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Archive for the ‘News from NLM/NIH’ Category

NLM Resource Update: Radiation Emergency Medical Management (REMM) Website

Friday, December 5th, 2014

The following updates and changes were announced in November, 2014, for the National Library of Medicine’s Radiation Emergency Medical Management (REMM) website:

  1. Initial Actions for Responders after Nuclear Detonation: First Receivers: Emergency Department Staff and First Responders: Emergency Medical Service Staff.
  2. Multimedia: many new videos and graphics including 13 new teaching videos from DOE / Transportation Emergency Preparedness Program (TEPP) available on the REMM web site and REMM YouTube channel. Also links to various new CDC teaching materials, such as Videos: Radiation Basics Made Simple.
  3. Protective Actions and Protective Action Guides: page redone with re-organized information and tables. EPA PAG Manual Interim Guidance included.
  4. Burn Triage and Treatment: Thermal Injuries includes links to new references for managing burns in mass casualty incidents with austere conditions.
  5. Legal Advisors for Medical Response to Mass Casualty Incident: new references and 2 new sections including assessment of state and local laws regarding management of persons during radiation incidents including legal authority to decontaminate and quarantine (CDC and partners).
  6. Nuclear Detonation: Weapons, Improvised Nuclear Devices Key References entire list re-organized and updated, including Medical Issues: Planning and Response Practical Guidance and updated Blast injury references.
  7. Dictionary of Radiation Terms: 2 new key references, NCRP Glossary of Radiation Terms and NCRP Acronyms List.
  8. Biodosimetry References updated and re-organized.
  9. Software Tools for Radiation Incident Response includes additional applications listed for biodosimetry, managing incidents, and recording radiation levels.
  10. Incident Command System and Hospital (Emergency) Incident Command System page re-organized with links to HICS, Fifth edition, 2014, expanded to meet the needs of all hospitals, regardless of their size, location or patient care capabilities.
  11. Mental Health Professionals now includes updated references on Psychological First Aid.

NIH News in Health

Friday, December 5th, 2014

Check out the December issue of NIH News in Health, the monthly newsletter bringing you practical health news and tips based on the latest NIH research. In this issue:

Feeling Stressed? Stress Relief Might Help Your Health
Winter holidays—do they fill you with joy or with worries about gift-giving and family gatherings? Do summer vacations leave you relaxed or fretful over travel and money? If you’re feeling stressed out over supposedly fun things, it might be time to reassess. Take a few moments to learn how stress affects your health and what you can do about it.

When Your Back Hurts: Don’t Let Back Pain Knock You Flat
Is your back hurting? You’re in good company. In any 3-month period, about 1 in 4 adults in the U.S. has at least one day of back pain, mostly in the lower back.

Detecting Rare Disease-Causing Glitches
For people with suspected rare genetic conditions, getting an accurate diagnosis can be difficult and frustrating. A new study suggests that a fast, powerful technique called whole-exome sequencing can help doctors pinpoint the causes of many hard-to-diagnose genetic conditions.

A Priceless Gift: Your Family Health History
Conditions such as cancer, heart disease, and diabetes often run in families. Tracing the illnesses of your parents, grandparents, and other blood relatives can help your health care practitioner predict your risk for specific disorders. It could suggest vital screening tests and treatments before any disease is evident. That’s why it’s so important to discuss your family’s health history.

Featured Website: Go4Life
This interactive site helps adults, ages 50 and older, to fit more physical activity into their days. A science-based exercise guide, videos, success stories, motivational tips, and free materials can help you get ready, start exercising, and keep moving.

NIH News in Health is available online in both HTML and PDF formats. Print copies are available free of charge for offices, clinics, community centers, and libraries within the U.S. Visit the NIH News in Health Facebook page to suggest topics you’d like to see covered, or share what you find helpful about the newsletter!

New Genetics/Genomics Information Subject Guide

Friday, December 5th, 2014

NLM released a new Genetics/Genomics Information subject guide as the latest update in the NLM subject guide series. These guides, based on our most frequently asked questions, are starting points for health professionals, researchers, librarians, students, and others. Other published guides in our series are about findings:

We will develop more subject guides as needed. We welcome your comments, questions, and suggestions about all of our guides.

Notable Data Changes in MEDLINE during Year-End Processing for 2015

Friday, December 5th, 2014

The National Library of Medicine (NLM) is currently involved in MEDLINE year-end processing (YEP) activities. These include changing the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) main headings as well as Supplementary Concept Records that standardize names and associated numbers for chemical, protocols, and diseases that are not main headings. The MeSH edits include existing MEDLINE citations to conform with the 2015 version of MeSH, and other global changes. Notable data changes made to MEDLINE during Year-End Processing (YEP) for 2015 include:

MeSH Vocabulary Changes for 2015
Lists of new descriptors, changed descriptors, deleted descriptors, and new descriptors by tree subcategory are available on the NLM website. For more information about MeSH use and structure, as well as recent updates and availability of data, visit Introduction to MeSH – 2015. The MeSH Browser currently points to the 2015 MeSH vocabulary with a link to the 2014 MeSH vocabulary.

Entry Combination Revisions
This year during YEP, NLM will again retrospectively replace certain MeSH heading/subheading combinations, known as Entry Combinations, with the new precoordinated MeSH heading. If you get no retrieval for a MeSH Heading/subheading combination check the heading in the 2015 MeSH Browser to see if the Entry Combination information indicates a different term.

Interview [PT]
In a new change in policy, MEDLINE citations that are cited with the Publication Type [PT] Interview will have both the Interviewee and Interviewer cited as authors. The first author will be the Interviewee and the second author will be the Interviewer. In the past we only cited the Interviewee as the author.

Author Affiliation
Effective with the implementation of the new PubMed system in mid-December and going forward, NLM will allow for multiple Author Affiliations for all Authors, Corporate Authors and Investigators, if the data are supplied by the publisher in their XML submissions for MEDLINE indexed journals.

MeSH Unique Identifier
Also effective with the implementation of the new PubMed system in mid-December and going forward NLM will be including the MeSH Unique Identifier for MeSH Headings, Subheadings, Name of Substance, Supplementary MeSH Name and Publication Types. These Unique Identifiers are displayed in the PubMed XML view only.

Structured Abstracts
In November 2014, NLM added 345 new labels to the list of structured abstract labels. This brings the total of vetted and mapped labels to 2,799. For more information, visit Structured Abstracts in MEDLINE: Newly Identified and Mapped Labels Available.

New Indexing Policy
Effective for 2015 indexing forward, the more general MeSH heading Mice, Rats, or Cricetinae will no longer be added to a MEDLINE citation when one of their children terms is selected by the indexer. This change now aligns with the basic indexing policy of indexing to the most specific heading (and not also adding the parent term) and using the Tree structures for retrieval. The MeSH heading Animals will still be added, as usual, to support the Animals search limit.

LR (Modification Date) on In Process Citations
Starting around the last week in November 2014, NLM will tag In Process citations with an LR (Modification Date) when those citations have been edited to add Grant information or PMCIDs that have been identified by NCBI automatic machine detection. The purpose of this change for these particular updates to In Process citations is to facilitate the tracking of compliance for NIH Public Access. NLM already assigns an LR for these updates to completed citations (MEDLINE and PubMed-not-MEDLINE subsets) and to the “as supplied by publisher” citations (publisher subset).

Dataset [PT]
The Dataset [PT] value will be used for 2015 indexing. PubMed will display the following new display labels for linking between a Dataset citation and the original research citation.

Dataset described in: – this would appear on the citation for the original paper (search term: hasdatasetdescribedin)

Dataset use reported in: – this would appear on the citation for the dataset description (search term: hasdatasetusereportedin)

Visit NLM Technical Bulletin: MEDLINE Data Changes — 2015 for additional information.

NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices

Friday, December 5th, 2014


  • Request for Comments on the Draft NIH Policy on the Use of a Single Institutional Review Board for Multi-Site Research
    (NOT-OD-15-026) Office of the Director, NIH
  • Reminder for the Extramural Scientific Community: Implementation of the Genomic Data Sharing Policy Begins January 25, 2015
    (NOT-OD-15-027) Office of the Director, NIH
  • Notice of Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare Policy on Shared Animal Welfare Concerns
    (NOT-OD-15-028) Office of the Director, NIH
  • NIH Modification to Guidance on Marking Changes in Resubmission Applications
    (NOT-OD-15-030) Office of the Director, NIH
  • Update: New Biographical Sketch Format Required for NIH and AHRQ Grant Applications Submitted for Due Dates on or After May 25, 2015
    (NOT-OD-15-032) Office of the Director, NIH
  • Notice of an Extension of PAR-12-049 “Cancer Research Education Grants Program (R25)”
    National Cancer Institute
  • Notice of Change in Application Due Date for RFA-ES-14-010 “Centers of Excellence on Environmental Health Disparities Research (P50)”
    National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
  • Technical Assistance Webinar for ES-14-012 “Environmental Influences during Windows of Susceptibility in Breast Cancer Risk (U01)” and ES-14-011 “Coordinating Center for the Breast Cancer and the Environment Research Program (U01)”
    National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
  • Notice of Change in Application Due Dates for PAR-13-280 “Support of NIGMS Program Project Grants (P01 )”
    National Institute of General Medical Sciences
  • Notice of NHGRI Participation in PA-14-015 “Ruth L. Kirschstein NRSA Institutional Research Training Grants (Parent T32)” and Establishment of New Training Program in the Ethical, Legal and Social Implications of Genetic and Genomic Research
    National Human Genome Research Institute
  • Notice of Additional Due Date and Correction for RFA-HG-14-005 “Revisions to Add Biomedical Big Data Training to Active Institutional Training Grants (T32)”
    National Human Genome Research Institute
  • Notice of Additional Due Date and Correction for RFA-HG-14-006 “Revisions to Add Biomedical Big Data Training to Active NLM Institutional Training Grants in Biomedical Informatics (T15)”
    National Human Genome Research Institute
  • Notice of Change to Instructions for Senior/Key Personnel in the Overall and Project Components of PAR-13-316 “NHLBI Program Project Applications (P01)”
    National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
  • Notice of Participation of NIMHD in PAR-14-260 “Interventions for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention in Native American Populations (R01)”
    National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities
  • Request for Information (RFI): Challenges and Opportunities for Exploring and Understanding the Epitranscriptome
    NIH Roadmap Initiatives

Requests for Applications

  • Innovative Measures of Oral Medication Adherence for HIV Treatment and Prevention (R01)
    National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
    National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities
    Application Receipt Date(s): March 25, 2015
  • Human Cellular Models for Predicting Individual Responses to Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator- Directed Therapeutics (R41)
    National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
    Application Receipt Date(s): February 9, 2015 and November 9, 2015
  • Human Cellular Models for Predicting Individual Responses to Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator- Directed Therapeutics (R43/R44)
    National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
    Application Receipt Date(s): February 9, 2015; November 9, 2015; and November 9, 2016

Program Announcements

  • High Priority Immunology Grants (R01)
    National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
    Application Receipt/Submission Date(s): Multiple dates, see announcement.

PubMed Central Citation Exporter Feature Now Available

Wednesday, November 26th, 2014

PubMed Central (PMC) is happy to announce the addition of a citation exporter feature. This feature makes it easy to retrieve either styled citations that you can copy/paste into your manuscripts, or to download them into a format compatible with your bibliographic reference manager software.

When viewing a search results page, each result summary will now include a “Citation” link. When, clicked, this will open a pop-up window that you can use to copy/paste citations formatted in one of three popular styles: American Medical Association (AMA), Modern Library Association (MLA), or American Psychological Association (APA).

Also, the box has links at the bottom that can be used to download the citation information in one of three machine-readable formats, which most bibliographic reference management software can import. The same citation box can also be invoked from an individual article, either in classic view (with the “Citation” link among the list of formats) or the PubReader view, by clicking on the citation information just below the article title in the banner.

What’s New on REMM?

Wednesday, November 26th, 2014

NLM has announced a new version of the Radiation Emergency Medical Management (REMM) site. View updates and changes in the November News.

Healthcare Access in Rural Communities

Wednesday, November 26th, 2014

The Rural Assistance Center has a new guide addressing the challenges of healthcare access in rural areas and ways communities and policymakers can address these needs. Areas covered include workforce shortages, health insurance status, distance and transportation, poor health literacy and the stigma of certain conditions like mental health or substance abuse.

Happy Thanksgiving!

Monday, November 24th, 2014

NN/LM MAR staff would like to wish all of you a Happy Thanksgiving.

  • The MAR offices will be closed on Thursday and Friday, November 27 – 28, 2014, in observance of Thanksgiving.
  • The National Library of Medicine (NLM) will be closed on Thursday, November 27, 2014.  However, NLM will be open Friday, November 28, 2014.

Webinar: Preparing your Healthcare System for Ebola

Friday, November 21st, 2014

Today, Friday, November 21 / 3 – 4 pm (ET)

Hospital based emergency providers are invited to participate in a conference call with leaders from the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on preparing for possible Ebola cases. During this call, leaders will discuss the evaluation and management of patients who present with possible Ebola Virus Disease and provide an overview of the “Identify, Isolate, Inform: Emergency Department Evaluation and Management for Patients Who Present with Possible Ebola Virus Disease” guidance and algorithm ( This call will also provide an opportunity for participants to provide comments and ask questions.

Dial-in Information: Call: 800-857-0664; Participant passcode: 8614132