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Regional Characteristics

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Introduction

The Greater Midwest Region (GMR) includes the ten states of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin and comprises approximately 19.4 percent of the population of the United States. The region is geographically large and demographically complex. From its upper-most western border to the southern-most edge, the region covers three time zones. North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Kentucky, and Iowa are primarily rural states, while the others have large urban areas. Region 3 includes the poorest tribal reservation in the country, Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, and the third largest U.S. city, Chicago. Many rural areas of the region are economically depressed such as the Appalachian region of Eastern Kentucky and Southeastern Ohio and the Lower Mississippi Delta region in southern Illinois.

Sizeable minority populations can be found in several states. Large African American and Latino/Hispanic populations live in urban areas such as Detroit, Indianapolis, Cleveland, Milwaukee, and Chicago. North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Michigan, and Minnesota have large populations of Native Americans, and areas in Michigan have large Arab-American populations. Cities of Fargo, ND, and Sioux City, SD, are home to a large population of Sudanese. Ft. Wayne, IN, is home to a large population of Burmese refugees. Hmong refugees have established sizeable populations in Wisconsin, Minnesota and Michigan, and are served well by local agencies as well as Hmong Health http://www.hmonghealth.orgExternal Link Indicator, a recipient of GMR support. According to US Census Bureau report Language Use in the United States 2007External Link Indicator, major foreign languages spoken in the region include Spanish, French, German, Slavic Languages, Korean, Chinese, and Vietnamese. Additional languages spoken in GMR metropolitan areas include Italian, Scandinavian, Greek, Russian, Polish, Serbo-Croatian, Gujarati, Hindi, Urdu, Hmong, Laotian, Hungarian, and Arabic.

Demographics and Maps

Census (2012 estimate) and land data by state compared to the United States

Population Population Rank White/Non-Hispanic Black/African American American Indian/Alaska Native Asian Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander Hispanic or Latino Origin Square Miles % of US area
Illinois 12,875,255 5 63.3% 14.8% 0.6% 4.8% 0.1% 16.2% 55,518.93 1.57%
Indiana 6,537,334 15 81.3% 9.4% 0.4% 1.7% 0.1% 6.2% 35,826.11 1.01%
Iowa 3,074,186 30 88.4% 3.1% 0.5% 1.9% 0.1% 5.2% 55,857.13 1.58%
Kentucky 4,380,415 26 86.1% 8.0% 0.3% 1.2% 0.1% 3.2% 39,486.34 1.11%
Michigan 9,883,360 8 76.4% 14.3% 0.7% 2.5% <0.1% 4.5% 56,538.90 1.60%
Minnesota 5,379,139 21 82.8% 5.4% 1.3% 4.2% 0.1% 4.9% 79,626.74 2.25%
North Dakota 699,628 48 88.6% 1.3% 5.5% 1.1% 0.1% 2.2% 69,000.80 1.95%
Ohio 11,544,225 7 81.0% 12.4% 0.3% 1.7% <0.1% 3.2% 40,860.69 1.16%
South Dakota 833,354 46 84.4% 1.4% 8.9% 1.0% 0.1% 2.9% 75,811.00 2.15%
Wisconsin 5,726,398 20 83.1% 6.5% 1.1% 2.4% <0.1% 6.1% 54,157.80 1.53%
REGIONAL TOTALS 60,933,294 NA 79.2% 8.3% 2.3% 2.5% 0.1% 6.5% 562,684.44 15.93%
UNITED STATES 313,914,040 NA 63.4% 13.1% 1.2% 5.0% 0.2% 16.7% 3,531,905 NA

Source of Information for the Table

Number of Health Professional Shortage Areas (HPSAs), Medically Underserved Areas (MUAs), and Medically Underserved Populations (MUPops)

According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) FY 2013 data, the following numbers of HPSAs, MUAs and MUPops are located in the Greater Midwest Region. "HRSA develops shortage designation criteria and uses them to decide whether or not a geographic area, population group or facility is a Health Professional Shortage Area or a Medically Underserved Area or Population." (http://www.hrsa.gov/shortage/External Link Indicator)

State Name Primary Medical
Care HPSAs
Dental
HPSAs
Mental Health
HPSAs
Total Number
HPSAs
MUAs MUPops
Illinois 226 158 119 503 142 22
Indiana 104 45 52 201 54 24
Iowa 115 116 66 297 86 2
Kentucky 123 85 92 300 88 12
Michigan 224 161 141 526 83 15
Minnesota 107 115 55 277 100 7
North Dakota 79 34 50 163 55 1
Ohio 124 119 90 333 113 5
South Dakota 84 54 49 187 66 -
Wisconsin 100 88 101 289 68 5
Totals 1286 975 815 3076 855 93

Urban and Rural Areas and Populations

The following state percentages of rural/urban areas and urban and rural population in the GMR, 2010 data. Source: http://www.census.gov/geo/www/ua/2010urbanruralclass.htmlExternal Link Indicator

State Name % Area Urban % Area Rural % Population Urban % Population Rural
Illinois 7.11 92.89 88.49 11.51
Indiana 7.05 92.95 72.44 27.56
Iowa 1.71 98.29 64.02 35.98
Kentucky 3.57 96.43 58.38 41.62
Michigan 6.41 93.59 74.57 25.43
Minnesota 2.14 97.86 73.27 26.73
North Dakota 0.27 99.73 59.9 40.1
Ohio 10.82 89.18 77.92 22.08
South Dakota 0.3 99.7 56.65 43.35
Wisconsin 3.47 96.53 70.15 29.85

GMR Membership by State

Membership totals as of July 13, 2013.

State Name Hospital Academic Public Other Total Membership
Illinois 118 70 35 46 269
Indiana 49 32 18 11 110
Iowa 28 27 117 12 84
Kentucky 37 14 6 9 66
Michigan 73 20 23 11 127
Minnesota 29 15 5 16 65
North Dakota 15 11 4 0 30
Ohio 112 53 27 18 210
South Dakota 9 12 4 6 31
Wisconsin 65 20 11 11 107

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