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Archive for the ‘Articles’ Category

Women in Clinical Trials

Thursday, January 28th, 2016

Marsha Henderson, Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Assistant Commissioner for Women’s Health, encourages women to talk about participating in clinical trials. In her recent blog post, http://1.usa.gov/23vXhPx, she discusses her own experience and why it’s important for women to talk about clinical trials and potential participation. She also refers to the Women in Clinical Trials initiative from the FDA Office of Women’s Health, http://1.usa.gov/1nAOYBT. The site offers answers to questions women may have about joining clinical trials. Both sites emphasize that anyone interested in participating in trials needs to consult with health care providers. To find a clinical trial or see the types of trials that have been done, visit ClinicalTrials.gov.

 

‘Standing Desks’ in Classrooms May Kickstart Kids’ Activity

Monday, January 25th, 2016

A new systematic review reports that use of “standing desks” at school helped kids get more active.

Experts noted that the review’s findings weren’t surprising, but said more research is needed to pinpoint actual health benefits to children from using standing desks.

The researchers also found that standing desk use was tentatively linked to better classroom behavior and greater energy expenditure among children, although the results were mixed — stemming from varied studies.

The systematic review was published online Jan. 22 in the journal Pediatrics.

Link to the abstract: http://1.usa.gov/1WKQIUA

SOURCES: Karl Minges, M.P.H., doctoral candidate, Yale School of Nursing, Orange, Conn.; David A. Paul, M.D., chair, department of pediatrics, Christiana Care Health System, Wilmington, Del.; James F. Sallis, Ph.D., professor, family medicine and public health, chief, division of behavioral medicine, and director, active living research, University of California, San Diego; February 2016, Pediatrics

 

Tips for Shopping for Prescription Drugs from Consumer Reports

Friday, January 22nd, 2016

Millions of Americans have been hit with high drug costs within the last year. In fact, a recent Consumer Reports National Research Center poll of 1,037 adults showed that a third of those who currently take a drug said they experienced a spike in their prescription drug prices in the past 12 months—anywhere from just a few dollars to more than $100 per prescription. Drugs can cost as much as ten times more at one retailer versus another. Read more about this issue and tips for being a better comparison shopper here: bit.ly/1VdDPkA

Information and News: Lead in Flint, Michigan Water System

Friday, January 22nd, 2016

Several Michigan, local, and federal agencies are responding to the presence of lead in the drinking water in Flint, Michigan.  The National Library of Medicine Specialized Information Services Division (NLM SIS) provides information on the medical and public health aspects of chemical incidents for health professionals, policy makers, and volunteers who may be responding to an incident and for people living in or concerned about the affected region. They have compiled a list of information resources. Please visit: bit.ly/1Qj8xaK to learn more.

2015–2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans

Friday, January 8th, 2016

The 2015–2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans is designed to help Americans eat a healthier diet. Intended for policymakers and health professionals, this edition of the Dietary Guidelines outlines how people can improve their overall eating patterns — the complete combination of foods and drinks in their diet. This edition offers 5 overarching Guidelines and a number of Key Recommendations with specific nutritional targets and dietary limits: Following a healthy eating pattern across the lifespan; Focusing on variety, nutrient density, and amount; Limiting calories from added sugars and saturated fats and reduce sodium intake; Shifting to healthier food and beverage choices; and Supporting healthy eating patterns for all.

2015–2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans: http://1.usa.gov/1mI5kba

E-cigarette Ads are Reaching Middle and High School Students

Friday, January 8th, 2016

About 7 in 10 middle and high school students – more than 18 million young people – see e-cigarette advertising in stores, online, in newspapers and magazines, or on television and in movies, according to a new CDC Vital Signs report. E-cigarette ads use many of the same themes – independence, rebellion and sex – used to sell cigarettes and other conventional tobacco products. Advertising of tobacco products has been shown to cause youth to start using those products. The unrestricted marketing of e-cigarettes and dramatic increases in their use by youth could reverse decades of progress in preventing tobacco use among youth. Efforts by states, communities, and others could reduce this exposure.

CDC E-cigarette Ads and Youth: http://1.usa.gov/1S8qJXT

The Relationship of Nearsightedness found in U.S. Children and Electronic Devices

Wednesday, January 6th, 2016

Adapted from article in Health Day (MedlinePlus):

In the article, More Computer Time May Be Causing Nearsightedness in U.S. Kids, the time allotted to electronic devices may be causing nearsightedness in children across the United States. Myopia, also known as nearsightedness, has doubled in the last 50 years according to ophthalmologists. Dr. David Hunter, chief of ophthalmology at Boston Children’s Hospital explains, “Nearsightedness is when your eyes are capable of focusing up close but not far away. It generally happens when the eye grows too long, and the best focus point no longer aligns well with the area at the back of the eye called the retina.” Experts suspect the increase in Myopia rates found in children is because of the ongoing trend of many focusing on something near their eyes in artificial light and the lack of time spent outdoors in natural light. For more information, the article can be found here: http://1.usa.gov/1PKzbJi

 

The Importance of Heart Attack Symptoms and Early Treatment

Wednesday, January 6th, 2016

Adapted from article in Health Day (MedlinePlus):

In the article, Early Treatment Improves Heart Attack Outcomes, Study Finds, by Mary Elizabeth Dallas, the period to restore blood flow once a heart attack occurs is crucial to recovery and offsets long-term damage. Therefore, those who are alert to heart attack symptoms, often have better outcomes. The timeframe from heart attack symptoms to treatment is called “door-to-balloon” time.

The procedure to restore blood flow to the heart using a stent is called percutaneous coronary intervention. The American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association both state, “Treatment should be received in 90 minutes or less.”

In the study, 2,056 patient hospital records were examined and the results were published online Dec. 28 in JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions. The report found that patients who were treated longer than the recommend time frame of 90 minutes were less likely to have blood flood fully restored. Medical experts conclude that initial stages of door-to-balloon time and heart attack symptoms is crucial. For more information, the article can be found: http://1.usa.gov/1OvFrpo

Reminder: Toy Safety for Children

Wednesday, January 6th, 2016

Adapted from article in Health Day (MedlinePlus):

In the article, Make Toy Safety a Top Concern by Robert Preidt, the Consumer Product Safety Commission reported that 252,000 children were treated in emergency rooms for toy-related injuries last year. The commission reported that seventy percent of those children were 12 or younger. In an effort to reduce those numbers, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend parents to choose toy with caution and pay close attention to safety guidelines. For more information, the article can be found here: http://1.usa.gov/1PINpME

 

CDC Vital Signs: Daily Pill Can Prevent HIV

Friday, December 4th, 2015

A new CDC Vital Signs report published today estimates that 25 percent of sexually active gay and bisexual adult men, nearly 20 percent of adults who inject drugs, and less than 1 percent of heterosexually active adults are at substantial risk for HIV infection and should be counseled about PrEP, a daily pill for HIV prevention.

PrEP for HIV prevention was approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 2012. When taken daily, it can reduce the risk of sexually acquired HIV by more than 90 percent. Daily PrEP can also reduce the risk of HIV infection among people who inject drugs by more than 70 percent. However, according to recent studies, some primary health care providers have never heard of PrEP. Increasing awareness of PrEP and counseling for those at substantial risk for HIV infection is critical to realizing the full prevention potential of PrEP.

While PrEP can fill a critical gap in America’s prevention efforts, all available HIV prevention strategies must be used to have the greatest impact on the epidemic. These include treatment to suppress the virus among people living with HIV; correct and consistent use of condoms; reducing risk behaviors; and ensuring people who inject drugs have access to sterile injection equipment from a reliable source. [CDC]

CDC Vital Signs: Daily Pill Can Prevent HIV – http://1.usa.gov/1TpAaiG