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Archive for the ‘Technology’ Category

National Library of Medicine Resource Update: Alternatives to Animal Testing Portal

Thursday, January 22nd, 2015

The National Library of Medicine’s (NLM) Alternatives to Animal Testing (ALTBIB) portal provides access to PubMed/MEDLINE citations relevant to alternatives to the use of live vertebrates in biomedical research and testing. The ALTBIB topics and subtopics are aligned with current U.S. and international approaches. For example, information is provided on in silico, in vitro, and refined or improved animal testing methods. Strategies that incorporate validated methods and other approaches are also covered. In addition to the topic areas for PubMed searches, the ALTBIB portal includes a searchable bibliographic collection of alternatives to animal testing, including citations from published articles, books, book chapters, and technical reports published from 1980 to 2000.

The Hazardous Substances Data Bank (HSDB), part of NLM’s Toxicology Data Network (TOXNET), now includes subheadings (“/alternative/ and /in vitro tests/”) in the Human and Non-Human Toxicity Excerpts fields. These subheadings allow users to locate data from in vitro and other alternative methods. For example, users can search “ALTERNATIVE IN VITRO TESTS” to locate records with this data. Coverage includes results from methods validated by the Interagency Coordinating Committee on the Validation of Alternative Methods (ICCVAM) and the European Union Reference Laboratory for Alternatives to Animal Testing (EURL-ECVAM).

E-Books Go Out of Fashion as Book Sales Revive

Thursday, January 22nd, 2015

http://time.com/3661173/book-sales-increase-ereaders-slump/

E-Science Program

Sunday, January 11th, 2015

Are you new to e-Science, unsure what it means, or interested in exploring possible roles for your library? The following resources are great starting points for understanding e-Science and research data management:

The New England e-Science Program offers the following e-Science resources, tools, and events for librarians:

  • E-Science Portal for New England Librarians: “A librarians’ link to e-Science resources,” includes an e-Science Thesaurus, resources on data management, data literacy, data publishing, science primers, Science Boot Camp resources, research funders’ policies, and professional development opportunities.
  • E-Science Community blog: a forum for thoughtful commentaries and articles by librarians and library students engaged in various aspects of research data support services, news announcements, and a calendar of upcoming events. (Follow the e-Science Community on Twitter @NERescience).
  • Journal of eScience Librarianship (JeSLIB): an open access peer review journal dedicated to advancing the discipline of eScience librarianship. JESLIB explores the many roles of librarians in supporting eScience and features articles by contributors from all areas of the globe related to education, outreach, collaborations, policy, tools, and best practices.
  • New England Collaborative Data Management Curriculum is an instructional tool for teaching data management best practices to undergraduates, graduate students, and researchers in the health sciences, sciences, and engineering disciplines. Each of the curriculum’s seven online instructional modules aligns with the National Science Foundation’s data management plan recommendations and addresses universal data management challenges.
  • University of Massachusetts and New England Area e-Science Symposium, April 9, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA (Event is free, but due to limited space, advance registration is required.)
  • Science Boot Camp for Librarians , June 17-19, Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine. Organized by a collaboration of New England STEM and health sciences librarians, each Science Boot Camp offers immersive sessions on three science subjects and a Capstone session on topics relevant to STEM and health sciences librarianship. Agenda for the 2015 science boot camp will be announced by the end of February. Registration opens April 9.

For further information about the e-Science Program, or if you would like to be added to the e-Science Community of Interest mailing list, contact Donna Kafel, Project Coordinator for the New England e-Science Program at Donna.Kafel@umassmed.edu

Mobile Data Solutions Course

Sunday, January 11th, 2015

Are you curious about the use of smart phones, tablets, or other mobile data resources to collect data for your assessment project, but are seeking more information on how to determine if this is the right approach for your project or program and how to process the data you collect using this method?

Check out http://techchange.org/media/mobile-data-solutions/, which was created as part of the Mobile Solutions Technical Assistance and Research (mSTAR) project, with expertise provided by U.S. Agency for International Development’s (USAID) Digital Development Lab and designed by TechChange.

The primary goal of this freely available and accessible online course (free registration is required to access it) is to learn more about mobile tools, processes, and strategies for data collection in order to use mobile devices (referred to as mobile data solutions) to their full potential in doing so. The course will take about 2 hours to complete and can be done at your own pace over time. Your progress in the course is saved so you’ll be taken to the point where you stopped to continue learning the next time you access it.

The learning objectives of the course are

  • Describe examples of mobile data solutions from collection through visualization
  • Articulate the benefit of using these solutions
  • Analyze the challenges and limitations associated with mobile data solutions
  • Assess whether or not particular mobile data solutions are appropriate for a project, program or problem
  • Outline how to design a project or activity to include mobile data solutions
  • Explain the steps involved in implementing mobile data solutions
  • Summarize how to analyze, visualize, and share mobile data

2015 MeSH Now Available in PubMed

Monday, December 22nd, 2014

As of December 15, PubMed/MEDLINE citations (including the backlog of citations indexed since November 19 with 2015 MeSH), the MeSH database, and the NLM Catalog were updated to reflect 2015 MeSH. The MeSH translation tables were also updated on December 15. Now that end-of-year activities are complete, PubMed/MEDLINE may be searched using 2015 MeSH vocabulary. On December 16, NLM resumed daily MEDLINE updates to PubMed.

NLM Resource Update: TOXNET Now Provides Permalinks to Individual Records

Monday, December 22nd, 2014

TOXNET is a group of databases covering chemicals and drugs, diseases and the environment, environmental health, occupational safety and health, poisoning, risk assessment and regulations, and toxicology http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/. TOXNET includes the Hazardous Substances Data Bank (HSDB) which provides toxicity data for over 5,700 potentially hazardous chemicals. HSDB also has information on emergency handling procedures, industrial hygiene, environmental fate, human exposure, detection methods, and regulatory requirements. HSDB is one of the features of WISER, the Wireless Information System for Emergency Responders http://wiser.nlm.nih.gov/.

Permanent links to National Library of Medicine (NLM) TOXNET records are now provided for HSDB as well as TOXLINE, LactMed, Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology Database (DART), Toxics Release Inventory (TRI), Comparative Toxicogenomics Database (CTD), Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS), International Toxicity Estimates for Risk (ITER), Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System (CCRIS), and GENE-TOX.

To create a permanent link, click on the “Permalink” button found in the upper right of a TOXNET record. This provides a pop-up window with a URL to share or to save for retrieving the record at a later time.

More Qualitative Data Visualization Ideas

Monday, December 22nd, 2014

In September, the OERC blogged about a way to create qualitative data visualizations by chunking a long narrative into paragraphs with descriptive illustrations.

Ann Emery has shown six additional ways to create qualitative data visualization: 1) Strategic world cloud use (one word or before/after comparisons), 2) Quantitative + Qualitative combined (a graph of percentages and a quote from an open-ended text comment) 3) Photos alongside participant responses (only appropriate for non-anonymized data) 4) Icon images beside text narratives 5) Diagrams explaining processes or concepts (the illustration of a health worker’s protective gear from Ebola in the Washington Post is a great example) and 6) Graphic timelines. See these examples and overviews on how to make your own at  http://annkemery.com/qual-dataviz/

Do you need more information about reporting and visualizing your data? We at the Outreach Evaluation Resource Center (OERC) have more resources available for you from the Reporting and Visualizing tab of our Tools and Resources for Evaluation Guide at http://guides.nnlm.gov/oerc/tools and welcome your suggestions for additional resources to include and your comments.

NISO Launches New Standards Development Projects in New Forms of Assessing Impact & Altmetrics

Monday, December 22nd, 2014

Interested participants from libraries, scholarly publishers, research funders, scholars, university departments of academic affairs, providers of alternative metrics data, and system providers are encouraged to contact NISO

The voting members of the National Information Standards Organization (NISO) have approved four new projects to develop standards for alternative assessment metrics (altmetrics). The NISO Alternative Assessment Metrics Initiative was begun in July 2013 with funding from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation with a goal of building trust and adoption in new methods of assessing impact. Phase 1 of the project, which was completed this summer, gathered a large array of relevant stakeholder groups to identify what areas of alternative metrics would benefit most from standards-related developments. This input was distilled into a white paper published in June 2014, which was then presented to the NISO community to prioritize the action items as possible NISO work items. Phase 2 of the project will be to develop standards or recommended practices in the prioritized areas of definitions, calculation methodologies, improvement of data quality, and use of persistent identifiers in alternative metrics. As part of each project, relevant use cases and how they apply to different stakeholder groups will be developed.

“Assessment of scholarship is a critical component of the research process, impacting everything from which projects get funded to who gains promotion and tenure, and which publications gain prominence in their fields of inquiry,” explains Martin Fenner, Technical Lead, PLOS Article Level Metrics, and Chair of the NISO Alternative Metrics Initiative Steering Committee. “However, traditional metrics that have been primarily based on print processes are failing to keep pace with both the expanded range of research outputs produced by scholars, and the diverse usage of these research outputs in scholarly communication that is increasingly purely electronic. Altmetrics are increasingly being used and discussed as an expansion of the tools available for measuring the scholarly and social impact of research. For altmetrics to move out of its current pilot or proof-of-concept phase, we need to develop commonly used definitions and guidelines for appropriate collection and reporting of data, so that organizations who wish to utilize these metrics can adequately understand them and ensure their consistent application and meaning across the community.”

“The NISO Alternative Assessment Steering Committee will oversee several working groups that will be formed to develop the identified standards and recommended practices,” states Nettie Lagace, NISO Associate Director for Programs. “For participation on these working groups, we are seeking interested participants from all the affected stakeholders including libraries, scholarly publishers, research funders (governmental and non-governmental), scholars, university departments of academic affairs, providers of alternative metrics data, and system providers who incorporate different elements of alternative metrics in their services.”

“We expect this initiative will continue to be broadly inclusive, with contributions from a diverse set of voices, who will be reliant on these new metrics and resulting tools,” said Todd Carpenter, NISO Executive Director. “In addition to the working group members, we also will seek broader community feedback through stakeholder interest groups. In addition, draft documents will be made available for public comment and/or trial use before finalization and publication. NISO will also schedule public webinars for further discussion and training during the development process.”

The approved proposal for the Phase 2 projects as well as the Phase 1 White Paper are available on the NISO website at: www.niso.org/topics/tl/altmetrics_initiative/. Anyone interested in participating on one of the initiative’s working groups should use the online contact form (www.niso.org/contact/) and indicate in which of the four activity area(s) you are interested.

Cynthia Hodgson

Technical Editor / Consultant

National Information Standards Organization

chodgson@niso.org

Super Searcher: Enhancing Your Online Search Super Powers

Monday, December 15th, 2014

Presenter:           Missy Harvey, Technology & Communication Coordinator

Date / Time:       Thursday, January 8, 2015 / 1 – 2 pm (ET)

Thursday, January 15, 2015 / 1 – 2 pm (ET)

Thursday, January 22, 2015 / 1 – 2 pm (ET)

Where:                3 sessions / Online

Details / Registrationhttp://nnlm.gov/training/schedule/class_details.html?class_id=399

PubMed for Librarians: Introduction to PubMed

Monday, December 15th, 2014

Presenter:       NLM Training Center

Date / Time:  Tuesday, February 3, 2015 / 3 pm (ET)

Where:             Online

Details / Registrationhttp://nnlm.gov/training/schedule/class_details.html?class_id=519