designated by the Shortage Designation Branch, part of the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) as not having sufficient access to medical care. If an area is designated MUA, then the entire population is covered, if the designation is MUP, only a specific population is. Occasionally, regions receive a designation of GOV, which means that the state governor requested that the area be included due to local barriers and/or health conditions. The MUA/P designation is often important when obtaining grants or other funding. The most accurate and up-to-date source of this information is the HRSA database.

Government Information Resources

  • State Snapshots, from the U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, provides health care quality information, including strengths, weaknesses, and opportunities for improvement. The goal is to help State officials and their public- and private-sector partners better understand health care quality and disparities in their State.
  • FedStats provides access to statistics prepared by over 100 federal agencies. Statistics are available on a state and community level.
  • Google Search <Uncle Sam> searches government information on all levels using the standard Google interface and algorithm.
  • State and Local Government on the Net provides links to government information on a state and local level for the fifty states, as well as selected US territories.
  • USA.gov provides a search engine and subject indexes for US state and federal information.

Additional Resources