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Archive for the ‘Education’ Category

Evolution of a Search: The Use of Dynamic Twitter Searches During Superstorm Sandy

Sunday, October 19th, 2014

PLOS: Currents: Disasters, September 26, 2014

This research article, co-authored by National Institutes of Health librarian Alicia Livinski, is an example of collaboration between a library and public health agency developing search strategies to organize and monitor the vast array of information sent out via Twitter during a disaster.

http://currents.plos.org/disasters/article/evolution-of-a-search-the-use-of-dynamic-twitter-searches-during-superstorm-sandy/

Elegantly Simple Evaluation: Talking to Health Care Providers about Patient Health Literacy

Sunday, October 19th, 2014

By Yawar Ali and Cindy Olney

As the child of a physician living in South Texas, I’ve witnessed a deficiency of health literacy in patients. I volunteered in my dad’s clinic over spring break. I also participated on a medical relief trip with my father to a nonprofit charitable hospital in Pakistan. At both places, I witnessed difficulty in patient health literacy. – Yawar Ali

 In June 2014, Yawar Ali, a rising junior from the South Texas High School for Health Professions, taught physicians and physician assistants in his father’s medical clinics about patient health literacy. He also introduced them to MedlinePlus as an important tool for their patients. Yawar evaluated his project and discovered valuable insight that helped him improve the impact of his project.

Yawar conducted this health information outreach project as an internship offered through the  ¡VIVA! (Vital Information for a Virtual Age) project.  ¡VIVA! is a high school-based initiative in which students are trained to promote MedlinePlus to their classmates, teachers, families, and community members.  It is a student organization led by librarians of the South Texas Independent School District, located in the Lower Rio Grande Valley. The National Library of Medicine (NLM) funds the project.

He developed his presentation using health literacy materials available through the Medical Library Association and presented to three doctors and three PAs.  He taught them seven steps for addressing low patient health literacy and introduced them to MedlinePlus.

Yawar incorporated elegantly simple evaluation techniques into his project. Right after the presentation, he asked participants to complete a short evaluation form, asking them how likely they were to use the steps and promote MedlinePlus to patients.  They all responded positively, indicating good intentions.

Two weeks after the training, Yawar visited all of the health care providers to conduct brief semi-structured interviews. He asked if they had tried the steps and collected their feedback on the techniques. He also checked to see if they had promoted MedlinePlus to their patients. With some persistence, he was able to conduct a complete interview with each participant.

The feedback he received is of interest to anyone hoping to initiate health information outreach in partnership with primary care clinics, particularly in medically underserved areas:

  • The majority of Yawar’s participants tried teach-back, open-ended questions, and other techniques with their patients; but they were conflicted because such techniques added time to patient appointments. This interfered with their ability to stick to their busy schedules.
  • The health care providers were impressed with MedlinePlus, but they had convenient access to print materials from a database (Healthwise) that was integrated with the clinic’s Electronic Health Records (EHR) system. Furthermore, it was easier to document that they were adhering to the meaningful use requirements of the Medicare and Medicaid EHR Incentive Programs when they got patient information from Healthwise.
  • While the Healthwise database was more convenient for the providers, they recognized that the print information they were providing was limited. They believed their patients could get more comprehensive information from MedlinePlus, but the clinicians did not have a convenient way to promote the resource.

Their feedback prompted a speedy response. The project team secured MedlinePlus brochures from NLM that Yawar delivered to the clinics. The fix was relatively simple, but critical. The team may have never known about this necessary adjustment without Yawar’s elegantly simple evaluation.

Credit:  Yawar and Cindy would like to thank ¡VIVA! project team members Lucy Hansen, Sara Reibman, and Ann Vickman, for their help on this project.

The ¡VIVA! project has been funded in whole or in part with federal funds from the National Library of Medicine, National Institute of Health, under Contract No. HHSN-276-2011-0007-C with the Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library.

Helpful Ebola Resources

Thursday, October 16th, 2014

CDC Taking Active Steps Related to Hospital Preparedness for Ebola Treatment
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) are taking steps to assist hospitals prepare for Ebola. This October 15, 2014 press release outlines the steps they are taking in response to health care workers in Dallas who have contracted Ebola: http://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2014/fs1014-ebola-investigation-fact-sheet.html

 

Disaster Lit Updates and Recent CDC Webinar Recordings

The Disaster Information Management Research Center (DIMRC) at NLM continues to update documents, guidance tools, webinars, and more to the Disaster Lit Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health.

Some people were unable to attend recent webinars, such as the CDC call on preparing for Ebola and the Johns Hopkins symposium webcast. The links to these and other recordings are in Disaster Lit as they become available: http://disasterlit.nlm.nih.gov/search/?searchTerms=ebola+OR+hemorrhagic&search.x=45&search.y=11&search=Search

 

Recording: Ebola Outbreak: Managing Health Information Resources

October 9, 2014

Speaker: Cindy Love, Disaster Information Management Research Center (DIMRC), National Library of Medicine (NLM

The recording of the webinar on managing health information resources for Ebola is now available online, along with the PowerPoint slides. In this webinar, Cindy Love, specialist in public health information management with the NLM, discussed the nature of information flow during an infectious disease outbreak, with a special focus on Ebola-related resources from the NLM: http://disasterinfo.nlm.nih.gov/dimrc/dismeetings.html#previous14

 

Ebola Guidelines Included in Disaster Lit

A recent document from the American Hospital Association suggests “all hospitals and clinics to post … Ebola screening criteria prominently in locations where hospital staff – including intake, triage and clinical staff – can see it” (http://www.aha.org/advocacy-issues/tools-resources/advisory/2014/141002-readiness-adv.pdf).

Be proactive at your institution and provide guidelines in print and electronic form to those working with or preparing to work with Ebola patients. You can find these guidelines gathered in Disaster Lit using the search link below. You can refine by guideline source, year, or author: http://disasterlit.nlm.nih.gov/search/?search=Search&PubTypeID[]=13&searchTerms=%28ebola%20OR%20hemorrhagic%29

Here are examples of searches of Disaster Lit for guidelines by source:

A list of checklists from the CDC, the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, and others, is also available in Disaster Lit:

  1. Checklist for Patients Being Evaluated for Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in the United States

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Date Published: 10/01/2014

This one-page document is a checklist for patients being evaluated for Ebola virus disease (EVD) in the United States. Topics include arrival to clinical setting/triage, conducting a risk assessment for high-risk or low-risk exposures, use of personal protective equipment, and patient placement and care considerations.

URL: http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/pdf/checklist-patients-evaluated-us-evd.pdf

Type: Guideline/Assessment Tool

  1. Ebola Preparedness for the U.S. Healthcare System

Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR)

Date Published: 09/29/2014

Format: Video or Multimedia

This one-hour webinar discusses a Detailed Hospital Checklist for Ebola Preparedness to highlight activities that all hospitals can take to prepare for the possibility of a patient exposed to Ebola arriving for medical care. The webinar is especially for hospital emergency managers, infection control officers, hospital leadership, and clinical staff. The checklist provides practical and specific suggestions to ensure hospitals are able to detect possible Ebola cases, protect employees, and respond appropriately. The webinar was co-sponsored by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

URL:http://www.phe.gov/Preparedness/responders/Pages/ebola-healthcare-webinar.aspx

  1. Checklist for Healthcare Coalitions for Ebola Preparedness

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Date Published: 09/26/2014

This four-page document is a checklist intended to enhance collective preparedness and response to the Ebola virus disease by highlighting key areas for U.S. healthcare coalitions to review in preparation for a person under investigation (PUI) for Ebola at a coalition member’s facility. The checklist provides practical and specific suggestions to ensure healthcare coalition members are able to detect possible Ebola cases, protect employees, and respond appropriately.

URL:http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/pdf/coalition-checklist-ebola-preparedness.pdf

  1. Detailed Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Checklist for Ebola Preparedness

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Date Published: 09/26/2014

This six-page document is a checklist intended to enhance collective preparedness and response to possible Ebola and other infectious disease cases by highlighting key areas for emergency medical services (EMS) personnel to review in preparation for encountering and providing medical care to a person with Ebola. The checklist provides practical and specific suggestions to ensure the agency is able to help its personnel detect possible Ebola cases, protect those personnel, and respond appropriately.

URL:http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/pdf/ems-checklist-ebola-preparedness.pdf

  1. Template for Public Health Laboratory Risk Assessment for Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) Testing

Source: Association of Public Health Laboratories (APHL)

Date Published: 09/24/2014

This 13-page template is designed to assist laboratories in the development of their risk assessment for Ebola virus disease (EVD). It may not be an all-encompassing plan as each facility will have its own laboratory specific risk assessment procedures. It also includes checklists for chemical safety, emergency preparedness, documentation and training, waste management, engineering controls, and at-risk employees; and a laboratory specimens handling log.

URL:http://www.aphl.org/aphlprograms/preparedness-and-response/Documents/APHL-Template.pdf

Type: Guideline/Assessment Tool

  1. Health Care Facility Preparedness Checklist for Ebola Virus Disease (EVD)

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Date Published: 09/12/2014

This two-page document is a checklist that highlights some key areas for health care facilities to review in preparation for a person with Ebola virus disease (EVD) arriving for medical care. In this checklist, health care personnel refers to all persons, paid and unpaid, working in health care settings who have the potential for exposure to patients and/or to infectious materials, including body substances, contaminated medical supplies and equipment, contaminated environmental surfaces, or contaminated air.

URL:http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/pdf/healthcare-facility-checklist-for-ebola.pdf?s_cid=cs_3923

  1. Health Care Provider Preparedness Checklist for Ebola Virus Disease

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Date Published: 09/12/2014

This two-page document is a checklist that highlights some key areas for health care providers to review in preparation for a person with Ebola virus disease (EVD) arriving for medical care. In this checklist, health care personnel refers to all persons, paid and unpaid, working in health care settings who have the potential for exposure to patients and/or to infectious materials, including blood and body fluids, contaminated medical supplies and equipment, and contaminated environmental surfaces.

URL:http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/pdf/healthcare-provider-checklist-for-ebola.pdf?s_cid=cs_3923

Type: Guideline/Assessment Tool

  1. Detailed Hospital Checklist for Ebola Preparedness

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Date Published: 09/05/2014

This six-page checklist, developed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, highlights key areas for hospital staff – especially hospital emergency management officers, infection control practitioners, and clinical practitioners – to review in preparation for a person with Ebola virus diseases arriving at a hospital for medical care. The checklist provides practical and specific suggestions to ensure a hospital is able to detect possible Ebola cases, protect employees, and respond appropriately.

URL:http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/pdf/hospital-checklisk-ebola-preparedness.pdf

Siobhan Champ-Blackwell

DIMRC / NLM

MedlinePlus Announcements and Special Features

Friday, October 10th, 2014

Director’s Comments: Enterovirus 68 Overview

Listen to the NLM Director’s Comments on “Enterovirus 68 Overview”. The transcript is also available.

As of this writing, four deaths may or may not be linked to the spread of enterovirus 68, a respiratory infection, which has been diagnosed mostly among children in more than 40 U.S. states. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) confirmed 472 cases of enterovirus 68 in early October and noted the actual number of cases probably was higher…

Director’s Comments: Helping Smokers Quit

Listen to the NLM Director’s Comments on “Helping Smokers Quit”. The transcript is also available.

Hospital-discharged smokers (who received automated phone calls and a choice of free medications) stopped smoking more than peers (who received general smoking cessation advice and paid for a pre-selected medication), finds a recent study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association

National Library of Medicine Resource Update: Drug Information Portal

Friday, October 10th, 2014

The National Library of Medicine (NLM) Drug Information Portal is a free web resource that provides an informative, user–friendly gateway to current drug information for over 53,000 substances. The Portal links to sources from the NLM, the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and other government agencies such as the U.S. FDA. Current information regarding consumer health, clinical trials, AIDS–related drug information, MeSH pharmacological actions, PubMed biomedical literature, and physical properties and structure is easily retrieved by searching a drug name. A varied selection of focused topics in medicine and drug–related information is also available from displayed subject headings.

The Drug Portal retrieves by the generic or trade name of a drug or its category of usage. Records provide a description of how the drug is used, its chemical structure and nomenclature, and include up to 20 Resource Locators which link to more information in other selected resources. Recent additions to these Locators include clinical experience with drugs in PubMed Health, substances reviewed in NLM’s LiverTox, information from the Dietary Supplement Label Database, and drug images in the Pillbox database. Data in the Drug Information Portal is updated daily, and is also available on mobile devices. More information is available from the Drug Information Portal Fact Sheet.

NIH News in Health is Now Available!

Friday, October 10th, 2014

Check out the October issue of NIH News in Health, the monthly newsletter bringing you practical health news and tips based on the latest NIH research. In this issue:

  • Sweet Stuff: How Sugars and Sweeteners Affect Your Health
    Most of us love sweet foods and drinks. But after that short burst of sweetness, you may worry about how sweets affect your waistline and your overall health. Is sugar really bad for us? How about artificial or low-calorie sweeteners? What have scientists learned about the sweet things that most of us eat and drink every day?
  • Cold, Flu, or Allergy? Know the Difference for Best Treatment
    You’re feeling pretty lousy. You’ve got sniffles, sneezing, and a sore throat. Is it a cold, flu, or allergies? It can be hard to tell them apart because they share so many symptoms. But understanding the differences will help you choose the best treatment.
  • Genetic Clues to the 2014 Ebola Outbreak
    Scientists sequenced the genomes of nearly 100 samples of Ebola virus from patients in West Africa. The findings are helping researchers track the origin and spread of this deadly virus.
  • NIH Health Information at Your Fingertips
    Can you separate facts from myths about weight loss, nutrition, and physical activity? How do you recognize a heart attack or stroke? How many drinks is too many?
  • Featured Website: It’s a Noisy Planet
    Kids and teens are often exposed to noise levels that could permanently harm their hearing. It could take a long time before you even notice damage has been done. Learn about the causes and prevention of noise-induced hearing loss, so your kids—and you—can have healthy hearing for life.

NIH News in Health is available online in both HTML and PDF formats. Print copies are available free of charge for offices, clinics, community centers, and libraries within the U.S. Visit the NIH News in Health Facebook page to suggest topics you’d like to see covered, or share what you find helpful about the newsletter!

Online CDC Tour and Guest Discussion: October 15-17

Friday, October 10th, 2014

Online Tour and Listserv Discussion of New CDC Health Literacy Resources

This is a two-part online event. Take a live 30 minute tour of CDC’s recently released health literacy courses, web site content, and a Clear Communication Index scoring widget, and learn how they can help you in your work. Can’t make the tour or want to discuss after the tour how to use some of the resources? Participate in the two-day online follow-up discussion on the Health Literacy Discussion List.

When: 

  • Live tour is October 15, 2-2:30 p.m. EDT.
  • Two-day online discussion is October 16 & 17.

How: 

  • For the tour, call 877-930-2496, code 182031, and use this link: cdc.gov/healthliteracy. There are 60 open conference lines.
  • For the online discussion, watch the Health Literacy Discussion List October 16 & 17.

 

You’ll see that there is a live call-in tour on the 15th, limited to 60 people. Then there will be a discussion on the list the following two days. If you can’t make the phone call, don’t despair! We will post some instructions for you to do your own.

Please put this in your calendar and pass it on to any colleagues who may be interested. If they are not already list members, they can join here: http://listserv.ihahealthliteracy.org/

Adding Value to EHRs: Librarians Step Up

Friday, October 10th, 2014

Date: October 29, 2014 – 2:00 PM EDT

Hosted by the HealthIT COI and UConn Health

Description:

“Everybody talks about the weather, but nobody does anything about it.”     ~ Charles Dudley Warner

There is SO much talk about Health IT and EHRs and yet, how many of us can say we’re actively involved?  Attribute this to HIPAA, or politics or a silo mentality at many institutions, librarians are frequently frustrated by a perceived inability to get to the table and contribute.

This webinar features two librarians who ARE involved.  Tune in to hear how one describes ways to become involved and stay in touch with EHRs and hear the experiences of another teaching EPIC’s CADENCE application to employees working at the front desk of her organization.

Register here https://nnlm.gov/ner/training/register.html?schedule_id=3079

Guest speakers include:

  • Dina McKelvy, MLS, AHIP, Library Manager for Automation and Planning at Maine Medical Center Library
  • Mina Davenport, MLS,CT, UCSF Benioff Children’s Hospital Oakland

20 Apps in 40 Minutes: Putting Apps to Use in the Classroom

Friday, October 10th, 2014

Date: Wednesday, October 22, 2014
Time: 3:00 pm EST
Duration: 60 min

Join the Blended Librarians Online Learning Community on Wednesday, October 22 at 3:00 pm EST for a webcast presentation and discussion with Sherri Hope Culver, Associate Professor at Temple University. In this high energy and interactive presentation, a wide range of apps and online activities will be shared that many teachers are using (or could use) in the classroom. The webinar will provide an overview of each app or online activity, show the basics of how to use it, and share ways the app may be integrated into numerous classroom activities and subject areas. The goal of the webinar is one of breadth– not depth. This webinar will send attendees away with a list of at least 20 apps and online activities and tips for how to find the best new apps on an ongoing basis. Join us to learn how our faculty are using apps for learning and how blended librarians can support faculty in finding and using apps.

About Our Presenter:
Sherri Hope Culver is an Associate Professor at Temple University, Department of Media Studies and Production and serves as Director of the Center for Media and Information Literacy. Sherri chairs the Teaching, Learning and Technology Roundtable faculty committee. She is currently serving her third term as President of the National Association for Media Literacy Education. Sherri consults with media companies on strategic management, content development and media literacy with a focus on children’s media. She is co-editor of the UNESCO MILID Yearbook 2014: Media and Information Literacy and Intercultural Dialogue and author of the books, The Television and Video Survival Guide and The Media Career Guide.

This is a free event but we ask that you register in advance.

Webinar attendees will receive a Blended Librarian Online Learning Community badge to document their participation in this learning event.

Explore the archives of past Blended Librarian webcasts at our website.

Audit an Evaluation MOOC

Friday, October 10th, 2014

Have you always been curious about Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) and haven’t yet checked them out, or have started a MOOC and not completed it because you found the format confusing or didn’t have the time to complete all the assignments in it?

Evaluating Social Programs is currently being offered by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) within one of the easier-to-navigate open access MOOC formats, EdX. The course is now closed for registration for credit, but can still be accessed for free to audit with complete access to the instructional materials, activities, tests and discussions within the MOOC. It is estimated that full participation in each week of the course will take approximately 4 hours, but of course you are welcome to skip around and access the information that is of interest to you. I am currently auditing the MOOC while taking note of new resources and information that is likely to be of interest to you from a health program evaluation perspective this month, and will write a summary blog post in November.

The class description is:

This four and a half-week course on evaluating social programs will provide a thorough understanding of randomized evaluations and pragmatic step-by-step training for conducting one’s own evaluation. Through a combination of lectures and case studies from real randomized evaluations, the course will focus on the benefits and methods of randomization, choosing an appropriate sample size, and common threats and pitfalls to the validity of the experiment. While the course is centered around the why, how and when of Randomized Evaluations, it will also impart insights on the importance of a needs assessment, measuring outcomes effectively, quality control, and monitoring methods that are useful for all kinds of evaluations.

If you are interested in participating in Evaluating Social Programs and have not previously taken an EdX MOOC, I highly recommend checking out the 15 minute self-navigated DemoX which provides a very user-friendly overview of how to make the best use of the features within EdX.