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Determinants of Substance Abuse

Several biological, social, environmental, psychological, and genetic factors are associated with substance abuse. These factors can include gender, race and ethnicity, age, income level, educational attainment, and sexual orientation. Substance abuse is also strongly influenced by interpersonal, household, and community dynamics.

Family, social networks, and peer pressure are key influencers of substance abuse among adolescents. For example, research suggests that marijuana exposure through friends and siblings was a primary determinant of adolescents’ current marijuana use. Understanding these factors is key to reducing the number of people who abuse drugs and alcohol and improving the health and safety of all Americans.

See the HealthyPeople.gov for ideas, data, and resources: http://1.usa.gov/Sc6rKv

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