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Archive for the ‘Articles’ Category

Report: CDC Health Disparities and Inequalities Report – United States, 2013

Friday, December 6th, 2013

The CDC Health Disparities and Inequalities Report – United States, 2013, published in CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), is the second consolidated assessment that highlights health disparities and inequalities across a wide range of diseases, behavioral risk factors, environmental exposures, social determinants, and health-care access by sex, race and ethnicity, income, education, disability status and other social characteristics. It provides new data for 19 of the topics published in 2011 and presents 10 new topics.

The latest report looks at disparities in deaths and illness, use of health care, behavioral risk factors for disease, environmental hazards, and social determinants of health at the national level. This year’s report contains 10 new topics including activity limitations due to chronic diseases, asthma attacks, fatal and nonfatal work-related injuries and illnesses, health-related quality of life, periodontitis in adults, residential proximity to major highways, tuberculosis, access to healthier foods, and unemployment.

CDC Health Disparities and Inequalities Report — United States, 2013: http://1.usa.gov/IOSyDb (PDF)

Study: Low-income communities benefit most from public health funding

Friday, November 8th, 2013

From the American Public Health Association Newswire:

“Low-income communities experience the greatest health gains from public health funding, according to new research released today at the American Public Health Association’s 141st Annual Meeting in Boston.

Researchers found that over 17 years communities given public health funding experienced 4.3 percent reductions in infant mortality, as well as reductions of 0.5 to 3.9 percent in non-infant deaths from cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer and influenza.

However, these health gains were 20-44 percent larger when funding was targeted to lower-income communities.”

For complete study information visit http://bit.ly/1c5E5LW

Brain may flush out toxins during sleep

Friday, October 18th, 2013

From the National Institutes of Health:

A good night’s rest may literally clear the mind. Using mice, researchers showed for the first time that the space between brain cells may increase during sleep, allowing the brain to flush out toxins that build up during waking hours.  These results suggest a new role for sleep in health and disease.  The study was funded by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), part of the NIH.

For centuries, scientists and philosophers have wondered why people sleep and how it affects the brain.  Only recently have scientists shown that sleep is important for storing memories.  In this study, Dr. Nedergaard and her colleagues unexpectedly found that sleep may be also be the period when the brain cleanses itself of toxic molecules.

For the full NIH news article: http://1.usa.gov/17RLxqn

Positive relationship factors may help break cycle of child maltreatment

Monday, October 14th, 2013

From the CDC:

“The Journal of Adolescent Health released a special supplement investigating the role of safe, stable, nurturing relationships (SSNRs) and social contexts in the cycle of child maltreatment across generations. Efforts focused on enhancing SSNRs between parents and children, as well as between parents and other adults, may be a helpful prevention strategy for breaking the cycle of child maltreatment and promoting life-long health.”

The articles in the special supplement are available at no-cost, and the CDC announcement includes links to additional resources on the prevention of child maltreatment.

Source: http://1.usa.gov/19J3NCR

October Issue of the Nation’s Health

Monday, October 7th, 2013

The October issue of the Nation’s Health, the monthly newsletter of the American Public Health, is now available online.

Stories include:

  • As senior population grows, aging in place gains popularity: Communities conducting outreach
  • Poverty taxes brainpower when financially strapped
  • Insurance marketplaces open for enrollment, navigators ready to help
  • Healthy You: Substance abuse–downloadable handout for the public in English and Spanish

Access these and other articles: http://bit.ly/17bIfyX

Healthy People 2020 Evidence-Based Resources

Friday, October 4th, 2013

The Healthy People 2020 Evidence-Based Resources database (http://1.usa.gov/176o4kX) contains evidence-based resources and interventions that may be used to implement the disease prevention and health promotion objectives in and achieve targets set forth in Healthy People 2020. The resources identified have been selected by subject matter experts at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Resources and all resources have been rated and classified according to a set of selection criteria based, in part, on publication status, publication type, and number of studies. The database is searchable by Healthy People 2020 topic area, objective, and leading health indicators, with advanced search features to limit the results to specific resource or intervention type, desired outcome, or specific population features.

Healthy People 2020 Evidence-Based Resources: http://1.usa.gov/176o4kX

October is SIDS Awareness Month

Friday, October 4th, 2013

October is SIDS Awareness Month. Learn more about the problem and the risk factors and take action to reduce the risk. Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the sudden, unexplained death of an infant younger than one year old. Some people call SIDS “crib death” because many babies who die of SIDS are found in their cribs. SIDS is the leading cause of death in children between one month and one year old. Most SIDS deaths occur when babies are between two months and four months old. Premature babies, boys, African Americans, and American Indian/Alaska Native infants have a higher risk of SIDS.

The percentage of nighttime caregivers who reported that an infant usually shares a bed with a parent, another adult, or a child more than doubled between 1993 and 2010, according to researchers at the National Institutes of Health. Sharing a bed, with an adult or another child, increases an infant’s risk of death from sudden infant death syndrome, or SIDS or other sleep-related causes. To reduce infants’ risk of sleep-related deaths, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that infants should not be placed to sleep on an adult bed at any time.

SIDS resources:
Trends and Factors Associated With Infant Bed Sharing, 1993-2010: The National Infant Sleep Position Study: http://1.usa.gov/1gaLIEX
MedlinePlus (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome): http://1.usa.gov/18BHCS8
CDC (Sudden Unexpected Infant Death and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome): http://1.usa.gov/176rOmi

NHS Choices’ Behind the Headlines

Friday, October 4th, 2013

Behind the Headlines (http://bit.ly/1hq5Al5), from NHS Choices (from England’s National Health Service), provides an unbiased and evidence-based analysis of health stories that make the news. The service is intended for both the public and health professionals, and endeavours to: explain the facts behind the headlines and give a better understanding of the science that makes the news, provide an authoritative resource for doctors which they can rely on when talking to patients, and become a trusted resource for journalists and others involved in the dissemination of health news.

Behind the Headlines (NHS Choices): http://bit.ly/1hq5Al5

Video Game Training Improves Cognitive Control in Older Adults

Friday, September 20th, 2013

Researchers found that seniors who play a 3-D video game improve their ability to sustain focus and multitask successfully. The results highlight the potential of the aging brain to improve certain skills.

A team led by Drs. Joaquin A. Anguera and Adam Gazzaley from the University of California, San Francisco, examined the ability of seniors to multitask and improve their cognitive control—the ability to interact with a complex environment to accomplish a goal. The study, funded in part by NIH’s National Institute on Aging (NIA), appeared on September 5, 2013, in Nature.

Full NIH Research Matters post: http://1.usa.gov/18GuD3Z

Article in PubMed: http://1.usa.gov/15b6wK5

Vitamin D deficiency and traumatic bone breaks

Monday, September 16th, 2013

According to a study by researchers at the University of Missouri found that over 75% of patients with traumatic bone breaks, such as from a car accident, have lower-than-recommended Vitamin D levels.

Read more about the study: http://1.usa.gov/1eteAJW

Find more information on Vitamin D and health at the following resources.

Harvard School of Public Health: http://hvrd.me/1dbGlTv

MedlinePlus: http://1.usa.gov/13Ydmj5