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Archive for the ‘News from NLM/NIH’ Category

K-12 Team Native Peoples’ Concepts of Health and Illness Classroom Lesson Plans & Activities

Friday, February 21st, 2014

The National Library of Medicine (NLM) Division of Specialized Information Services K-12 Workgroup has released classroom activities and lesson plans to supplement the Native Peoples’ Concepts of Health and Illness website.

For grades 6-12, these classroom activities and lesson plans familiarize students to the health and medicine of Native Americans, Alaska Natives, and Native Hawaiians.  The activities and lesson plans are available at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/nativevoices/resources/lesson-plans-list.html.

The activities and lesson plans use Native Voices exhibition website content material and other NLM online educational/science resources.

The activities and lesson plans are composed of four units.  Each unit introduces a different way of exploring and learning about the Native Voices exhibition in about 1.5 to 3 hours.  These units are: 1) A scavenger hunt, 2) An environmental health science lesson, 3) A social science lesson, and 4) A biology lesson.

While the activities and lesson plans can be used in science classrooms, clubs, and programs, they can be used also to reinforce the history and societal developments of Native peoples in social science and history classrooms.

About the Native Voices Website

The Native Voices Web site (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/nativevoices) allows people to experience an exhibition currently on display at NLM in Bethesda, Maryland.  Both versions explore the connection between wellness, illness and cultural life through a combination of interviews with Native people and interactive media.

For additional information, please contact:

K-12 Team Leader

Alla Keselman, PhD

National Library of Medicine

keselmana@mail.nih.gov

NSB 2014 Science and Technology Indicators

Friday, February 21st, 2014

The National Science Board (NSB) has released its 2014 Science and Technology Indicators. The “Indicators” series are biennial, data-rich reports prepared by the National Science Foundation (NSF), providing quantitative information on science, mathematics, and engineering education at all levels, the scientific and engineering workforce, domestic and international R&D performance, U.S. competitiveness in high technology, and public attitudes and understanding of science and engineering. The reports examine all federal funding for research and development, including by the National Institutes of Health, and are not limited to the NSF.

http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=130380
http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/seind14/

Haz-Map Updated with 481 New Agents

Friday, February 21st, 2014

The National Library of Medicine has updated Haz-Map with 481 new agents, including 23 agents causing occupational asthma:  http://www.nlm.nih.gov/pubs/techbull/jf14/brief/jf14_sis_hazmap.html

President’s Day Closure

Saturday, February 15th, 2014

NLM will be closed on Monday, February 17 in observance of Presidents’ Day.

Biomedical Big Data Science Notices of Intent to Publish

Saturday, February 15th, 2014

Opportunities for Recent Grads at the National Library of Medicine

Friday, February 7th, 2014

Eligibility: Must have a cumulative GPA of 3.0 or higher; must have graduated on or after 12/27/10

NIH Pathways Recent Graduates Program

Subject: National Library of Medicine recruiting for multiple position(s); Bethesda, MD

The National Library of Medicine (NLM), located on the National Institutes of Health (NIH) campus, in Bethesda, Maryland is recruiting recent library science graduates to fill entry level librarian or information science positions. The positions offer a unique opportunity to work at the world’s largest biomedical library, with a mission of acquiring, organizing, and disseminating the biomedical knowledge for the benefit of the public’s health. Read more of this post

February NIH News in Health

Friday, February 7th, 2014

Check out the February issue <http://newsinhealth.nih.gov/issue/feb2014> of NIH News in Health, the monthly newsletter bringing you practical health news and tips based on the latest NIH research:

Stop the Spread of Superbugs

Help Fight Drug-Resistant Bacteria <http://newsinhealth.nih.gov/issue/Feb2014/Feature1

Antibiotics can destroy many types of bacteria that can make us sick. Sadly, our overuse of antibiotics is helping to create new drug-resistant “superbugs” that are difficult to defeat

Gripped by Gout

Avoiding the Ache and Agony <http://newsinhealth.nih.gov/issue/Feb2014/Feature2>

Sudden, painful swelling at the base of the big toe is often the first warning sign of gout. It can affect other joints as well. The good news is, most types of gout are treatable, especially if caught early.

Health Capsules:

*   Distracted Driving Raises Crash Risk <http://newsinhealth.nih.gov/issue/Feb2014/Capsule1>

*   Caring for a Seriously Ill Child <http://newsinhealth.nih.gov/issue/Feb2014/Capsule2>

*   Featured Website: NIDA for Teens <http://newsinhealth.nih.gov/issue/Feb2014/Capsule3>

Visit our Facebook page <http://www.facebook.com/NewsInHealth> to suggest topics you’d like us to cover, or let us know what you find helpful about the newsletter. We’d like to hear from you!

Please pass the word on to your colleagues about NIH News in Health. We are happy to send a limited number of print copies free of charge for display in offices, libraries or clinics. Just email us <mailto:nihnewsinhealth@od.nih.gov> or call 301-402-7337 for more information.

DHHS/FDA-The Safety Reporting Portal

Friday, January 31st, 2014

As of January 13, 2014, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration is accepting voluntary and mandatory reports of dietary supplement adverse events online.

The secure reporting portal was implemented to simplify and allow for easy reporting of these events by manufacturers, distributers and the public. The FDA will also continue to accept paper 3500A and 3500 reporting forms.

The Dietary Supplement and Nonprescription Drug Consumer Protection Act requires the manufacturer, packer, or distributor of a dietary supplement marketed in the United States to report to the FDA any serious adverse events received when their product is used in the United States. The FDA also strongly encourages physicians to file voluntary reports of adverse events experienced by their patients after using dietary supplements.

The new online reporting capability is now available through the Department of Health and Human Services’ Safety Reporting Portal. To submit a dietary supplement adverse event report, please visit www.safetyreporting.hhs.gov.

NLM Technical Services Division Reorganization

Friday, January 24th, 2014

The NLM Fact Sheet on the NLM Library Operations Technical Services Division now reflects the new TSD organization:  http://www.nlm.nih.gov/pubs/factsheets/tsd.html

“Evidence”: What Does that Mean?

Friday, January 24th, 2014

In our health information outreach work we are expected to provide evidence of the value of our work, but there are varying definitions of the word “evidence.” The classical evidence-based medicine approach (featuring results from randomized controlled clinical trials) is a model that is not always relevant in our work. At the 2013 EBLIP7 meeting in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada, Denise Kaufogiannakis presented a keynote address that is now available as an open-access article on the web:

“What We Talk About When We Talk About Evidence” Evidence-Based Library and Information Practice 2013 8.4

This article looks at various interpretations of what it means to provide “evidence” such as theoretical (ideas, concepts and models to explain how and why something works), empirical (measuring outcomes and effectiveness via empirical research), and experiential (people’s experiences with an intervention).

Kaufogiannakis points out that academic librarians’ decisions are usually made in groups of people working together and she proposes a new model for evidence-based library and information practice:

1) Articulate – come to an understanding of the problem and articulate it. Set boundaries and clearly articulate a problem that requires a decision.

2) Assemble – assemble evidence from multiple sources that are most appropriate to the problem at hand. Gather evidence from appropriate sources.

3) Assess – place the evidence against all components of the wider overarching problem. Assess the evidence for its quantity and quality. Evaluate and weigh evidence sources. Determine what the evidence says as a whole.

4) Agree – determine the best way forward and if working with a group, try to achieve consensus based on the evidence and organizational goals. Determine a course of action and begin implementation of the decision.

5) Adapt – revisit goals and needs. Reflect on the success of the implementation. Evaluate the decision and how it has worked in practice. Reflect on your role and actions. Discuss the situation
with others and determine any changes required.

Kaufogiannakis concludes by reminding us that “Ultimately, evidence, in its many forms, helps us find answers. However, we can’t just accept evidence at face value. We need to better understand evidence – otherwise we don’t really know what ‘proof’ the various pieces of evidence provide.