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NIH News in Health

Check out the December issue of NIH News in Health, the monthly newsletter bringing you practical health news and tips based on the latest NIH research. In this issue:

Feeling Stressed? Stress Relief Might Help Your Health
Winter holidays—do they fill you with joy or with worries about gift-giving and family gatherings? Do summer vacations leave you relaxed or fretful over travel and money? If you’re feeling stressed out over supposedly fun things, it might be time to reassess. Take a few moments to learn how stress affects your health and what you can do about it.

When Your Back Hurts: Don’t Let Back Pain Knock You Flat
Is your back hurting? You’re in good company. In any 3-month period, about 1 in 4 adults in the U.S. has at least one day of back pain, mostly in the lower back.

Detecting Rare Disease-Causing Glitches
For people with suspected rare genetic conditions, getting an accurate diagnosis can be difficult and frustrating. A new study suggests that a fast, powerful technique called whole-exome sequencing can help doctors pinpoint the causes of many hard-to-diagnose genetic conditions.

A Priceless Gift: Your Family Health History
Conditions such as cancer, heart disease, and diabetes often run in families. Tracing the illnesses of your parents, grandparents, and other blood relatives can help your health care practitioner predict your risk for specific disorders. It could suggest vital screening tests and treatments before any disease is evident. That’s why it’s so important to discuss your family’s health history.

Featured Website: Go4Life
This interactive site helps adults, ages 50 and older, to fit more physical activity into their days. A science-based exercise guide, videos, success stories, motivational tips, and free materials can help you get ready, start exercising, and keep moving.

NIH News in Health is available online in both HTML and PDF formats. Print copies are available free of charge for offices, clinics, community centers, and libraries within the U.S. Visit the NIH News in Health Facebook page to suggest topics you’d like to see covered, or share what you find helpful about the newsletter!

New Genetics/Genomics Information Subject Guide

NLM released a new Genetics/Genomics Information subject guide as the latest update in the NLM subject guide series. These guides, based on our most frequently asked questions, are starting points for health professionals, researchers, librarians, students, and others. Other published guides in our series are about findings:

We will develop more subject guides as needed. We welcome your comments, questions, and suggestions about all of our guides.

Notable Data Changes in MEDLINE during Year-End Processing for 2015

The National Library of Medicine (NLM) is currently involved in MEDLINE year-end processing (YEP) activities. These include changing the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) main headings as well as Supplementary Concept Records that standardize names and associated numbers for chemical, protocols, and diseases that are not main headings. The MeSH edits include existing MEDLINE citations to conform with the 2015 version of MeSH, and other global changes. Notable data changes made to MEDLINE during Year-End Processing (YEP) for 2015 include:

MeSH Vocabulary Changes for 2015
Lists of new descriptors, changed descriptors, deleted descriptors, and new descriptors by tree subcategory are available on the NLM website. For more information about MeSH use and structure, as well as recent updates and availability of data, visit Introduction to MeSH – 2015. The MeSH Browser currently points to the 2015 MeSH vocabulary with a link to the 2014 MeSH vocabulary.

Entry Combination Revisions
This year during YEP, NLM will again retrospectively replace certain MeSH heading/subheading combinations, known as Entry Combinations, with the new precoordinated MeSH heading. If you get no retrieval for a MeSH Heading/subheading combination check the heading in the 2015 MeSH Browser to see if the Entry Combination information indicates a different term.

Interview [PT]
In a new change in policy, MEDLINE citations that are cited with the Publication Type [PT] Interview will have both the Interviewee and Interviewer cited as authors. The first author will be the Interviewee and the second author will be the Interviewer. In the past we only cited the Interviewee as the author.

Author Affiliation
Effective with the implementation of the new PubMed system in mid-December and going forward, NLM will allow for multiple Author Affiliations for all Authors, Corporate Authors and Investigators, if the data are supplied by the publisher in their XML submissions for MEDLINE indexed journals.

MeSH Unique Identifier
Also effective with the implementation of the new PubMed system in mid-December and going forward NLM will be including the MeSH Unique Identifier for MeSH Headings, Subheadings, Name of Substance, Supplementary MeSH Name and Publication Types. These Unique Identifiers are displayed in the PubMed XML view only.

Structured Abstracts
In November 2014, NLM added 345 new labels to the list of structured abstract labels. This brings the total of vetted and mapped labels to 2,799. For more information, visit Structured Abstracts in MEDLINE: Newly Identified and Mapped Labels Available.

New Indexing Policy
Effective for 2015 indexing forward, the more general MeSH heading Mice, Rats, or Cricetinae will no longer be added to a MEDLINE citation when one of their children terms is selected by the indexer. This change now aligns with the basic indexing policy of indexing to the most specific heading (and not also adding the parent term) and using the Tree structures for retrieval. The MeSH heading Animals will still be added, as usual, to support the Animals search limit.

LR (Modification Date) on In Process Citations
Starting around the last week in November 2014, NLM will tag In Process citations with an LR (Modification Date) when those citations have been edited to add Grant information or PMCIDs that have been identified by NCBI automatic machine detection. The purpose of this change for these particular updates to In Process citations is to facilitate the tracking of compliance for NIH Public Access. NLM already assigns an LR for these updates to completed citations (MEDLINE and PubMed-not-MEDLINE subsets) and to the “as supplied by publisher” citations (publisher subset).

Dataset [PT]
The Dataset [PT] value will be used for 2015 indexing. PubMed will display the following new display labels for linking between a Dataset citation and the original research citation.

Dataset described in: – this would appear on the citation for the original paper (search term: hasdatasetdescribedin)

Dataset use reported in: – this would appear on the citation for the dataset description (search term: hasdatasetusereportedin)

Visit NLM Technical Bulletin: MEDLINE Data Changes — 2015 for additional information.

Workshop Webcast: Immunology of Protection from Ebola Virus Infection

Friday, December 12th, 8:00 am – 5:30 pm ET

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), the Department of Defense (DoD), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA) are co-sponsoring a workshop, entitled “Immunology of Protection from Ebola Virus Infection.” The purpose of this workshop is to discuss important aspects of Ebola virus and vaccine immunology in order to inform future clinical, scientific and regulatory decision-making related to vaccines against Ebola. The in-person workshop registration is closed, but the webcast is open to all.

View Webcast: http://videocast.nih.gov/default.asp

More information: http://www.fda.gov/EmergencyPreparedness/Counterterrorism/MedicalCountermeasures/AboutMCMi/ucm424037.htm

National Technical Reports Newsletter: Ebola Virus

The November 2014 issue may be viewed online at http://www.ntis.gov/assets/pdf/NTRNews7-5.pdf.

This issue features a sampling of new and historic information available from NTIS via the NTRL website  related to the topic of Ebola Virus.

The NTRL provides access to the NTIS content collection.  It contains over 3 million records with over 800K full-text reports. The NTRL is updated each week with newly acquired information, and recently digitized existing content. It is the most convenient and economical means of accessing the most comprehensive library of federally produced scientific and technical information available today.

Gregory G. Guthrie

Program Manager

National Technical Reports Library

National Technical Information Service

US Department of Commerce

gguthrie@ntis.gov

Research Opportunity for Librarians

Accepting Proposals December 1, 2014 to February 1, 2015

Do you have a research idea related to librarians and disasters, but don’t know how to start? The William H. Hannon Library will offer 21 librarians instruction in research design and a full year of peer/mentor support to complete a research project at their home institutions. The learning experience, travel to and from Los Angeles, CA, accommodations, and food will be supplied to Scholars free of charge. The summer Institute for Research Design in Librarianship (IRDL) workshop is supplemented with pre-Institute learning activities and a personal learning network that provides ongoing mentoring. The workshop will be held on the campus of Loyola Marymount University in Los Angeles, California. This year’s workshop will be held on July 13-23, 2015, with arrival on campus on Sunday, July 12, and departure on Friday, July 24. Librarians of all levels of professional experience are welcome to apply with ideas in any library-related topic.

For more information, go to the Call for Proposals: http://irdlonline.org/call-for-proposals/

Rural Health Needs Assessment and Program Evaluation

NN/LM Outreach Evaluation Resource Center

Rural and medically underserved areas often have challenges including both increased health disparities and population health issues combined with limited resources and healthcare providers to help meet these challenges. The use of appropriate program evaluation measures can help to assess what actually works for rural health settings since many evidence-based strategies are based on urban and non-rural populations.

The Rural Assistance Center (raconline.org) has recently issued a freely available online guide at http://www.raconline.org/topics/rural-health-research-assessment-evaluation The guide is intended to help an organization

  • Identifies the similarities and differences among rural health research, assessment, and evaluation
  • Discusses common methods, such as surveys and focus groups
  • Provides contacts within the field of rural health research
  • Addresses the importance of community-based participatory research to rural communities
  • Looks at the community health needs assessment (CHNA) requirements for non-profit hospitals and public health
  • Examines the importance of building the evidence-base so interventions conducted in rural areas have the maximum possible impact

Thanks to National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Network member (what does that mean?) Gail Kouame from HEALWA for sharing this great resource with us at the Outreach Evaluation Resource Center (OERC)! Do you have an evaluation-related resource to share? We would be happy to consider featuring it in our blog or possible inclusion in our Tools and Resources guide at guides.nnlm.gov/oerc/tools.

NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices

Notices

  • Request for Comments on the Draft NIH Policy on the Use of a Single Institutional Review Board for Multi-Site Research
    (NOT-OD-15-026) Office of the Director, NIH
  • Reminder for the Extramural Scientific Community: Implementation of the Genomic Data Sharing Policy Begins January 25, 2015
    (NOT-OD-15-027) Office of the Director, NIH
  • Notice of Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare Policy on Shared Animal Welfare Concerns
    (NOT-OD-15-028) Office of the Director, NIH
  • NIH Modification to Guidance on Marking Changes in Resubmission Applications
    (NOT-OD-15-030) Office of the Director, NIH
  • Update: New Biographical Sketch Format Required for NIH and AHRQ Grant Applications Submitted for Due Dates on or After May 25, 2015
    (NOT-OD-15-032) Office of the Director, NIH
  • Notice of an Extension of PAR-12-049 “Cancer Research Education Grants Program (R25)”
    (NOT-CA-15-007)
    National Cancer Institute
  • Notice of Change in Application Due Date for RFA-ES-14-010 “Centers of Excellence on Environmental Health Disparities Research (P50)”
    (NOT-ES-15-005)
    National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
  • Technical Assistance Webinar for ES-14-012 “Environmental Influences during Windows of Susceptibility in Breast Cancer Risk (U01)” and ES-14-011 “Coordinating Center for the Breast Cancer and the Environment Research Program (U01)”
    (NOT-ES-15-006)
    National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
  • Notice of Change in Application Due Dates for PAR-13-280 “Support of NIGMS Program Project Grants (P01 )”
    (NOT-GM-14-135)
    National Institute of General Medical Sciences
  • Notice of NHGRI Participation in PA-14-015 “Ruth L. Kirschstein NRSA Institutional Research Training Grants (Parent T32)” and Establishment of New Training Program in the Ethical, Legal and Social Implications of Genetic and Genomic Research
    (NOT-HG-15-004)
    National Human Genome Research Institute
  • Notice of Additional Due Date and Correction for RFA-HG-14-005 “Revisions to Add Biomedical Big Data Training to Active Institutional Training Grants (T32)”
    (NOT-HG-15-009)
    National Human Genome Research Institute
  • Notice of Additional Due Date and Correction for RFA-HG-14-006 “Revisions to Add Biomedical Big Data Training to Active NLM Institutional Training Grants in Biomedical Informatics (T15)”
    (NOT-HG-15-010)
    National Human Genome Research Institute
  • Notice of Change to Instructions for Senior/Key Personnel in the Overall and Project Components of PAR-13-316 “NHLBI Program Project Applications (P01)”
    (NOT-HL-14-242)
    National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
  • Notice of Participation of NIMHD in PAR-14-260 “Interventions for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention in Native American Populations (R01)”
    (NOT-MD-15-002)
    National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities
  • Request for Information (RFI): Challenges and Opportunities for Exploring and Understanding the Epitranscriptome
    (NOT-RM-15-007)
    NIH Roadmap Initiatives

Requests for Applications

  • Innovative Measures of Oral Medication Adherence for HIV Treatment and Prevention (R01)
    (RFA-AI-14-071)
    National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
    National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities
    Application Receipt Date(s): March 25, 2015
  • Human Cellular Models for Predicting Individual Responses to Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator- Directed Therapeutics (R41)
    (RFA-HL-15-026)
    National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
    Application Receipt Date(s): February 9, 2015 and November 9, 2015
  • Human Cellular Models for Predicting Individual Responses to Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator- Directed Therapeutics (R43/R44)
    (RFA-HL-15-027)
    National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
    Application Receipt Date(s): February 9, 2015; November 9, 2015; and November 9, 2016

Program Announcements

  • High Priority Immunology Grants (R01)
    (PAS-15-055)
    National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
    Application Receipt/Submission Date(s): Multiple dates, see announcement.

Happy Thanksgiving!

All of us in MAR would like to wish you and your families a very Happy Thanksgiving!

  • Barbara Epstein, Renae Barger, Michelle Burda, Sue Burke, Lydia Collins, Kate Flewelling, Missy Harvey, and Tristan Lucchetti

Lending a Helping Hand: MAR Mentoring Program

If you cannot see where you are going, ask someone who has been there before. J Loren Norris

We know that in the ever changing environment of healthcare, hospital librarians have had to adapt their services and skills to these changes.  Those that have risen to the challenge of change have much to offer medical librarians new to the profession, new to health sciences librarianship,  and to those adapting to technology changes, or adapting to being a solo librarian.

  • Are you someone who could benefit from having a mentor?
  • Or are you someone who would like to share your expertise and experience with others?

If you answered Yes to either question, please contact Michelle Burda to learn about our new program: mburda@pitt.edu or (412) 624-1589.