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Teen Nutrition: Making Healthy Choices Easier

This month’s Healthy You tipsheet from the American Public Health Association features advice on how to make healthy eating easier for teens. The tipsheet is available in English, Spanish, easy-to-read and audio versions.

Healthy You (APHA): http://bit.ly/UD9hur

January NIH News in Health

This month’s issue of NIH News in Health features articles with tips on maintaining a healthy blood pressure, substance abuse in women, and using the NIH Body Weight Planner.

NIH News in Health: https://newsinhealth.nih.gov/

Get kids vaccinated to prevent cervical cancer

According to the Centers for Disease Control, roughly 4,000 women die in the United States every year from cervical cancer. The HPV vaccine can help prevent cervical and other cancers. The vaccine is very safe and has cut human papillomavirus infections among teen girls by half since 2006. Both boys and girls should get the HPV vaccine by age 13.

Protect Your Daughters from Cervical Cancer (CDC): http://1.usa.gov/1RwFaFg

MedlinePlus has information on HPV in English and eleven other languages: http://1.usa.gov/1SdgWzQ

2015–2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans

The 2015–2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans is designed to help Americans eat a healthier diet. Intended for policymakers and health professionals, this edition of the Dietary Guidelines outlines how people can improve their overall eating patterns — the complete combination of foods and drinks in their diet. This edition offers 5 overarching Guidelines and a number of Key Recommendations with specific nutritional targets and dietary limits: Following a healthy eating pattern across the lifespan; Focusing on variety, nutrient density, and amount; Limiting calories from added sugars and saturated fats and reduce sodium intake; Shifting to healthier food and beverage choices; and Supporting healthy eating patterns for all.

2015–2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans: http://1.usa.gov/1mI5kba

Plain Language: Getting Started or Brushing Up

Plain language is grammatically correct language that includes complete sentence structure and accurate word usage. Plain language is not unprofessional writing or a method of “dumbing down” or “talking down” to the reader. Writing that is clear and to the point helps improve communication and takes less time to read and understand. Clear writing tells the reader exactly what the reader needs to know without using unnecessary words or expressions. NIH’s Plain Language: Getting Started or Brushing Up is a handy tool to learn about using plain language in your work.

Plain Language: Getting Started or Brushing Up: http://1.usa.gov/1PiXlI9

E-cigarette Ads are Reaching Middle and High School Students

About 7 in 10 middle and high school students – more than 18 million young people – see e-cigarette advertising in stores, online, in newspapers and magazines, or on television and in movies, according to a new CDC Vital Signs report. E-cigarette ads use many of the same themes – independence, rebellion and sex – used to sell cigarettes and other conventional tobacco products. Advertising of tobacco products has been shown to cause youth to start using those products. The unrestricted marketing of e-cigarettes and dramatic increases in their use by youth could reverse decades of progress in preventing tobacco use among youth. Efforts by states, communities, and others could reduce this exposure.

CDC E-cigarette Ads and Youth: http://1.usa.gov/1S8qJXT

The Relationship of Nearsightedness found in U.S. Children and Electronic Devices

Adapted from article in Health Day (MedlinePlus):

In the article, More Computer Time May Be Causing Nearsightedness in U.S. Kids, the time allotted to electronic devices may be causing nearsightedness in children across the United States. Myopia, also known as nearsightedness, has doubled in the last 50 years according to ophthalmologists. Dr. David Hunter, chief of ophthalmology at Boston Children’s Hospital explains, “Nearsightedness is when your eyes are capable of focusing up close but not far away. It generally happens when the eye grows too long, and the best focus point no longer aligns well with the area at the back of the eye called the retina.” Experts suspect the increase in Myopia rates found in children is because of the ongoing trend of many focusing on something near their eyes in artificial light and the lack of time spent outdoors in natural light. For more information, the article can be found here: http://1.usa.gov/1PKzbJi

 

The Importance of Heart Attack Symptoms and Early Treatment

Adapted from article in Health Day (MedlinePlus):

In the article, Early Treatment Improves Heart Attack Outcomes, Study Finds, by Mary Elizabeth Dallas, the period to restore blood flow once a heart attack occurs is crucial to recovery and offsets long-term damage. Therefore, those who are alert to heart attack symptoms, often have better outcomes. The timeframe from heart attack symptoms to treatment is called “door-to-balloon” time.

The procedure to restore blood flow to the heart using a stent is called percutaneous coronary intervention. The American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association both state, “Treatment should be received in 90 minutes or less.”

In the study, 2,056 patient hospital records were examined and the results were published online Dec. 28 in JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions. The report found that patients who were treated longer than the recommend time frame of 90 minutes were less likely to have blood flood fully restored. Medical experts conclude that initial stages of door-to-balloon time and heart attack symptoms is crucial. For more information, the article can be found: http://1.usa.gov/1OvFrpo

Reminder: Toy Safety for Children

Adapted from article in Health Day (MedlinePlus):

In the article, Make Toy Safety a Top Concern by Robert Preidt, the Consumer Product Safety Commission reported that 252,000 children were treated in emergency rooms for toy-related injuries last year. The commission reported that seventy percent of those children were 12 or younger. In an effort to reduce those numbers, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend parents to choose toy with caution and pay close attention to safety guidelines. For more information, the article can be found here: http://1.usa.gov/1PINpME

 

NLM Update: Coffee and Health

The most current episode of the National Library of Medicine’s audio update covers current evidence on Coffee and Health. You can listen to this and listen to past episodes on MedlinePlus: http://1.usa.gov/1Ov9Unl Transcripts are available for all updates.